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					English Test: Advanced Group (Ellen)
Monday, October 14, 2002-10-12

Your name:______________

General Instructions:
This test is based on an authentic Internet
article, “Eyestrain and your Computer”,
Mayo Clinic .com, May 22, 2002
http://www.mayoclinic.com/invoke.cfm?id=HQ00462
 You may read the article on the “net” by
clicking on the link. I have reprinted the
article in this document.
You may use any assistive technology aids (e.g.
dictionaries, Word Q, Zoom Text reader) to
help you in this test.
I recommend you listen to the text at least
once or twice before you begin.
Don’t forget to SAVE each time you write an
answer.
There are 150 points on this test, including
bonuses. I will grade it on the basis of 125.
After you have completed the test, and
checked your answers, put a * and write me a
note for 20 points that you would NOT like to
be graded on, and why.
Good luck!
Ellen
Text:
Eyestrain and your computer screen: Tips
for getting relief
Mayo Clinic .com, May 22, 2002
http://www.mayoclinic.com/invoke.cfm?id=HQ00462



A. _________________

Your eyes hurt. Your head aches. And there you
sit, peering at your computer monitor. If you're
one of a growing number of people who use
computers every day, you may be experiencing
eyestrain as a result. Symptoms include:

     Sore, tired, burning, itching or dry eyes
     Blurred or double vision
     Distance vision blurred after prolonged staring
      at a monitor
     Headache, sore neck
     Difficulty shifting focus between monitor and
      source documents
     Difficulty focusing on the screen image
     Color fringes or afterimages when you look
      away from the monitor
     Increased sensitivity to light
Eyestrain associated with computer use isn't
thought to have serious or long-term
consequences, but it's disruptive and unpleasant.
Although you probably can't change every factor
that may cause eyestrain, there are some things
you can do.

B. Change your work habits
Eye-healthy work habits can do wonders. Follow
these simple tips:

     Take eye breaks. Look away from the screen
      and into the distance or at an object several
      feet away for 10 seconds every 10 minutes.

     Change of pace. Try to move around at least
      once every 2 hours, giving both your eyes and
      your body a needed rest. Arrange
      noncomputerized work as breaks from the
      screen. Consider standing while doing such
      work.

     Wink 'em, blink 'em. Dry eyes can result
      from prolonged computer use, especially for
      contact lens wearers. Some people blink only
      once a minute when doing computer work, when
      once every 5 seconds is considered normal.
      Less blinking means less lubrication from
      tears, resulting in dry, itchy or burning eyes.
      Make a conscious effort to blink more often.
      If that doesn't help, consider using an
      eyedrops form of artificial tears available
      over-the-counter.

     . . . and nod off. If possible, lean back and
      close your eyes for a few moments once in
      awhile. However, you may not want to do this
      at your desk and risk being accused of sleeping
      on the job.

C. Everything in its place

Make sure your desk space is set up appropriately.

     Monitor. Position your monitor 18 to 30 inches
      from your eyes. Many people find that putting
      the screen at arm's length is about right. If
      you have to get too close to read small type,
      consider using larger font sizes for characters
      on your screen.

      The top of your screen should be at eye level
      or below so that you look down slightly at your
      work. Place the monitor too high and you'll
    have to tilt your head back to look up at it, a
    recipe for a sore neck — and for dry eyes,
    because you may not close your eyes
    completely when you blink. If you have your
    monitor on top of your central processing unit
    (CPU), consider placing the CPU to the side or
    on the floor.

    Dust on the screen cuts down on contrast and
    may contribute to glare and reflection
    problems. Keep it clean.

   Keyboard. Place your keyboard directly in
    front of your monitor. If you place it at an
    angle or to the side, your eyes will have to
    focus at different distances from the screen,
    a tiring activity.

   Source documents. Place reading and
    reference material on a copy stand beside your
    monitor and at the same level, angle and
    distance away. This way your eyes aren't
    constantly readjusting.

   Ambient (surrounding) light and glare. To
    check glare, sit at your computer with the
    monitor off. You'll be able to see the
    reflected light and images you don't normally
    see — including yourself. Note any intense
    glare. The worst problems will likely be from
    sources above or behind you, including
    fluorescent lighting and sunlight.

    If possible, place your monitor so that the
    brightest light sources are off to the side,
    parallel with your line of sight to the monitor.
    Consider turning off some or all overhead
    lights. If you can't do that, tilting the monitor
    downward a little may reduce glare. Closing
    blinds or shades also may help. A hood or
    glare-reducing screen is an option, but be sure
    you aren't sacrificing the intensity of whites
    on your screen. Adjustable task lighting that
    doesn't shine into your eyes as you look at the
    screen can reduce eyestrain.



D. Appropriate eyewear
If you wear glasses or contacts, make sure the
correction is right for computer work. Most lenses
are fitted for reading print and may not be optimal
for computer work. For example, many bifocal
wearers are constantly craning their necks to look
through the bottom half of their lenses, bringing
on backache or a soar neck. Glasses or contact
lenses designed to focus correctly for computer
work may be a worthwhile investment.

See an eye care professional if you have:

     Prolonged eye discomfort
     A noticeable change in vision
     Double vision
Questions

1. The text has several structures that aid your
reading and help you understand. Give examples of
these structures and explain why they are helpful.
(5 points)

2. The last story that we studied was on the same
subject as this one. How does our study of that
story help us to understand this one? (5 points)

3. Give a title to Paragraph A. (2 points)

4. Word Awareness: (30 points)

a. There are several compound words in the text.
Give five. For two, define them (i.e. define
separately and together). (12)

b. What are the root, prefix and suffix of
“noncomputerized”. (3)

*Bonus: c. There is at least one acronym in the
text. What is it? What does it mean? (5)
d. What parts of speech are the ten underlined
words in the text? (20)



e. (5 points) What is the synonym for:
Part A--
tired
disruptive
unpleasant
focus
source

f. (5 points) What is the antonym of:
Part A—
dry
blurred
prolonged
difficulty
increased
5. (15 points) Prepare 5 questions using the helping
verb “do” that you would ask someone to determine
if they are suffering from eyestrain related to
computer use.

Answer those questions for yourself, using the
helping verb “do”. Make sure you answer one of
those questions in the negative.

6. In addition to eyestrain, the author sites other
physical problems that can occur if computer
stations aren’t adjusted correctly. Make a table
for the eye problem, the other physical problem (in
addition to eyestrain) that can result, and how you
can correct it. (6 points)




7. Make a list of things that people can do, without
adjusting their equipment, to avoid eyestrain. (4
points).
8. Underline the best answer based on information
from the text. Explain why this answer is best
and why each of the other answers is not. (10
points)
a. Eyestrain has serious and long-term
consequences.

b. People will suffer no eyestrain if they follow the
author’s advice.

c. Resting at work is a worthwhile risk to avoid
eyestrain.

d. Computer users who have headaches and burning
eyes probably have eyestrain.

9. There are several things people should do at
regular time intervals, to avoid eyestrain.
Beginning with the shortest time interval, list each
of these acts and how often you should do them,
and for how long (if stated). (Instead of a list, you
can make a table here.) (12 points)
10. What is the most helpful tip in this article?
Explain why you think so. (4 points)

11. (12 points) Finish six of the following
sentences:
a. If your distance vision is blurred,

b. In addition to eyestrain,

c. Even though eyestrain is disruptive and
unpleasant,

d. If you don’t have good computer work habits,

e. Even though resting at work is risky,

f. If your CPU is on the floor or the side of your
monitor,

g. Bifocal wearers

h. If you wear contact lenses
12. (6 points) Translate three of the following
phrases from the text:
a. lean back

b. available over-the-counter

c. Ambient (surrounding) light and glare

d. Eye-healthy work habits can do wonders

13. (8 points)
Complete this sentence:
If you have dry, itchy eyes, you are probably
_______________ less, which means your eyes
are less __________. This problem can be
corrected by __________________________
and ___________________________.

14. List four things that you need to check about
your monitor. (4 points)

15. *Bonus (5 points) This article is well-written,
but it is missing something (besides a title for
Paragraph A). What is it missing? Why?
16. Write: (15 points with 5 point bonus)
The advice in this article makes so much sense,
that it is surprising that employers and those that
use computers for their work don’t follow it very
much. In your own words, citing the article for
examples, discuss why you think managers don’t
purchase the correct equipment, or institute
training programs that would implement these
recommendations; And why people who use
computers don’t usually follow the tips outlined.
You may consider, for example, whether you
followed the advice in this article during this
test—and why or why not. 

Remember: write short, simple sentences. Make
sure you subjects and tenses match. Use Word Q
to improve your spelling. And your discussion does
not have to be too long.

Your work will be graded as follows:
3 points—organization
3 points—correct grammar: you usually use the
correct tense, and match tense to subject
3 points—correct spelling: you usually use correct
spelling, or it is evident that you make attempts to
check spelling carefully
3 points—you use correct punctuation and
capitalization, and your sentences are constructed
correctly.
3 points—content: you cover most of the main
points in a concise manner
*5 points bonus—after you have finished your
essay, grade you own work based upon the grading
scale that I have provided, giving reasons for your
grade.

				
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