oasis                                       Water babies

                       Autumn/Winter 2005
                                            How the lack of water affects
                                            mothers and their babies

                                            Make Poverty History
THE WATERAID JOURNAL                        Our latest campaign actions
                                oasis                           Autumn/Winter 2005

           Water babies p6
                                4         News
             Campaigns: p9                The latest news from WaterAid.

                                6         Water babies
                                          Without safe water and sanitation, a mother’s
                                          journey through pregnancy and childbirth can be
                                          difficult and dangerous rather than a time of joy
                                          and celebration.

                                9         Campaigns
                                          Find out how to get involved with WaterAid as it
                                          campaigns to help Make Poverty History.

                                10        Where we work
                                          An overview of WaterAid’s work in 15 countries
                                          around the world.

                                14        Getting to boiling point
Getting to boiling point: p14             WaterAid’s latest report documents how water and
                                          sanitation provision is brutally inadequate to reach
                                          the Millennium Development Goals of halving the
                                          proportions of people without these basic needs
                                          by 2015.

                                15        Sanitation in my neighbourhood
                                          How an innovative children’s photo competition in
                                          Madagascar has helped to teach the importance
                                          of sanitation.

                                16        A day in the life of
                                          Frank Nansam-Aggrey, District Manager, Bongo
                                          and Bolgatanga Districts, Rural Aid, Ghana.

                                18        Fundraising news and ideas

                                If you would like to keep up to date with WaterAid’s news
                                then sign up to receive our monthly email newsletter at:

                                Front cover picture:
                                Darou Nuri from Kulufo-Shegeder, Ethiopia pictured at the tapstand that
    A day in the life of: p16   has changed her and her babies’ lives. To read more turn to page 6.
WaterAid –
water for life                                                  Greetings
                                                                from Barbara Frost, WaterAid’s new Chief Executive
WaterAid is the international
NGO dedicated exclusively to
the provision of safe domestic
water, sanitation and hygiene
education to the world’s poorest
people. These basic services are
essential to life; without them
vulnerable communities are
trapped in the stranglehold of
disease and poverty.
                                          WaterAid/Jon Spaull

WaterAid works by helping
local organisations set up low
cost, sustainable projects
using appropriate technology                                    I am delighted to be introducing myself as
that can be managed by the
community itself.                                               Chief Executive designate of WaterAid – I will be
                                                                taking over from Ravi Narayanan when he retires
WaterAid also seeks to
influence the policies of other                                 in December after six years at WaterAid.
key organisations, such as
governments, to secure and                                                           I felt inspired to apply for this exciting role having read
protect the right of poor                                                            WaterAid’s plans and vision of a world where everyone
people to safe, affordable                                                           has access to safe water and effective sanitation.
water and sanitation services.
                                                                                   Like many of you I am outraged that two in five people
WaterAid is independent and                                                        around the world lack basic sanitation and one in six lack
relies heavily on voluntary support.                                               clean water. Fortunately WaterAid is doing a wonderful job to
                                                                help change this through its work with partners and by influencing policy at
Cover photo: WaterAid/Caroline Irby                             national and international levels. Safe water and sanitation are essential if
Editor: Tamsin Maunder                                          poverty is to be overcome.
Designed by Lydia Thornley

                                                                For the past nine years I have been Chief Executive of Action on Disability and
Oasis is published by
                                                                Development (ADD). Like WaterAid ADD works with partner organisations in
WaterAid, Prince Consort House
                                                                Africa and Asia supporting disabled people as they campaign for inclusion and
27-29 Albert Embankment
                                                                an end to poverty and oppression. For instance many disabled people cannot
London SE1 7UB
                                                                access safe sanitation – imagine using a pit latrine if you are a wheelchair user.
020 7793 4500
                                                                Prior to ADD, I held senior management positions with ActionAid, Save the
Charity registration number:                                    Children and Community Aid Abroad (Oxfam Australia) based in Mozambique
288701                                                          and Malawi. Our work with local communities included the provision of wells
WaterAid America, Inc
                                                                and latrines and information about clean water, hand washing and the spread
20th floor, 1221 Avenue of the Americas                         of disease.
New York, NY 10020
USA                                                             Before working in Africa I lived in Australia for 20 years. For part of this time I
1 (646) 344 7201
                                                                was part of a rural community where ‘long drop dunnies’, dams and water
                                                                collection were an everyday part of life. Nowadays my base is in a Somerset
WaterAid Australia                                              village where my garden is a great joy and is watered by rain water collected
Private Bag 1, Mitcham Victoria
Australia 3132
                                                                from the roof.
+61 3 9872 1800                                         I am delighted to have been offered this wonderful opportunity to work
                                                                with WaterAid and am looking forward to working with our partners to
                                                                ensure millions more people gain access to water and sanitation in the
                                                                coming years.

                                                                Above: Before, the villagers in Apowugo, Ghana, had to drink river water, or when this
                                                                dried out had to dig down into the river bed and use muddy scoopholes. They now
                                                                have a safe water supply.

                                                                                                                 Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005   3
    WaterAid news

      Success for                                                               Make Poverty History rally
      WaterAid                                                                  WaterAid campaigners joined over
      down under                                                                225,000 people at the Make Poverty
                                                                                History rally in Edinburgh on 2 July,
                                                                                organised to coincide with the G8 summit.
      WaterAid Australia has recently
      completed its first project in Papua                                      Campaigners formed a giant white band
      New Guinea, directly benefiting                                           (the symbol of the campaign) around the
      over 5000 schoolchildren and                                              city and at 3pm all fell silent to show their
      indirectly over 13,000 local                                              determination to make poverty history.
      community members by helping
      them to build latrines.                                                   Although the G8 pledged to deliver a
                                                                                further $25 billion of aid per year for Africa
      Funds from WaterAid Australia,                                            by 2010, there were no specific pledges for
      raised through the highly successful                                      water and sanitation. Turn to page 9 to see
      Australia Water Association National                                      how you can help by writing to the UK

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Richard Hanson
      Golf Day in October 2004, have                                            Government demanding more action on
      supported the building of 84 latrines                                     helping the poor access these most basic
      in 14 primary schools in the Eastern                                      of needs.
      Highlands of the country.

      Peter Dwan, International                                                 Glastonbury 2005
      Programme Manager for WaterAid
      Australia, says, “The project worked                                                                                                            issues of water and sanitation in the
      with children as they are most                                                                                                                  developing world.
      affected by hygiene and sanitation
      related illnesses. We are delighted                                                                                                             This year 108 volunteers braved the lakes
      with the success of the project                                                                                                                 of mud to help WaterAid service the
      and look forward to many more in                                                                                                                latrines, recycle cups and sell Make
      the future.”                                                                                                                                    Poverty History pants and T-shirts to the
                                                                                                                                WaterAid/Alex Macro

                                                                                                                                                      crowd (after the macs sold out in half an
      WaterAid Australia was officially                                                                                                               hour). This year female volunteers also
      launched just before World Water                                                                                                                took care of WaterAid’s revolutionary
      Day 2005 by the Australian Foreign                                                                                                              female urinals called She Pees.
      Minister, the Hon Alexander Downer,                                       Even the arrival of a tropical rainstorm,
      and works in East and South Asia                                          when lightning split the dance tent in                                Since 1994, WaterAid has received over
      and the Pacific.                                                          half, didn’t dampen anyone’s spirits at                               £365,000 from the Eavis family and the
                                                                                this year’s Glastonbury Festival!                                     Festival, plus even more from generous
                                                                                                                                                      Festival-goers. This year, WaterAid raised
                                                                                WaterAid is delighted to be one of the                                over £27,500 from Festival-goers, as well
      Pass it on                                                                Festival’s main good causes – our                                     as collecting 11,500 signatures for its Make
                                                                                African-style latrines and main-stage                                 Poverty History petition. Many thanks to all
      Please pass this copy of Oasis on to                                      water give-away offer WaterAid a unique                               who supported us – we look forward to
      your friends and family, or leave it in                                   opportunity to convey some of the                                     seeing you on the farm again in 2007!
      your doctor or dentist’s waiting room,
      to help spread the word about
      WaterAid’s vitally important work.                                        WaterAid’s adventures in America
                                                                                WaterAid America opened its first staffed                             anonymous gift of $1 million has been
                                                                                office in September 2004 in a donated                                 recently secured which will underwrite these
                                                                                space within the offices of law firm                                  crucial early stages with some security.
                                                                                Allen & Overy in central Manhattan.                                   We are also in constructive dialogue with
                                                                                Here WaterAid aims to raise funds and                                 some major foundations and together with
                                                                                awareness of the need for safe water and                              Fox Searchlight have raised $80,000 in
                                                                                sanitation among the American public,                                 promotion around the film Millions.
                                                      WaterAid/Suzanne Porter

                                                                                paying particular attention to foundations
                                                                                and major donors.                                                     If you have any contacts in the USA who
                                                                                                                                                      you think may be interested in WaterAid’s
                                                                                A year in and WaterAid has begun to build                             work please don’t hesitate to call +1 646 344
                                                                                some real momentum. A very generous                                   7201 or contact

4   Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005
                                                                                                                                                                    WaterAid news

                                                                                                                                                Annual review
                                                                                                                                                and accounts
                                                                                                                                                WaterAid publishes its annual
                                                                                                                                                review and accounts in September
                                                                                                                                                every year. To request a copy
                                                                                                                                                please call our supporter services
                                                                                                                                                team on 020 7793 4526 or
                                                                                                                                                read them online at

                                                                                                                       WaterAid/Abir Abdullah

                      Citizens’ action for water and sanitation
                      WaterAid has launched its new Citizens’            and service providers on these issues.
                      Action project: a major, inter-agency              Initial projects will take place in
                      project which is to run throughout the UN          Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Ghana, India,
                      Water for Life decade. It aims to enable           Nepal and Uganda but more countries

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Dieter Telemans
                      citizens themselves to hold government             will be included over the decade –
                      and service providers to account for their         potentially reaching millions of people.
                      water and sanitation services.
                                                                         It is innovative and challenging:
                      The first stage will help citizens to fully
                      understand their water and sanitation
                                                                         citizens will take action themselves
                                                                         through direct engagement. WaterAid
                                                                                                                                                Eight ways to
                      situation, including their entitlements            will facilitate the work, rather than                                  change the world
                      and the range of responsibilities for              mediate on behalf of citizens, as is
                      policy and service delivery. They will then        often the case – hence the name                                         WaterAid is involved in a unique
                      be assisted to engage with government              Citizens’ Action.                                                       photo exhibition taking place from
                                                                                                                                                 7-18 September at the Bargehouse
                                                                                                                                                 Gallery in London. The event is free
                      BBC Lifeline Appeal                                                                                                        to enter and features newly
                                                                                                                                                 commissioned work by seven
                      WaterAid is delighted to announce that              enthusiastic in his praise of our work and                             photojournalists bringing the
                      BBC1 will broadcast an appeal on our                has said “The changes that occur just by                               Millennium Development Goals to
                      behalf on Sunday 20 November.                       having safe water and good sanitation                                  life. Exclusive photos by Dieter
                      The appeal showing footage from our                 are incredible. WaterAid’s projects really                             Telemans, taken where WaterAid
                      work in Mozambique will be presented                do make an amazing difference to                                       works in Mali, explore the impact
                      by supporter Nigel Havers and will be               people’s lives.”                                                       that safe water and sanitation have
                      broadcast nationally just before Songs                                                                                     on people’s day to day lives.
                      Of Praise on Sunday evening.                        We have included a flier with all the
                                                                          details of the appeal with this issue of
                      The appeal provides us with a great                 Oasis. Please pass this on to anyone you
                      opportunity to raise awareness about our
                      work as well as generating vital support
                                                                          feel would be interested in seeing the
                                                                          programme and don’t forget to tune in on
                                                                                                                                                 Oasis – less
                      for our projects. Nigel Havers has been             Sunday 20 November.                                                    than 13p a copy!
                                                                                                                                                 So that the maximum amount of
                                                                                                                                                 funds can go towards its project
                                                                                                                                                 work WaterAid always tries to keep
                                                                                                                                                 its expenditure to a minimum. Every
                                                                                                                                                 copy of Oasis costs less than 13p to
                                                                                                                                                 produce plus P&P. It is also printed
                                                                                                                                                 on recycled paper. However, if you
WaterAid/Jon Spaull

                                                                                                                                                 would rather not receive a printed
                                                                                                                                                 version then please call us on
                                                                                                                                                 020 7793 4530 to receive Oasis by
                                                                                                                                                 email instead.
                      Women in Malica village, Mozambique collect safe, clean water from the WaterAid-funded well.

                                                                                                                                                Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005                     5
    Water babies

                                                                           WaterAid/Caroline Irby

        Bringing a child in to the world should be a moment of joy and
        celebration. But if you are a woman living in one of the world’s
        poorest countries, with no safe water and sanitation, your
        journey through pregnancy and childbirth can be difficult and
        dangerous. Report by Tamsin Maunder.

6   Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005
                                                                                                                              Water babies

Right: The 20 litres of water Sakina collects and carries on her head weighs 20kg – she has to carry
this for 20 minutes uphill back home, and she is eight months pregnant. She says:

“If we don’t get clean water then I won’t be
able to wash my baby or give him a drink
when he is born.”

                                                                                                                                                         WaterAid/Jon Spaull
       s the collectors of water, women              know this water isn’t safe but we have            enough water for cleaning the baby and
       often have to spend hours each                no choice. If we don’t get clean water            your clothes. There is a fluid called
       day walking and queuing to                    then I won’t be able to wash my baby or           ‘atmet’ made of barley and water that
collect water. They fill their containers            give him a drink when he is born.” Her            mothers drink when they give birth.
of around 20kg and carry their heavy                 friend Atndtoma who is also pregnant              Before it was difficult to make this and
load home on their head, back or                     continues “It is hard to collect water            mothers would be so thirsty waiting for
hips. This is a daily task and one that              while pregnant. My shoulders, wrists              this drink. When I gave birth to my first
does not cease when they                             and chest hurt. I will have to carry on           child I remember that my mother took
are pregnant. Even as their baby                     collecting water until I deliver.”                seven hours to collect water and so I
grows inside them, they spend their                                                                    had to wait for seven hours to get the
hours toiling in the hot sun to collect              But things do not improve after nine              atmet and it hurt so much.”
their family’s water. Often though the               months, when the time is right for the
water they work so hard to collect is                baby to be born. Mothers are not                  Back in Aurigo in Ghana, Ladi is only
unsafe to drink – causing themselves                 whisked into professional maternity               grateful that her five day old baby was
and their families to become sick or                 units. Instead they often give birth in           born while there was still water in the
even die.                                            their communities, typically with                 muddy scoophole. “If my baby had
                                                     traditional birth attendants at hand.             been born later in the dry season and
The women from Aurigo in Ghana know                  People like Lente Hichime, from                   the dug-out had been empty, I would
of this problem only too well. The main              Rusangu Hamakamo in Zambia, a warm                not have had water at all,” she says.
source of water in their village is a                and caring woman who has spent years              “Everybody would be struggling then to
muddy dugout hole in a cluster of                    helping mothers with seemingly                    get water from the river, and I would
trees, shared by animals. It is 20                   ceaseless energy. “Before we just used            have been too weak to carry the baby
minutes’ walk downhill from the                      to use our bare hands,” she explains.             all the way there. It would have been
village, so water has to be carried                  “Then I was given a birthing kit by the           very bad for me if I had had my baby
uphill on the return journey home.                   health department as part of the                  two months later.”
The water level falls month by month                 training which helps a lot.”
throughout the dry season until March                                                                  In these circumstances water becomes
when it dries up completely. Then the                But, there is a big problem that all of           even more of a precious commodity
community’s women have to walk                       Lente’s enthusiasm cannot solve. There            “Water is often brought as a present –
seven kilometres to the White Volta                  is no safe water in her village. “This            a special gift,” says Nairukoki from
River to fetch their water until the rains           well is our only source of water, and             Loolera village in Tanzania. “For a
come again in July – a journey that                  when we drink it it gives us stomach              mother who has just given birth the
takes several hours.                                 pain and diarrhoea. We do not have                most important gift is water.”
                                                     enough water for all our needs, I am
“I am expecting my baby this month,”                 often not able to wash mothers after              But it does not have to be like this.
explains Sakina Nyene. “I used to                    they have delivered their baby, or wash           WaterAid’s projects enable
come to collect water more than once                 the baby, because there is no water to            communities to set up safe water
each day, but now my belly is too                    spare. Mothers have to give this water            supplies and sanitation facilities close
heavy and I can only collect water                   to their children to drink and they get           to home, and help people to learn
once. Other women will bring me water                very sick. Several children have died             about safe hygiene too. And the
on the day of my baby’s birth. After                 this year from diarrhoea.”                        difference they make to women during
that I will have to collect it myself. We                                                              pregnancy and childbirth is amazing.
                                                     For new mothers the lack of water can
                                                     be excruciating as Darou Nuri from                Lente, the birth attendant from Zambia
Left: Darou Nuri pictured with her baby girl         Kulufo-Shegeder, Ethiopia describes. “It          knows the difference water would make
Neserie. “I think that my children will have a       used to be very difficult to even get             and is looking forward to this day that
better life than we have had now that they           enough water for drinking and so when             will be coming soon. “When we have
have clean water to drink.”                          you gave birth it was very difficult to get       clean water I will be able to wash     >
                                                                                                       Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005                         7
                             Water babies

                                                                                                                                                                               WaterAid/Jon Spaull
                             mothers and their new born babies, we             village, and she had a very different        “We know this water isn’t safe but we have no
                             will have less disease and fewer                  experience when she gave birth to her        choice,” says Sakina (pictured far right in pink
                             children will die,” she says.                     beautiful baby girl, Neserie. “Now it is     dress collecting water with other villagers in
                                                                               very easy as we have plenty of clean         Aurigo, Ghana).
                             WaterAid’s findings back up Lente’s               water for our needs,” she says. “When I
                             words. In a recent study exploring the            gave birth to my youngest everything         Project update
                             impacts of WaterAid’s work in                     was ready because we had this clean          The project work in Rusangu Hamakumo,
                             Madagascar results in several villages            water. I was able to get the atmet on        Zambia, is now complete, which means
                             showed that the death rates of new                time and I was able to wash the baby,        that Lente and the 350 other residents
                             born babies and their mothers had                 myself and my clothes straight away.”        have safe water on tap. WaterAid is now
                             significantly lowered.                                                                         working with its partner Rural Aid in
                                                                               Darou now has high hopes for her baby        Ghana to explore the possible ways of
                             Darou knows of the changes first hand.            girl and her other children too. “I think    ensuring that the women in Aurigo will be
                             Safe, clean water is now on tap in her            that my children will have a better life     able to collect safe, clean water close to
                                                                               than we have had now that they have          home too.
                                                                               clean water to drink, have a clean
                                                                               compound and clean clothes. They can         Tamsin Maunder is WaterAid’s
                                                                               go to school now as well. Neserie is my      Publications Manager.
                                                                               only girl and I will make sure that she
                                                                               stays on in school until grade eight,        To support WaterAid’s appeal on this
                                                                               and if she can stay on longer and is         issue please visit
                                                                               clever enough, then I hope she can go        waterbabies
                                                                               to university too.”
                                                                                                                            • £4 pays for a hygiene promotion
                                                                               The World Development Report stated            manual in Ghana
                                                                               that for every 10% increase in female        • £20 pays to train a village pump
    WaterAid/Caroline Irby

                                                                               literacy you can expect a 10% increase         attendant for three days in Tanzania
                                                                               in life expectancy at birth. So if Darou’s   • £60 pays for a mason to construct
                                                                               wishes come true and Neserie has a             a hand-dug well in Zambia
                                                                               full education then the future of her        • £165 pays for a rope pump to serve
                                                                               children will be even brighter, and all        100 households in Madagascar
                             Darou Nuri pictured by the tap that has           because there is now clean water             • £470 pays for a handpump serving
                             transformed her life.                             flowing from the village taps.                 100 households in Ethiopia

8                            Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005

                             WaterAid has joined forces with Tearfund to call for more and better
                             aid for water and sanitation for the world’s poorest people. We’re
                             asking you, our supporters, to write a letter to the UK Government
                             demanding they help make poverty history.

                                     riting a letter won’t take long    poorest countries. While the EU has
                                     and could have an impact           increased the share of its aid going to            LETTER WRITING TIPS
                                     on government policies that        the poorest countries from 51% in
                            will change the lives of millions of        2002 to 56% in 2003, the remaining                 • Individual letters have more
                            people living without access to water       44% still goes to richer, middle-                    impact – personalise it!
                            and sanitation.                             income countries where only 30%                    • Include your address so you
                                                                        of the world’s poorest people live.                  get a reply
                            The UK has taken over from                  The EU should allocate 70%                         • Keep your letter short and
                            Luxembourg as President of the              of aid to the poorest countries.                     to the point
                            European Union. As the presidency is                                                           • Explain it is part of
                            the driving force in the legislative and    Aid spending should also be more                     Make Poverty History
                            political decision making processes of      coordinated. Rather than all countries             • Use your own words!
                            the EU, with effective campaigning in       placing administrative demands on
                            the UK there could be major                 developing countries one donor
                            improvements in European aid (which         should take the lead in each country
                            accounts for 60% of all aid).               to coordinate efforts.                             FACTS YOU COULD INCLUDE

                            More aid                                    Please write a letter today calling                • 1.1 billion people do not have
                                                                        on the UK Government to use its                      access to safe water
                            In May the Luxembourg presidency            power while President of the EU to                 • 2.6 billion people do not have
                            ensured that all 25 member states           make sure there is more and better                   access to a toilet
                            committed to spending 0.51% of their        EU aid. Send your letter to the                    • UK aid must increase to 0.7% of
                            national income on aid by 2010. This        Secretary of State for International                 income by 2010
                            commitment, which was reconfirmed at        Development at 1 Palace Street,                    • UK and EU aid for water and
                            the G8 summit, was good progress but        London SW1E 5HE. Please send us                      sanitation must double
                            still short of the UN target, agreed in     a copy of any response.                            • 70% of EU water and sanitation
                            1970, that 0.7% of income should go to                                                           aid should be spent on the
                            aid. Only Holland, Luxembourg,              By Sally Warren, WaterAid’s                          poorest countries
                            Denmark and Sweden have reached             Campaigns Coordinator.                             • EU member states must agree
                            that target. We are therefore asking the                                                         a lead donor in each country
                            UK Government to increase its own aid                                                            to coordinate aid for water
                            to 0.7% of national income by 2010.                                                              and sanitation

                            The UK has already agreed to double its
                            aid for water in Africa. However, this
                            leaves out sanitation and the rest of the                                                      CAMPAIGN GROUPS
                            developing world. Overall UK aid
                            for water and sanitation needs to                                                                 If you want to do more, why not
                            double and the UK should use its                                                                  join one of WaterAid’s regional
                            presidency to push the rest of the EU to                                                          campaign groups in York, Bristol,
WaterAid/Steve Bainbridge

                            do the same.                                                                                      Glasgow or Edinburgh? Please
                                                                                                                              contact Jennean to find out more –
                            Better aid                                                                                        call 020 7793 4523 or email
                                                                        In June WaterAid handed the UK Government   
                            We want aid to be spent better. This        over 18,000 messages on toilet rolls calling for
                            means it should be focussed on the          more and better aid for water and sanitation.

                                                                                                                           Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005   9
                          Where we work

                          Where we work
 WaterAid/Abir Abdullah

10                        Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Where we work

                                                                                                                                                              Below left: Shanta Chakma runs a hygiene promotion session funded by WaterAid for children in Silchan in the
                                                                                                                                                              Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh

                                                                                                                                                              WaterAid works to improve the quality of life of some of the poorest
                                                                                                                                                              people living in 15 countries in Africa and Asia through water,
                                                                                                                                                              sanitation and hygiene education projects. Working with local
                                                                                                                                                              organisations communities plan, build, maintain and manage their
                                                                                                                                                              projects using local skills and practical technologies.
                                                                                                                                                              WaterAid’s projects were all in rural areas until 1990 when it began
                                                                                                                                                              working in urban areas on a small scale. Now WaterAid has major
                                                                                                                                                              urban projects in seven countries and is developing projects in all of
                                                                                                                                                              the other countries it works in.

                                                                                                                                                              Bangladesh                                                                   India
                                                                                                                                                              Population: 138.1 million                                                    Population: 1.06 billion
                                                                                                                                                              Water supply coverage: 97%                                                   Water supply coverage: 84%
                                                                                                                                                              Sanitation coverage: 48%                                                     Sanitation coverage: 28%
                                                                                                                                                              Below poverty line: 49.8%                                                    Below poverty line: 29%
                                                                                                                                                              WaterAid began work: 1986                                                    WaterAid began work: 1985
Alixandra Fenton, WaterAid/Abir Abdullah, Libby Clarke, Jim Holmes, Caroline Irby, Alex Macro, Daniel O’Leary, Caroline Penn, Suzanne Porter and Jon Spaull

                                                                                                                                                              WaterAid works through four rural and nine urban partner NGOs to            WaterAid is shifting from its traditional focus in southern India to the
                                                                                                                                                              help poor and vulnerable communities living in difficult environments.      poorer states in the north to target some of India’s most vulnerable
                                                                                                                                                              The programme emphasises participatory hygiene promotion and total          communities. The main office has now moved from Tiruchirapalli in
                                                                                                                                                              sanitation approaches; there is high demand for training and support        southern India to New Delhi, bringing WaterAid closer to policy makers.
                                                                                                                                                              on these approaches from other agencies and NGOs. Rural projects            Two further regional offices have opened in Bhopal and Bhubaneswar
                                                                                                                                                              help communities in the north and west, where groundwater levels are        to coordinate work in the six new states WaterAid now operates in. As
                                                                                                                                                              dropping due to over-abstraction of water for irrigation; on the ‘char’     sanitation coverage is very low, projects particularly focus on building
                                                                                                                                                              islands in the major rivers that are annually threatened by erosion and     latrines and hygiene education. WaterAid encourages partners to
                                                                                                                                                              flooding; in the remote Chittagong Hill Tracts and in coastal areas         exchange lessons on how to ensure projects are sustainable.
                                                                                                                                                              affected by saline water intrusion. Urban projects help slum                This documented good practice is used to influence the policies of
                                                                                                                                                              communities in Dhaka and Chittagong gain access to safe water               the government, which is committed to spending large amounts on
                                                                                                                                                              supplies and sanitation via communal facilities. As arsenic occurs          water and sanitation. Success has already been had in persuading
                                                                                                                                                              naturally in groundwater in some areas WaterAid is also active in           the government to change its sanitation subsidies to incorporate
                                                                                                                                                              arsenic mitigation and information dissemination.                           low cost latrines.

                                                                                                                                                              Nepal                                                                        Pakistan
                                                                                                                                                              Population: 24.7 million                                                     Population: 148.4 million
                                                                                                                                                              Water supply coverage: 88%                                                   Water supply coverage: 90%
                                                                                                                                                              Sanitation coverage: 28%                                                     Sanitation coverage: 62%
                                                                                                                                                              Below poverty line: 42%                                                      Below poverty line: 32.6%
                                                                                                                                                              WaterAid began work: 1986                                                    WaterAid began work: 1993

                                                                                                                                                              In Nepal WaterAid works with seven NGO partners in rural and urban          Since 1996 WaterAid’s work in Pakistan has focussed on supporting
                                                                                                                                                              areas. Much early work focussed on creating and strengthening the           urban partners. This began by supporting the Orangi Pilot Project
                                                                                                                                                              specialist NGO Nepal Water for Health (NEWAH) and together WaterAid         (OPP) in constructing and improving sewers in low income areas of
                                                                                                                                                              and NEWAH have helped over 450,000 poor people in rural Nepal. The          Karachi. The OPP is a self-funded, self-administered and self-
                                                                                                                                                              gender and poverty approach adopted by NEWAH in rural areas ensures         maintained grassroots movement working with poor constituents to
                                                                                                                                                              that the poorest people and women benefit from projects. Urban              build hundreds of kilometres of extremely low cost underground
                                                                                                                                                              community projects are expanding and in Kathmandu WaterAid is also          sewers using local materials and labour. WaterAid continues to
                                                                                                                                                              working with the NGO forum for urban water and sanitation to scrutinise     support and develop other urban partners to replicate OPP’s
                                                                                                                                                              proposed water supply reforms to ensure they are pro-poor, sustainable      successful approach in cities throughout Pakistan. As such WaterAid’s
                                                                                                                                                              and environmentally sound. WaterAid is also encouraging a national          Pakistan programme has provided a wealth of invaluable experience
                                                                                                                                                              focus on meeting the Millennium Development Goals for water and             on urban work. The new sewers and water supplies have
                                                                                                                                                              sanitation by promoting discussions of their annual targets and costs.      revolutionised life for communities who previously had to contend
                                                                                                                                                              The Maoist insurgency in Nepal continues to destabilise the country,        with unsafe or expensive water supplies and stinking open sewers
                                                                                                                                                              however, through conflict sensitive approaches there has been little        which posed considerable health and physical hazards.
                                                                                                                                                              disruption to WaterAid’s work in recent years.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005   11
     Where we work

     West Africa
     Ghana                                                                      Nigeria
     Population: 20.4 million                                                   Population: 135.6 million
     Water supply coverage: 73%                                                 Water supply coverage: 62%
     Sanitation coverage: 72%                                                   Sanitation coverage: 54%
     Below poverty line: 39.5%                                                  Below poverty line: 34.1%
     WaterAid began work: 1984                                                  WaterAid began work: 1995

     In Ghana, one of WaterAid’s most longstanding programmes,                  WaterAid works in three Nigerian states, in partnership with NGOs
     WaterAid has developed strong links with eight partner organisations       and is now expanding into a further three states. It has set up a new
     and the country’s policy makers. WaterAid has consistently stressed        country office in the federal capital of Abuja to have a more strategic
     the importance of integrating water, sanitation and hygiene and is now     presence and advocate on how to best deliver water and sanitation
     focusing more on advocacy work to widen its impact and influence           services to the poor. Many communities mistrust government
     district national policies. The programme’s urban work is also             departments so WaterAid has developed a self selection criteria
     expanding. In five rural regions WaterAid focuses on the construction      and vulnerability ranking system, where help is directed to people
     of hand-dug wells, handpump maintenance, promotion of latrines,            that communities themselves identify as the most in need.
     training of village health promoters and more recently promoting the       Technologies used include the drilling of boreholes, rainwater
     rope pump as a sustainable technology. In the Volta region it is           harvesting and construction of ventilated improved pit latrines.
     focusing on eradicating guinea worm. WaterAid has helped its partners      Local businesses are contracted for any difficult construction work
     develop independent fundraising, strategic planning and advocacy           and run ‘sani centres’ where latrine construction materials are sold.
     skills and has helped ensure that beneficiary communities take the         Innovative hygiene promotion methods are used, such as the
     lead in managing their projects.                                           broadcast of jingles on state radio.

     Burkina Faso                                                               Mali
     Population: 12.1 million                                                   Population: 11.7 million
     Water supply coverage: 42%                                                 Water supply coverage: 65%
     Sanitation coverage: 29%                                                   Sanitation coverage: 69%
     Below poverty line: 45.3%                                                  Below poverty line: 63.8%
     WaterAid began work: 2001                                                  WaterAid began work: 2000

     The Burkina Faso programme is one of WaterAid’s youngest, and              In Mali, one of its newest programmes, WaterAid works with five partners
     is a major step for WaterAid into Francophone Africa. WaterAid             to help communities set up standpipes, sanitation and hygiene education
     works in partnership with five local NGOs in ten rural districts and       in Bamako, the capital city, and more recently to rural communities.
     two urban districts of the capital Ouagadougou to help                     WaterAid hopes that its scheme, providing water and sanitation to
     communities build and maintain sustainable water and sanitation            underprivileged people using the vulnerability ranking system that has
     services. In the coming years WaterAid and its partners will               been imported from Nigeria, will demonstrate to government and other
     develop advocacy networks to help enable the poor to gain                  donors that projects in slums and poor areas can be socially and
     access to water and sanitation and to influence national policy,           economically successful. It is sharing the success of its revolving credit
     donors and civil society. The programme has developed                      scheme, which enables women to access funds, and its monitoring and
     innovative approaches to hygiene promotion including soap                  evaluation systems with other WaterAid programmes. By advocating on
     making enterprises. Its sanitation credit scheme has also                  behalf of poor communities, WaterAid aims to influence national policies
     increased the demand for latrines.                                         to ensure that everyone gains access to safe water and sanitation.

      East Africa
     Ethiopia                                                                   Madagascar
     Population: 68.6 million                                                   Population: 16.9 million
     Water supply coverage: 24%                                                 Water supply coverage: 47%
     Sanitation coverage: 12%                                                   Sanitation coverage: 42%
     Below poverty line: 44.2%                                                  Below poverty line: 71.3%
     WaterAid began work: 1991                                                  WaterAid began work: 1999

     In Ethiopia WaterAid works in partnership with NGOs, government            WaterAid has projects in four of Madagascar’s six provinces, in rural
     departments and a training institution. In the south east water projects   and urban areas. WaterAid works in partnership with four NGOs,
     tend to be spring-fed gravity schemes; some of which are very large        three of which have considerable experience in providing rural water
     providing water for tens of thousands of people. In the north the main     supplies through gravity-fed piped schemes and well construction.
     technologies are hand-dug wells and spot spring development. Since         WaterAid has helped introduce sanitation and hygiene education
     1998 WaterAid has worked in the slums of Addis Ababa, the capital          into their programmes. WaterAid supports the fourth NGO providing
     city, and this work is now expanding. WaterAid is also exploring ways      sanitation in urban areas. Through this work WaterAid is helping to
     of reaching more marginalised communities living in drought prone          form district networks with NGOs and government to feed into wider
     areas in the south and north west. More emphasis is also being placed      policy debates. WaterAid is working to build capacity in the water
     on monitoring and evaluation and on influencing the policies of other      and sanitation sector and is playing a significant role in the wider
     NGOs and the government, to ensure that projects incorporate               international WASH campaign pushing for water, sanitation and
     sanitation and hygiene promotion and reach the poorest people in the       hygiene for all. Hygiene education has now really taken off which has
     most cost effective ways. This is being promoted through the WASH          resulted in a greater demand for latrines.
     (water, sanitation and hygiene for all) campaign.

12   Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005
                                                                                                                           Where we work

East Africa continued
Tanzania                                                                     Uganda
Population: 35.9 million                                                     Population: 25.3 million
Water supply coverage: 68%                                                   Water supply coverage: 52%
Sanitation coverage: 90%                                                     Sanitation coverage: 79%
Below poverty line: 35.7%                                                    Below poverty line: 44%
WaterAid began work: 1983                                                    WaterAid began work: 1983

WaterAid works in partnership with government departments and                WaterAid works with district governments, NGOs and local private
local NGOs in the rural regions of Dodoma, Tabora, Manyara and               enterprises in the Wakiso, Mpigi and Katakwi districts helping poor
Singida and in the city of Dar es Salaam. Community priorities               rural communities run water, sanitation and hygiene projects.
dictate the choice of technology and timescale, while WaterAid’s             Technologies for water projects include hand-dug shallow wells, spring
partners provide technical and financial support. Water supplies             protection and rainwater harvesting. Sanitation options now include
are established by rehabilitating boreholes or constructing                  ecological sanitation and good hygiene is promoted by district health
hand-dug wells, tubewells or small gravity schemes. The sanitation           workers supported by WaterAid’s partners. As Uganda has received
programme promotes the construction and use of simple pit latrines           substantial funding through the Highly Indebted Poor Country Initiative
while hygiene promotion includes child to child techniques where             WaterAid is working to build the capacity of the newly decentralised
children pass hygiene messages to their friends. Research                    district governments and private sector to ensure this funding is
is a key part of WaterAid’s work and a large DFID funded project             managed effectively so that even the poorest people benefit through
is now underway which captures local experience in order to                  community managed schemes. WaterAid played a key role in
inform and influence national policy decisions in the water and              establishing the Uganda Water and Sanitation Network (UWASNET)
sanitation sector.                                                           which enables NGOs to share knowledge and coordinate activities.

Southern Africa
Malawi                                                                       Mozambique
Population: 11 million                                                       Population: 18.8 million
Water supply coverage: 57%                                                   Water supply coverage: 57%
Sanitation coverage: 78%                                                     Sanitation coverage: 43%
Below poverty line: 65.3%                                                    Below poverty line: 69.4%
WaterAid began work: 1999                                                    WaterAid began work: 1995

WaterAid works with district governments, an NGO, a church based             WaterAid works in the remote and poor northern provinces of Niassa and
organisation and a private contractor to help poor rural communities         Zambézia in partnership with government departments, local NGOs and
build new projects or rehabilitate water supplies that have fallen into      private water supply construction companies. By using participatory
disuse. Projects include the deepening and sealing of traditional hand-      methods including drama and radio, WaterAid and its partners explain the
dug wells and the rehabilitation of gravity fed piped schemes. The main      need for safe water and sanitation, inform local villages about the
sanitation option offered is ecological sanitation latrines in which         schemes available to them, and encourage them to contribute resources
human waste decomposes into rich compost that can be used in                 and seek assistance for improved services. WaterAid is working to
agriculture. Social marketing programmes are being developed where           influence national policies to ensure water and sanitation projects reach
owners of new latrines inform their friends and relatives of the benefits.   even the poorest communities and include a variety of sustainable and
Urban work has started in two areas. In one WaterAid, a local women’s        affordable technology options, including the rope pump. The national
group and the Lilongwe Water Board have formed a partnership to              office has moved to the capital Maputo, from where it shares its innovative
ensure the water supply is successfully managed for the poorest people.      approaches with the national government and others in the sector. Urban
WaterAid is also building on its links with the Ministry of Water            work has also started in two areas in Maputo, this is initially sanitation
Development to influence national water policies.                            and drainage work, but will expand into water provision this year.

Population: 10.4 million
                                                                             To date WaterAid has helped
Water supply coverage: 64%
Sanitation coverage: 78%                                                     over 8.5 million people gain
Below poverty line: 72.9%
WaterAid began work: 1994
                                                                             access to safe water.
In Zambia WaterAid works in partnership with local governments to
help poor rural communities implement the Government’s WASHE
(water, sanitation, hygiene and education) concept in seven districts of
three provinces. WASHE calls for community owned and managed
projects that integrate sanitation and hygiene with water. Hand-dug
wells are constructed where possible, but as the water table is falling
boreholes are being used as an alternative. A range of sanitation            Statistics sourced from World Development Report 2005 and the
options are promoted too. Communities carry out much of the work             Human Development Report 2004. NB Statistics tend to understate
with tasks such as building latrines, mending pumps or supplying             the extent of water and sanitation problems, sometimes by a large
spare parts contracted to small scale local artisans or businesses.          factor. There are not sufficient resources available for accurate
WaterAid has also set up national forums to help coordinate the water        monitoring of either population or coverage. Varying definitions of
and sanitation sector and has started exploring community water              water and sanitation coverage are used, and national figures mask
resource management. Urban work is set to begin this year.                   large regional differences in coverage.

                                                                                                        Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005    13
                          Getting to boiling point

                          Getting to boiling point
                          WaterAid’s report Getting to boiling point,                                                      In Ethiopia WaterAid’s assessment was
                                                                                                                           distributed in April 2005 to the
                          launched earlier this year, documents the                                                        Ministry of Water Resources, the World
                                                                                                                           Bank, partner NGOs and private water
                          brutal inadequacy of the water sector’s                                                          businesses. It now forms the basis of
                          performance in the countries where it works.                                                     WaterAid’s involvement in discussions
                                                                                                                           on how to improve the effectiveness of
                                                                                                                           aid from EU donors in particular.
                                                                                                                           Almost 70% of water budgets in
                                                                                                                           Ethiopia go unspent.

                                                                                                                           In Bangladesh WaterAid shared its
                                                                                                                           finance gap calculations with the Local
                                                                                                                           Consultative Group of government and
 WaterAid/Caroline Irby

                                                                                                                           donor and NGO representatives. The
                                                                                                                           final document has underpinned
                                                                                                                           WaterAid’s lobbying of the Government
                                                                                                                           Unit for Policy Implementation which is
                                                                                                                           drawing up a Water Sector
                          In Ethiopia almost 70% of water budgets go unspent and 20 times more latrines need to be built   Development Plan. Bangladesh’s debt
                          every month to reach the sanitation MDG – increasing from 2500 to 50,000.                        service payments are 16 times greater
                                                                                                                           than the extra spending needed to

                                he underinvestment and financial             Getting to boiling point had an immediate     reach the MDGs.
                               waste which are holding the water             impact, as did many of the country
                               sector back must be tackled to                assessments. Hilary Benn, the                 WaterAid launched its Tanzanian
                          improve this performance if the Millennium         UK Secretary of State for International       sector assessment at a national event
                          Development Goals (MDGs) of halving the            Development, commended the report             attended by the top civil servant from
                          proportions of people lacking safe water           publicly in his speech on World Water         the Ministry of Water. It was given
                          and sanitation by 2015 are to be met.              Day, 22 March 2005. Mr Benn also              further prominence at the exhibition
                                                                             announced that UK aid for water in            marking the country’s National Water
                          At present spending in 14 of the countries         Africa would double from £47.5 million        Week. Local authorities in Tanzania get
                          where WaterAid works totals $3.4 billion           to £95 million per year and that the UK       funding worth just 11 US cents for each
                          compared with needs of $6.4 billion.               would take the lead as necessary to           person they are supposed to provide
                          However, more than 70% of this is                  coordinate donor activity in up to 11         with safe water.
                          attributable to one country, India. The            African countries.
                          other 13 countries require spending of                                                           In Uganda WaterAid was asked to
                          $1.4 billion, nearly three times greater           A special event promoting Getting to          provide copies of its sector
                          than the $494 million currently spent.             boiling point was held at the United          assessment by the Water Minister
                                                                             Nations in New York during the                Maria Mutagamba for her to discuss
                          While the reasons for financial waste              Commission for Sustainable                    with her Cabinet. The country’s water
                          vary between countries, some crop up               Development. Copies were handed               sector needs to spend $63m more
                          repeatedly – poor targeting of resources;          specially to the Ugandan Water                each year to reach the MDGs.
                          failure to disburse funds to local                 Minister, Maria Mutagamba, who is
                          authorities; inefficient donor duplication         also president of the African Ministers’      In Mozambique WaterAid was asked
                          of spending and reporting systems;                 Council on Water.                             by government officials returning from
                          and buying expensive, unnecessarily                                                              the UN Commission on Sustainable
                          sophisticated and unsustainable                    WaterAid is now lobbying for further          Development to provide more details
                          technology.                                        improvements in aid for water and             about its sector assessment. There is
                                                                             sanitation – see page 9 to find out more.     no spare parts distribution network
                          WaterAid country programmes’ individual                                                          for the commonest water pump in
                          assessments of their national water                By David Redhouse, Policy Officer –           Mozambique, the Afridev.
                          sectors each identify priority actions             Financing the sector
                          needed to tackle this waste. All also
                          call for more transparency within the               Update from Oasis Spring 2005
                          sector – regular information on budgets,            Since going to print with the Spring 2005 edition of Oasis further work has been
                          expenditure and results is vital for people         done in Zambia, which revealed that rather than spending exceeding the need,
                          to know what is happening and demand                there is actually a vast finance gap in which need outstrips spending nearly
                          improvements where necessary.                       five fold.

14                        Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005
                                                                                                   Sanitation in my neighbourhood

Sanitation in my
In Madagascar the lack of sanitation is a huge problem, causing
five million working days and 3.5 million school days to be lost due
to ill-health every year. WaterAid and its partners are working to
change this and recently undertook an innovative children’s photo
competition as a way of teaching the importance of sanitation.

      eventy two nursery and primary                friends and families could get involved            greater than the amount of public
      schools were involved in the                  too. 100 of the best photos were selected          money actually being spent on
      competition. Each school was                  and made into an exhibition in public              sanitation.
given a camera and a professional                   libraries. And the overall winners of
photographer explained to the children              different categories were presented                Each school involved will also be
how it worked and then asked them to                with a prize on TV in June during                  holding their own exhibitions which
take images showing the sanitation                  Children’s Month.                                  parents and local authorities will be
problems and solutions as they see                                                                     invited to attend to have discussions
them – all under the theme of ‘sanitation           The photos taken ranged from innovative            about the problems that the children
in my neighbourhood’.                               to frank and starkly truthful. Without the         see around them and what needs to be
                                                    embarrassment that comes with age,                 done to solve them.
Children were targeted as, without years            some children took a very literal approach
of ingrained habits, they change their              to the challenge and took photos of their          The photographers and animators from
practices much more quickly than adults             friends defecating in the open, and when           WaterAid’s partners who visited each of
and, by learning good hygiene at an                 asked what they were doing replied “well           the schools have said that they too
early age will take the lessons on                  – THAT’S the problem! Everyone’s just              gained lots from the children, saying of
through their lives.                                going everywhere!” And they are right.             the whole experience, “nous étions
                                                    In Madagascar the economic value of                touché profondement – jusqu’au
Children took images themselves, either             working and school days lost to the lack           coeur” – “We were deeply touched –
at school or in their communities where             of sanitation is estimated to be 300 times         right to the heart.”

The range of pictures that the children took varied from highlighting the problems they faced by
collecting water at dirty water sources and examples of bad hygiene behaviour through to good
hygiene practices, new latrines and safe water points.

                                                                                                        Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005   15
                           A day in the life of

                           A day in the life of
                           Frank Nansam-Aggrey, District Manager, Bongo and Bolgatanga
                           Districts, Rural Aid (WaterAid partner organisation), Ghana
     WaterAid/Jon Spaull

                                             I get up as early as            plan forward. We try to be gender              the necessary materials available for
                                             4am. I am a Christian so        sensitive and make sure women are              construction. I work with the
                                             I do my early morning           involved in the projects.                      procurement officer at Rural Aid
                                             devotion and read the                                                          who procures the materials from Accra
                           bible. Around 6am I take my bath and              I train the volunteers to talk through the     or Kumasi.
                           then spend 30 minutes watching TV.                roles and responsibilities of water and
                           I watch a programme that features the             sanitation committee posts such as             In the field I gather reports from the
                           headlines of different newspapers.                chairperson, treasurer, secretary,             volunteers and verify that they reflect
                           Around 7am I take my three year old son           organiser and handpump caretaker with          what is happening on the ground. For
                           to school, then I go to work.                     the community. For example, the                instance, I do random interviews with
                                                                             treasurer collects the household               community members to see if people
                           My job is the Rural Aid District                  contributions. Sometimes this can be           have learnt from the hygiene education.
                           Coordinator so I supervise the                    payments in kind such as a fowl that can       I also read the notes from the
                           construction of all projects in the               be sold at market instead. I also train the    community meetings and discuss any
                           Bolgatanga and Bongo Districts. I have            water and sanitation committees in             issues I may have. Sometimes I sit in on
                           two offices; one in each district. I visit        hygiene promotion and about how to             community hygiene education sessions.
                           the Bolgatanga office first to see if             write basic reports.                           If I do this I ‘hand over the baton’ to
                           anyone needs me. Then I check my                                                                 them – I explain what they should do
                           itinerary and go and visit a community.           The action plan includes how often the         then sit down. I don’t get too involved
                                                                             committee should meet and how to               so that they can correct their own
                           I make sure a baseline survey happens             decide where they want the well sited.         mistakes. I stay in the field until 4pm.
                           to assess the ‘before’ situation of the           The community keeps a copy of the action
                           community to identify their needs and             plan and I keep one too. I can then refer      I can’t go to the field every day as I have
                           help them identify solutions. I train             back to community action plans and             quarterly reports to write and other
                           community volunteers to help the rest of          discuss the progress with the volunteers.      administration to do. I attend District
                           the community draw up their own action                                                           Assembly (local government) meetings,
                           plan and form a water and sanitation              I ensure that the logistics are in place for   where I brief the District on the progress
                           committee responsible for taking the              the execution of work and that there are       of Rural Aid’s work and give them our

16                         Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005
                                                                                                                 A day in the life of

                                                                                                   GHANA FACTFILE

                                                                                                   • Population: 20.4 million
                                                                                                   • Population living below
                                                                                                     poverty line: 39.5%
                                                                                                   • Life expectancy: 55 years
                                                                                                   • Population with water supply: 73%
                                                                                                   • Population with sanitation: 72%

                                                                                                      The Bongo and Bolgatanga
                                                                                                      Districts are in the Upper East
                                                                                                      Region of Ghana in the far north
                                                                                                      of the country, a twelve hour drive
                                                                                                      from the capital Accra.

“We look first at                                     plans for the coming period. We meet            This is the hottest and driest area
                                                      three times a year. At the beginning of         of the country, where little grows.
the need ... we also                                  every year we put our two lists of
                                                      applications for help together and              The traditional water sources
take into account                                     decide together whom to help.                   relied on by communities and
the distance the                                      We look first at the need, such as
                                                                                                      animals alike vary hugely
                                                                                                      throughout the year. During the
community has to                                      the state of the current water source.          wet season from June to August
                                                      Communities with no access to                   water can be plentiful, albeit dirty
travel for water and                                  improved water sources are prioritised.         and contaminated, in rivers and
                                                      We also take into account the distance          ponds but by the end of the dry
their level of                                        the community has to travel for water           season many water sources dry up
commitment to                                         and their level of commitment to
                                                      managing a project.
                                                                                                      completely, leaving just cracked
                                                                                                      earth in their place.
managing a project”
                                                      If I’ve been in the field I go back to the      WaterAid works in partnership
Above: Frank pictured in Apowugo village at the       office at the end of the day, go through        with local NGO Rural Aid to
water source, talking with Embangba, 10, and 18       the day’s activities and prepare for the        help poor rural communities
year old Joyce Alambiri about what their              next day. In the evening after work I go        gain access to safe water
community would have to do to apply for help          to church, especially on a Monday,              supplies such as hand-dug wells
building a new water supply.                          Wednesday and Friday. Then I just have          or boreholes, build latrines
                                                      some time with my kids                          and develop an understanding
Above right: Seven year old Diana uses the            and wife. I watch some                          of safe hygiene practices.
handpump in Subrungu Atoobisi/Asorbisi                TV, listen to the 10.30
village which was installed by Rural Aid with         news then go to bed.
funding from WaterAid. “I wash my hands before
I eat and after I go to the toilet. It is important   Interview by Libby Clarke, WaterAid’s
because of the dirt,” she says.                       Communication Services Manager.

                                                                                                   Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005   17

     Harvesting help
     for the world’s
     Your school or faith group can give water
     for life this autumn by celebrating your
     Harvest festivities while raising funds
     for WaterAid.

     Last year hundreds of churches and
     schools raised a tremendous £186,000
     for WaterAid’s work in Africa and Asia
     helping some of the poorest communities
     build a stronger and healthier future.                                     Munro Challenge 2005 succeeds
     This year, WaterAid has produced a free                                    Huge congratulations to everyone who          3109 walkers in 589 teams took part
     Harvest resource for schools and                                           took part in the 2005 Munro Challenge.        in the event on 11 June and together
     churches, based around the story of                                        This is the first time that all 303           raised an estimated £300,000.
     Teme from Ethiopia (pictured below)                                        mountains over 3000 feet in Scotland,         This brings the total amount of
     whose water source used to be riddled                                      England, Wales and the Republic of            money raised from the Charity's five
     with worms but whose community now                                         Ireland have been climbed at the same         Munro Challenges to over £1 million.
     enjoys a safe supply of water. The                                         time on the same day.                         Well done to everyone involved.
     resource includes activities
     for Harvest including an optional drama
     sketch. To order your free pack please
     call 020 7793 4551 or email:                                               Give water instead of gifts
                                                                                Many supporters are asking their family       donations to go to WaterAid in lieu of
                                                                                and friends to donate to WaterAid in lieu     flowers at his funeral,” she says. “He
                                                                                of presents for an occasion like a            believed very strongly in WaterAid’s cause
                                                                                birthday, anniversary or wedding. These       and our family and friends were happy to
                                                                                valuable gifts will help provide clean        support the charity in this way.”
                                                                                water, sanitation and hygiene education
                                                       WaterAid/Caroline Irby

                                                                                for people in the developing world.           WaterAid can set up personalised web
                                                                                                                              pages, send out leaflets or take telephone
                                                                                We are also increasingly getting              donations for your special occasion fund.
                                                                                donations in memory of a loved one or in      We will update you on the total that has
                                                                                lieu of flowers. Supporters, like Barbara     been raised and let you know what these
                                                                                Kinnersley, wife of the late David            donations could go towards. If you are
                                                                                Kinnersley (a founder of WaterAid) have       interested and would like to find out more
                                                                                said that they find this a fitting tribute:   please call us on 020 7793 4577 or visit
                                                                                “We knew that David would like      

     Heavenly Wine, the online wine
     retailer, will give a 5% donation to
     WaterAid every time you make a
     purchase. As well as a selection of
     the top 60 wines to choose from
     there are a further 600 different
     bottles suitable for every occasion.

     In addition, from 1 September to 31
     October all readers of Oasis magazine
                                                       WaterAid/Abir Abdullah

     can obtain a further 10% discount
     when making a purchase. Simply log
     onto and
     use the promotional code ‘Water’ to
     obtain your discount.

18   Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005

Running water                                                      Give water this Christmas
Ninety four exceptional runners
took on the London Marathon for
WaterAid this year, including a running
toilet, camel and a team from Thames
Water. Blessed with a beautiful sunny
day, all runners completed the 26.2
mile course, cheered on by lots of
WaterAid supporters.

After triumphantly crossing the
finishing line, runners were escorted
to the post race party at WaterUK
where they received a well-deserved
shower and a massage by one of our
fantastic physiotherapists.

It was an enormously atmospheric
and inspiring day, raising over £76,000
for WaterAid’s work. Thank you to all
the runners and volunteers for their
invaluable support.
                                                                   WaterAid’s Christmas catalogue is bursting with a
Why not join the Running Water team
in the London Marathon on Sunday
                                                                   fantastic selection of Christmas cards and gifts.
23 April 2006? Find out more about                                 Shopping with WaterAid is the perfect way to support
the marathon or any other running                                  us at this festive time of year as proceeds from all
events at
or contact the events team on                                      sales will help fund WaterAid projects. The catalogue
020 7793 4506.                                                     is available now! For your FREE copy please email
                                                         , call 020 7793 4534
                                                                   or fill in the form on the back cover of this magazine.
Don’t dump it,
donate it!
                                                                   Payroll giving – a tax effective way to
Turn your old mobile into
clean water.                                                       give to WaterAid
If you have an old mobile phone                                                                             and the gross amount is given to
you can dispose of it in a quick,                                                                           WaterAid. Simply, this means that your
easy and environmentally friendly                                                                           gift will cost you less.
way, while raising vital funds for
WaterAid’s work. Old phones can                                                                             For example, as a higher rate taxpayer if
be worth up to £30 – enough to                                                                              you decide that you want to donate £15,
give two people a lasting supply of                                                                         you can either choose to donate £15 from
                                          WaterAid/Caroline Penn

safe water and sanitation – and                                                                             your salary and the actual cost to you will
can be collected from you free                                                                              be £9 or you can choose to donate £25
of charge.                                                                                                  and the actual cost to you will be £15. If
                                                                                                            you are a basic rate taxpayer a donation
The scheme has raised over                                                                                  made through your payroll would be
£40,000 for WaterAid so far and                                                                             worth 22% more to WaterAid.
with over 105 million handsets                                     Payroll giving is one of the most tax-
discarded in Europe every year, we                                 effective ways of donating to            For more information on how you can
know it still has great potential.                                 WaterAid. You can start, stop or         increase your gift use WaterAid’s payroll
Find out more at                                                   change the amount of your donation       giving calculator at or call                                   at any time. If you are a UK taxpayer    payroll, or to find out more call
us on 020 7793 4531.                                               you can make a donation net of tax       020 7793 4517.

                                                                                                            Oasis – the WaterAid journal Autumn/Winter 2005   19
Leaving the world a better place…
By leaving a gift to WaterAid in your Will, you can continue to
change the lives of some of the world’s poorest communities
long into the future.

“I worked in India and Bangladesh, and witnessed first
hand the problems faced by the lack of such basic services
essential to life,” says WaterAid supporter Tom Dooley
(pictured above by his well in Spain). He trusts WaterAid
and understands that with a small amount of input, the
lives of families and future generations can be changed for
good. This is why he has left a gift to WaterAid in his Will.

Making a Will is the only way of ensuring your property
and possessions go where you wish. A legacy to WaterAid
will make a tangible long term difference to our work.
Please consider including WaterAid in your Will.

                                                                                                                                                                             WaterAid/Jon Spaull
If you have questions on our work and would like to
speak to someone in person, please contact Susanne on
020 7793 4529. Thank you.


Knowing that you have included                Please send me: (tick boxes)
a gift to benefit WaterAid’s work             ❏ Details of other ways I can help: *regular giving/payroll giving
in your Will or that you intend to              (*delete as appropriate)
                                              ❏ WaterAid’s Christmas catalogue
do so enables us to plan much
                                              Your gift can help today**: ❏ £10 ❏ £15 ❏ £25 ❏ other £
more effectively to ensure that
future generations have                       Gift Aid
                                              ❏ I am a UK taxpayer and want the charity WaterAid to reclaim the tax on all
a healthier, happier future.                  donations until I notify you otherwise. I confirm I pay an amount of income or
                                              capital gains tax equal or greater to the amount that WaterAid will reclaim on my
❏ I am considering leaving a gift to          donations in the tax year. Date
  WaterAid in my Will. Please send me
  a sample codicil and suggested
  general wording
❏ I have already included a gift to
  WaterAid in my Will
❏ I would like to receive further             Please send your completed form to: WaterAid, Prince Consort House,
  information about how to leave a            27-29 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7UB
                                              WaterAid and WaterAid Trading Ltd may like to update you on our work and projects in the future. Please tick this box if you
  gift to WaterAid in my Will                 would rather NOT receive these updates. ❏
                                              ** Please make cheques, postal orders or CAF vouchers payable to WaterAid.

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