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MECHANICAL ENGG - DOC - DOC Powered By Docstoc


  (i)    Circular Motion- Centripetal & Centrifugal forces & their applications.
  (ii)   Moment of Inertia - M.I. of thin bar, disc and sphere, Physical significance of Moment of Inertia,
         Radius of gyration.
  (iii)  Surface Tension- Capillarity, Angle of contact.
  (iv)   Friction - Static and Kinetic friction, Angle of repose and it Engineering uses, Laws of limiting
         friction, Motion along an inclined plane.
  (i)        Introduction - Mole concept, Avogadro’s number,
  (ii)       Water Treatment – PH-Value, Hardness of Water, degree of hardness and its
             estimation (EDTA-method) Softening of hard water (Ion- Exchange method)
  (iii)      Corrosion – Causes of Corrosion, its types, Passivity, Corrosion fatigue,
             Rusting, Methods of protection against corrosion.
  (iv)       Alloys – Importance and uses of alloys in Industries, Important alloys of Fe,
             Cu, Zn, Sn.
  (v)        Pollution- Types of pollution, effect of pollution on human health and plants,
             General pollutants of air and water, Causes of air and water pollution and their effects, brief idea
             of acid rain, green house effect, action of Ozone layer, effect of Chloro-fluorocarbon.
  (i)    Algebra- Progression, Permutation and combination, Partial Fraction, Determinants, Binomial
         Theorem, Complex numbers
  (ii)   Trigonometry – Logarithms, Properties of triangles, Inverse circular functions.
  (iii)  Co-ordinate geometry – Distance between two points, Division of a straight line, Equation of a
         straight line in different forms, Angle between two straight lines, Equation of a pair of straight lines,
         Condition for general equation of a second degree to represent a pair of straight lines.
  (iv)   Computer Studies – Components of a computer System, input device, CPU, output device, peripherals,
         Binary, decimal and hexadecimal number system, Conversion from decimal to binary and Vice-versa.
  (v)    Vectors- Triangle law, Parallelogram law and Polygon law of vectors.
  (vi)   Matrices – Difference between a matrix and a determinant, Types of matrices, Transpose, Adjoint,
         Inverse of a matrix, Operations of matrix algebra e.g. Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Solution
         of Linear equations (Upto Three unknowns)
  (vii) Calculus – Function, Different types of functions, explicit and implicit functions, Limit, Important
         theorems on limit, differential coefficient, its meaning, Differentiation of sum, difference, products
         and quotients of different algebraic, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential
         functions, function of a function, Geometrical Interpretation of dy/dx, Brief idea of partial
         differentiation, Standard formulas and methods of integration, Trapezoidal Rule and Simpson’s 1/3
         rule of numerical integration, definition and formation of ordinary differential equation.
  (viii) Statics and Dynamics – Resultant of two forces acting at a point, coplanar, concurrent, Collinear,
         parallel and like forces, Moments and couples, Projectile motions.
  (ix)   Probability and Statistics- Theory of probability, probability of events, Laws of
         probabilities (Addition and Multiplication law), CPM & PERT Network analysis, Measures of
         dispersions, Standard Deviation and Variance.
  Elementary idea of bricks, Stone, lime, cement, mortar, concrete, timber & fire bricks and other refractory
  materials & their uses, paints & varnishes.
  Introduction- Definition, importance and classification of surveying.
  Chain surveying- principles of chain surveying, principle and uses of optical square and line ranger, different
  operations in chain surveying, direct ranging & indirect ranging, chaining on flat & sloping ground,
  perpendicular & oblique offsets, obstacles in chain surveying, errors in chain surveying and their corrections,
  numerical on linear measurements.
  Compass surveying – Working of prismatic compass & surveyor’s compass, concept of bearing & meridian
  and their types, dip and declination, local attraction, traversing, concept of W.C.B and R.B and their inter-
  Principle of leveling- Bench mark, recording staff readings as back sight, intermediate sight and fore sight,
  reduction of level by Rise and Fall & Height of Instrument method, Elementary knowledge of contour and
  their characteristics .
  Plane table surveying – methods of plane tabling such as radiation, intersection, traversing, resection,
  statement of two points and three points problems and their applications.
  Solid mechanics – simple stress & strain, compressive stress, compressive strain, tensile stress, tensile strain,
  Hooke’s law, modulus of elasticity, modulus of rigidity, shear stress, shear strain, relationship between Elastic
  constants. Centre of gravity & Moment of inertia of various sections, concept of Shear Force Diagram and
  Bending Moment Diagram of simply supported, cantilever and over hanging beam with point load, uniformly
  distributed load and uniformly varying load, Points of contra flexure.
  Fluid mechanics –
  Properties of fluids - specific weight, mass density, surface tension, viscosity, pressure, pressure head,
  discharge, total pressure, centre of pressure, force on dam, wall and gate. Hydrostatics – simple manometer,
  differential manometer, pressure gauge, Buoyancy force, centre of Buoyancy, condition of equilibrium, meta
  centre, meta centric height. Hydro Kinematics – Laminar & Turbulent flow, steady & unsteady flow, uniform
  and non-uniform flow, compressible and non-compressible flow, datum head, velocity head, pressure head
  and total head.
  Measurement of flow – Large and small Orifice, loss of head, mouth piece & its types and uses. Flow over
  Notches & Weirs.
  Flow in pipes – loss of energy, Hydraulic gradient line, total energy line, loss of head, loss at entrance and exit
  point and loss due to sudden expansions and sudden contractions.
  Flow through open channel – Rectangular & Trapezoidal channel, Hydraulic Jump, Chezy’s and Manning’s
  formula, Kutter’s co-efficient of rugosity. Channel of most economical cross-section, pumps and turbines.
  I.C Engines – Difference between external & internal combustion engines, working principles of two stroke &
  four stroke diesel and petrol engines, definition of I.H.P, B.H.P and mechanical efficiencies, difference
  between soldering, brazing and welding, principle and application of soldering, brazing and welding, different
  types of flames used in cutting, identification of acetylene and oxygen cylinders.
  Circuits – Units of charge, Electric field and potential, electric field intensity, electric flux density, Magnetic
  field, magnetic flux and flux density, Electric potential at a point due to a point charge, Ohm’s Law,
  Kirchhoff’s Law , wheat stone bridge, series and parallel circuits, series and parallel combination of
  capacitance, Faraday’s Laws of electromagnetic induction, Lenz’s law.
  D.C circuits – Super Position Theorem, Thevenin’s Theorem, Norton’s Theorem, maximum power transfer
  A.C circuits – maximum and R.M.S value of sinusoidal current and voltage, pure resistance, inductance and
  capacitance circuits, R.L, R.C and R.L.C series circuits, concept of reactance, impedance, power and power
  factor, resonance of series circuit, resonant frequency, Transformer (simple ideas), use of transformer.
BUILDING MATERIALS – Physical and Chemical properties, classification, standard tests, uses and
manufacture/quarrying of materials e.g. building stone, bricks, silicate based materials, cement(Portland),
asbestos products, timber and wood based products and their preservation, laminates, bituminous materials,
paints, varnishes and distempers.
SURVEYING – Principles of surveying, working of prismatic compass and bearings, plane table surveying,
theodolite traverse , solution of simple problems on omitted measurement, adjustment of theodolite, leveling
and contouring, curvature and refraction correction, permanent adjustment of dumpy level, methods of
contouring and uses of a contour map, tachometric survey, need and benefits of provision of circular curves,
problems on simple curves, compound curves, reverse curves and vertical curves.
SOIL MECHANICS AND FOUNDATION ENGINEERING – Origin of soil, phase diagram, definitions of
void ratio, porosity, degree of saturation, water content, specific gravity of soil grains and unit weights and
their inter-relationships. Grain size distribution curves for different soils and their uses, Atterberg’s limits,
I.S.I soil classification, plasticity chart, co-efficient of permeability, effective stress, consolidation of soils,
calculation of shear strength of soils, direct shear test, vane shear test, tri-axial test, soil compaction, lab
compaction, lab compaction test, moisture content and bearing capacity of soils, plate load test, standard
penetration test.
ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING – Quality of water, source of water supply, purification of water,
distribution of water, need of sanitation, sewerage systems, circular sewers, oval sewer, sewer appurtenances,
surface water drainage, sewage treatments.
HYDROLOGY & IRRIGATION – Hydrologic cycles, rain fall and its measurement, catchments, runoff,
factors affecting runoff, hydrograph, methods of determining runoff, water requirements of crops, duty, delta
and base period and its inter-relationships, lift irrigation, flow irrigation, diversion head works, storage head
works, dams, spillways and gates, cross-drainage works, river training works and flood management.
TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING – Highways, planning of highways, geometric design of highways,
I.R.C specifications, rigid and flexible pavements, maintenance of roads, common tests for road materials,
traffic engineering.
QUANTITY SURVEYING AND COSTING – Specifications and analysis of rates for L.C/P.C.C/R.C.C work
in foundation, D.P.C at plinth, B/W in foundation, plinth and superstructure, R.C.C work in beams and slabs,
patent stone flooring, terrazzo flooring, plastering, lime terracing.
THEORY OF STRUCTURES – Elasticity constants, types of beams, determinate and indeterminate, bending
moment and shear force diagrams of fixed beam and continuous beam, slope and deflection of simply
supported, cantilever and overhanging beams subjected to u.d.l and point load, moment of area and moment
of inertia for rectangular and circular section, direct stress, bending stress and shear stress for rectangular, tee,
channel and compound sections, compound stress(analytical and Mohr’s circle method), chimneys, dams and
retaining walls, eccentric loads, critical load, columns and struts, torsion of circular section and strain energy
& impact loading.
CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY – Properties, advantages and uses of concrete, cement aggregates, importance
of water quality, water cement ratio, workability, mix design, storage, batching, mixing, placement,
compaction, finishing and curing of concrete, quality control of concrete, hot weather and cold weather
concreting, repair and maintenance of concrete structure.
R.C.C & STEEL DESIGN – Basic knowledge of flexural strength, shear strength, bond strength and design of
singly reinforced beams, lintels, cantilever beams, doubly reinforced beams, flanged beams (T & L beams),
One way and Two ways slabs, axially loaded columns and footings (based on working stress method),
methods of pre-stressing, advantages and disadvantages of pre-stressing and introduction and basic
assumptions for limit state of collapse in flexure, Acquaintance with I.S-code provisions, stress and strain
curve of mile steel, basic idea of tension members and compression members of steel, introduction to Riveted
and welded connections.
                      MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
I. Thermodynamics: Basic concept of heat and energy, Thermodynamics system- closed system, open
    system and isolated system, Properties of system, Different type of thermodynamic systems, Laws of
    gases and characteristic equation, Zeroth Law , First law of thermodynamics, Statement, explanation
    and application, calculation of work done, heat transfer and internal energy for different
    thermodynamic process, Second law of thermodynamics, Statement, explanation and application,
    Concept of heat engine and heat pump, Efficiency of heat pump, Concept of Entropy.
II. Air Cycles : Definition of a cycle, Cylinder bore, stroke length, stroke volume, Clearance volume,
    Compression Ratio, Cut off ratio, pressure ratio, Mean effective pressure and air standard efficiency,
    Carnot cycle, Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, dual cycle- their representation on P-V, T-Q diagram and
    calculation of mean effective pressure and air standard efficiency.
III.Steam and Steam Generators: Properties of steam, Wet steam, dry steam and super-heated
    steam, Dryness fraction, Latent and Sensible heat, Steam table and their uses, Classification of boilers,
    working of boilers- Cochran boiler, Lancashir boiler, Locomotive boiler and Babcock and Wilcox
    boiler, Mounting and accessories of boilers, Boiler draught- Natural and artificial.
IV. Steam Engine: Working principle of steam engine, Important parts, indicator diagram- theoretical
    and actual, diagram factors, Power and efficiency- I.H.P., B.H.P., Mechanical efficiency and thermal
    efficiency, Simple problem, Compounding of steam engine- reason for compounding and advantage of
V. Condenser: Necessity and advantages of steam condenser, Elements of condensing parts with the
    help of simple line diagram, Classification of condenser and their working- Jet Condenser, surface
    condenser, Cooling Tower, Types of cooling towers- induced draughts, cooling tower used in high
    capacity, Efficiency of condensers- Vacuum Efficiency, Condenser efficiency, weight of cooling water
    required, problems on above.
VI.Fuels and Combustion of Fuels: Introduction to fuels- desirable properties of good fuel,
    Classification- solid, liquid, gas, nuclear fuel, Calorific value- Lower C.V., Higher C.V., Air/ Oxygen
    required for complete combustion, Numerical problems on above.
VII.Turbines: Steam Nozzles, Classification of nozzles, Flow of steam through nozzles, Critical
    pressure ratio, Area of cross section of throat and exit for max discharge, Steam Turbine, Working
    principle and classification steam turbine, Construction & working of simple delaval steam turbine,
    Compounding of steam turbine, Velocity diagram of simple , impulse and reaction turbine, Parson’s
    reaction turbine, Definition & concept of stage efficiency axial thrust and simple numerical problem,
    Governing of stream turbine, Gas turbine and its classification.
VIII. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning : Refrigeration, Meaning, principle and unit of
    refrigeration, Reverse Carnot cycle, Heat pump, coefficient of performance(C.O.P.), Various types of
    refrigeration system, Working of domestic refrigeration, Types of refrigerants, General properties of
    refrigerants, Air conditioning, Psychrometric properties of air vapour mixture, Different process of air
IX. I.C. Engines : Value setting Diagram of I.C. Engines, Fuel and combustion in I.C. Engines, Flame
    propagation, Pre-ignition, Ignition delay, Detonation and knocking, Factors affecting detonation,
    Octane and cetane value of petrol and diesel fuels, Fuel used for Air-crafts, Carburetion, Concept of
    carburetion, Air fuel ratio, Working of simple carburetion and its limitation, Zenith carburetor,
    Ignition system of petrol engine- types of ignition system- battery coil ignition system and magneto
    ignition system, Fuel injection system of a diesel engine.
  X. Air Compressors : Functions and classification, working principle and derivation of work done for
     single stage reciprocating compressors, Working principle and advantage of multistage compressors.
  XI. Non Conventional Source of Energy Application : Solar energy , Concept of solar
     radiation, Working principle and constructional details of photovoltaic cell, Principle of solar thermal
     collectors, Wind energy, Wind power and wind driven machines, Wind map of India, Types of wind
     mill, Construction and different components of simple horizontal axis, Low power wind mill for
     pumping water, Concept of wind farming and other uses, Bio mass energy, Energy plantation, Sea
     weeds and aquatic plants.
  XII. Hydraulic Machines : Force of jet impinging normally on fixed plate, hinged plate, moving
     plate and on a series of moving vanes. Numerical Problems, Force of the jet on a fixed curved vane
     and on a moving curved vanes, numerical problems, Types of water wheel, overshot, undershot and
     breast water wheel, Power available by each type of wheel, numerical problems, Centrifugal pump,
     types of casings, guide vanes; work done, manometric head, Efficiencies of a centrifugal pump,
     manometric efficiency, Mechanical efficiency and over all efficiency. Cavitations in centrifugal
     pump, priming of centrifugal pump, Classification of water turbine, Description and working principle
     of- Pelton wheel, Francis turbine, Kaplon turbine, Calculation of work done H.P. developed, looses
     and different efficiencies, turbine used for hydro-power plant, Hydraulic ram , Hydraulic press,
     Hydraulic intensifier.
  i.     Foundry : Pattern making, patterns materials-wood, metals like Brass, Aluminium, white metal,
       plaster & plastics, types of patterns, pattern allowances, types of moulds, methods of moulding, sand
       casting process, use of runners, gates, risers etc., casting defects & their remedies.
  ii. Mettal cutting : Metal cutting theory, stages in cutting, factors affecting cutting, cutting speed
       calculation, chip formation, Types of chip, chip breaker, cutting tool, classification of cutting tool, tool
       geometry, tool material, tool wear, tool life, tool failure, cutting fluids, types of cutting fluids.
  iii. Lathe machine : Types of lathe, details and specification of centre lathe, different types of lathe
       attachments, different operation carried on lathe – Turning, Threading, reaming, drilling, boring,
       knurling, facing, parting, grooving and grinding, advantages of turret lathe over a centre lathe.
  iv. Drilling & Boring machine : Classification of drilling and boring machine, types of drill, deep drilling
       machine, boring and counter boring operation.
  v. Milling & Milling m/c : Types of milling m/c, size of milling m/c, work holding devices milling
       process, milling cutters, Indexing & diving heads.
  vi. Grinding & Grinding m/c : Classification of grinding, types of grinding m/c, grinding materials,
       wheel shap & size, selection of grinding wheel.
  vii. Jigs & Fixtures : Definition of Jigs & fixtures, Elements of Jigs & fixtures, principle of location.
  viii. Modern machining methods: On-Line automatic Conveyor (OLAC’s), Robots, Application of
       robots, Robot programming, Advantages of robots, Non-traditional machining methods: Limitations,
       advantages, Working principle and advantages of EDM, EDG, USM, EBM, LBM and AJM.
  ix. Welding :Classification of welding, Gas welding, Arc welding, types of Arc welding- TIG, MIG,
       Submerged Arc welding, Inert gas shielded Arc welding, Flash welding, Percussion welding, pressure
       welding, spot, butt, and seams welding.
  I Simple Mechanisms : Kinematic Link or Element, Types of links, Structure, Difference between
     mechanics and structure, Kinematics pair, Types of constrained motion,Classification of Kinematics
     pairs, Kinematics chains, Types of joints in a chain, Mechanisms, Number of degrees of freedom for
     plane mechanisms, Inversion of mechanism, Types of kinematics chain, Inversion of single slider
     crank chain, Steering Gear mechanism, Ackerman steering gear only construction & working
     principle, Universal or Hooke’s joint construction & function only.
  II Friction : Types of friction, Friction between unlubricated & lubricated surfaces, Limiting Friction,
      Coefficient of Friction, Screw Jack, Friction in Journal-Bearing-Friction Circle, Friction in pivot and
      collar bearings, Flat Pivot Bearing, Flat Collar bearing, Conical Pivot bearing, Friction clutches,
      Single plate or Disc clutch, Core clutches, Problems on the above.
  III Belt, Rope and Chain Drives : Types of belt drives, Types of belts, Materials used for Belt, Types of
      Flat Belt Drives, Open Belt Drives, Crossed or twist Belt Drive, Velocity Ratio of Belt Drives,
      Velocity Ratio of compound belt Drives, Slip of Belt, Creep of belt, Length of an open Belt Drive,
      Length of a cross belt drive, Power transmitted by a belt, Maximum tension in a belt, V-Belt Drive,
      Advantage and disadvantages of a V-Belt Drive over flat Belt Drive, Ratio of Driving Tension for V-
      Belt, Rope Drive, Wire Ropes, Chain Drives, Terms used in chain Drives.
      4. Gear Drive : Toothed gearing. Friction wheel, Advantages and Disadvantages of Gear Drive,
      Classification of Toothed wheel, Name of the teeth, Cycloidal teeth, Involutes teeth, Gear trains,
      Types of Gear trains, Simple gear trains, Compound Gear trains, Velocity Ratio or Gear Trains,
      Design of spur gear (To find number of teeth).
  Design of Machine parts : Cutter joint, Knuckle Joint, Riveted Joint( Lap and Butt), Welded Joint,
     Protected type flange coupling, Bush pin type flexible coupling, Screw jack, Helical Valve Spring,
     Carriage spring, Single plate clutch.
  Elementary Metrology : Definitions of Metrology and Legal Metrology, Objective of Metrology,
      Physical measurement, Precision and accuracy, Accuracy and cost, Traceability, Selection of
      instruments, Source of errors, Controllable errors, Random errors, Repeatability, Calibration,
      Sensitivity and Readability, Classification of methods of measurement, General care of equipments,
      Standards of measurement, Primary standards- line standards, end standards and light wave standards,
      Relative characteristics of line standard and end standard, Working standards.
  Linear Measurement : Vernier calipers, Types of vernier calipers according to (IS: 3651-1974)-Their
      description and uses, Reading the vernier scale, Errors in calipers, Tests for accuracy, precautions,
      Vernier Micrometers, Description of various parts and their specifications, Important terms –Reading
      in Micrometer, test for accuracy, precautions, Backlash, Measuring range, Total error, cumulative
      error, Indian standard on slip-gauge(IS:2984-1966), Checking the slip gauge for injury, Care of slip
  Angular Measurement : Vernier Bevel protractor, Universal Bevel Protractor- Sine Bars, General
      description of various components of Bevel Protractor, Use of Bevel Protractor, Nomenclature for
      different sine bars as per IS:5359-1969, Constructional features of sine bars, Use of sine bars, Set of
      angle gauges, use of angle gauges, Precautions in use of sine bars, Angle gauges, Auto collimator,
      principle and applications of auto collimator.
  Relative measurements : Comparators, use and classification of comparators, Mechanical Comparators,
      level type comparators, Dial indicators, Optical Comparators and electrical comparators
  Gauges : Difference between measuring and gauging, Plane gauges and standard gauges, Limit gauge-
     single limit and double limit, Limitations of Limit gauges.
  Inspection : Introduction and definition of Inspection, Need of inspection, Principle Inspection,
      Inspection Planning, Inspection stages, Inspection system- Floor , centralized and combined
      inspection, advantages.
  Quality Function in Industries : Meaning of quality, Quality of design, quality of conformance and
      quality of performance, Quality characteristics- measurable and non-measurable, Concept of reliability
      and maintainability, Factors affecting quality, Quality assurance system.
  Control Charts in S.Q.C. : Introduction to X-R chart, Preliminary consideration, Quality characteristics,
      Control limit, Finding the control limit, Steps required to construct X-R chart, Control charts for
      percent defective(p-chart), Application of P-chart, Control limits on P-Chart, Plotting the Control
      Chart, Interpretation of P-chart, Advantages of P-chart, Introduction of C-chart, Construction of C-
      chart, Advantages of C-chart, Analysis of C-chart.
  Sampling Inspection : Purpose of sampling inspection, Advantages and disadvantages of sampling,
     Hundred percent inspection-some undesirable aspect, Advantages and disadvantages of sampling,
     Procedure of a sampling inspection, Lot formation. Types of inspection, Single sampling and double
     sampling plan.
  Operation Characteristics (OC) Curves : Definition and explanation of OC curve, Parameter of OC Curve,
     Producer’s risk (-α), Customer’s risk (-β), Acceptance quality level (AQL), Limiting Quality (LQ) Lot
     tolerance percent defective (LTPD), Average Outgoing Quality (AOQ) curve for sampling plan.
  I. Production Planning and Control : Production, Elements involved in production, types of production and
      their advantages and disadvantages, factors affecting productivity, planning, essentials of planning,
      production control objectives, requirements for production control-routing, scheduling, dispatching,
      follow-up, sales forecasting.
  II. Time and Motion Study: Work study, definition and concept, objectives, advantages, elements of
      work study, method study, definition and objective, elements of method study, operation chart and
      flow process chart.
  III. Job Evaluation and Merit Rating: Job evaluation- Definition, concept and objective, methods of job
      evaluation, advantages and disadvantages, merit rating- definition, objective, method of merit rating.
  IV. Elements of Cost : Material cost and its determination, Labour cost and its determination, expenses,
      cost of product, depreciation, causes of depreciation, calculation of depreciation- straight line method
      and sinking fund method.
  I. Generalized Procedure of installation: Installation activities, location and layout of machines,
      positioning of machines, foundation- design criteria of foundation- foundation bolts Eye foundation
      bolts Reg bolts, lewis bolts, cotter bolt, split end bolts, Major activities of foundation work, leveling,
      Grouting, Fitting leveling and test runs, test charts.
  II. Maintenance and Maintenance Planning : Types of maintenance scheduled maintenance predictive
      maintenance, preventive maintenance, break down maintenance, Advantages of preventive
      maintenance, Maintenance planning-planning and scheduling, Repair cycle and repair complexity.
  III. Material Handling : Methods of material handling, Lifting and lowering devices- Block and tackle,
      winch power hoist, Elevator, pillar, crane, over head crane, Transporting devices –wheel barrow, hand
      truck, lift truck, crane truck, auto truck, conveyors-belt, elevator, roller screw, pipe line and cable
  IV. Seals, Packing and Gaskets : Introduction to static seal(Gasket), Classification of seals, dynamic
      seal, Labyrinth seals, Application of different types seals on fixed joints on reciprocating parts on
      rotating shaft, Application of different types of seal on fixed joints on reciprocating parts on rotating
  V. Lubrication & Lubricants : Introduction- function of lubrication, modes of lubrication, boundary
      lubrication, Fluid film lubrication, Mixed lubrication of machine, Types of lubrication system,
      lubrication of machine tools, lubricating instructions, Properties of lubricants, types of lubricants,
      additives and selection of lubricants.
  VI. Reconditioning of I.C. Engine : Decarburisation, reboring of the engine cylinders, sleeving,
      Crankshaft conditioning, Replacement of cylinder head packing, Value grinding and valve setting,
      Operational troubles of a diesel Engine causes and remedies, Trouble shooting of petrol Engine causes
      and remedies.