RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES AND FUTURE OF BIOMASS ENERGY IN TURKEY by mirit35

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									  2nd World Conference and Technology Exhibition on Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection
                      10-14 May 2004 • Palazzo dei Congressi, Rome, Italy




        RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES AND FUTURE OF
                        BIOMASS ENERGY IN TURKEY

                    Dr. Mustafa ACAROĞLU1                   Dr. İbrahim GEZER2
  1)
       Selcuk University Teknik Bilimler MYO 42031 Konya TR acaroglu@selcuk.edu.tr
            2)
                 Inonu University Malatya MYO Malatya TR igezer@inonu.edu.tr


ABSTRACT

Today, in Turkey the most commonly used renewable resources are classical
biomass energy and hydraulic energy. Although geothermal energy ranks on the
third order, its usage is limited. The usage of solar energy is at symbolic level,
that of wind energy is in its initial stages and tidal energy concept is out of
concern. In spite of the important potential of modern biomass energy,
agriculture of energy plants is not widely recognized, and energy forestation is
limitedly handled. Although the gross potential of biomass energy attainable
through cultivable production apart from photosynthesis is theoretically 135 –
150 Mtoe /year, after the losses it is estimated that the net potential will be 90
Mtoe /year. However, it is not possible to use all the cultivation, it is estimated
that technical potential is about 40 Mtoe/year. With economical aspect, the value
of 25 Mtoe/year can be considered as the biomass energy potential of Turkey.
Keywords: biomass energy, renewable energy, Turkey

								
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