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					2002 Asia Pacific Technical Meeting
        on IT&T Statistics

International Standards for ICT Statistics:
                OECD work

            Sheridan Roberts
      Australian Bureau of Statistics

• OECD has been actively addressing the
  need for standards for ICT Statistics for a
  number of years.
• Working Party on Indicators for the
  Information Society (WPIIS) created in
• WPIIS has mainly emphasised ICT
  production and consumption
   – less work on electronic content.
  Agenda for 2002 meeting

• Information Society statistics in non-member countries
• impacts of ICT on economic performance
• ICT usage and e-commerce statistics for the household
  sector (including a proposal for a model questionnaire)
• ICT usage and e-commerce statistics for the business
  sector (including a review of the model questionnaire on
  ICT use in business)
• ICT industry definition (review)
• defining and measuring ICT commodities
• ICT usage in the government sector
• miscellaneous and cross-cutting issues including ICT
  satellite accounts and software measurement issues.
   Achievements over the last two
• first publication of ICT industry statistics (Measuring the
  ICT Sector, OECD, 2000)
• first publication of ICT activity statistics (STI Scoreboard:
  Towards a Knowledge-based Economy, OECD, 2001)
• major compilation of ICT indicators (Measuring the
  Information Economy, OECD, 2002)
• finalisation of model business use questionnaire
• broad agreement on model household use questionnaire
• agreement on broad & narrow definitions of e-commerce tx
• agreement on core e-commerce indicators for businesses
  and households
• significant progress on a classification of ICT
  manufactured goods.
The ICT sector - principles

• For manufacturing industries, the products
  of a candidate industry:
  – must be intended to fulfil the function of
    information processing and communication
    including transmission and display
  – must use electronic processing to detect,
    measure and/or record physical phenomena
    or control a physical process.
• For services industries, the products of a
  candidate industry:
  – must be intended to enable the function of
    information processing and communication by
    electronic means.
The ICT sector - Definition
 • Manufacturing:
    – 3000 Office, accounting and computing machinery
    – 3130 Insulated wire cable
    – 3210 Electronic valves and tubes and other electronic
    – 3220 Television and radio transmitters and apparatus
      for line telephony and line telegraphy
    – 3230 Television and radio receivers, sound or video
      recording or reproducing apparatus and associated
    – 3312 Instruments and appliances for measuring,
      checking, testing, navigating and other purposes except
      industrial process equipment
    – 3313 Industrial process equipment.
The ICT sector – definition (continued)

• Services:
   – 5151* Wholesale of computers, computer
     peripheral equipment and software
   – 5152* Wholesale of electronic and
     telecommunication parts and equipment
   – 6420 Telecommunications
   – 7123 Renting of office machinery and
     equipment (including computers)
   – 72 Computer related activities

   *ISIC 2002 changes
ICT commodities- principles

• must
  – be intended to fulfill the function of
    information processing and
    communication by electronic means,
    including transmission and display, or
  – use electronic processing to detect,
    measure and/or record physical
    phenomena, or to control a physical
ICT commodities - structure

• broad general structure for manufactured
  ICT commodities was agreed in 2000:
   –   telecommunications equipment
   –   consumer electronics
   –   computers
   –   office machinery
   –   electronic components
   –   instruments and equipment for detecting,
       measuring, checking and controlling physical
       phenomena or processes
• detailed classification is not yet agreed but
  may occur reasonably soon.
Electronic content – sector and
• WPIIS has not agreed on electronic
  content sector or commodities
• 2001 proposal to define electronic content
  industries in terms of ‘industries engaged
  in publishing content products’ was not
• There is a counter view that it is more
  important to measure electronic delivery
  of online products.
• There has been no progress on electronic
  content commodities.
  Definition of e-commerce tx

• Model presented at the 2000 meeting with
  the following dimensions of a definition of e-
   – the processes e.g. whether they involve monetary
     exchanges, transfers of ownership etc.
   – the medium (communications infrastructure) and
   – the actors involved (e.g. internal to firms, with
     third parties such as businesses, consumers etc).
Definition of e-commerce tx

• Four definitions proposed in 2000:
  – electronic commerce transactions
  – electronic commerce business
  – Internet commerce transactions
  – Internet commerce business processes.
Status of e-commerce tx

• the two transactions definitions are broadly
• the broad definition is commerce over
  computer-mediated networks
• narrow definition is commerce over the
• some debate about details e.g. email
• ….and concepts e.g. income concepts
• for both definitions, payment is irrelevant.
E-commerce measurement model
• E readiness (e Infrastructure)
  – technical, commercial and social
    infrastructures which are necessary to support
• E intensity
  – the state of e-commerce usage, volume, value
    and nature of transactions
• E impact
  – the difference made by e-commerce in terms
    of efficiency and creation of sources of new
  – measures can be at a micro or macro
    economic level.
 Use of information technologies

• Measuring ICT use by households/ individuals
• Model questionnaire and associated standards
  are nearly finalised
• Core modules
   – Household access to computers/Internet
   – Household barriers to adoption of the Internet
   – Adult use of computers and the Internet:
     location and frequency of use
   – Purpose and nature of adult activities on the
   – Internet-commerce details: adult activities and
Use of information technologies

• Measuring ICT use by businesses
• Model survey finalised last year
• Core modules
  – General information
  – Use of Internet
  – E-commerce via Internet
  – E-commerce via EDI or other computer-
    mediated network (other than Internet)
  – Barriers to ICT, Internet and e-
Use of information technologies

• Measuring ICT use by government
  – has been discussed
  – problems acknowledged
  – Australia’s experiences
  – a partial solution might be to tackle this
    area using business and household
Possible future work
• the WPIIS has a number of unfinished tasks
• .. and areas of new work including
   – development of new modules for the business
      and household surveys
   – measurement of ICT usage by government
      organisations and by educational institutions
   – measurement of on-line services (for example,
      health and education)
   – measurement of ICT skills
   – measurement of ICT spending and investment
      by households and individuals.