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					           Good Morning!!!
   Get a book
   Turn in your homework – Ch. 13 Review
   You need paper and pen(cil)
   Follow along in your book as you take
    notes
   For homework – have all of Ch. 13 read
    by tomorrow and bring YOUR book to
    class.
     CHAPTER 13


The Rise of a Mass Democracy

         1824-1840
    The “Corrupt Bargain” of 1824

   Election of 1824
       Candidates
          Andrew Jackson of Tennessee
          Henry Clay of Kentucky

          William H. Crawford of Georgia

          John Quincy Adams of Massachusetts

       All four rivals professed to be “Republicans”
   Jackson polled the most popular votes but
    did not have a majority of the electoral
    votes
       12th Amendment states the House of
        Representatives must choose among first three
        finishers
       Clay finished 4th but was Speaker of the House
        and in charge of selection
   Henry Clay sides with John Q. Adams
       He hated Jackson because he was his archrival
       Like Clay, Adams was a nationalists and
        supported Clay’s “American System”
 House of Representatives elected
  Adams president in 1825
    Largely due to Clay’s behind-the-
     scenes influence
 Adams announced Clay as Secretary
  of State a few days later
 Jackson’s supporters called the affair
  the “corrupt bargain”
A Yankee Misfit in the White House
   President John Quincy Adams
       6th President 1825-1829
       Ranks as one of the great secretaries of state
        but one of the least successful presidents
       Hated the spoils system
       Party members upset that Adams did not
        reward them with federal jobs in return for
        their loyalty and support
       Sectionalism increased while the Republican
        party split between hatred of Adams and Clay
        by Jacksonians
The Tricky “Tariff of Abominations”

   1828 – Biggest issue of Adam’s Presidency
   Congress had increased the general tariff in
    1824 from 23% on dutiable goods to 37%
   Jacksonites rigged up a plan for unseating
    Adams by creating tariff bill to make duties as
    high as 45% - westerns would blame Adams –
    them vote for Jackson in 1828
   Bill passed – Daniel Webster argues for ir while
    John C. Calhoun argued against it, said tariff
    would hurt the South
   Southern reaction strongly negative – they
    would suffer as consumers and exporters
   John C. Calhoun’s “The Southern Carolina
    Exposition” (and Protest”)
       Written secretly since Calhoun was Adams’ VP
       Denounced the tariff as unjust and
        unconstitutional
       Suggested states should nullify the tariff (like
        Jefferson/Madison resolutions of 1798)
       No other state joined S.C. in this protest
Going “Whole Hog” for Jackson in 1828
   Intense mudslinging between the two
    factions on the Republican Party
       National Republicans supported John Q.
        Adams
       Democratic Republicans supported Andrew
        Jackson
   Jackson defeated Adams 178 electoral
    votes to 83 (Jackson won popular vote too)
   Jackson first president from the West –
    seen as a great common man
   Owned a large plantation and slaves
   Had much support from the common
    people but had considerable support from
    machine politicians, esp. in N.Y. and P.A.
   Jackson was the hero of the working
    masses – “Peoples’ champion”
   Increased “manhood of suffrage” –
    number of people voting. Shifting from
    majority east to west due to expansion
                Andrew Jackson
   7th president – 1829-1837
   Nicknamed “Old Hickory”
   Suffered from malaria, tuberculosis, lead poisoning from
    2 bullets still in his body from duels
   A fighter, quick-tempered, passionate
   Fame as military Commander
   Ignored Supreme Court on several occasions
   Vetoed a bill 12 times – many compared to only 9 times
    the past 6 presidents used the power to veto a bill.
   Known as King Andrew I by his enemies
   Wife died one month after he was elected but before his
    term began.
      Copy the following statements and place
     them in the correct order as they occurred.
       Write the year beside each statement.
   South Carolina threatens “nullification” of federal law
    and backs down in the face of Andrew Jackson’s military
    threat.
   A strange four-way election puts an icy New Englander
    in office amid charges of a “corrupt bargain.”
   A campaign based on hoopla and “log cabins and hard
    cider slogans” demonstrates that both Whigs and
    Democrats can effectively play the new mass-party
    political game.
   A northern Mexican province successfully revolts and
    seeks admission to the United States.
   Despite attempting to follow white patterns of “civilizing”
    thousands of American Indians are forcibly removed
    from their homes and driven across the Mississippi
    River.
 Turn  that assignment in if
  completed – finish for
  homework if not
 Read SILENTLY for the rest
  of the period when you
  finish your assignment.
  - Mrs. Phillips

				
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