AP CHEMISTRY COURSE SYLLABUS - DOC by hcj

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									                   AP CHEMISTRY COURSE SYLLABUS
COURSE OVERVIEW
This course is a college-level chemistry course for competent and highly motivated high
school students and is designed to be the equivalent of a college-level introductory
chemistry course. The course is a second year chemistry course where general chemistry
is a prerequisite. The overall curriculum follows the guidelines of the Collegeboard for
AP Chemistry. AP chemistry differs significantly from your general chemistry course
with respect to the kind of textbook used, the range and depth of topics covered, the kind
of laboratory work done, and the time and effort required. The aim of this course is to
provide you with the conceptual framework, factual knowledge, and analytical skills
necessary to deal critically with the theoretical and practical applications of chemistry.

       MEETING TIMES:
       This course meets every other day for 90 minutes. This provides adequate time to
       perform laboratory activities on any given day. In addition to “normal” class time,
       students are required to attend one 3 ½ hour Saturday lab session each semester in order
       to fully complete the lab requirements set forth by the Collegeboard.

       THEMES:
       This course is centered on the 4 major themes, Structure of Matter, States of Matter,
       Chemical Reactions, and Descriptive Chemistry, listed in the AP Chemistry description.
       Within each of these themes, there will be topics that are extensions of subject matter
       learned in general chemistry as well some completely new topics that will be discussed in
       detail.

       LAB COMPONENT
       Students work in small groups to complete the labs. Labs involve setting up the lab,
       answering a series of pre-lab questions, performing the experiment, analyzing results and
       formalize their conclusion which we then discuss at the beginning of the next class
       period. Labs write-ups are completed in a lab notebook and turned in for grading
       following the discussion. Many of the labs are interfaced with computers and Vernier
       sensors to accurately collect and analyze data using temperature, pressure, pH, and
       colorimeters. Statistical analysis of data is emphasized. Interfaced labs utilize the
       Advanced Chemistry with Computers manual from Vernier Software.

       INDEPENDENT PROJECTS:
       In September an individual project is introduced. Students are required to design a long-
       term experiment; to test and define their variables; to analyze and draw conclusions; and
       finally to present their findings in both a written and poster format. Students have until
       March to complete their research project. Weekly checks on progress help ensure
       students are working continually on this project throughout the year. Students will then
       present their findings as a poster and demonstration at our school-wide Science Expo in
       May.
       Text: Chemistry – Zumdahl 5th Edition Chapters 1-17.

       Grading: Grades will be established based on the following weighted scale.
                    Tests :                       50%
                    Homework/Class Activities: 30%
                    Laboratory Notebook:          20%
Theme          AP Required Topics          Coursework/ Text Resource                        Laboratory Work



Review         Topics covered in General   (summer plus 1 weeks)                            Lab: Vernier: “Find the
               Chemistry                   Scientific Method, hypotheses, laws, theories,   relationship”
                                           significant figures, Classification of Matter,   (transposing graphical
                                           Writing Ionic and covalent compounds, solve      data to linear
                                           problems involving basic stoichiometry, basic    relationships to
                                           gas laws, basic periodic table relationships     determine relationships
                                                                                            between x and y.
                                           Work and solve basic stoichiometry problems
                                           using the mole concept and basic gas law         Lab: Vernier “Beer’s
                                           problems using the ideal and combination gas     Law
                                           law equations.
                                           Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules and Ions. (2
                                           wk)
                                           History of AtomDalton, Thomson,
                                           Rutherford,                                      Mechanical Universe:
                                           Atomic Mass, Mass Number, Isotopes, Ions,        Models of the Atom
                                           Protons, Neutrons, Electrons                     Video.
                                           Chapter 7: Atomic Structure and
                                           Periodicity (2wk)
Structure of                               Electromagnetic Radiation, Bohr Model,
Matter                                     Quantum Model, Quantum Numbers and
                                           orbital shapes                                   Lab: Bohr Model
                                           Work and solve problems using Atomic             Energy Levels of
                                           Structure Equations.                             Hydrogen (Spectral
                                                                                            Lines)
Theme          AP Required Topics   Coursework/ Text Resource                          Laboratory Work



                                    Periodic Trends for Ionization energy, Atomic
                                    radii, Ionic radii, electron affinities. Reasons
                                    for oxidation numbers based on Quantum
                                    model

                                    Chapter 8-9: Bonding: General Concepts
                                    And Orbital Bonding. (2wk)
                                                                                       Lab: Bonds, Polarity
Structure of                                                                           and Solubility
Matter
(cont)                                                                                 Lab: “Liquid
                                                                                       Chromatography”




                                                                                       Lab: Vernier:
                                    Chapter 21: The Nuclear Atom (1wk)                 Radioactive decay and
                                    Types of Decay: Alpha, Beta, Gamma.                half life
                                    Nuclear Reactions, Half-lives. Fission, fusion     Lab: Vernier: Shielding
                                                                                       (alpha, beta, gamma)
Theme       AP Required Topics   Coursework/ Text Resource               Laboratory Work




                                 Chapter 5: Gases (Conceptual and        Labs:
                                 mathematical relationships) (2 wk)      1)Vernier “Gas laws
                                 Boyles, Charles, Avagadro’s Laws,       relationships”
                                 Combination Law, Ideal Gas law.         2) Molar Mass of
                                 Dalton’s Law of partial Pressure        Butane Lab
                                 Gas Stoichiometry                       3) Diffusion Lab
                                 Kinetic Theory of Gases
                                 Root mean square velocity
                                 Deviations from the ideal gas law
                                 Work and solve problems using Gas Law
                                 equations:


States of
Matter
Theme       AP Required Topics   Coursework/ Text Resource                          Laboratory Work




                                                                                    Lab: Vernier: Freezing
                                                                                    and Melting pt of
                                                                                    water.
States of
Matter
(cont)

                                 Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids: (2 wk)
                                 Explanation of boiling pts based on molar mass
                                 and types of bonding (London, dipole-dipole,
                                 hydrogen bonding)

                                 Structure of water in all three phases including
                                 relative number of hydrogen bonds in each
                                 phase. Connection to surface tension in liquid
                                 phase.

                                 Ionic solids, molecular solids, metallic solids,
Theme       AP Required Topics   Coursework/ Text Resource                         Laboratory Work



                                 network solids and their lattice structures.

                                 Phase change vs time diagrams for substances.
                                 Pressure vs. temp. phase change diagrams for
                                 substances and descriptions of critical points    Lab: Mixing Solutions
                                 and triple points.



                                                                                   Lab: Vernier Freezing
                                                                                   pt depression
States of
Matter
(cont)




                                 Chapter 11: Solutions (2 wk)
                                 Molality and Molarity conceptual and
                                 mathematical
                                 Mole fraction (math)

                                 Structure, pressure, temp effects on solubility

                                 Raoult’s Law concepts and mathematical
                                 Freezing pt depression, Boiling pt Elevation
                                 (math)
                                 Osmotic Pressure
Theme       AP Required Topics   Coursework/ Text Resource                      Laboratory Work



                                 Non-ideal Solutions (math)
                                 Work and solve problems using solutions
                                 equations:




                                 Chapter 4: Reactions and Solution              Lab: Vernier:
                                 Stoichiometry                                  “Deterinining the Mole
                                 (3 wk)                                         ratio in a chemical
                                 1.Predicting and balancing reactions by        reaction”
Reactions                        recognizing, composition, decomposition,       Lab: Vernier:
                                 single replacement, double replacement         “Conductimetric
                                 reactions (review Gen Chem)                    Titration and
                                 2. Balancing Molecular, Ionic and net ionic    Gravimetric
                                 reactions                                      determination of a
                                 Predicting precipitation reactions based on    precipitatie
                                 solubility rules. (review Gen Chem)
                                 3. Balancing Redox reactions including half-   Lab: Vernier:
                                 reaction method.                               Oxidation-Reduction
                                                                                Titration: Reaction of
                                                                                Fe2+ and Ce4+
Theme       AP Required Topics   Coursework/ Text Resource                      Laboratory Work




                                 4. Acid-Base definitions based on Arrhenius,   Lab: Vernier: Acid-
                                 Bronstead-Lowry and Lewis Concepts.            Base Titration
                                 5. Acid-Base Reactions including               (Determining
                                 Stoichiometry                                  concentration of
                                                                                unknown acid)
                                                                                Lab: Vernier:
                                                                                “Investigating
                                                                                Indicators”



                                 Chapter 17: Electrochemistry (3 wk)
Reactions                        Galvanic and Electrolytic Cells                Lab: Vernier
(cont)                           Faraday’s Law                                  “Electrochemistry:
                                 Standard Cell Potential,                       Voltaic Cells”
                                 Calculating Cell potential using Nernst
                                 Equation (math) and predicting direction of    Lab:
                                 redox half reactions.                          Vernier”Electroplating”

                                 Work and solve problems using
                                 Electrochemistry equations:
Theme       AP Required Topics   Coursework/ Text Resource                            Laboratory Work




                                 Chapter 3: Stoichiometry (2.5 wk) (80%
                                 review from Gen Chemistry)                           Empirical formula labs
                                 1. Predicting and balancing reactions by             Lab: “Tin(II) or Tin
                                 recognizing, composition, decomposition,             (IV)Oxide”
                                 single replacement, double replacement               Lab: “Formula of a
                                 reactions and net ionic reactions.                   hydrate”
                                 2. Mole concept with reactions. Determining
                                 Mass, moles, volume @STP and non-STP                 Lab: “%Yield of a
                                 values.                                              chem. Reaction”
                                 3. Calculate empirical, molecular formulas, and
                                 percent yield for reactions and or lab activities.

                                 Chapter 13: Chemical Equilibrium (2 wk)
                                 1. Equilibrium Constant and concepts
                                 2. Le Chatelier’s Principle and direction of
                                    equilibrium shift based on changes in             Lab: Vernier:
                                    conditions.                                       “Determination of the
                                 3. Equilibrium expressions in terms of               equilibrium constant”
                                    Pressure and concentration        (math)
                                 4. Using ICE method to determine
                                    concentrations at equilibrium.

                                 Chapter 14: Acids and Bases (1 wk)
                                 Determining equilibrium constants for weak
                                 acids and bases.
Reactions                        Chapter 15: Solubility Products
(cont)                           Apply equilibrium concepts to Solubility.            Lab: Vernier
                                 Determine solubility product for chemical            Determining Ksp
                                 reactions
Theme       AP Required Topics   Coursework/ Text Resource                        Laboratory Work



                                 Chapter 15: Applications of Aqueous
                                 Equilibrium
                                 (2 wk)
                                 1. Calculating pK for acids and bases (math)
                                 2. Calculating pH of strong, weak and Buffer
                                     solutions including math.
                                 3. Acid-Base properties of Salts…neutral pH,     Lab: Vernier pH
                                     acidic pH, basic pH conceptual and           titration Curves
                                     mathematical
                                 4. Titration curves for strong-strong, weak-     Lab: Vernier Buffers
                                     strong, and weak-weak acid base reactions.
                                 5. Hydrolysis applications

                                 Work and solve problems using Equilibrium
                                 equations:




Reactions
(cont)
Theme       AP Required Topics   Coursework/ Text Resource                Laboratory Work




                                                                          Lab: Vernier “Rate and
                                                                          Order of a Chemcial
                                                                          Reaction”



                                                                          Lab: Vernier “Rate
                                                                          determination and
                                                                          Activation energy”

Reactions
(cont)

                                 Chapter 12: Chemical Kinetics (2.5 wk)
                                 1. Rate law concepts and equation
Theme       AP Required Topics   Coursework/ Text Resource                          Laboratory Work



                                 2. Conceptual understanding of how temp
                                    effect the rate of reaction.
                                 3. Determine the order of reactions (0,1,2)
                                    based on concentration vs. time graphs and
                                    based on tables of initial concentrations and
                                    rates or graphs of concentration vs. time
                                 4. Concepts of catalysts
                                 5. Determining half-life based on rate
                                    equations
                                 6. Determining activation energy based on
                                    concentration data.
                                 Work and solve kinetics problems using
                                 Kinetics equations:

                                                                                    Lab: Vernier
                                                                                    Determining the
                                                                                    Enthalpy of a chemical
                                                                                    Reaction

                                                                                    Lab: Heat of
                                                                                    Vaporization of liquid
                                                                                    Nitrogen

                                                                                    Lab: Melting/Freezing
                                                                                    of water.

Reactions
(cont)
                                 Chapter 6: Thermochemistry (2 wk)
                                 1. Explain each of the 3 laws of
Theme       AP Required Topics   Coursework/ Text Resource                      Laboratory Work



                                      thermodynamics and their consequences
                                      and connections.
                                 2.   Enthalpy concepts and calculations.
                                 3.   Hess’s Law (enthalphy calculations)
                                 4.   Heats of vaporization and Fusion.
                                 5.   Calorimetry within one phase.
                                 6.   Multiple phase calorimetry

                                 Work and solve problems using Thermo
                                 equations.




                                 Chapter 16: Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free
                                 Energy (2 wk)
Reactions                        1. Spontaneity and change in Entropy
(cont)                           2. Entropy change in chemical reactions
                                 3. Free Energy and Chemical reactions
                                 4. Relationship between entropy, Enthalpy
                                    and Free energy (math)
                                 5. Free energy and electric potential (math)




                                 Work and solve problems using the
                                 Thermodynamic equations
Theme         AP Required Topics   Coursework/ Text Resource   Laboratory Work




Descriptive                                                    Lab: Vernier:
Chemistry                                                      “Seperation and
                                                               Qualitative Analysis of
                                                               Cations”
                                                               Lab: Vernier:
                                                               “Seperation and
                                                               Qualitative Analysis of
                                                               Anions”
Theme         AP Required Topics   Coursework/ Text Resource   Laboratory Work




Descriptive
Chemistry
(cont)




                                                               Lab: Vernier: Synthesis
                                                               and Analysis of Aspirin

								
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