Presentación a Coca-Cola FEMSA

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					Building green technologies through Women training for
water provision, rural sanitation and environmental protection

Horacio Bonfil Sánchez
Valle de Bravo Basin Fund

                            March 21st, 2009

    The Amanalco-Valle de Bravo Basin
•   70 000 Ha in surface

•   Exports 6m3/s of water to
    Mexico City and Toluca´s      map
    Metropolitan Areas

•   Provides water for two
    million people

•   Also an important water
    supplier for industries

•   Part of Neovolcanic Axis
    Bioregion: 1% of global
    biodiversity                        2
  Some social indicators of
Amanalco-Valle de Bravo Basin
Indicator                                 Amanalco      Valle de Bravo
Population                                  20 047         57 370
Annual population growth rate %              3.9             4.8
Number of communnities less than              14             55
499 inhab.
Number of houses                            4 289          12 518
Number of houses using wood             3 374 (78.6%)   2 673 (21.3%)
% of houses without toilet                    61             33
% of houses without sewage                    78             32
% of houses with no access to                 30            28,2

 Source: INEGI. National Population Census. 2000.
Among the most important social
problems at the Basin are:

•   Social indicators below State and National Averages
•   Extreme poverty in rural communities
•   Lack of basic public services such as running water and sewage
•   Health problems: gastric, malnutrition and respiratory illnesses
•   About 6000 families without basic services of water and/or sanitation

• 106 Million inhabitants
• OECD Member
• 50% of its population lives in poverty
• 15%-25% lives in extreme poverty
Water quality in streams and lake. February 2004-2008
          Year               Fecal Coliforms     Enterococci
                              (UFC/100mL)        (UFC/100mL)

          2004                  975 000                 605 000

          2005                  105 000                  2350

          2006                   11 000              More than 600

          2007              More than 11 000         More than 600

          2008              More than 11 000         More than 600

Among the four annual samples, those of February present higher data
consistency and reveal punctual pollution in the Basin´s lower part
                                                                    FPCVB, 2008
Most important environmental
problems in the Basin
                                  The Valle de Bravo Basin Fund (Fondo
• A reduction in the water
                                  Pro Cuenca Valle de Bravo)
  amount in rivers and springs
• Non-planned urban growth        Local SCO created in January 2000
• Land use change                 The Board includes Municipalities, State
                                  Ministry for the Environment and Federal
• Soil erosion                    Ministry for Environment with a majority of
• A reduction in the quality of   civil society representatives.
  forest that remain in the
• Deforestation
• Wild life habitat
  fragmentation and

Holistic Project towards sustainability

                       Lıvelihoods Health care

                                          Human rıght to
        Women capacıty buıldıng
                                        water and sanitation
          and empowerment

               Nutrition             Environmental protection

                      Infrastructure Educatıon

 Objective: To improve livelihoods while protecting the environment with women
          involvement and participation from phase one of the process
What do we do?

Setting up:
• Rain harvesting systems
• Dry toilets with urine
• Small water reservoirs
• Wood saving stoves
• Small kitchen gardens
• Digestors (periurban

 How do we do it?
By working and training villages’ women because:

Women are the primary stakeholders in water and sanitation sectors
Gender consıderations are at the heart of providıng, using and preserving
   water resources
Time spent in water provision and wood harvesting

Through a planning process that starts at
   community or village level. Participation
   is never compulsory but always out
   of good will.
How we do it?
•   Women decide –from a variety of green technologies that we can train them to set
    up and partially finance- what is important for them according to their needs. The
    most important part of to project: to assure female appropriation of devices

•   Weekly visits by our monitors (mostly women trained in early years of the project)
    to demonstrate weekly stages for constructing green technology devices

•   Women learn the procces of autoconstruction of sanitation, wood savıng,
    agriculture and water provision devices.

•   At the end of a 4-6 months training process, they
    build the infrastructure and are fully capable of
    using, repairing and replicating devices.

•   Ownership is achieved.

                     Water provision systems

Rain Water harvesting systems                  Small water reservoir
•10000 Lt cisterns with rain roof caption
                                               •   Set up in communities with
system and a simple- but efficient after-use
                                                   occasional water supply
treatment device
                                               •   1500 Lt ferro-concrete reservoirs
•Come with small water reservoir and rope      •   Laundry and dish washers

      Better health for all           Reduction of water pollution
      Better services provision       Reduction on highly demanding water
                                      harvesting work

                    The kitchen level
Small Kitchen Gardens               Wood-saving stoves
• 1X10 m rustic greenhouse      •    Reduce indoor pollution and therefore
                                     respiratory illnesses
• 15 varieties of vegetables
                                •    Reduce time and physically extremely
• The most important green           demanding work on wood harvesting
  technology for health and     •    Reduce pressure on ecosystems
  environmental education.
                                •    Save up to 2.2 tons of wood per year
• Improves nutritional levels        and family
                                •    Improve health for all
                                •    Improve women dignity
Sustainable Sanitation System

Dry toilet with urine diverter         Results
• Human dignity, quality of life and   • Better health for all
  environmental security must be       • Better services provision
  at the core of any sanitation        • More privacy and security for
  approach                               women
• Decision making must involve         • Reduction of water pollution
  participation of stakeholders,
  especially women                     • Basic sanitation at family level

Results as of December 2008
• Green technologies in 50 communities or small villages (25% of total).
• Public, private and local financing
• Cost for training and construction material for all devices per family $1300
  USD (EUR 1000) / six months

   In the last five years, 1016 families have profitted from the project     14
Results as of December 2008

   In the last five years, 1016 families have profitted from the project
Next steps

• Community level water quality
• Monitoring of all devices set up ın
  the past five years
• Wood savıng assesment
• 600 women trainned each year
• In 8 years we can achieve total
  sanitation and water provision in
  the basin

Divides that were bridged
•   Communities’ deeply rooted distrust
•   Lack of basic skills in building these technologies
•   Lack of Government interest at local and federal levels
•   Short term scenarios: OSC and community involvements last longer than
    Government administrations. This allows for a long term social and
    environmental process to occur.
•   Almost complete absence of funding for water provision and sustainable
    sanitation in rural areas of Central Mexico
•   Women empowerment
•   Capacity building
•   Private sector investement in a low budget scenario in Government´s
    gender programs
  Most important results

• 1016 families have been part of the project as well as 3 schools and one
  health centre
• The project offers a viable strategy to tackle basic sanitation and water
  issues in a sustainable way.
• Female participation is the key point in appropriation of the devices. Long
  term sustainability relies on women’s participation and the solution of
  their needs. This is also true for replicability.
• Mixed funding from Governments, private and social sector
  Government sector                             Private Sector                       Social Sector
  National Water Commission                     FEMSA Foundation                     Our individual donors

  State Ministries for Environment and Social   Pedro y Elena Hernandez Foundation   Our Staff
  State Institute for Health                    Grupo Modelo Foundation              Women in communities and villages in
                                                                                     Valle de Bravo-Amanalco Basin
  Municipality of Amanalco                      SC Johnson and Son Mexico