Identify one event from each century 1600, 1700, 1800, and 1900

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Identify one event from each century 1600, 1700, 1800, and 1900 Powered By Docstoc
					Brennon Sapp
                                       Question One

Question: Identify one event from each century 1600, 1700, 1800, and 1900 that has affected the

           development/growth/change in our curriculum. Explain what it did and why that was

           important. Then explain how that event does/does not relate to KERA and our

           curriculum today.

       One of the events, which had a major impact on curriculum in the 1600's, is the

settlement of puritans in Massachusetts. The puritans had a deep belief in god and wanted their

children to have that same faith. Schools in the New England Colonies were organized to

promote religion. Thus the early curriculum was composed primarily of reading and writing.

This was important so that the children could read and study scripture. Since bibles were the

main source of printed books in this time period, it also allowed students to have a book to use

and study. Reading was also very important so that the people could read notices of civil affairs.

       The settling of the puritans must relate to our curriculum today because organized the

first American schools. We continue to teach reading and writing, although we are not allowed

to use the bible as the puritans used it. The aims of teaching students morals and ethics have

remained an emphasis in education from the beginning. These were evident in the “Cardinal

Principles” put out by the Commission on the Reorganization of Secondary Education in 1918

and continue to be in our goals of today. KERA does not allow for the teaching of any one

religion. The behavioral expectations in KERA are meant to assure that we teach our students

good morals and ethics. This is one of the basic ideas behind the puritan schools.
       The forming of the “Academy” in the 1700’s had a significant impact on curriculum.

This form of secondary school was organized by Ben Franklin, which changed curriculum in

several different ways. This was the first secondary school to allow women to attend. It was

also one of the first vocational schools, that is, it had classes designed to teach trade. In addition,

the “Academy” taught traditional subjects as they related to desired jobs. A student intent on

becoming a bookkeeper learned the math and writing skills needed specifically for book keeping.

Students had their own curriculum and classes. The “Academy” was one of the first schools to

give student’s different types of classes dependent upon their post graduation plans. According

to Ellwood Cubberley, this was important because it allowed students to prepare for college or a


       Some of the basic intentions of the “Academy” and still be seen today in our curriculum

and throughout KERA. Individual graduation plans for example. Presently we try to give each

of our students a base education, and still allow for them to take classes based upon their plans

for the future. High schools also have vocational classes a student may take to learn a trade. In

these classes students learn how to write and make calculations essential to each specific

vacation, as was done in the “Academy”

       The formation of kindergarten in the 1800’s impacted curriculum and continues to do so

today. Kindergarten affected our schools structurally and academically. Kindergarten was

organized during a time when society did not want their kids to be in school longer. As their

children got older, they were needed to work for the welfare of the family. A student beginning

school one year early was less of a strain on the family. In some cases it could even allow for a

mother to complete more family chores.
       Kindergarten also affected schools curriculum simply by design. Froebel designed

kindergarten around organized play and environment. He was also concerned about student

interests. This allows kindergarten to be a place kids want to be. This was important because it

was one of the first schools to use play as a form of teaching. It was the first time education

could be fun for the students.

       These ideas have been carried throughout the curriculum by KERA. We are now asking

teachers to make all levels of curriculum relate to student interest. We attempt to teach in more

educational environments and playful settings. If at all possible we (KERA) want to make

education as painless and fun as possible, twelve more years of kindergarten.

       The invention and continual advancement of computers has had an overwhelming effect

upon curriculum in the 1900's. They will continue to affect our curriculum for many years to

come. With the aid of computers, students have an educational aid unlike any former students.

Not only does the computer aid in instruction, grammar, spelling, and writing, but is arguably the

most effective and efficient research tool available, when equipped with an internet connection.

The use of the computer in the classroom has demoted the importance of penmanship, spelling,

and grammar. In addition we have access to more diverse and vast amounts of knowledge not

previously possible. Students talented at computers can excel in areas they would never be able

to without the aid of the computer. Currently, it is more important to be able to type than write

in cursive. Having a paper turned in word-processed is the norm for secondary students. This is

important because it allows student to advance to new heights by a means most enjoy and

actually crave.

       The computer has KERA written all over it. Technology is one of the most significant

strands of KERA. We all have our students use computers to type their portfolios so the students
can run a spell and grammar check. We teach students how to analyze data on spreadsheets and

design presentations on power point. Our curriculum is continually becoming more and more

technological. What is more technological than the computer?

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