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					        Town of Middleton

OUTDOOR RECREATION PLAN - 2003




       Published January 21, 2003
                       Town of Middleton Board of Supervisors

                                 Milo J. Breunig, Chair
                                     Frank Acker
                                       Greg Held
                                     Robert Irvine
                                  Richard J. Oberle



                        Town of Middleton Park Commission

                                   Bill Weber, Chair
                                     Kym Husom
                                     Darko Kalan
                                       Tom Krull
                                    John Neumann
                                       Brad Ryan
                                     Ann Schmitz


                                  Plan Commission

                              Barbara Job-Packham, Chair
                                    Cathy Garfoot
                                       Vern Jesse
                                       Bill Kolar
                                     Lynn Schultz
                                      David Shaw
                                     Gary Whitney

                                 Administrator/Clerk
                                    Jim Mueller



The following Outdoor Recreation Plan for the Town of Middleton was approved by the Town
Board of Middleton on January 20, 2003.
                TOWN OF MIDDLETON OUTDOOR RECREATION PLAN

                                                   TABLE OF CONTENTS

I.     Introduction ................................................................................................................................1

II.    Plan Goals and Objectives .........................................................................................................2

III.   Planning Method and Region
       A.     Planning Region and Description ..................................................................................4
       B.     Definitions and Standards ..............................................................................................5
       C.     Resource Preservation ....................................................................................................6
       D.     Metropolitan Growth Impact ........................................................................................7

IV.    Needs Assessment
       A.    Overview ........................................................................................................................8
       B.    Community Parks.........................................................................................................11
       C.    Neighborhood Parks.....................................................................................................12
       D.    Recreational Opportunities ..........................................................................................15
       E.    Natural Areas, Conservancy and Green Space Preservation........................................15
       E.    Special Need: Bicycle Safety ......................................................................................18

V.     Existing Resources and Facilities
       A.     General Overview ........................................................................................................19
       B.     Town Owned Park and Recreation Facilities ...............................................................19
                      1. Mini Parks ....................................................................................................19
                      2. Neighborhood Parks.....................................................................................19
                      3. Community Parks.........................................................................................20
                      4. Natural Areas, Conservancy and Green Space Preservation ........................21
       C.     Privately Owned and Association Conservancy Land with Recreational
              Easements/Trails ..........................................................................................................23
       D.     County Owned Facilities In Town ...............................................................................25
       E.     Privately Owned Facilities In Town ............................................................................25
       F.     City of Middleton Facilities .........................................................................................25
       G.     School District Owned Facilities In Town ...................................................................26
       H.     Recreational Opportunities ..........................................................................................26


VI.    Action Plan
       A.     General Recommendations ..........................................................................................28
       B.     Linear Park: Trails Plan ...............................................................................................29
       C.     Community Parks.........................................................................................................31
       D.     Neighborhood Parks.....................................................................................................31
       E.     Recreational Opportunities ..........................................................................................32
       F.     Natural Areas, Conservancy and Green Space Preservation........................................32
VII.    Implementation and Funding Plan
        A.    Priority Projects............................................................................................................33
        B.    Funding Plan ................................................................................................................34

VIII.   Five (5) Year Capital Improvement Plan .................................................................................34

IX.     Recurring Annual Operating Plan ............................................................................................35

X.      Annual Review and Update .....................................................................................................35


APPENDIX

A – Vickiann Park
B – Enchanted Valley Park
C – Hickory Woods Park
D – Pioneer Park Master
E – Cherry Wood Acres
F – Voss Park, Cherrywood
G – Goth Park
H – Settlers Prairie
I – Capital Improvement Plan

MAPS

1-Aerial Photo Maps of Trails on Easements Over Private and Association Owned Property
2-Town of Middleton
INTRODUCTION

      The Town of Middleton Park Commission presents this Master Plan as the basis for
      assurance that adequate park and recreational resources are available for both present and
      future residents of the Town. This plan recognizes that the Town of Middleton has its own set
      of unique needs and opportunities that can best be met through a planning and
      implementation process involving the Town Board, Park Commission, Plan Commission,
      employees, and residents.

      The Town of Middleton Park Commission is comprised of seven members appointed by the
      Town Chair, subject to confirmation by the Town Board. The Commission may exercise
      certain powers according to Town statutes, subject to the supervision and approval of the
      Town Board. The Town Board consists of five elected Supervisors who direct the Park
      Commission to carry out adopted policies and receives and acts on recommendations.

      The Town is home to several unique landscape features including steep bluffs, deep valleys,
      oak savannahs, glacial terminal moraines and open prairies. The Town of Middleton wishes
      to protect, preserve and enhance these unique features.

      The Town of Middleton has transitioned from a predominantly rural community to an
      attractive blend of rural farms, rural single-family homes, and medium density suburban
      residential developments. The Town lies directly in the path of the westward expansion of
      the Cities of Madison and Middleton. The Town of Middleton entered into
      Intergovernmental Agreements with the cities of Madison (1994 & 2002) and Middleton
      (1994) that were designed to accommodate and control growth and development in the
      eastern portion of the Town.

      Development pressures facing the Town present unique requirements and opportunities for
      the community to provide a balance of traditional town management concepts and the
      provision of urban-like facilities and services when required. The desire of the Town to
      maintain a “rural character” dictates that development opportunities incorporate substantial
      open space requirements and that significant land resources be devoted to parks, trails, open
      space and recreation areas. During 2002, the Town began marking and establishing trails in
      parks and on Town owned easements over lands owned by individuals and by homeowners
      associations. Over 7 miles of trails were opened to public use.

      This Plan has been developed by the Town of Middleton Park Commission using the 1981
      Outdoor Recreation Plan prepared by Mead and Hunt, a Town parks survey completed in
      March, 2000 by Vierbicher Associates, information from a 1990 Environmental study done
      by Kailing and Zimmerman, the 1998 survey of Town residents, the Town Land Use Plan,
      the Outdoor Recreation Plan of 1996 and goals and objectives developed by the Parks
      Commission since the 1996 plan. An up-to-date Parks Master Plan is required to be eligible
      for participation in State and Federal funding in addition to establishing and reinforcing the
      fundamental planning direction for Town parks and recreation areas.

      This Plan consists of a description of the planning method and region, an inventory of
      existing resources and facilities, a needs assessment, an action plan, and finally an

Town of Middleton                                  1                      Outdoor Recreation Plan
      implementation and funding plan. It is important to note that the Outdoor Recreation Plan
      includes a five (5) year Capital Improvement Program for parks and recreation areas, and an
      annual operating budget for recurring operational and maintenance requirements.

      It is the sincere desire of the Parks Commission to enhance the quality of life in the Town of
      Middleton. This plan is considered fundamental to the achievement of that goal.



II.   PLAN GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

      The following Parks and Recreation Plan goals and objectives are statements that will apply
      in general to all endeavors of the Town Parks Commission. The objectives state the policies
      and philosophies that will be used to implement the goals of this plan.

      Goal A: To develop Town land to provide various types of parks and open spaces to fulfill
      recreational needs with access to all Town residents.

      Objectives:
        Identify current lands and facilities and assess the feasibility and economic possibilities of
         development.
        Provide safety and maintenance inspections;
        Consider long-term expense of maintenance to land and equipment;
        Make Town parks and facilities ADA accessible to the extent physically and
         economically feasible;
        Create additional access to the Parks through a comprehensive system of recreational
         trails;
        Continue development of Settlers Prairie Park, in the Airport Road corridor, as a second
         community park;
        Provide outdoor basketball courts, tennis courts, soccer fields and baseball diamonds to
         serve present and future Town needs;
        Complete development of existing Town parks: Cherrywood Acres, Enchanted Valley,
         Goth, Hickory Woods, Pioneer, Settlers Prairie, Vickiann, Voss, and the “Pope” Property;
        Provide tennis courts and additional soccer fields and baseball facilities in Pioneer Park
         as needed and as additional land is acquired;
        Provide adequate facilities for exercise, recreation, leisure activities, etc.
        Acquire outside funding to assist in the conversion of Pope Park from farmland to a
         conservancy with restored natural areas and recreational trails.

      Goal B: To provide recreational activities for the enjoyment and benefit of all Town
      residents.

      Objectives:
        Identify needs of community for all age levels and physical requirements;
        Identify private and commercial activities in area to avoid duplication;
        Identify town lands and parks that can handle these activities.
        Project future growth patterns and recreational needs;
Town of Middleton                                   2                      Outdoor Recreation Plan
         Periodically conduct a survey of Town residents to determine parks and recreation needs.
      Goal C: To acquire sufficient lands to protect scenic and environmentally sensitive resources
      or native natural areas.

      Objectives:
        Identify areas of particular interest, unique plant or animal life, scenic views,
         environmentally sensitive areas, or native natural areas;
        Ensure protection of wildlife and plant life, watershed areas, oak savannah or native
         prairie areas;
        Identify existing or potential funds in park fees, grants or other sources to develop long
         range projections;
        Identify lands available for acquisition;
        Develop the Pope property with trails, passive recreation uses, and restored natural areas;
        Acquire lands through a combination of federal, state and county grants, gifts and
         donations, and Town resources.

      Goal D: Develop a trail system linking schools, bike paths, parks, ice age trail, equestrian
      trails and other community trails.

      Objectives:
            Identify both existing and potential schools, parks (including facilities), paths, Ice Age
         Trail and community connection points;
            Develop specifications for trail composition, width, slope, use and signage
         requirements connecting to main parks, i.e., path from Pioneer Park to Goth Park using
         grants and developer designated trails and public easements;
            Develop and implement a Town Trails Plan in coordination with other Community,
         County and State Trails and Foundations;
            To the extent economically & physically feasible, create ADA compliant
         accessibility;
            Create and fund a separate account for Trail Development

      Goal E: To develop and implement Town administered recreation programs designed to meet
      specific needs of Town residents.

      Objectives:
        Identify recreation needs of Town residents through periodic surveys and other
         mechanisms;
        Identify existing recreation programs provided by school, municipal, for profit and not for
         profit organizations in order to avoid duplication;
        Determine economic feasibility of recreation programs;
        Acquire or improve facilities for such recreation programs where necessary;
        Develop and implement user fee policy and system;
        Implement and manage such local recreation programs;
        Evaluate program effectiveness.

      Goal F: To identify and acquire lands for green space, particularly lands that will create
Town of Middleton                                   3                      Outdoor Recreation Plan
       natural municipal boundaries.
       Objectives:
          Identify areas where potential green space corridors or municipal boundaries can be
           developed;
          Create funding mechanisms which will provide an on-going source of revenue for the
           acquisition of green space;
          Develop acquisition program (i.e. purchase, options, joint recreation development, etc.);
          Identify acquisition priorities;
          Initiate acquisition program;
          Incorporate green space into parks and recreation program.
          Acquire land adjacent to Pioneer Park and other parks in high usage or high residential
           density areas for future expansion of those parks.

       Goal G: To develop usage rules and reservations systems for parks and recreation areas.

       Objectives:
         Continue to evaluate general rules and regulations for parks, trails and recreation areas;
         Develop rules and regulations for specific parks and trails;
         Develop rules and regulations for use and care of natural areas;
         Develop rules and regulations for use and care of conservancy areas;
         Evaluate forms used by the public to reserve parks;
         Evaluate fee schedules for park facilities on an annual basis;
         Evaluate rules including hours, appropriate use, liability and other policies regarding
          alcohol consumption, pets, motor vehicles, etc.;
         Evaluate parks reservation system.

III.   PLANNING METHOD AND REGION

       A.     Planning Region and Description

              The Town of Middleton is located in the western half of Dane County, bordered on
              the east by the cities of Madison and Middleton, on the north and west by the Towns
              of Springfield and Cross Plains, and on the south by the Town of Verona. As shown
              in Map 1, most of the eastern one-half of the northern portion of the original township
              has been annexed by the City of Middleton. Per the March 28, 2002 agreement, the
              City of Madison will eventually annex all areas south of Blackhawk Road and east of
              Pope Farm Park and Pioneer and Meadow Roads. The remaining Town area consists
              of agricultural land, farmettes, scattered individual homes, small subdivisions, and
              several major subdivision areas. The Town has limited commercial areas and a
              limited number of traditional agricultural entities that continue to operate. Non-
              traditional agriculture such as tree farms, landscape businesses, stables and orchards
              are significant commercial entities in the Town.

              Much of the Town of Middleton remains zoned “Agriculture.” The Town of
              Middleton has not adopted “Exclusive Agriculture Zoning” due to the development of
              the Town and the limited remaining traditional agriculture operations that exist. Dane
Town of Middleton                                    4                      Outdoor Recreation Plan
               County is responsible for zoning administration and enforcement in the Town.
               The majority of home sites in the Town have traditionally been located on lots of ½
               acre or more. The relatively large lot size increases distances between homes, and
               from homes to parks, and the low density of housing development has contributed to
               the “rural character” of the Town. The Town‟s Land Use Plan and Land Division
               Ordinances encourage “cluster development.”

               The terrain of the area is generally rolling, with some steep wooded hillsides,
               especially along the terminal moraine. Unique features in the Town include oak
               savannahs and the terminal glacial moraines. The Town contributes to the Black
               Earth Creek, Sugar River and Pheasant Branch Creek watersheds. Black Earth Creek
               transverses a portion of the Town, along Highway 14. There are some marshy areas
               in the Town, and some artificial ponds, but the natural ponds that originally were in
               the Town have been annexed by neighboring municipalities with the exception of Old
               Middleton Lake that has been acquired by Dane County for park purposes. The aerial
               photo maps and the Town of Middleton map show the Town's Parks, Recreational
               Trails and Green Spaces.

               Recent demographic studies and plat development activities indicate that the Town‟s
               population will continue to increase. Table 3 reflects population data for the Town of
               Middleton in the period of 1970 - 2000. Population projections will be added upon
               completion by the Wisconsin Department of Administration.

Table 1 reflects the increase in the Town‟s equalized value in recent years. The Town of Middleton's
equalized value has more than tripled in the last 12 years.


                                           Table 1
                      Town of Middleton - Equalized Value of Real Estate

             Year    Equalized Value
            1990      $ 191,004,700
            1995      $ 312,160,700
            2000      $ 451,475,800
            2001      $ 519,489,300
            2002      $ 583,184,500



       B.      Definitions and Standards

               A variety of standards for size, location, and number of park and recreation areas and
               facilities have been proposed by governmental agencies. These standards are shown

Town of Middleton                                   5                      Outdoor Recreation Plan
                    in Table 2 below. Standards are to be used only as guidelines for the development of
                    local plans. Topography, physical barriers, particular recreational demands,
                    demographics, and other conditions have been taken into consideration in the
                    development of the Outdoor Recreation Plan for the Town of Middleton. Table 2
                    identifies examples of standards to be used as guidelines for the acquisition and
                    development of parkland and recreation facilities.

                                                        Table 2
                                           Park Land Standards and Guidelines


                                                               SERVICE              DESIRABLE         ACRES/1,000        DESIRABLE SITE
  COMPONENT                         USE
                                                                AREA                   SIZE          POPULATION         CHARACTERISTIC
                      Specialized facilities that serve a
                      concentrated or limited                                                                          Within neighborhoods
                                                            Less than ¼-
  Mini-Park           population or specific group                                  1 acre or less   .25 to .5A        and in close proximity to
                                                            mile radius
                      such as young children or senior                                                                 housing.
                      citizens.
                                                                                                                       Easily accessible to
                      Area for intense recreational         ¼ to ½-mile                                                neighborhood
  Neighborhood        activities such as field games,       radius to serve a                                          population-
                                                                                    15+ acres        1.0 to 2.0A
  Park/Playground     court games, playground               population up to                                           geographically centered
                      apparatus area, skating.              5,000                                                      with safe walking and
                                                                                                                       bike access.
                      May include areas suited for
                      intense recreational facilities,
                      such as athletic complexes.                                                                      May include natural
                      May be an area of natural             Several                                                    features, such as water
                      quality for outdoor recreation        neighborhoods.                                             bodies, and areas suited
  Community Park                                                                    25+ acres        5.0 to 8.0A
                      such as walking, viewing,             1 to 2 mile                                                for intense development.
                      sitting, picnicking. May be any       radius.                                                     Easily accessible to
                      combination of the above,                                                                        neighborhood served.
                      depending upon site suitability
                      and community need.
                                                   Total Close to Home Space = 6.25-10.5 A/1,000
                                                                                                                       Built or natural corridors,
                                                                                                                       such as utility rights-of-
                                                                                    Sufficient                         way, bluff lines,
                      Area developed for one or more
                                                                                    width to                           vegetation patterns, and
  Linear Park         varying modes of recreational
                                                            No applicable           protect the                        roads that link other
                      travel, such as hiking, biking,                                                Variable
  (Trails)                                                  standard.               resource and                       components of the
                      cross-country skiing. May
                                                                                    provide                            recreational system or
                      include active play areas.
                                                                                    maximum use.                       community facilities,
                                                                                                                       such as school and other
                                                                                                                       park areas.

                      Protection and management of
                                                                                    Sufficient to                      Variable, depending on
                      the natural/cultural environment      No applicable
  Conservancy                                                                       protect the      Variable          the resource being
                      with recreation use as a              standard.
                                                                                    resource.                          protected.
                      secondary objective.


         Source: Roger Lancaster, ED. 1983. Recreation, Park and Open Space Standards and Guidelines. Alexandria, Virginia: National
         Recreation and Park Association.


         C.         Resource Preservation

                    One important factor in meeting demands for park and recreation facilities and
                    planning for future needs is to conserve and preserve recreation lands. Various
Town of Middleton                                                               6                               Outdoor Recreation Plan
              planning documents recommend that urban areas set aside a minimum of one acre of
              recreation and parkland for every one hundred current, and estimated future,
              population. It is important that the Town continue to acquire potential parkland due
              to the urbanizing pressures resulting from the expansion of the cities of Madison and
              Middleton. However, the Town‟s efforts must be directed primarily toward achieving
              Town goals and objectives and meeting the park and recreation needs of Town of
              Middleton residents.

              The competition for potential recreational lands necessitates that local units of
              government, such as the Town of Middleton, and regional agencies, such as Dane
              County, plan to acquire and protect these resources. Scenic hilltops, wooded areas,
              wetlands, and desirable parcels are attractive for development. Reference is made to
              the Park, Open Space, and Outdoor Recreational Plan for Dane County. Appropriate
              recommendations from the Dane County Plan are integrated in the Town of
              Middleton Outdoor Recreation Plan.

Park development in neighboring communities can be used as examples or guides for park
development in the Town of Middleton. The City of Madison plans and maps for the Blackhawk,
Elderberry and Westside Neighborhoods and the City of Middleton development plans and maps are
available at http://www.ci.madison.wi.us/neighborhoods/neighbordev.htm and
http://www.ci.middleton.wi.us/MasterPlan/Master.htm respectively.
 The parks in neighboring communities can be integrated with or linked to the Town parks.

              The Town recognizes the need to preserve environmentally sensitive resources and
              natural area sites. The plan incorporates intensive efforts to protect the area included
              in the North Branch of Pheasant Branch Creek, the headwaters area of Black Earth
              Creek and the Sugar River, the distinctive natural features in the U.S. Highway 14
              area, the Noll Valley Oak Savannah, undiscovered natural areas, hilltop vistas and
              wooded areas.

      D.      Metropolitan Growth Impact

              The siting of future Town parks and recreation facilities must take into consideration
              the future growth of the Madison and Middleton metropolitan areas. In addition, the
              Town must define and implement a strategy to coordinate the development of
              recreational trails and green space corridors in cooperation with the county
              (www.co.dane.wi.us) and neighboring cities, villages and towns.

Several factors to consider in planning are the following metropolitan growth indicators:

                    City of Madison urban service area.
                    City of Middleton urban service area.
                    Madison Metropolitan Sewage District service area.
                    Intergovernmental Agreements with the Cities of Madison and Middleton
                    Blackhawk, Elderberry and Westside Neighborhood Development Plans
                    City of Madison and Middleton extraterritorial jurisdictions.
                    Proposed major traffic routes.
Town of Middleton                                   7                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
IV.   NEEDS ASSESSMENT

      A.          Overview

                  The Town of Middleton‟s outdoor recreation needs have been determined by
                  evaluating acreage, demographics, demand criteria, survey results and development
                  activities and future growth projections. The evaluation has resulted in identifying
                  needs relating to Community Parks, Neighborhood Parks, Recreation, Conservancy,
                  and Special Needs. While various definitions and standards outlined earlier have been
                  used as a guide, every effort has been made to ensure the unique needs of this Town
                  are represented accurately.

                  Population Projections:

                  The State of Wisconsin, Department of Administration, Bureau of Demographic
                  Services, prepares population estimates and projections for all municipalities in
                  Wisconsin. Table 3 reflects the population estimates and projections for the Town of
                  Middleton. The Department estimated the Town‟s population as 4800 as of January 1,
                  2002 (Note-The Town issued building permits for 105 new homes in 2002)

                                                       Table 3
                                             Town of Middleton Population

                                                                                                 Percent
                                  Year              Population              Change
                                                                                                 Change
                                 1970*                 2,028                  N/A                   N/A
                                 1980*                 2,598                  570                 28.1%
                                 1990*                 3,628                  530                 20.4%
                                 2000*                 4,594                  996                 27.5 %
                                 2010**              Data to be         Supplied by the        Department
                                 2015**                  Of             Administration
                                 2020**

                                                *Population Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census
           **Projected Population. Source: State of Wisconsin, Department of Administration, Bureau of Demographic Services



                  Demographics: A Town in Transition

                          The Town of Middleton is clearly in a state of change, moving from a traditional
                          rural township to a more complex blend of limited traditional agriculture, non-
                          traditional agriculture, suburban developments, and rural single-family homes.
                          Recent information indicates a definite trend toward a younger median age as
                          well as a significant increase in the number of new residents in the Town.
                          Figure 2 shows a breakdown of the population by age group.
Town of Middleton                                                       8                                 Outdoor Recreation Plan
                                             Figure 2
                                        Age Distribution
                                        Source: 2000 Census

             Age                    Number                 Percent
             Under 5 years          270                     5.9
             5 to 9 years           382                     8.3
             10 to 14 years         467                    10.2
             15 to 19 years         354                     7.7
             20 to 24 years         121                     2.6
             25 to 34 years         352                     7.7
             35 to 44 years         906                    19.7
             45 to 54 years        1011                    22.0
             55 to 59 years         278                     6.1
             60 to 64 years         125                     2.7
             65 to 74 years         197                     4.3
             75 to 84 years          93                     2.0
             85 years and over       38                     0.8
                     Total         4594                   100 %


             Table 4 below indicates the number of new home building permits issued by the
             Town of Middleton in the period of 1994 – 2001. At the current rate of development
             the Town has a 2.5-year supply of lots available. The Town enforces a parkland
             dedication ordinance that generates Segregated Parks Fees and adds parkland to the
             Town when new development occurs.

                                          Table 4
                                 New Home Permits 1994 - 2002

                                 Year                         # of Permits

                                 1994                               19
                                 1995                               29
                                 1996                               40
                                 1997                               44
                                 1998                               60
                                 1999                               72
                                 2000                               65
                                 2001                               62
                                 2002                              105




Town of Middleton                                  9                         Outdoor Recreation Plan
             1998 Outdoor Recreation Survey Results:

             In April of 1998, the Town of Middleton distributed 1,248 survey questionnaires to
             Town residents seeking information regarding Town park and recreation programs
             and facilities. A total of 376 responses were received which reflects a participation
             rate of 30.13%. The final results of the survey are summarized in Appendix K.

             The survey initially sought general and demographic information related to the survey
             respondents. As noted in Table 5 below, all residential areas and neighborhoods were
             represented in the responses.

                                                  Table 5
                                           Survey Responses By Area

                                             No. Of                                 No. Of
                    Neighborhood/Area                      Neighborhood/Area
                                             Responses                              Responses
                    Enchanted Valley         50            Cherrywood               81
                    Hickory Woods            36            Cherrywood on the        6
                                                           Park
                    Stonebrook               2             Moraine View             4
                    Prairie Homes            2             Cherrywood Acres         1
                    Dellwood Hills           4             Hillcrest                2
                    Swiss Valley Estates     8             Pheasant Point           22
                    Highwood Circle          2             Malmaison                8
                    Airport Road             8             Applewood                10
                    North of Highway 14      29            Moraine Highland         6
                    Deer Run                 2             Noll Valley              5
                    Blackhawk                3             Hickory Hills            2
                    Highway 14 -             42            South of Mineral         41
                    Mineral Point Road                     Point

                                                                Total Responses     376


             The survey also sought to assess resident‟s satisfaction with existing parks and
             recreation facilities and opportunities. Over 76% reported they were very satisfied or
             satisfied with Town park facilities. Over 74% reported they were very satisfied or

Town of Middleton                                  10                      Outdoor Recreation Plan
             satisfied with Town recreation facilities and nearly 67% of the respondents indicated
             that they were very satisfied or satisfied with Town recreation programs. Interestingly,
             over 64% indicated that the Town should develop a summer recreation program.

             The survey also inquired which recreational activity or park resource had highest
             priority or need. Primary interest was in acquisition and development of bikeway and
             hiking trails, the development and implementation of a greenway buffer program, and
             acquisition of environmentally sensitive areas. Developing an outdoor skating rink
             also ranked high (#5).


             Highest priorities identified from the survey are the following:

                    1)       Acquiring/developing bikeway areas
                    2)       Acquiring green space/community separation areas
                    3)       Acquiring/developing hiking trails
                    4)       Acquiring environmentally sensitive areas
                    5)       Developing an outdoor skating rink

             It is important to view the results of any survey as primarily an indicator of trends
             rather than concrete evidence to be acted upon without further evaluation. However, it
             is interesting to note that 74% of the survey respondents supported the
             implementation of a special ad valorem property tax to support the green space buffer
             program.

             Equestrian Trails is another strong interest that was not included in the survey but has
             now been brought to the Town‟s attention.

      B.     Community Parks

             A Community Park enables the Town to provide a recreation facility from which all
             of the Town‟s residents can benefit. As a result, community park and recreation
             facilities are expected to be the most developed of the Town‟s parkland.

             Pioneer Park:

             This 29-acre park site was purchased in 1989, after the citizens voted to allow the sale
             of the old Town Hall site and the purchase a new site.

             The Master Plan incorporated a site for the Town Hall including the Sheriff‟s
             Department West Precinct. The aerial photo for this site is found in Appendix D.

             The Plan contains various park and recreational uses that were identified by Town
             residents as desirable for a Community Park in a survey previously conducted.
             Initially, only the Town Hall and those park and recreational uses that could be
             provided within the budget available were built.
Town of Middleton                                  11                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
             The document provided a long-range plan for a Town-wide facility that would serve
             the needs of its residents. As additional funds become available, the remaining park
             and recreational uses will be provided. The most active use areas are concentrated
             near the Town Hall, while the passive use areas are in the western portion of the site.

             The site is relatively flat in the center that lends itself to the play fields. The western
             portion of the site varies in elevation and supports a natural development of wooded,
             picnic, wetland and prairie areas. The sloping northeast corner of the site is ideal for
             the two-story Town hall and allows grade level entrances to both floors. Access to
             the Town hall and parking is provided from Old Sauk Road. The Pioneer Road access
             is limited to Town equipment and Sheriff‟s Department official vehicles.

             Recommendations: The recreational facilities receive intense use. The Pioneer Park
             Master Plan should be reviewed annually. Expansion of this park is highly
             recommended. The Town should continue to actively seek to acquire adjacent lands to
             the south and west to expand the park. An optimum facility of 50 acres is envisioned.

             Settlers Prairie:

             A second community park, Settlers Prairie Park, has been established on Ellington
             Way north of Airport Road. The facility‟s location is central to the residential areas in
             the northern part of the Town. The facility includes 2 soccer fields, a combination
             soccer and baseball field, a park shelter, playground equipment and two off-street
             parking lots. An aerial photo of Settlers Prairie Park is shown in Appendix H.

      C.     Neighborhood Parks

             Neighborhood parks are designed to serve a more localized area than a Community
             Park. These parks will vary more in design since they will reflect the needs of a
             particular neighborhood and existing topography. It is important that the specific
             design is flexible enough to allow for the inevitable change of character that
             neighborhoods undergo as they mature. Neighborhood parks will be less developed
             than community parks.

             Parks Commission members will review input from the neighborhood regarding park
             use. The Parks Commission will make recommendations to the Town Board. The
             recommendations will be based on the needs of the larger “neighborhood” and the
             park neighbors.

             While it has been argued that the larger lots make neighborhood parks unnecessary,
             both our survey and discussions with neighborhood groups indicate this is not true.
             Individually owned lots severely limit the number of participants in group activities.
             A common area allows much greater interaction and recreational possibilities.

             During the early stages of residential development in the town, subdivisions were
             basically isolated collections of homes. Distance or the lack of safe routes restricted
Town of Middleton                                   12                      Outdoor Recreation Plan
             the mobility of younger residents making neighborhood parks more vital than
             community parks and recreation areas.

             Needs: Neighborhood parks need to be designed in response to neighborhood needs,
             encourage resident participation, and be cost effective to maintain.

             Recommendations: The Town is guided by the Neighborhood Parks Planning Goals
             and Guidelines developed by the 1990 Parks Commission (Tables 6 & 7).

                                       Table 6
                     Neighborhood Parks Planning Goals and Objectives


                                              GOALS
        Provide accessible, attractive, common recreation areas dedicated primarily for
        intensive use by residents of the local neighborhood.
        Provide cost effective and easy to maintain parks that optimize aesthetics and
        safety.
        Design and use shall be responsive to neighborhood needs and desires.
        Encourage resident participation in planning, funding, and construction.
        Project priorities will be based on the greatest benefit to the greatest number of
        users.
        Provide the maximum possible access for all local areas, ages and ensure ADA
        (Americans with Disabilities Act) handicap accessibility.
        Provide periodic maintenance/safety inspections.

                                          GUIDELINES
        Ensure a Master Plan, as outlined under procedures, is completed and approved
        prior to any funding or development.
        Ensure neighborhood input and on-going feedback by requiring a local park
        committee.
        Require grading, seeding, and some plantings to be established first before
        equipment is in place.
        Maximize value, use quality materials, properly installed by qualified workers.
        The Neighborhood Parks Planning Process shall be followed to ensure the
        consistent design and use of these parks.

                                              Table 7
Town of Middleton                                   13                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
                                         Neighborhood Parks Planning Process

                                                 TASK                                                RESPONSIBILITY
                                                   INFORMATION GATHERING
 Interested neighbors form Neighborhood Planning Committee (NH) to meet with the Parks               NH, PC
 Commission (PC).
 Neighborhood Planning Committee Conducts Preliminary Survey of Needs.                               NH
 Neighborhood Planning Committee conducts concept review with Parks Commission.                      NH, PC
 Parks Commission schedules/holds Public Hearing regarding potential park.                           PC
 Identify the Park Planner                                                                           NH/PC
 Site Description (park area, population demographics, existing natural resources, green space,      NH/PC/Planner
 trails, existing and potential access, topography, soils, drainage, and plant species.
                                                  MASTER PLAN GENERATION
 Description of Improvements                                                                         NH/Planner/PC
 Primary use including seasonal opportunities                                                        NH/Planner/PC
 Town and neighborhood parks integration                                                             NH/Planner/PC
 Access improvements required/desired                                                                NH/Planner/PC
 Integration of green space, features, trails                                                        NH/Planner/PC
 Preliminary drawing of site, landscaping plan                                                       NH/Planner/PC
 Preliminary cost estimates                                                                          NH/Planner/PC
                                                           FINAL PLAN
 Generate/approve final concept                                                                      NH/Planner/PC
 Generate detail site plan                                                                           Planner
 Generate grading plan (if required)                                                                 Town Engineer
 Generate equipment plan                                                                             NH/Planner
 Generate a funding plan                                                                             NH/Planner
                                                        IMPLEMENTATION
 Estimate construction costs                                                                         NH/Planner/PC
 Estimate maintenance cost/impact                                                                    Planner/PC
 Generate timing and phasing plan                                                                    NH/Planner/PC
 Priority assignment                                                                                 PC
 Finalize funding plan                                                                               NH/PC
 Obtain Town Board approval                                                                          Town Board
 Prepare Bid Documents and solicit bids                                                              Town Board
 Authorize/undertake park construction                                                               Town Board


                                          QUALITY CONTROL AND FUNCTION FEEDBACK
 Prepare/implement Annual Maintenance Plan                                                           PC
 Conduct monthly inspection                                                                          NH
 Conduct annual inspection                                                                           PC/NH
 Complete annual utilization review                                                                  PC/NH
 Identify corrective action plans                                                                    PC/NH/Maint.


Note:     NH – Neighborhood Planning Committee                       PC – Parks Commissions



Town of Middleton                                                    14                           Outdoor Recreation Plan
      D.     Recreational Opportunities

             Recreational opportunities include activities that require an organization to coordinate
             events and activities as well as those that can be accomplished individually. The
             baseball program and Bluebird basketball programs are examples of the former and
             hiking and ski trails are examples of the latter.

             Some of the organized recreation needs of Town residents are met by recreation
             programs in either the City of Middleton or the Village of Cross Plains. However, for
             many residents in the Town, these municipalities are quite distant and transportation
             to organized, recreational activities may not be convenient.

             A large number of Town residents participate in individual recreation programs such
             as hiking, equestrian activities, skiing, bicycling and walking. The Town has
             undertaken the design and development of an extensive network of trails utilizing
             Town park properties, recreational easements, private dedicated easements, and trails
             maintained by other entities such as the Ice Age Trail. Planning and implementation
             of such trails becomes more critical as development continues to increase in the
             Town. The Town should continue to acquire and develop access trails as development
             occurs.

             Some general guidelines are outlined below:

                   Preserve existing programs and provide the mechanism for expansion if
                    needed;
                   Provide a mechanism to support new programs if otherwise not available;
                   Recognize and support both organized and individual recreation needs.

             Recommendations:

                   Operating costs for organized recreational programs should be primarily self-
                    generated;
                   Improvements to facilities and major equipment will be recommended to the
                    Town Board by the Park Commission;
                   Rules and regulations for use must be established by the Park Commission;
                   All use of Town park facilities must be approved by the Town Parks
                    Commission;
                   Town funding for recreation programs should be approved by the Park
                    Commission and Town Board.

      E.     Natural Areas, Conservancy and Green Space Preservation

             Natural Areas, conservancy and green space areas reflect a general category that is
             comprised of one or more of the following:


Town of Middleton                                  15                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
                   Floodplains, marshes, and erosion control areas that include streams or ponds;
                   Areas of ecological value, featuring oak savannahs, native prairie, wildlife
                    habitat and nature preserves to be maintained as natural areas with minimal
                    development;
                   Areas of pure aesthetic value which can give an area its specific character;
                   Greenway links or routes between recreation areas and home sites or green
                    belts that can frame an area aesthetically.

             The conscientious identification, protection, and preservation of these areas is
             especially important for the Town of Middleton since much of its unique character is
             derived from these lands.

             A comprehensive survey of these areas was completed by James Zimmerman and
             Kenneth Kailing in 1990 titled Natural Systems Land Use Feasibility Study for the
             Town of Middleton, Wisconsin. This document is used extensively as a reference
             when the Town is considering land use decisions. Some of the identified areas that
             should be considered for protection are listed below:

                   The Terminal Moraine features the farthest penetration of the last Ice Age.
                    Located at the western edge of the Town, this area has gained the position of
                    national importance through the efforts of the Ice Age Organization;
                   Forests, oak savannahs, grasslands, native and non-native prairies, and
                    wetlands exist throughout the Town. Oak savannahs and native prairies
                    are rare and should be seriously considered for preservation as Town
                    natural areas. Other forests and grasslands should be evaluated for
                    preservation based on their size, species of plants, importance to the Town
                    landscape, and importance to the environment;
                   Undevelopable areas that contain ravines, trees, rocks, and brush surround
                    many of the subdivisions, farmlands, and rural home sites;
                   Significant woodlands, scenic view, high points, vistas, and natural recreation
                    occur throughout the Town. Examples of scenic views that have been
                    preserved are the high point of Moraine View Highland, Cherrywood Acre
                    Oak Savannah Conservancy, Noll Valley Oak Savannah and the Pope Farm.

             Some uses of these lands involve individual recreation in the form of hiking,
             equestrian activity, walking, cross-country skiing, fishing and bird watching as well as
             outdoor study facilities for school education classes, nature societies and the general
             public.

             The Town of Middleton has purchased 145 acres known as the Pope Farm. Funding
             for development is currently being sought from the DNR and Dane County. The land
             is used for passive recreation, open space, and protection of the Black Earth Creek,
             Sugar River/Pheasant Branch Creek Watersheds. A Master Plan for the Pope Farm
             was developed by Stephen Siodlarz while he was a senior student in the UW-Madison
             Department of Landscape Architecture. In 2003, the Park commission will adopt a

Town of Middleton                                  16                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
             development plan for Pope Farm Park.

             The 1998 survey indicated a high priority was placed on the acquisition and/or
             development of hiking trails and environmentally sensitive areas. The Town and the
             Park Commission recognize that these lands are significant and important to
             maintaining the Town‟s character. The Town must develop priorities, working
             policies and regulations to protect these areas.

             In addition to preservation of natural areas, the protection of conservancy and green
             space lands can serve as a way to set aside land that may be required as active
             parkland in the future but is not warranted by current demand. The technique would
             prevent the unfortunate situation where requirements for parkland occur in the future
             with no land available to provide it. It also delays the cost of development and
             maintenance until the population or demand is great enough to support development.
             This is a key concept where all or part of a parcel is left undeveloped as a form of a
             „land bank‟ for future use.

             The primary goals of a natural area, conservancy and green space preservation policy
             would be:

                   Preserve the character of the Town by protecting key natural lands and
                    features;
                   Provide a means to accept/acquire land for future development or
                    preservation;
                   Provide green space for community separation/boundary purposes;
                   Provide a means to protect and maintain the remaining rare natural areas
                    containing Oak Savannah or native prairie from disturbance and destruction.
                   Provide natural habitat for wildlife;
                   Provide access to the Town Trail System.

             Recommendations:

                   Identify all existing and potential natural, conservancy and green space areas;
                   Mark conservancy areas with proper signage and list on Parks Master Plan;
                   Develop sections of conservancy or green space on an as needed basis where
                    applicable;
                   Maintain natural areas “as is”, obtain guidance and assistance from qualified
                    local or state natural area experts or organizations in regard to maintenance,
                    such as burning, tree and brush removal, removal of noxious and invasive
                    non-native weed species, and the introduction of native species;
                   Maintain conservancy areas “as is” except for safety reasons (dead tree
                    removal) and removal of noxious weeds and invasive non-native species;
                   Develop access to the town trail system;



Town of Middleton                                  17                    Outdoor Recreation Plan
                   Acquire lands and/or facilitate development which provide permanent
                    community separation or boundaries between the Town and City of Middleton
                    and between the Town and the City of Madison;
                   Develop acquisition via donation and other low cost opportunities;
                   Develop guidelines for natural area, conservancy and green space acceptance
                    and upgrading;
                   Prepare grant applications to take advantage of state, county and federal
                    monies that may be available for green space acquisition programs.

F.    Special Need: Bicycle Safety

             Bicycle safety is an issue that does not fall into any of the previous categories. The
             main concern is safe access to parks, schools and Town recreation facilities.

             The Town has encouraged the development of subdivisions as a mechanism to
             maintain the integrity of the Town. Car and truck traffic has increased as a result of
             the development activities. In addition, the number of cyclists utilizing Town roads
             has also increased.

             Many subdivisions have significant populations of young people. They are limited to
             either parents‟ cars or bicycles for transportation. Attractors such as schools and
             nearby municipal facilities may result in instances wherein cyclists may use
             inadequate or potentially dangerous routes to access the facilities. Airport Road has
             been reconstructed to include bike lanes. The addition of bike lanes is a priority as
             other Town roads are reconstructed.

             The following routes have been identified as the most heavily traveled routes that
             require evaluation and potential improvement:

                   To West Middleton Elementary School from Pioneer Road and the
                    Subdivisions served by the school (approximately 2 miles);
                   Blackhawk Road to Twin Valley Road ( 2 miles);
                   West Old Sauk Road from the Town limits to Timber Lane (approximately 2.2
                    miles).

             Recommendations: The high cost of road or path construction and maintenance
             combined with limited financial resources and competing demands make the
             resolution of this issue difficult. The following recommendations should be
             considered as long-term solutions:

                   Target the short segments most in need of improvement as the first priority;
                   Seek design and funding assistance from Federal, State and County sources;
                   Target specific lands for acquisition of additional right-of-way or easements as
                    development occurs;
                   In some cases, coordinate funding and improvements with nearby

Town of Middleton                                  18                      Outdoor Recreation Plan
                    municipalities such as the City of Middleton;
                   Form a coalition of Town Board, Plan, and Parks Commissions to pool
                    resources and talents to make specific recommendations for a solution;
                   Control speed limits on selected Town roads particularly Blackhawk Road,
                    Old Sauk Road, Airport and Timber Lane;
                   Reconstruct Blackhawk Road and Old Sauk Road to include separate paved
                    bike lanes;
                   Bike/Pedestrian tunnel under Mineral Point Road near the West Middleton
                    Elementary School;
                   The Parks Commission should coordinate this endeavor.

V.    EXISTING RESOURCES AND FACILITIES

      A.     General Overview

             A comprehensive land use survey was conducted in 1995 to inventory existing Town
             park and recreation areas and potential residential developments located in the Town.
             The survey was updated in early 1998 in the preparation of this Plan. Comprehensive
             Parks Assessments were completed in 1996 and in 2000. The locations of the
             existing parks and recreation areas are shown on Map 1.

      B.     Town Owned Park and Recreation Facilities

             1.     Mini Parks

                    Vickiann Park,
                    Location: Vickiann and Ox Trail Way. This small park area (approximately
                    1.0 acre) has a free play field and is surrounded by residences. Development
                    of this park began in 1990, when it was graded by the National Guard; and
                    seeding, clean up, and some landscaping done by neighborhood residents. The
                    Town has added additional plantings and two sets of swings and playground
                    equipment. See Appendix A for the Vickiann Park aerial photo map.

                    Enchanted Valley Park:
                    Location: Westman Way In Enchanted Valley. This park is located in a rapidly
                    growing residential area and consists of 3 acres of land. Development of this
                    park began in 1988. The park contains a play structure, swings, volleyball
                    court, basketball court, baseball diamond with backstop, benches, soccer
                    goals, a picnic shelter with electrical service, some landscaping and a two stall
                    handicap parking area. Neighborhood residents did all of the initial
                    development work using materials provided by the Town. See Appendix B for
                    the Enchanted Valley Park aerial photo map.
             2.     Neighborhood Parks

                    Hickory Woods Park:
                    Location: Stonewood Drive-Hickory Woods. This park was originally 3.7
                    acres in size. In 1992, 8.8 acres were added with the platting of the Third
Town of Middleton                                 19                      Outdoor Recreation Plan
                    Addition. Park development began in 1989. Neighborhood residents did all of
                    the initial development work using materials provided by the Town. The park
                    was graded and seeded, landscaped, and trees planted in the early 1990s.
                    Improvements include play apparatus, a shelter (with electrical service), a hard
                    surface basketball court, a soccer field and a baseball diamond. Off-street
                    parking will be added in 2003. See Appendix C for the Hickory Woods Park
                    aerial photo map.

                    Cherrywood Acres Park:
                    Location: Mineral Point Road and Swoboda Road (North). This park, is
                    approximately 5.2 acres in size and has been improved with leveling, seeding,
                    and tree plantings. In 1997, the Town created one (1) soccer field and paved,
                    off-street parking. In 2000 and 2002, additional trees were planted. In 2001,
                    the parking area was expanded. See Appendix E for the Cherrywood Acres
                    aerial photo map.

                    Voss Park, Cherrywood:
                    Location: Mineral Point Road and Swoboda Road (South). Voss Park,
                    approximately 6.0 acres in size, is a flat, grassy piece of land on the SW corner
                    of Mineral Point Road and Swoboda Road. The park‟s perimeter has been
                    landscaped with over 100 trees and with some wildflower plantings around the
                    outside of the soccer fields. Off-street parking will be added in 2003. This
                    park adjoins a private 20.6-acre prairie restoration and pond area owned and
                    maintained by the Cherrywood Neighborhood Homeowners Association, Inc..
                    See Appendix F for the Voss Park aerial photo map.

                    Goth Park:
                    Location: West Old Sauk Road. This park, adjacent to the Pheasant Point and
                    Sauk Point Estates Subdivisions, and consisting of approximately 20 acres
                    was gifted to the Town by Royce Goth, see document number 2148244 as
                    recorded with Dane County for restricted uses. The Town has undertaken
                    substantial development efforts in the period of 1996 - 1998 including
                    grubbing and clearing of underbrush and undesirable trees, preparation of a
                    wild flower and native grass restoration area, installed 1 mile trail system for
                    hikers and walkers, and the installation of a landscaped parking lot. Since
                    then, several benches have been added. See Appendix G for the Goth Park
                    aerial photo map.


             3.     Community Parks

                    Pioneer Park:
                    Location: 7555 West Old Sauk Road. This 31.4 acre site was purchased in
                    1989 to provide a new site for the Town Hall and a new large park area for
                    organized sports, recreational land, and open space. The site is located on Old
                    Sauk Road, just west of Pioneer Road and was purchased with a 50%
Town of Middleton                                  20                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
                    matching grant from the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR).
                    The parkland portion consists of 26.9 acres, and the Town Hall portion is 4.5
                    acres and includes the 1998 addition that houses the West Precinct for the
                    Dane County Sheriff‟s Department. The parkland is deed restricted to park
                    and recreational uses. The Pioneer Park aerial photo map is found in Appendix
                    D.

                    The park currently includes the following facilities and amenities:
                            Regulation baseball field
                            Regulation softball field with lights
                            Softball field without lights
                            Regulation soccer field
                            Walking and hiking trails (gravel and paved)
                            Play apparatus
                            Two picnic shelters (one with electrical service)
                            Two ponds and a natural area with walking trail for wildlife viewing.
                            Concession stand and shelter with restroom facilities and electrical
                             service

                    Settlers Prairie Park:
                    Location: Airport Road and Bergamot Road. The Prairie Homes Estates plat
                    dedicated 8.4 acres for a park. In the spring of 1997, the Town purchased an
                    additional 12.7 acres of land adjacent to the original park area. The additional
                    land was acquired with the assistance of a 50% grant from the State
                    Stewardship Fund. In 1997, The Town created one (1) regulation soccer fields,
                    one (1) practice soccer field, a large shelter (with electrical service) and paved,
                    off-street parking. In 2000-2, extensive work was done on the west side of this
                    park-a baseball/soccer field, playground, walking trail and an off-street
                    parking lot were developed. A small portion of the park near Bergamot road
                    is restored as native prairie. The Settler‟s Prairie Park aerial photomap is in
                    Appendix H.

             4.     Natural Area, Conservancy and Green Space Preservation

                    The Town has many parcels of land that are designated as “parkland” on plat
                    maps. However, because of terrain, most of these parcels are not developable
                    as places for games, playgrounds, etc. The parcels consist mainly of steep,
                    wooded hillsides and ravines, or narrow outlots. Some of the parcels could
                    accommodate trails for hiking, but others are too steep to climb.
                    These lands have value, in the opinion of the Parks Commission, as wildlife
                    habitat, reservation of woods, and for erosion control, and should be
                    considered as nature parks. They should be reserved for nature trails, hiking
                    trails, cross-country trails, or other similar uses.

                    Some parklands in the Town are available for limited uses only. Others are
                    not intended for full development at this time, but may be developed at some
Town of Middleton                                  21                      Outdoor Recreation Plan
                    future date. Examples of this type of conserved land follow;

                    Applewood Hills: This Town owned 3.5-acre conservancy area is located in
                    the southeast corner of the Applewood Hills subdivision and abuts the City of
                    Madison Lois Lowry Park.

                    Cherrywood Nature Area (Sabaka Trail): This park is in the Cherrywood
                    development located behind lots one through four. It is 2.8 acres in size and
                    serves as a conservancy area.

                    Cherrywood Nature Area: This area is at the south end of Swoboda Road. It is
                    3.8 acres in size and serves as conservancy.

                    Cherrywood Acres (Oak Savannah Conservancy): This area, 1¼ acres in size,
                    is located at the north end of Swoboda Road and serves as a conservancy with
                    future restoration of Oak Savannah.

                    Ed Tallard Conservancy: This conservancy is named for Ed Tallard, a former
                    Chair of the Town who resigned in February 2002 after 31 years of service.
                    This 20.7-acre conservancy is in the City of Middleton and has 66 feet of
                    frontage on the north side of Airport Road approximately 1000 feet west of
                    Evergreen Road. In 1984, Rolf and Marie Quisling donated 20 acres to the
                    Town. In 2001, this land was traded to the City of Middleton for land that was
                    formerly the Quislings Christmas Tree and a small part of the Quisling Sod
                    Farm. The Town Board has offered to incorporate the eastern portion of this
                    property into the sports fields that the City of Middleton is developing. Trails
                    are being established among the evergreens.

                    Enchanted Valley Conservancy Area: This 2.8-acre area is part of the
                    Enchanted Valley Subdivision. Toepfer Road and an easement connect this
                    area to Enchanted Valley Park.

                    Hickory Woods Conservancy Area: This area is made up of four parcels of
                    land set aside for conservancy in the Hickory Woods Subdivision. The parcels
                    comprise a total of approximately 19.7 acres of land. The newly formed
                    Homeowners Association is considering asking the Town to open trails in
                    these areas.

                    Moraine Highland Conservancy: Approximately 1.5 acres at the northwest
                    corner of Mound View and Moraine Ridge Roads serves as a viewing area,
                    parking lot and public entrance to the 80 acre Valley View section of Ice Age
                    Trail.

                    Noll Valley Oak Savannah: This 5-acre natural area is located on the east
                    border of the Noll Valley Subdivision. This natural area was chosen for its
                    wonderful vistas and oak savannahs it has been designated for prairie/oak
Town of Middleton                                 22                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
                    savannah restoration, trails and scenic vistas, uses are restricted. In 1989 an
                    agreement with the developer and town regarding the management and use of
                    this natural area was recorded as document number 2123836 with Dane
                    County.

                    Pheasant Point Woods; This 3.2 acre woods contains many mature oak,
                    hickory and black walnut trees. Trails were constructed in the woods in 2002
                    and along the recreational trail easements that connect this woods to
                    Shoveler‟s Sink and to the trail system to the east.

                    Pope Farm: This 145-acre property was purchased as a natural area for prairie
                    restoration, recreational trails and wildlife viewing. One hundred five acres is
                    permanently restricted as open space. The easterly 39 acres is available for
                    other uses.

                    Valley Woods: This park is located at Valley Woods Circle and is ½ acre in
                    size. At the time that Valley Woods was platted, this parcel could not be
                    developed. The town may decide to sell this parcel.

                    White Oak Woodland: This is a 1.3 acre natural area on the north border of the
                    Noll Valley subdivision. It has been designated for woodland/savannah
                    restoration and uses are restricted. The Ice Age Trail traverses the east and
                    north boundaries of Noll Valley subdivision and passes through both Oak
                    Savannah Park and White Oak Woodland. In 1989 an agreement with the
                    developer and town regarding the management and use of this natural area was
                    recorded as document number 2123836 with Dane County.


      C. Privately Owned and Association Conservancy Land with Recreational
         Easements/Trails

                    Cardinal Point Estates: Over 20 acres of deed restricted private conservancy
                    area (outlots) are included in this subdivision. In 2002, the Town developed
                    over 1 mile of trails along the recreational easements in the outlots.

                    Cherrywood Acres; The Town owns a 15-foot wide recreational trail easement
                    around the entire perimeter of this plat. In 2002, a pedestrian trail was
                    developed on portions of the west side of the plat.

                    Cherrywood Neighborhood Homeowners Association, Inc; This 20-acre
                    recreation area consists of a prairie restoration area and a pond. The Town has
                    access via two recreational easements and abutting roads.




Town of Middleton                                 23                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
                    Glacier‟s End; The Ice Age Trail has received an easement over several
                    outlots in this plat. The Ice Age Trail has developed and maintains a trail from
                    Mid-Town road to Saracen Way.

                    Grandview Estates: A 30 foot wide public recreational easement is located on
                    the east side of the 14 acres of deed restricted private conservancy area.

                    Noll Valley; The Town owns a 4-foot wide easement along the west side of
                    the central conservancy area in this plat. The Town is working with the
                    Homeowners Association in order to develop this easement in 2003.

                    Northern Lights Estates; The Town gave this plat final approval in 2002. The
                    plat provides the Town with a recreational easement in the steep wooded
                    portion of the property. This easement links to the easement in the southern
                    portion of the 1st Addition of Prairie Homes Estates and hopefully will
                    eventually be part of a trail that links to Dane County‟s Old Lake Middleton
                    Park.

                    Pheasant Point-1st Addition: A 15' easement runs the entire length of the
                    southern and eastern boundaries of the subdivision. In 2002, most of the
                    easement was developed into usable pedestrian trail.

                    Prairie Home Estates: A 48.3-acre deed restricted private conservancy area is
                    included with this subdivision. Approximately 34 acres is being restored to
                    native prairie with the remainder of the conservancy in woodland, which could
                    possibly be restored to an oak savanna. In 2002, the Town developed
                    pedestrian trails along its easements.

                    Prairie Home Estates (1st Addition to): A 28 acre deed restricted private
                    conservancy area is included in this subdivision. The Town received an
                    easement for approximately one mile of recreation/nature trails. These trails
                    are scheduled for development in late 2002 and 2003.

                    Prairie Vista; The Town owns a recreational easement along the rear 30 feet of
                    Several lots fronting Black River Road. The Town is negotiating with Jim
                    Judd is order to relocate the easement onto his property. If the easement is
                    obtained from Jim Judd, the Town will have a continuous off road trail from
                    Goth Park to Pioneer Park.

                    Sauk Point Estates: 8.9 acres of deed restricted private conservancy area are
                    included in this subdivision. The Town received easements for extensive
                    lengths of recreational trails through the conservancy area. In 2001, the Town
                    built a 0.6 mile long graveled trail. The Town is negotiating with the
                    developer and a few landowners to re-align and develop the trail north of
                    Swoboda Road.

Town of Middleton                                 24                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
                    Sauk Prairie Estates: 8 acres of deed restricted private conservancy area are
                    included in this subdivision. In 2001, the Town received an easement and built
                    a 0.4 mile long graveled recreational trail through the conservancy area.

                    Stonebrook Estates: 61.2 acres of deed restricted private conservancy area are
                    included in this subdivision. In 2002, the Town developed a 0.6-mile long trail
                    along the recreational easement. The Town is working with the Homeowner‟s
                    Association in order to develop a better route for a bicycle trail.

                    Whispering Winds: 14.8 acres of deed restricted private conservancy area are
                    included in this subdivision. In 2001, the Town received an easement and paid
                    for the grading of recreational trails through the conservancy acres connecting
                    to the west edge of Hickory Woods Park. In 2002, the Town marked and
                    mowed a trail over this easement.

      D. County Owned Facilities In Town

             Dane County acquired land in 1993 that was originally part of the wetland area known
             as “Old Lake Middleton.” The property consists of approximately 79 acres and is
             located north of Highway 14 and west of the Middleton Industrial Park.

             The property was formerly part of the James Hinrichs farm and had been used as
             cropland for many years. The area was drained by means of extensive tiles and pumps
             in order to allow cultivation of crops. The Town is cooperating with the County in an
             effort to buy 23 acres of highland to the north. The County plans to acquire an
             additional 18 acres adjacent to the property and revert the area to a marsh/wetlands.
             Amenities for the facility will include a picnic area, hiking trails and a wildlife
             viewing area.

             Dane County is proposing to develop a trail along the Black Earth Creek/Hwy 14
             Corridor & Cross Plains/Festge Park to Indian Lake.

      E.     Privately Owned Facilities In Town of Middleton

             Blackhawk Ski Area:
             Location: Blackhawk Road. The Blackhawk Ski Area is a large, privately owned
             facility consisting of approximately 120 acres located north of Black hawk Road. The
             facility is used for ski jumping, athletic training, a “ropes challenge course,” hiking
             and cross-country bicycle racing.

             Tumbledown Golf Course:
             Location: West Mineral Point Road. Tumbledown Golf Course is an 18-hole golf
             facility that is open to the public. The course includes a clubhouse and practice
             facility.

      F.     City of Middleton Facilities
Town of Middleton                                  25                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
              The City of Middleton operates a broad based recreation program that is available to
              all residents of the Middleton-Cross Plains School District.

              The City of Middleton also owns and operates Pleasant View Golf Course, a 27-hole
              course located north of Blackhawk Road and west of Pleasant View Road. The course
              is open to the public on either a membership or daily fee basis. A new 9-hole addition
              opened in 2002.

              The City of Middleton also initiated operation of the new Walter Baumann Aquatics
              Center in 1998. The Town of Middleton contributed $250,000 toward the cost of
              construction through ten (10) annual payments of $25,000 each. Town residents are
              charged the same usage fees as City of Middleton residents. The City is planning to
              develop several soccer and baseball/softball fields along Airport Road.

       G.     School District Owned Facilities In Town

              1. West Middleton Elementary School

                     West Middleton Elementary School is located on the south side of Mineral
                     Point Road adjacent to Tumbledown Golf Course. The school site consists of
                     18 acres.

              2. Sunset Ridge Elementary School

                     Sunset Ridge Elementary School is located on the north side of Airport Road
                     adjacent to Enchanted Valley Subdivision. The school site consists of 40 acres

Both schools have Play Apparatus, a Soccer Field/s, Basketball Courts, a Gymnasium, Softball
Field/s, a Library and a Computer Lab.

       H.     Recreational Opportunities

              Baseball & Softball: The youth baseball program (which includes baseball, T-Ball and
              softball) has continued as a major youth activity since its inception in 1968. The
              program, centered at Pioneer Park, primarily includes players and coaches residing in
              the central-west or southwest part of the Town.

              Residents north of Highway 14 generally participate in City of Middleton baseball (if
              in the eastern area), or in the Village of Cross Plains (if in the western area),
              programs. These City/Village programs are open to all residents of the Middleton-
              Cross Plains School District, including Town residents.

              Residents in the southwest area find it difficult to participate in the City of Middleton
              program given the six to seven mile distance. City of Madison teams are not open to
              Town residents.

Town of Middleton                                    26                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
             Pioneer Park includes one regulation baseball field, a regulation softball field with
             lights, and another softball field. The Town provides the physical facilities (fencing,
             lights, bleachers, etc.). In addition, the Town has contributed $4,000 per year toward
             the operating expenses along with field maintenance, electricity, restroom supplies,
             fertilizer, etc.

             The West Middleton Baseball Association, a non-profit group, funds uniforms,
             tournament fees and umpires. The Association generates revenue through
             participation fees, facility use charges and profits from concession sales.

             Soccer: There are several soccer teams whose membership comes primarily from the
             Town. Soccer participation is very high among Town youth. The following is a
             listing of the location and number of soccer fields provided by the Town:
                      Pioneer Park (1), Voss Park (1), Cherrywood Acres (1), Hickory Woods (1),
                      Settlers Prairie (3) and Enchanted Valley (1).

             In addition, three additional soccer fields are available, one at Sunset Ridge
             Elementary School and two at West Middleton Elementary School.

             Basketball: There is an active youth basketball program, the “Bluebirds” centered at
             West Middleton Elementary School gym. Volunteers coach the “Bluebirds” team.
             The Town donates (monetarily) to this program annually. Children ages ten to
             fourteen are selected to participate based on age, skill, and order of sign-up. The
             program runs from November through March each year.

             Hiking/Equestrian Activity/Walking/Cross-Country Skiing: Town residents presently
             use both public and private lands for hiking, equestrian activities, walking and cross-
             country skiing. As the open lands are developed into home sites, consideration is
             given to preserving access space for these trail-related activities.

             The Ice Age Trail, currently being developed in the State of Wisconsin, transverses
             terrain that is located in the Town. The Town continues to cooperate with the
             development of this National Trail as it traverses lands within the Town. The Noll
             Valley Plat has provided easements to the Ice Age Trail and Moraine Highland
             includes access and trail property (see Map 1). In addition, Glacier‟s End Plat also
             provides access to the Ice Age Trail.

             Golf: Tumble Down Trails Golf Course is open to the public on a daily fee basis.
             The Pleasant View Golf Course (a municipal golf course owned and operated by the
             City of Middleton) adjoins Town land Pleasant View Golf Course is also open to the
             public on a daily fee basis.

             Skiing - Downhill, Cross-country, Jumping: Blackhawk Ski Club, located off
             Blackhawk Road in the Town of Middleton has a downhill ski area, cross-country ski
             trails, and ski jumping facilities. Membership is a requirement for use of the
             facilities. Instructional programs are available.
Town of Middleton                                  27                      Outdoor Recreation Plan
             Swimming/Water Activities: The Town of Middleton has entered into an
             Intergovernmental Agreement regarding access to and use of the new Middleton
             Aquatics Center. As mentioned above, the Town is contributing ten (10) annual
             payments of $25,000 toward the capital cost of the Aquatics Center.

             Bicycling: The Town has approximately 1 mile of graveled bicycle trails. However,
             Town roads are heavily used by both residents and non-residents for recreational and
             transportation biking.



VI.   ACTION PLAN

             The Town Parks Commission has developed an action plan to meet existing and
             future parks and recreation needs. The action plan is based on prior park plans of the
             Town, on the 1998 Town survey of park and recreation needs, on the current
             development of policy of the Town Plan Commission and Town Board, and on
             recommendations of the Department of Natural Resources.

             The action plan is organized into five categories: 1) general recommendations;
             2) trails plan; 3) neighborhood parks; 4) recreational opportunities; and,
             5) natural areas, conservancy and green space.

      A.     General Recommendations

             1)     Development and maintenance of parks is an appropriate function of Town
                    government. Overall planning should be done by the Town Parks
                    Commission, the Town Plan Commission and the Town Board. Specific site
                    planning and scheduling of development (or desired non-development) should
                    be decided with strong input by neighborhoods and/or interest groups. Town
                    government, more than other governments, is dependent on the will of the
                    people. Strong input by residents is necessary for any successful development
                    to occur.

             2)     The Town park, recreation, and open space planning process should be
                    coordinated with the Town‟s comprehensive planning effort.


             3)     The Town should make maximum use of Federal and State grant opportunities
                    to help with land acquisition efforts and the development of park and
                    recreation improvements.

             4)     The annual cost of maintaining neighborhood parks and the community parks
                    should be planned so as not to exceed available and future Town resources.

Town of Middleton                                 28                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
             5)     Civic, service, individual, and neighborhood donations of time, money and
                    materials should be encouraged.

             6)     The Town Parks Plan should be updated on a continuing basis, so as to
                    maintain constant eligibility for Federal and State funding. This updating
                    should include a frequent review of desired capital improvements, addition of
                    any new parklands, and a review of Town resident desires on a regular basis -
                    at least every five years. As residents‟ needs and desires change, the priorities
                    of this plan should be revised.

             7)     Where appropriate, the Town should give support to „lifetime‟ recreational
                    activities, equestrian activities, hiking, skiing, bicycling, dog walking etc.

             8)     The Town and school district should continue and expand their agreement
                    concerning use of district recreational facilities. The advantages of such an
                    agreement include avoidance of facility duplication, combined use of prime
                    land, monetary savings to the Town and the school district, and greater
                    diversity in recreational opportunities.

             9)     The Town should encourage cluster development in growing residential areas.
                     In cluster development, residential streets are characterized by a compact
                    curvalinear design and the reduction of the total area devoted to thoroughfares
                    and individual lots, allowing for more open space acreage. Common open
                    space is organized in linear and modular units throughout a residential area.
                    These greenway units connect homes to schools, shopping and recreational
                    areas.

             10)    The Town should foster a solid working relationship with the DNR District
                    Office. This relationship can keep the Town informed on State and Federal
                    funding, facilitate grant requests, and encourage well-planned development.

      B.     Linear Park: Trails Plan

             The Trails Plan is an important component of the Town‟s Park and Recreation Plan.
             It is the feature that serves to link all of the other park, conservancy and community
             resources together. A linear park is defined as “[An] area developed for one or more
             varying modes of recreational travel”. For those who use bicycles, it may also serve
             commuter travel.

             Prior to 1994, recreational easements were created across lots in platted areas. Since
             the Town did not have a comprehensive trails plan, many of these trail easements
             were not marked or developed. In some cases property owners have taken actions
             (landscaped, planted trees, built fences or walls) that impede the easement. The Town
             needs to work with the property owners to stop further degradation, to remove the
             obstructions, and to minimize the effects of trail usage. All other trail easements
             should be developed and marked so that neighbors will be able to find, use and enjoy
Town of Middleton                                  29                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
             the trails and so that purchasers of any such lots are fully aware of the easements and
             its usage.

             Since 1994, the Town has obtained recreational easements in the outlots of each new
             subdivision. These easements have added over 6 miles to the trail system. In 2002,
             the Town started a determined effort to develop and mark trails on these easements.

             In 1999, the Town acquired the 145-acre “Pope Farm.” The westerly 105 acres is
             restricted to open space uses.

             Recently, more than 100 residents Town residents have become interested in the Pope
             Farm for equestrian use. Their requests for multi-use trails are presently under
             consideration. The Pope Farm may have merit as a park where multi-use trails will
             exist.

             Bicycle safety is already identified as a special need. The Trails Plan can work to
             alleviate many of the problems related to bicycle safety, especially those related to
             cars and bicycles and pedestrians sharing the same thoroughfare. The appropriate
             modes of travel and recreation for the Town of Middleton‟s Trail‟s Plan include:
             walking, hiking, equestrian use, biking, and cross-country skiing. Active play areas
             may be included in the design of the Trails Plan.

             Since 1994, each new subdivision has deeded recreational trail easements to the
             Town. In 1999, the Town acquired the Pope Farm. Recently several Town residents
             have asked that this property permit equestrian uses along with the recreational trails
             to be developed in this park. The Parks commission is developing plans and rules for
             equestrian use and will submit them to the board for its consideration and possible
             approval.

             In an effort to link developed areas and natural resources, the following corridors
             were designated (See Map 2):

             1)     East-West: There are several east-west corridors providing access to and from
                    subdivisions, parks, schools and, in the southwest corner of the Town, the Ice
                    Age Trail. In order to assist the County in the development of a major east-
                    west trail through the Town, the Town will attempt to develop a trail/s along
                    the Black Earth Creek and/or along the highlands north of U.S. Highway 14.


             2)     North-South: A major north-south corridor is planned starting at Bronner
                    Road through the highlands to Pope Park and then possibly splitting to follow
                    along Pioneer Road and/or following a route farther west and then linking up
                    to the Cherrywood Subdivisions.

             The Town has partnered with the National Parks Service in order to plan and develop
             a comprehensive trail system in the Town and linking to trails and resource areas
Town of Middleton                                  30                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
             outside the Town. As development occurs we will continue to expand the trail system.
             The Town will seek funding for trail development in State, Federal, County, Town
             and Private sources.

             Reports such as “Omaha Recreation Trails: Their effect on Property Values and
             Public Safety,” Dr. Donald Greer, Project Director has been a valuable resource.
             Along with assistance from the National Park Service this report indicates “the clear
             majority of residents (63.8%) who bought their homes after the construction of the
             trails reported that the trail had positively influenced their purchase decision”.

      C.     Community Parks

             1)     Complete Pioneer Park as planned.
             2)     Seek expansion of Pioneer Park as adjacent areas are developed.
             3)     Complete the planning and development of Settlers Prairie Park.
             4)     Continue to meet ADA requirements to maintain and improve accessibility.

      D.     Neighborhood Parks

             1)     The Town has developable land in most existing platted areas to meet minimal
                    needs for neighborhood park space. The Town currently has a subdivision
                    ordinance requiring donation of land, or a cash contribution in lieu of land, for
                    parks and recreational opportunities. As lands within or near subdivisions are
                    developed, consideration should be given to adding to existing parkland or
                    providing new areas to meet the needs of an increasing population.

             2)     As developments are planned, consideration should be given to identifying
                    and facilitating access to off-the-road access paths to parks from all areas of
                    the development.

             3)     Neighborhood park development should proceed only when desired by a
                    majority of the residents of the neighborhood. Particular uses and design
                    should be determined only with neighborhood input. The Town continues to
                    anticipate that the residents of the immediate area are willing to provide help
                    with both money and labor in order to acquire/develop desired facilities.

             4)     Park development should be accomplished over a period of years, in a manner
                    that is equitable to all neighborhoods throughout the Town.

             5)     Various neighborhood parks may develop very differently, based on needs,
                    desires, and the individual circumstances of each area.

             6)     It is recognized that in undeveloped areas of the Town, the recreational needs
                    of the population will need to be met in other ways. Providing neighborhood
                    parks in small subdivisions would be cost-prohibitive. Community parks
                    should provide a method for meeting many of these needs.

Town of Middleton                                  31                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
             7)     Neighborhood parks should be designed with the following things considered
                    for inclusion: playgrounds, open fields for free play, trails, landscaping,
                    seating/picnic areas, nature areas, shelter, storage areas. The parks should be
                    accessible by all ages and by handicapped persons.

             8)     Design of parks should attempt to minimize maintenance requirements.

             9)     Dependent upon type of activities planned for a park, consideration should be
                    given to on-site automobile parking needs.

      E.     Recreational Opportunities

             1)     Bicycle routes are a concern of many people in the Town. The acquisition
                    and/or development of additional bikeways were identified as a top priority in
                    the 1998 survey of Town residents. The Town is a major route for bicyclists
                    traveling from Madison to western parts of Dane County. A number of Town
                    residents, particularly children, use Town roads for travel to and from school
                    and other destinations. The Town recently reduced speed limits on several
                    Town roads that experience a high volume of bike traffic.

                    Plans should be considered for both off and on road bicycle routes, attempting
                    to connect major facilities, including parks and schools, with residential areas.

                    Routes should be signed to direct bicyclists and to alert motorists. The road
                    routes should be marked by demarcational striping (unbroken white) between
                    four and eight inches in width. A two way bicycle path should be at least six
                    feet in width, preferably eight feet. Design criteria can be obtained in a joint
                    publication by the Department of Transportation and the Department of
                    Natural Resources, Guidelines for Developing Rural Bike Routes. Funding is
                    available from the State to assist with developing bike routes.

             2)     The Town has a number of park lands that could be used to provide hiking,
                    cross-country skiing, equestrian, or nature trails. Development of such trails
                    should be given consideration in the parks budget. Use of other organizations
                    (Ice Age Trail), and of volunteers to develop and maintain such trails should
                    be encouraged.



             3)     Existing recreational opportunities, such as the baseball, basketball, and soccer
                    programs should be given the full cooperation and support of the Town.
                    Volunteer activity should be encouraged, and private funding methods used,
                    whenever possible.


      F.     Natural Areas, Conservancy and Green Space Preservation


Town of Middleton                                  32                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
              1)     The Town has several areas of land that are steep heavily wooded, water
                     drainage paths, or a combination of the above. These are not likely to be
                     developed as parkland. However, they serve a function as nature areas,
                     drainage control, woodland conservation, wildlife habitat, erosion control, and
                     just as attractive landscape in the Town. The quality of these areas should be
                     protected by prohibiting dumping of trash and other noxious uses.

              2)     The Town should encourage the preservation of open spaces, greenways,
                     wetlands, woodland, natural areas, and scenic areas. As urbanization
                     continues in the Town of Middleton, preservation of these areas through
                     public or private ownership will assist in maintaining the traditional visual
                     character of the Town.

                     Private ownership should be encouraged if public access is not a concern.
                     When public access and enjoyment of an area is desired, the Town should
                     promote public ownership, via donations, purchase by the Town, or purchase
                     with the County, State or Federal funding assistance. When protection of the
                     character of land is desired, the Town could obtain restriction or covenants.

              3)     Public lands should be clearly marked and enforcement resources should be
                     available to prevent littering, dumping of trash and other noxious materials.
                     Public access to these lands should be encouraged.

              4)     The Town should use all available mechanisms, including denial of
                     development proposals, to prevent development in resource preservation
                     areas.

              5)     As time and money permit, some of these areas may be suitable for trail
                     development, if desired.


VII.   IMPLEMENTATION AND FUNDING PLAN

       Adoption of this plan by the Town Board, Plan and Parks Commissions is fundamental and
       the first step toward implementation of this plan. The Town of Middleton Parks Commission
       will initiate implementation by project according to the following priority.

       A.     Priority Projects (immediate needs in order of importance):

              1)     Expand Pioneer Park through additional land acquisition.
              2)     Adopt and Implement a Pope Farm Park Master Development Plan.
              3)     Develop and implement an aggressive acquisition program aimed at
                     preserving environmentally sensitive and native natural area sites. (Black
                     Earth Creek Corridor, Oak Savannahs and Prairie).
              4)     Continue the development of the Town Trail System.
              4)     Linear Parks and Trails plan to coincide with Dane County, City of Middleton,
Town of Middleton                                   33                     Outdoor Recreation Plan
                    City of Madison and Ice Age Trail Plans.
             5)     Complete development of Settlers Prairie Park.
             6)     Complete development of Goth Park and Hickory Woods.
             7)     Complete construction and development of additional soccer facilities.
             8)     Provide for additional baseball facilities as the need requires.
             9)     Survey existing and potential conservancy site and establish acceptance
                    criteria.
             10)    Improve cyclist routes in the Town.


      B.     Funding Plan

             In general, the Parks Commission recommends the lowest cost approach to
             establishment of a quality parks system by following these guidelines:

             1)     Acquire land through developer dedications or cash donation in lieu of land.
             2)     Acquire and develop parkland with County, State and Federal matching funds.
             3)     Encourage landowners abutting Town parks to gift lands to the Town.
             4)     Encourage resident participation in planning and implementation of
                    neighborhood parks.
             5)     Reduce consultant fees by identifying and increasing Town capability and
                    encouraging low or no cost planning (UW-Madison Landscape Architecture
                    student projects).
             6)     Effective and thorough planning to eliminate waste and to increase utilization.
             7)     Encourage natural area organizations such as The Prairie Enthusiasts to assist
                    or management town Oak Savannah and Prairie natural areas.

             Existing and future funds from fees collected in lieu of land are to be utilized for
             capital improvements in the high priority projects. Additional park funding will come
             from a combination of the sale of Town owned lands, Federal, State, County and
             Non-Profit Organization matching grants, and the annual parks budget. Maintenance
             of all parks will be funded from the Town‟s general fund.




VIII. FIVE (5) YEAR CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PLAN

      The development and adoption of a rolling five (5) year Capital Improvement Plan represents
      the basic document on which the Parks Commission will rely when establishing acquisition
      and development efforts and priorities. The Facilities Improvement Program is shown in
      Appendix J.


IX.   RECURRING ANNUAL OPERATING PLAN
Town of Middleton                                 34                    Outdoor Recreation Plan
              An important component of the Town‟s Outdoor Recreation Plan involves planning for and
              completing operation and maintenance items that occur and recur each year. Each year the
              Town has a significant General Fund expense to fund annual operations and maintenance
              plan for Town parks, recreation areas and green space areas. In addition to those expenses for
              those purposes, 70% of the money that the town receives from the Room Tax is transferred to
              the Segregated Parks Fund to promote tourism by improving the parks and trails.


     X.       UPDATES AND ANNUAL REVIEWS

              The Outdoor Recreation Plan is not intended to be a static document; rather, the Plan will
              continue to evolve as the Town‟s population increases, new priorities are identified and
              capital improvement priorities are accomplished.

              The Outdoor Recreation Plan shall be reviewed each year and updated as needed. The Parks
              Commission shall hold a Public Hearing as needed for the purpose of informing Town
              residents about the Outdoor Recreation Plan and modifications thereto. Following the Public
              Hearing, the Parks Commission shall recommend the adoption of the Outdoor Recreation
              Plan, as amended, to the Town of Middleton Board of Supervisors.

              The Parks Commission conducted a survey of Town residents in 1998 and plans to do
              another survey in 2005 for the purpose of soliciting public input regarding the parks,
              recreation, conservancy and green space needs of the Town of Middleton. See Appendix K
              for a summary of the 1998 survey results.

              The Parks Commission shall incorporate funding designed to meet the Capital Improvement
              Plan and the Annual Operating Plan in the Parks and Recreation Budget submitted to the
              Town Board in September or October of each year.


                                               Appendices A-H
     These appendices are aerial photo maps of various parks. The maps are available with the hard copy
     and are being added to the web site version of this plan.




                                             Appendix I
Facility                 Item                                   2003   2004    2005    2006   2007

Pope Farm                Establish Trails                       X
                         Plant Prairie & Oak Savannah           X      X
                         Establish Entrance/s                   X
                         Build Shelters/Picnic Areas            X      X
                         Build Parking Lots                     X      X

Linear Parks/Trails      Mark and Develop                       X      X       X       X      X
     Town of Middleton                                     35                      Outdoor Recreation Plan
Hickory Woods             Establish off Street Parking                X   X
                          Develop Trails & Prairie                    X   X   X       X      X

Pioneer Park              Electric Service to Shelters                X
                          Expand Park to South & West                 X   X   X       X      X
                          Improve third Baseball Field                X
                          Develop Soccer Fields after Exp.                X   X       X      X
                          Develop Baseball Fields after Exp.              X   X       X      X
                          Construct All-Weather Shelter                                      X
                          Develop Trails in Expansion Area                X   X       X      X
                          Develop Parking for Gazebo                  X
                          Continue Plantings                          X   X   X       X      X

Cherrywood Acres          Continue Plantings                          X   X   X       X      X

Voss Park                 Establish Off Street Parking                X
                          Establish Baseball Field                    X   X

Settlers Prairie Park     Baseball Backstop and Fencing               X
                          Dirt Baseball Infield
                          Install Restroom Facilities                                        X
                          Continue Plantings                          X   X   X       X      X
                          Mark Connections w/ Trail System            X

Goth Park                 Install Trail Signage                       X
                          Link Trails to Trail Easements              X
                          Construct Shelter/Ed. Center                                       X
                          Establish Prairie Area                      X   X   X       X      X
                          Restore Oak Savannah                        X   X   X       X      X
                          Improve Grape Arbor                         X

Enchanted Valley          Continue Plantings                          X


Vickiann Park             Remove Invasive Trees and Bushes            X
                          Continue Plantings                          X   X
                          Backstop Fence                              X
Natural and Conservancy   Remove Invasive Species/Restore Oak         X   X   X       X      X
Areas                     Savannah


                                                         Trail Maps
     The photo maps of the trails are available with the hard copy and are being added to the web site
     version of this plan.




     Town of Middleton                                          36                Outdoor Recreation Plan

				
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