Microwave Circuit Design - PDF

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					Course web-sight http://courses.ncsu.edu/ece719/lec/01/



Microwave Circuit Design
ECE 719 -- Microwave Circuit Design
Pre-Requisites – ECE 540 and/or ECE 549

This course will focus on the use of S-parameters and other measurement and analysis techniques to aid
in the design of circuits used in mm-wave, microwave circuits as well as implications to other high speed
integrated circuits. The focus of this course is managing the physical phenomena that occur at high
frequencies of operation

High-frequency integrated circuit design requires several concepts that are essential to microwave circuit
design and measurement. This class will bring together key principles of electronic circuit design and
electromagnetic theory to introduce methods of high frequency circuit analysis and design. These
techniques have direct impact on the design of integrated circuit components for wireless applications and
radar system components. These techniques are also useful for any high frequency integrated circuit or
mother board design and have significant impact as the operating frequency of integrated circuits continues
to go beyond 1GHz.

Development and examination of techniques for design of microwave and millimeter-wave components
and systems. Specific topics include mixer, oscillator and amplifier performance and design. Usage of
modern computer-aided design techniques is explored to solve life like engineering problems. Successful
students in this class will use Agilent Advanced Design System (ADS) to design several MMIC
(Monolithic Micro Wave Integrated Circuit) circuits. Other software may be used if it is more convenient
and readily available through employer or other source.

Instructor: Douglas W. Barlage, Ph. D. , 234F MRC               Associate Professor
dwbarlag@ncsu.edu (Put ECE719 to start subject line)
USE Message board for technical questions

Office Hrs: Th 3:30-5:00 in Computer lab 1028 EB2; Message Board will be monitored until 5:00
on Friday.
TA:     None

Text Book: Pozar 3rd Edition:
Microwave Engineering, 3rd Edition
David M. Pozar
ISBN: 0-471-44878-8
Hardcover
720 pages
January 2005
The book is excellent as a general reference but a couple of topics needs a little more in depth coverage that
can be best addressed with some very good papers. Additional papers you should retrieve from the library
for homework and exams. Course notes are built with the help of the sources on the Additional Reading
Page.

Expected Student Outcomes: Design and Engineering
       20% Know the definition of S parameters, Y parameters, Z parameters and ABCD parameters and
       know how to use them in to analyze active and passive two port networks
       10% Design of transmission lines for impedance
       10% Use the behavior of transmission lines to construct filters and matching networks
       20% Use ADS to aid in the design of amplifiers, mixers, and oscillators

Engineering Science: .
       10% Physical theory for ft, fmax and noise behavior of transistors.
       10% High Frequency Transistor Physics
       10% Microwave Power Division and Combination
       10% Physical Realization of mm-wave circuits
Course web-sight http://courses.ncsu.edu/ece719/lec/01/



Important Dates: See calendar page

Emergency Absences: Students should report as soon as possible to the instructor personally but no more
than one week after return to class. Examples of emergency absences are injury or illness certified by an
attending physician (not the University Health Services) or death/serious illness in the family (with
appropriated documentation).
Students with disabilities: Reasonable accommodations will be made for students with verifiable
disabilities. In order to take advantage of available accommodations, students must register with Disability
Services for Students at 1900 Student Health Center, Campus Box 7509, 515-7653.
http://www.ncsu.edu/provost/offices/affirm_action/dss/ For more information on NC State's policy on
working with students with disabilities, please see
http://www.ncsu.edu/provost/hat/current/appendix/appen_k.html
Academic integrity: All the provisions of the code of academic integrity apply to this course. In addition, it
is my understanding and expectation that your signature on any test or assignment means that you neither
gave nor received unauthorized aid. Full Details can be found at
http://www.ncsu.edu/stud_affairs/osc/AIpage/acaintegrity.html

Grading Break Down
10% Homework: The official point total is only 10% but the amount of work you put into your homework
       is what builds the knowledge to fully succeed with the rest of the projects and the final exam and
       quiz. These 6 assignments are tough but they are designed to make the projects easier.

Homework and quiz grade assignment. 6 assignments. Each assignment or Quiz is worth 2.5% The
      bottom 2 scores will be dropped. All assignments must be submitted on due date indicated in the
      calendar. No late home-work will be accepted without prior (at least one day) written (e-mail
      OK) permission of instructor.

10% Project 1: Design and analysis of a two stage Low Noise Amplifier at 35GHz
— October 3, 2008

10% Project 2: Design and analysis of two stage amplifier Power Amplifier at 35GHz
— November 14, 2008

20% Exam 1: S parameters and Network Analysis Basics HW 1-2 Project 1
— October 8, 2008

20% Exam 2: Amplifier Design, Noise, Large Signal Model Basics HW 3-4 Project 1&2—
-- November 19, 2008

10% Independent project: Based on your experience in the course you can either write a research paper
or independent design project. This project is due with the final. Topics will be suggested around October
9th.

20% Final: Comprehensive Exam 35% Exam 1, 35% Exam 2 30% at large VCO and Mixer .

      SCORE               LETTER GRADE                      SCORE                   LETTER GRADE
        y>98                       A+                      55<y<60                          C+
     90<y<98                       A                       50<y<55                           C
     85<y<90                       A-                      45<y<50                           C-
     80<y<85                       B+                      40<y<45                          D+
     70<y<80                       B                       30<y<40                           D
     60<y<70                       B-                        40<y                            F
                                                          Calander
                                                                                                                                           Assignment Due on Friday via
                                                              M                              W                             Reading         WolfWare Submission or Paper
                                                                                                                                                   to my office
                                                                                         20-Aug-08   Introduction         Pozar Chap 1-2
                                                          25-Aug-08 TXL and S-Chart      27-Aug-08     TXL and S-Chart       Chapter 2
                                                          1-Sep-08         Labor Day     3-Sep-08              TXL E&M       Chapter 3             Assignment 1
                                                          8-Sep-08 m-wave Networks       10-Sep-08    m-wave Networks        Chapter 4
                                                          15-Sep-08 Matching Network     17-Sep-08    Matching Network       Chapter 5             Assignment 2
                                                          22-Sep-08     Noise Theory     24-Sep-08    Noise Theory Dev      Chapter 10
                                                          29-Sep-08        Project 1**    1-Oct-08            Project 1** Noise Papers               Project 1
Course web-sight http://courses.ncsu.edu/ece719/lec/01/




                                                           6-Oct-08  EXAM1 Review         8-Oct-08               Exam 1     Fall Break
                                                          13-Oct-08          Stability   15-Oct-08           ft and fmax    Chapter 11             Assignment 3
                                                          20-Oct-08 Power Amplifiers     22-Oct-08      Power Amplifers     Chapter 11
                                                          27-Oct-08  Thermal Effects     29-Oct-08       Thermal Effects      Papers               Assignment 4
                                                          3-Nov-08    Design Criteria    5-Nov-08       Design Methods      Chapter 12
                                                          10-Nov-08       Project 2**    12-Nov-08             Oscilators   Chapter 12               Project 2
                                                          17-Nov-08  Exam 2 Review       19-Nov-08               Exam 2     Chapter 12             Assignment 5*
                                                          24-Nov-08            Mixers    26-Nov-08         Thanksgiving     Chapter 12             Assignment 6*
                                                          1-Dec-08 Proj 3 ** Discuss     3-Dec-08        Course Review                               Project 3
                                                          8-Dec-08          No Class     10-Dec-08              No Class
                                                          15-Dec-08         Final: 1-4                   Happy Holidays
                                                          * Assignment 5 and 6 are semi-optional can be considered as precursors for final projects
                                                          ** All projects are assigned by the end Week 2, Specific methodologies are addressed on lecture days indicated
Course web-sight http://courses.ncsu.edu/ece719/lec/01/


Additional Reading,
These readings are not required but will help for understanding some lectures and give you the opportunity
to dig deeper into the origins. Some topics are not covered sufficiently in the textbook. Some of these
papers will be referenced in the homework.

MATRIX Transformations
Conversions between S, Z, Y, H, ABCD, and T parameters which are valid for complex source and load
impedances, Frickey, D.A., This paper appears in: Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE
Transactions on, Publication Date: Feb 1994, Volume: 42, Issue: 2, On page(s): 205-211, ISSN: 0018-
9480, References Cited: 16
WAVEGUIDE THEORY
Coplanar Waveguide: A Surface Strip Transmission Line Suitable for Nonreciprocal Gyromagnetic
Device Applications, Wen, C.P. This paper appears in: Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE
Transactions on, Publication Date: Dec 1969, Volume: 17, Issue: 12, On page(s): 1087- 1090, ISSN:
0018-9480
A Frequency Dependent Solution for Microstrip Transmission Lines, Denlinger, E.J. This paper appears
in: Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on, Publication Date: Jan 1971
Volume: 19, Issue: 1, On page(s): 30- 39, ISSN: 0018-9480

Transmission-Line Properties of a Strip on a Dielectric Sheet on a Plane, Wheeler, H.A. This paper
appears in: Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on, Publication Date: Aug 1977,
Volume: 25, Issue: 8, On page(s): 631- 647, ISSN: 0018-9480

Considerations in the Use of Coplanar Waveguide for Millimeter-Wave Integrated Circuits, Jackson,
R.W. , This paper appears in: Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on, Publication
Date: Dec 1986, Volume: 34, Issue: 12, On page(s): 1450- 1456, ISSN: 0018-9480

NOISE THEORY
Available Power Gain, Noise Figure, and Noise Measure of Two-Ports and Their Graphical
Representations, Fukui, H., Circuits Theory, IEEE Transactions on [legacy, pre - 1988]
Publication Date: Jun 1966, Volume: 13, Issue: 2, On page(s): 137- 142, ISSN: 0098-4094
Theory of Shot Noise in Junction Diodes and Junction Transistors van der Ziel, A.
Dept. of Elec. Engrg., Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn.; Proceedings of the IRE
Nov. 1955Volume: 43, Issue: 11 On page(s): 1639-1646, ISSN: 0096-8390
Unified presentation of 1/f noise in electron devices: fundamental 1/f noise sources van der Ziel,
A. Dept. of Electr. Eng., Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL, USA; Proceedings of the IEEE, Publication
Date: Mar 1988, Volume: 76, Issue: 3, On page(s): 233- 258, ISSN: 0018-9219
Ultra low power (<2 mW) noise performance of InGaP/GaAs HBT, Barlage, D.W. Heins, M.S. Mu,
J.H. Fresina, M.T. Ahmari, D.A. Hartman, Q.J. Stillman, G.E. Feng, M. Dept. of Electr. & Comput.
Eng., Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL; This paper appears in: Compound Semiconductors, 1997 IEEE
International Symposium on Publication Date: 8-11 Sep 1997, On page(s): 511-514
Small-signal and noise model extraction technique forheterojunction bipolar transistor at microwave
frequencies Roux, J.P. Escotte, L. Plana, R. Graffeuil, J. Delage, S.L. Blanck, H. Univ. Paul Sabatier,
Toulouse; This paper appears in: Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on Publication Date: Feb
1995 Volume: 43, Issue: 2 On page(s): 293-298, ISSN: 0018-9480
Noise modeling in MESFET and HEMT mixers using a uniform noisy linemodel, Danneville, F.
Dambrine, G. Cappy, A. , Inst. d'Electr. et de Microelectron. du Nord, CNRS, Villeneuve d'Ascq; This
paper appears in: Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on , Publication Date: Oct 1998,Volume: 45,
Issue: 10, On page(s): 2207-2212, ISSN: 0018-9383
Course web-sight http://courses.ncsu.edu/ece719/lec/01/


Temperature dependent study of the microwave performance of0.25-μm gate GaAs MESFETs and GaAs
pseudomorphic HEMTs, Feng, M. Scherrer, D.R. Apostolakis, P.J. Kruse, J.W. Dept. of Electr. &
Comput. Eng., Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL; This paper appears in: Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions
on, Publication Date: Jun 1996, Volume: 43, Issue: 6, On page(s): 852-860, ISSN: 0018-9383

POWER AMPLIFER DESIGN
An N-Way Hybrid Power Divider, Wilkinson, E.J. This paper appears in: Microwave Theory and
Techniques, IRE Transactions on, Publication Date: January 1960, Volume: 8, Issue: 1
On page(s): 116-118, ISSN: 0097-2002, Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TMTT.1960.1124668
Date Published in Issue: 2003-01-06 16:29:16.0

Microwave Power Combining Techniques, Russell, K.J. , This paper appears in: Microwave Theory and
Techniques, IEEE Transactions on, Publication Date: May 1979, Volume: 27, Issue: 5, On page(s): 472-
478, ISSN: 0018-9480, Date Published in Issue: 2003-01-06 16:32:31.0

W-band 0.3 W PHEMT MMIC power amplifier module, Weinreb, S. Fischer, E. Kane, B. Byer, N.
Zimmerman, M. , Martin Marietta Labs., Baltimore, MD;, This paper appears in: Microwave and
Millimeter-Wave Monolithic Circuits Symposium, 1995. Digest of Papers., IEEE 1995
Publication Date: 15-16 May 1995, On page(s): 25-28,

Power combining techniques for RF and mm-wave CMOS power amplifiers, Reynaert, P. Niknejad,
A.M. , Univ. of California at Berkeley, Berkeley;, This paper appears in: 33rd European Solid State
Circuits Conference, 2007. ESSCIRC, Publication Date: 11-13 Sept. 2007, On page(s): 272-275
ISSN: 1930-8833, ISBN: 978-1-4244-1125-2, INSPEC Accession Number: 9835966, Digital Object
Identifier: 10.1109/ESSCIRC.2007.4430296, Date Published in Issue: 2008-01-14 14:14:19.0

Power gain in feedback amplifiers Author: Mason, Samuel J. Description: "August 25, 1953." URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/4814, Issue Date: 1953 Publisher: Research Laboratory of Electronics,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Keywords: TK7855.M41 R43 no.257, Amplifiers, Vacuum-tube,
Feedback (Electronics)

High-frequency limits of millimeter-wave transistors, Steer, M.B. Trew, R.J. This paper appears in:
Electron Device Letters, IEEE,Publication Date: Nov 1986, Volume: 7, Issue: 11, On page(s): 640- 642,
ISSN: 0741-3106,Date Published in Issue: 2005-08-09 15:59:51.0

Papers for further description of self heating effects will be delivered around fall break.

USEFUL BUT NOT REQUIRED ALTERNATIVE TEXTS
POWER AMPLIFIER DESIGN, MIXER DESIGN, OSCILATOR DESIGN
Use Google Books for more information
RFIC and MMIC Design Technology
I.D. Robertson and S. Lucszyn

Nonlinear Microwave and RF Circuits
Stephen A. Maas

Advanced Techniques in RF Power Amplifier Design
Steve C. Cripps

				
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