2002 Asia Pacific Technical Meeting on IT&T Statistics International Standards for ICT Statistics: OECD work Sheridan Roberts Australian Bureau of Statistics email@example.com Background • OECD has been actively addressing the need for standards for ICT Statistics for a number of years. • Working Party on Indicators for the Information Society (WPIIS) created in 1998. • WPIIS has mainly emphasised ICT production and consumption – less work on electronic content. Agenda for 2002 meeting • Information Society statistics in non-member countries • impacts of ICT on economic performance • ICT usage and e-commerce statistics for the household sector (including a proposal for a model questionnaire) • ICT usage and e-commerce statistics for the business sector (including a review of the model questionnaire on ICT use in business) • ICT industry definition (review) • defining and measuring ICT commodities • ICT usage in the government sector • miscellaneous and cross-cutting issues including ICT satellite accounts and software measurement issues. Achievements over the last two years • first publication of ICT industry statistics (Measuring the ICT Sector, OECD, 2000) • first publication of ICT activity statistics (STI Scoreboard: Towards a Knowledge-based Economy, OECD, 2001) • major compilation of ICT indicators (Measuring the Information Economy, OECD, 2002) – www.oecd.org/sti/measuring-infoeconomy • finalisation of model business use questionnaire • broad agreement on model household use questionnaire • agreement on broad & narrow definitions of e-commerce tx • agreement on core e-commerce indicators for businesses and households • significant progress on a classification of ICT manufactured goods. The ICT sector - principles • For manufacturing industries, the products of a candidate industry: – must be intended to fulfil the function of information processing and communication including transmission and display – must use electronic processing to detect, measure and/or record physical phenomena or control a physical process. • For services industries, the products of a candidate industry: – must be intended to enable the function of information processing and communication by electronic means. The ICT sector - Definition • Manufacturing: – 3000 Office, accounting and computing machinery – 3130 Insulated wire cable – 3210 Electronic valves and tubes and other electronic components – 3220 Television and radio transmitters and apparatus for line telephony and line telegraphy – 3230 Television and radio receivers, sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus and associated goods – 3312 Instruments and appliances for measuring, checking, testing, navigating and other purposes except industrial process equipment – 3313 Industrial process equipment. The ICT sector – definition (continued) • Services: – 5151* Wholesale of computers, computer peripheral equipment and software – 5152* Wholesale of electronic and telecommunication parts and equipment – 6420 Telecommunications – 7123 Renting of office machinery and equipment (including computers) – 72 Computer related activities *ISIC 2002 changes ICT commodities- principles • must – be intended to fulfill the function of information processing and communication by electronic means, including transmission and display, or – use electronic processing to detect, measure and/or record physical phenomena, or to control a physical process. ICT commodities - structure • broad general structure for manufactured ICT commodities was agreed in 2000: – telecommunications equipment – consumer electronics – computers – office machinery – electronic components – instruments and equipment for detecting, measuring, checking and controlling physical phenomena or processes • detailed classification is not yet agreed but may occur reasonably soon. Electronic content – sector and commodities • WPIIS has not agreed on electronic content sector or commodities • 2001 proposal to define electronic content industries in terms of ‘industries engaged in publishing content products’ was not supported. • There is a counter view that it is more important to measure electronic delivery of online products. • There has been no progress on electronic content commodities. Definition of e-commerce tx • Model presented at the 2000 meeting with the following dimensions of a definition of e- commerce – the processes e.g. whether they involve monetary exchanges, transfers of ownership etc. – the medium (communications infrastructure) and – the actors involved (e.g. internal to firms, with third parties such as businesses, consumers etc). Definition of e-commerce tx • Four definitions proposed in 2000: – electronic commerce transactions – electronic commerce business processes – Internet commerce transactions – Internet commerce business processes. Status of e-commerce tx definitions • the two transactions definitions are broadly agreed • the broad definition is commerce over computer-mediated networks • narrow definition is commerce over the Internet • some debate about details e.g. email • ….and concepts e.g. income concepts • for both definitions, payment is irrelevant. E-commerce measurement model • E readiness (e Infrastructure) – technical, commercial and social infrastructures which are necessary to support e-commerce • E intensity – the state of e-commerce usage, volume, value and nature of transactions • E impact – the difference made by e-commerce in terms of efficiency and creation of sources of new wealth – measures can be at a micro or macro economic level. Use of information technologies (demand) • Measuring ICT use by households/ individuals • Model questionnaire and associated standards are nearly finalised • Core modules – Household access to computers/Internet – Household barriers to adoption of the Internet – Adult use of computers and the Internet: location and frequency of use – Purpose and nature of adult activities on the Internet – Internet-commerce details: adult activities and barriers. Use of information technologies • Measuring ICT use by businesses • Model survey finalised last year • Core modules – General information – Use of Internet – E-commerce via Internet – E-commerce via EDI or other computer- mediated network (other than Internet) – Barriers to ICT, Internet and e- commerce. Use of information technologies • Measuring ICT use by government – has been discussed – problems acknowledged – Australia’s experiences – a partial solution might be to tackle this area using business and household surveys Possible future work • the WPIIS has a number of unfinished tasks • .. and areas of new work including – development of new modules for the business and household surveys – measurement of ICT usage by government organisations and by educational institutions – measurement of on-line services (for example, health and education) – measurement of ICT skills – measurement of ICT spending and investment by households and individuals.