English Test: Advanced Group (Ellen) Monday, October 14, 2002-10-12 Your name:______________ General Instructions: This test is based on an authentic Internet article, “Eyestrain and your Computer”, Mayo Clinic .com, May 22, 2002 http://www.mayoclinic.com/invoke.cfm?id=HQ00462 You may read the article on the “net” by clicking on the link. I have reprinted the article in this document. You may use any assistive technology aids (e.g. dictionaries, Word Q, Zoom Text reader) to help you in this test. I recommend you listen to the text at least once or twice before you begin. Don’t forget to SAVE each time you write an answer. There are 150 points on this test, including bonuses. I will grade it on the basis of 125. After you have completed the test, and checked your answers, put a * and write me a note for 20 points that you would NOT like to be graded on, and why. Good luck! Ellen Text: Eyestrain and your computer screen: Tips for getting relief Mayo Clinic .com, May 22, 2002 http://www.mayoclinic.com/invoke.cfm?id=HQ00462 A. _________________ Your eyes hurt. Your head aches. And there you sit, peering at your computer monitor. If you're one of a growing number of people who use computers every day, you may be experiencing eyestrain as a result. Symptoms include: Sore, tired, burning, itching or dry eyes Blurred or double vision Distance vision blurred after prolonged staring at a monitor Headache, sore neck Difficulty shifting focus between monitor and source documents Difficulty focusing on the screen image Color fringes or afterimages when you look away from the monitor Increased sensitivity to light Eyestrain associated with computer use isn't thought to have serious or long-term consequences, but it's disruptive and unpleasant. Although you probably can't change every factor that may cause eyestrain, there are some things you can do. B. Change your work habits Eye-healthy work habits can do wonders. Follow these simple tips: Take eye breaks. Look away from the screen and into the distance or at an object several feet away for 10 seconds every 10 minutes. Change of pace. Try to move around at least once every 2 hours, giving both your eyes and your body a needed rest. Arrange noncomputerized work as breaks from the screen. Consider standing while doing such work. Wink 'em, blink 'em. Dry eyes can result from prolonged computer use, especially for contact lens wearers. Some people blink only once a minute when doing computer work, when once every 5 seconds is considered normal. Less blinking means less lubrication from tears, resulting in dry, itchy or burning eyes. Make a conscious effort to blink more often. If that doesn't help, consider using an eyedrops form of artificial tears available over-the-counter. . . . and nod off. If possible, lean back and close your eyes for a few moments once in awhile. However, you may not want to do this at your desk and risk being accused of sleeping on the job. C. Everything in its place Make sure your desk space is set up appropriately. Monitor. Position your monitor 18 to 30 inches from your eyes. Many people find that putting the screen at arm's length is about right. If you have to get too close to read small type, consider using larger font sizes for characters on your screen. The top of your screen should be at eye level or below so that you look down slightly at your work. Place the monitor too high and you'll have to tilt your head back to look up at it, a recipe for a sore neck — and for dry eyes, because you may not close your eyes completely when you blink. If you have your monitor on top of your central processing unit (CPU), consider placing the CPU to the side or on the floor. Dust on the screen cuts down on contrast and may contribute to glare and reflection problems. Keep it clean. Keyboard. Place your keyboard directly in front of your monitor. If you place it at an angle or to the side, your eyes will have to focus at different distances from the screen, a tiring activity. Source documents. Place reading and reference material on a copy stand beside your monitor and at the same level, angle and distance away. This way your eyes aren't constantly readjusting. Ambient (surrounding) light and glare. To check glare, sit at your computer with the monitor off. You'll be able to see the reflected light and images you don't normally see — including yourself. Note any intense glare. The worst problems will likely be from sources above or behind you, including fluorescent lighting and sunlight. If possible, place your monitor so that the brightest light sources are off to the side, parallel with your line of sight to the monitor. Consider turning off some or all overhead lights. If you can't do that, tilting the monitor downward a little may reduce glare. Closing blinds or shades also may help. A hood or glare-reducing screen is an option, but be sure you aren't sacrificing the intensity of whites on your screen. Adjustable task lighting that doesn't shine into your eyes as you look at the screen can reduce eyestrain. D. Appropriate eyewear If you wear glasses or contacts, make sure the correction is right for computer work. Most lenses are fitted for reading print and may not be optimal for computer work. For example, many bifocal wearers are constantly craning their necks to look through the bottom half of their lenses, bringing on backache or a soar neck. Glasses or contact lenses designed to focus correctly for computer work may be a worthwhile investment. See an eye care professional if you have: Prolonged eye discomfort A noticeable change in vision Double vision Questions 1. The text has several structures that aid your reading and help you understand. Give examples of these structures and explain why they are helpful. (5 points) 2. The last story that we studied was on the same subject as this one. How does our study of that story help us to understand this one? (5 points) 3. Give a title to Paragraph A. (2 points) 4. Word Awareness: (30 points) a. There are several compound words in the text. Give five. For two, define them (i.e. define separately and together). (12) b. What are the root, prefix and suffix of “noncomputerized”. (3) *Bonus: c. There is at least one acronym in the text. What is it? What does it mean? (5) d. What parts of speech are the ten underlined words in the text? (20) e. (5 points) What is the synonym for: Part A-- tired disruptive unpleasant focus source f. (5 points) What is the antonym of: Part A— dry blurred prolonged difficulty increased 5. (15 points) Prepare 5 questions using the helping verb “do” that you would ask someone to determine if they are suffering from eyestrain related to computer use. Answer those questions for yourself, using the helping verb “do”. Make sure you answer one of those questions in the negative. 6. In addition to eyestrain, the author sites other physical problems that can occur if computer stations aren’t adjusted correctly. Make a table for the eye problem, the other physical problem (in addition to eyestrain) that can result, and how you can correct it. (6 points) 7. Make a list of things that people can do, without adjusting their equipment, to avoid eyestrain. (4 points). 8. Underline the best answer based on information from the text. Explain why this answer is best and why each of the other answers is not. (10 points) a. Eyestrain has serious and long-term consequences. b. People will suffer no eyestrain if they follow the author’s advice. c. Resting at work is a worthwhile risk to avoid eyestrain. d. Computer users who have headaches and burning eyes probably have eyestrain. 9. There are several things people should do at regular time intervals, to avoid eyestrain. Beginning with the shortest time interval, list each of these acts and how often you should do them, and for how long (if stated). (Instead of a list, you can make a table here.) (12 points) 10. What is the most helpful tip in this article? Explain why you think so. (4 points) 11. (12 points) Finish six of the following sentences: a. If your distance vision is blurred, b. In addition to eyestrain, c. Even though eyestrain is disruptive and unpleasant, d. If you don’t have good computer work habits, e. Even though resting at work is risky, f. If your CPU is on the floor or the side of your monitor, g. Bifocal wearers h. If you wear contact lenses 12. (6 points) Translate three of the following phrases from the text: a. lean back b. available over-the-counter c. Ambient (surrounding) light and glare d. Eye-healthy work habits can do wonders 13. (8 points) Complete this sentence: If you have dry, itchy eyes, you are probably _______________ less, which means your eyes are less __________. This problem can be corrected by __________________________ and ___________________________. 14. List four things that you need to check about your monitor. (4 points) 15. *Bonus (5 points) This article is well-written, but it is missing something (besides a title for Paragraph A). What is it missing? Why? 16. Write: (15 points with 5 point bonus) The advice in this article makes so much sense, that it is surprising that employers and those that use computers for their work don’t follow it very much. In your own words, citing the article for examples, discuss why you think managers don’t purchase the correct equipment, or institute training programs that would implement these recommendations; And why people who use computers don’t usually follow the tips outlined. You may consider, for example, whether you followed the advice in this article during this test—and why or why not. Remember: write short, simple sentences. Make sure you subjects and tenses match. Use Word Q to improve your spelling. And your discussion does not have to be too long. Your work will be graded as follows: 3 points—organization 3 points—correct grammar: you usually use the correct tense, and match tense to subject 3 points—correct spelling: you usually use correct spelling, or it is evident that you make attempts to check spelling carefully 3 points—you use correct punctuation and capitalization, and your sentences are constructed correctly. 3 points—content: you cover most of the main points in a concise manner *5 points bonus—after you have finished your essay, grade you own work based upon the grading scale that I have provided, giving reasons for your grade.