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					Simulator International Working Group

    Results and Adoption Status

          Stéphane Clément
        CAE & IWG Co-Chairman

          EATS 2009, Prague
Result: New ICAO Document can be used now!




    Published 31 July 09

http://store1.icao.int/search.ch2




1                                       1
           FSTD Type Rationalisation
        Starting Point                       New ICAO
     FAA        EASA       ICAO             FSTD Types
     PC ATD                                    ICAO
    NG DSD
    Basic ATD     BITD                           I
    Adv ATD
     FTD 1       FNPT I
                                                II
     FTD 2       FNPT II
                                                III
     FTD 3
     FTD 4
     FTD 5
                FNPT MCC
                 FTD 1
                 FTD 2
                                      IWG       IV

     FTD 6                                      V
     FTD 7
                                                VI
       A           A
       B           B                            VII
       C           C
       D           D       Level II


2
High-Level Requirements for ICAO Standard FSTDs
    Color legend     Type I Type II Type III Type IV Type V Type VII Type VII
                                                                 MPL2         TR, ATPL        MPL3          TR, ATPL
     Specific           PPL,           IR          Class
                                                                                 IO,         (T+TP)           MPL4
                       MPL1,           (T)         Rating       (T+TP)
    Represent.          CPL
                                                                               RO, RL                      RE, RO, RL
     Generic                                        (T)                        (All T)                       IO, CQ
                       (All T)                                                                                (TP)
     Cockpit &        Class,        Generic,       Class,      Class,         Aircraft      Class,          Aircraft
      Structure      enclosed        Open         enclosed    enclosed        replica,     enclosed         replica,
                                                                             enclosed                      enclosed
                                                                             Hi Quality    High Quality    +Full 3D
    Instruments                   Flat Panel & Overlay                       Flat Panel    Flat Panel &
       & Panels                                                                                           replication
                                                                             & Overlay       Overlay

    Non sim area                             Open                            Enclosed                      Enclosed

       Visual         200 x 40     45 x 30 Flat   200 x 40    45 x 30 Flat    200 x 40      200 x 40        200 x 40
                         Direct        Screen        Direct       Screen       Direct      Collimated      Collimated
        display
       Motion                                  None                           None         Reduced            Full
                                                                                            6 DOF            6 DOF

    Flt & Flt Ctrl    Class         Generic        Class       Generic       Aircraft      Class rep.      Aircraft
                       rep.                         rep.                     Specific                      Specific
      Aircraft                    Aircraft Representative                     Specific     Class rep.       Specific
      Systems                     (Required Procedures)                      (All proc.)                   (All proc.)

     Air Traffic       None        Background      None       Background     Background     + Dynamic      + Dynamic
                                     Chatter                    Chatter       Chatter       Automated         ATC
4
      Control
     21/02/2010                        RAeS Sept 09                                        Environment
                                                                                                                 4
                                                                                                          Environment
ICAO doc 9625: international baseline for NAA Standards
           1990      1993          1996   2003                 2009         2010

       FAA 120-40B     FAA 120-40C                                      FAR
                                           FAR
          1991           DRAFT                                         Part60
                                          Part60
                          1993                                        Change 2




    RAeS               ICAO 9625          ICAO 9625             ICAO 9625
    IQTG                 Issue 1            Issue 2               Issue 3
    1995                   1995               2003                  2009




           CASA                                                             ?
           FSD-1          JAR               JAR
        CAA             STD-1A             STD-1A                     CS-FSTD
       CAP453            Initial           Amdt 3                        A
                          1995              2003                        2010
                                                       JAR-
                                                      FSTD A          EASA
                                                       2009
6
  IWG Adoption Status - November 2009
                             IWG   Formally
NAA             Country     Member Briefed    Supportive Implementation Status
                              ?       ?           ?
ICAO ANC        ICAO                 YES        YES     Published 9625 Ed. 3 in July 2009

UK CAA          EASA                 YES        YES     Awaiting conclusion of current NPA22
LBA, Fr DGAC,   States                                   process.
etc.
FAA             USA                  YES        YES     Draft Part 60 Change 2 in progress.

TC              Canada               YES        YES     Drafting regulations -in progress

NZCAA           New                  YES        YES     Stated intent to incorporate in 2010
                Zealand
JCAB            Japan                            YES     Stated intent to incorporate in 2010

KCAA            Korea                                    Stated intent to incorporate in 2010

CAAC            China                YES        YES
HKCAD
CASA            Australia            YES        YES     Phase 1 – adopt types I to IV
                                                         Phase 2 – adopt types V to VII
CC FSTD         Russia               YES


DGCA            India                YES        YES



 7
Why is this important?
    ICAO 9625 Edition 3, Vol. 1 (Aeroplane) enables...
     Expansion of international standards from highest-fidelity FSTD
      (Type VII) to most basic type of FSTD (Type I)
     Reduction of number of FSTD Types (from 20+ to 7)
     FSTDs tailored to the training tasks for which they are used
     Clear links between pilot licences + ratings and FSTD types
     Evaluation methodology for Full Task device (Part 2) and also for
      Part Task device (Part 3)
     Evaluation of any type or vintage of FSTD for training suitability
     International harmonization (effectiveness & efficiency)
        Same flight test cases, same QTG
        Consistent training capability with FSTDs

     Will facilitate mutual recognition (efficiency)
     Will benefit the pilot training community

8                                                                    8
ICAO 9625 Edition 3 - Documentation Structure
                     Manual of Criteria
                         for the                      55%
                       Qualification
                        of FSTDs                      don
                                                       e
                         Volume 1                 Volume 2
                        Aeroplanes              Helicopters



       Part 1              Part 2              Part 3
    Training Task          Flight               Flight
    Derived Flight      Simulation           Simulation
     Simulation       Training Device        Feature and
    Requirements          Criteria          Fidelity Level
                      (FSTD Types 1 to 7)      Criteria
9
 2006-2009 Aeroplane IWG Effort
      Approx 80 delegates from 16 countries
          Regulatory community ( > 8 countries)
          Industry bodies (RAeS, FSEMC, IATA, ICAO,…)
          Pilot associations (IFALPA, ALPA,…)
          Operators (Aircraft & FSTDs)
          Manufacturers (Aicraft & FSTDs)
      Many meetings, many sponsors
      Industry Wide Briefings
          WATS, EATS, APATS, FSEMC, RAeS, ICAO, EASA, JAA,
           FAA, CAAC, CASA


        Largest ever FSTD industry harmonization effort
         Industry lead effort, estimated 10 Million Euros
10
 Also the RAeS Aeroplane FSTD Evaluation Handbook

      Volume 1 – Objective
       Testing
           Revision 4 will align with
            ICAO 9625 rev. 3.
           Available soon, in 2009.


      Volume 2 - Function
       & Subjective Testing
           In draft
           Available Q1 2010.




11                                            11
 Also the IATA FSTD Data Document
      IATA FSTD Design and
       Performance Data
       Requirements

         The 7th edition of the
          document was published on
          August 2009.

         IATA Data Document is the
          industry standard for FSTD
          data requirements




12
 All the pieces of the puzzle fitting together



                 +                +                    = 100%




     ICAO            RAeS             IATA
     9625        +   FSTD         +   FSTD Data
                                                     = 100%
     FSTD            Evaluation       Requirements
     Standards       Handbook         Document

     A coherent and harmonised set of documents
13
 Summary – ICAO Letter to the Royal Aeronautical Society




14
 If you want more details – be in London next week!




15
     Thank you




16
     Why Did We Do it ?
                                      Regulatory changes
                                         EASA from JAA
                                         FAA Part 60

                                      Lack of harmonization
                                         Lower Level Devices
                                         Rotary wing FSTDs

                                      New aircraft types

                                      New training types
                                         MPL
                                         No clarity of FSTD

                                      New technologies
                                         Electric Motion
                                         LCOS Projectors


  Regulations were increasingly out of step with technology
 (airplane & FSTD) and with new pilot training methodologies
17                                                              17
                                            Methodology – Step 1 – Training Task Analysis

    Agreed training tasks and training types to support licence and
     rating requirements
          EASA/ICAO/FAA training task lists             Training (T) –
          MPL1,2,3,4     Multi-crew Pilot License           The FSTD feature fidelity
          IR             Initial Instrument Rating           levels required for each
          PPL            Private Pilots License              listed task that supports the
          CPL            Commercial Pilots                   training objective.
                         License
          CR             Class Rating
          TR             Type Rating                     Training to Proficiency (TP) –
          RL             Recurrent License
                                                            The FSTD feature fidelity
                         (Training & Checking)
                                                             levels required for each
          RO             Recurrent Operator
                                                             listed task that supports the
                         (Training & Checking)
                                                             training objective to
          Re             Recency                             proficiency and allow testing
                         (Take-off and Landing)              and checking towards the
          CQ             Continuing Qualification            issue of a licence, rating, or
          IO             Initial Operator                    qualification.
18
                                    Methodology – Step 2 - Simulation Features

     Agreed list of simulation features elements required to support any
      individual training task
     Aircraft Simulation                                Environment Simulation
                                                                  Environment
        Flight                                                        ATC
       Model –
       Aero &                                                     Environment
       Engine                                                       Weather
       Aircraft                                                   Environment
       Systems                                                     Navigation
      Ground
      Handling                                                    Environment
                                                              Aerodrome & Terrain
        Flight
      Controls &
       Forces                                                Cueing Simulation
       Cockpit                                                   Sound
        layout                                                    Cue

                                                                 Visual
                                                                  Cue

                                                                 Motion
19
                                                                  Cue
     Methodology – Step 3 - Training Task Matrix Concept

      Combine data from Steps 1, and 2 into a single matrix

                                           FSTD Simulation Features (12)



                     Training Types (14)
                        & Tasks(~150)
                                           Fidelity Levels (4)
                                                  None
                                                Generic
                                            Representative
                                                Specific




        Use matrix to determine FSTD feature and fidelity requirements
                                by training task



20

				
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