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THE CULTS 1

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					THE CULTS 1

The Jehovah Witnesses
              Study Outline
1.   The History of the Movement
2.   The Doctrine of the Scriptures
3.   The Doctrine of God
4.   The Doctrine of Christ
5.   The Doctrine of the Church
6.   The Doctrine of the Sacraments
7.   The Doctrine of the Last Things
              Study Outline
1.   The History of the Movement
2.   The Doctrine of the Scriptures
3.   The Doctrine of God
4.   The Doctrine of Christ
5.   The Doctrine of the Church
6.   The Doctrine of the Sacraments
7.   The Doctrine of the Last Things
The History of the Movement

    The Story of Three Leaders
 Leader 1 – Charles Taz Russell
           1852-1916
• Raised a Presbyterian in Pennsylvania.
• Disliked the teachings of the Reformed Faith,
  particularly eternal punishment.
• He was attracted to the teachings of 7th Day
  Adventists at the age of 18.
• He led a Bible Class of 6 people who left the
  Adventists because they could not believe in a
  literal Second Coming of Christ.
 Leader 1 – Charles Taz Russell
           1852-1916
• Russell’s group joined another likeminded group
  in 1877 led by N.H. Barbour.
• The two separated over disagreements on the
  Death of Christ.
• In 1879 Russell began a periodical called “Zion’s
  Watchtower and Herald of Christ’s Presence”.
• This marked the commencement proper of
  Russell’s new movement.
 Leader 1 – Charles Taz Russell
           1852-1916
• By 1880 there were 30 congregations in 7 states.
• In 1881 Zion’s Watchtower Tract Society came
  into being with Russell as the manager.
• In 1881 he published the first of a 7 volume set
  that would be called “Studies in the Scriptures.
• The first volume had a circulation of 6 million
  copies.
 Leader 1 – Charles Taz Russell
           1852-1916
• 1889 – first headquarters purchased.
• 1891 – Russell made his first international
  trip.
• 1900 – first overseas office branch opened
  in London.
• 1909-1914, Russell claimed to have sent
  out weekly sermons to about 3,000
  newspapers in USA and Europe.
 Leader 1 – Charles Taz Russell
           1852-1916
• 1912 – Brooklyn Daily Eagle proved that
  he never preached in the places where he
  claimed some of these sermons were
  delivered.
• His periodical advertised Miracle Wheat
  which was proved in court to be no better
  than ordinary wheat as a result of the
  Eagle’s investigative journalism.
 Leader 1 – Charles Taz Russell
           1852-1916
• 1912 – Russell attempted to sue Rev Ross of
  Ontario, Canada for criticising his movement.
• In court he was proved to be a liar as he was
  never ordained and had no knowledge of the
  Greek language.
• 1913 – His wife divorced him for “Conceit,
  egotism, domination and improper conduct
  towards other women”.
• 1916 – died on a train coming home from
  California on a speaking trip.
 Leader 2 – Joseph Franklin Rutherford
              1869 - 1942
• Born a Baptist and became a successful
  lawyer and substitute judge.
• 1907 – became the society’s legal advisor.
• 1918 – warrants issued for Rutherford’s
  arrest and 7 others because of the antiwar
  sentiment in his publications.
• 1919 – set free.
    Leader 2 – Joseph Franklin Rutherford
               1869 - 1942
• The society set up its own printing press.
• Greater emphasis on witnessing.
• Records had to be filed with HQ.
• 1931 – The title Jehovah Witness was
  officially adopted.
• WW2 – 3,500 JW’s were imprisoned for
  refusing conscription.
    Leader 3 – Nathan Homer Knorr
                1905-
• Joined the JW’s at age 16 and when he was 18 he
  became a full time teacher.
• 1943 – he established the Gilead Watchtower
  Bible School.
• He established a ministry school in every
  congregation . He wrote books to help the people
  learn how to be more effective witnesses.
• 1961 the entire Bible in the New World
  Translation of Scripture was complete.
              Study Outline
1.   The History of the Movement
2.   The Doctrine of the Scriptures
3.   The Doctrine of God
4.   The Doctrine of Christ
5.   The Doctrine of the Church
6.   The Doctrine of the Sacraments
7.   The Doctrine of the Last Things
              The Deception
“The Holy Scriptures of the Bible are the standard
  by which to judge all religions”

“We shall let God be found true by turning
our readers to the imperishable written word”

THESE QUOTATIONS ARE FROM THE JW
DOCTRINAL BOOK “LET GOD BE TRUE”!!!
           The Opportunity

As the Jehovah Witnesses claim the Bible to
be their final authority we can effectively use
  the Scriptures to combat their unscriptural
                   teachings
    Interpreting the Scriptures
• Jehovah Witnesses may only interpret the
  Bible in accordance with the teaching of
  the organisation.

• Russell claimed that anyone who studied
  the Bible without his “Studies in the
  Scriptures” would be in spiritual darkness.
      Methods of Interpretation
• Absurd Literalism – Banning of blood
  transfusions.
• Take verses out of context and join them together
  from different parts of the Scripture to prove their
  point.
• JW’s are so indoctrinated they cannot see a
  possible interpretation apart from that which they
  have been taught. They do not study the Bible
  for themselves.
      New World Translation
• All references to God and Christ are
  capitalised. Never are references to the
  Holy Ghost treated in this way as they do
  not believe he is a person.
• In numerous passages the text is distorted
  to indicate that Holy Ghost in an
  impersonal force.
              Study Outline
1.   The History of the Movement
2.   The Doctrine of the Scriptures
3.   The Doctrine of God
4.   The Doctrine of Christ
5.   The Doctrine of the Church
6.   The Doctrine of the Sacraments
7.   The Doctrine of the Last Things
                   Unitarian
• They claim that God       • It is true that the word
                              Trinity is not found in the
  exists in one person.       scriptures.
• The Son the highest       • Each of the 3 persons are
                              referred to as God however,
  of the angels and the       Heb 1:8, 2 Sam 23:2-3.
  Spirit is an influence.   • In the OT God speaks in the
                              plural, Is 6:8
• They assert that the
                            • He has a 3 fold holiness,
  Trinity was pagan           Is 6:3
  idea that became part     • The 3 persons are given
  of Christianity.            equal dignity, Mat 28:19-20.
              Study Outline
1.   The History of the Movement
2.   The Doctrine of the Scriptures
3.   The Doctrine of God
4.   The Doctrine of Christ
5.   The Doctrine of the Church
6.   The Doctrine of the Sacraments
7.   The Doctrine of the Last Things
     The Three States of Christ
• He was originally an angel, the highest creature
  of God.
• He was born of a virgin and became the perfect
  man.
• He was not resurrected in body, only in Spirit.

THE JW CHRIST IS NOT THE SAVIOUR OF MEN
                       John 1:1
• The JW’s translate this verse as follows, “The Word was
  a god”.
• Their translation effectively means that there is not one
  God but many gods of whom Christ is one.
• They claim that the as there is not definite article (“the”)
  in the Greek they have the authority to insert the
  indefinite article (“a”).
• In reality there is no rule that necessitates the use of the
  article and the JW’s are perverting the scriptures on this
  point.
• This text is a proof text for Christ’s deity.
              Study Outline
1.   The History of the Movement
2.   The Doctrine of the Scriptures
3.   The Doctrine of God
4.   The Doctrine of Christ
5.   The Doctrine of the Church
6.   The Doctrine of the Sacraments
7.   The Doctrine of the Last Things
        Two Classes of Believers
       The Anointed Ones                   The Other Sheep
       • Number 144,000               • They are neither justified
• Faith / Repentance/ Dedication             nor regenerated.
    • They are justified and
      regenerated because they         • They are encouraged to
   sacrifice themselves as slaves        be good witnesses to be
• If they live well they will be in        sure of eternal life.
               heaven
• This is clearly a system of salvation by works.
• All believers are priests and saints in God’s
  family.
• The Scripture knows of no such division.
              Study Outline
1.   The History of the Movement
2.   The Doctrine of the Scriptures
3.   The Doctrine of God
4.   The Doctrine of Christ
5.   The Doctrine of the Church
6.   The Doctrine of the Sacraments
7.   The Doctrine of the Last Things
Baptism                       Lord’s Supper
• Immersion essential          • Once a year on the date of
                                 the Jewish Passover
• A symbol of their            • A Memorial only
  faith                        • Unleavened bread and
• The Anointed Class             fermented wine are
                                 served
  are given the baptism
                               • It is only intended for the
  of the Holy Spirit             144,000
Baptism – the sacrament is unrelated to the baptism of the
Spirit which is for all believers.
Lord’s Supper – the scriptures teach that this is intended
for all Christians.
              Study Outline
1.   The History of the Movement
2.   The Doctrine of the Scriptures
3.   The Doctrine of God
4.   The Doctrine of Christ
5.   The Doctrine of the Church
6.   The Doctrine of the Sacraments
7.   The Doctrine of the Last Things
                The Hereafter
• There is no eternal Hell, only annihilation.
• The 144,000 will have Spirit bodies at the
  resurrection.
• The Other Sheep will have physically resurrected
  bodies.
• The rest of humanity will be raised also for the
  millennium.
• If the Other Sheep and the rest of humanity pass
  tests they will be granted everlasting life after the
  millennium.
 A Second Chance After Death?
• The Bible teaches that there is judgement
  after death – Heb 9:27.
• All will be raised but for either glory or
  damnation – John 5:28-29.
• What we do with Christ in this life will
  determine our eternal destiny – John 3:36.

				
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