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Anni_Weiler_-_Target_groups_Presentation

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Anni_Weiler_-_Target_groups_Presentation Powered By Docstoc
					Anni Weiler
AWWW GmbH, Göttingen, Germany



The need for a target group approach
in the post Lisbon context?

People with disabilities, older workers,
young people, migrants and women


                                           1
                           Perspective


Equality – Anti-Discrimination



  Post-2010 European Employment Strategy




     Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?     Brussels
     Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                 23.11.2009
                              European Employment Strategy
             People
              with
           disabilities
                                                                                            Employment
  Older                                                                                      potential
 workers
                                                                                               Quality of
                                                                                                work
               Target                                                   Ageing and               Human
Young
people
               group Integrated target                                   shrinking               capital
               policies group approach                                   workforce
                                                                                                  Skills


Migrants                                                                                     Competences


            Women                 Population projections


            Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?       Brussels
            Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                   23.11.2009
People with disabilities




                           4
                                                                People with disabilities
  Definition:
   ‘Disability covers both physical and mental
   impairments and covers all employees who
   might be hampered in work and performance.
   This includes people with long-term or
   progressive conditions as well as people with
   more stable disorders’ (EASHW)
EU disability policy:
Rights-based approach
                                        Dynamic process
                                         Prevention
      Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?     Brussels
      Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                 23.11.2009
                                                               People with disabilities



Congenital conditions / Accident trauma

Most disabilities develop during adult life

Many are not visible

Main cause: stress-related disorders


     Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?     Brussels
     Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                 23.11.2009
                                                             People with disabilities



Lower participation in education

Lower educational qualifications

Lower employment rates

Under-utilisation of qualifications

   Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?     Brussels
   Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                 23.11.2009
                                                             People with disabilities


   Integrated guidelines
General introduction:
  Reducing employment gaps
Guideline 18:
  Combating discrimination
  Promoting access to employment



   Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?     Brussels
   Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                 23.11.2009
                                                                People with disabilities

                Post-2010 EES
 Inclusion in integrated target group
 approach
 Improvement of situation
 Prevention
 Link with policies for ageing workforce
Monitoring indicators:
 Currently: quantitative access to employment
 All relevant issues
 Interventions for prevention
      Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?     Brussels
      Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                 23.11.2009
Older workers




                10
                                                                                   Older workers

        Lisbon Strategy targets
Activity rate, %                                     Employment rate, %

              2000              2008                                        2000        2008
Total         39.7              48.1                 Total                  36.9        45.6
Women         29.6              38.8                 Women                  27.4        36.9
Men           50.6              57.9                 Men                    47.1        55.0

                                                        2000              2007
                                  Total                 59.9              61.2
Exit age: years
                                  Women                 59.4              60.5
                                  Men                   60.4              61.9

        Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?       Brussels
        Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                   23.11.2009
                                                                              Older workers
Integrated guidelines

Guideline 17:
  Target and benchmarks
Guideline 18:
  Support for active ageing
  Appropriate working conditions




   Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?       Brussels
   Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                   23.11.2009
                                                                               Older workers
      Post-2010 EES

Inclusion in integrated target group approach

Policy focus on all age groups

Quality in work – maintain work ability

Adaptation of working conditions, if required

Lifelong learning – well-being at work


    Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?       Brussels
    Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                   23.11.2009
Young people




               14
                                                                                                                      Young people
                       Youth Unemployment rates July 2009, %
45,0
                                                                                    Total              Women                    Men
40,0


35,0


30,0


25,0


20,0


15,0


10,0


 5,0


 0,0




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                      Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?                                     Brussels
                      Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                                                 23.11.2009
                                                                                      Young people
Critical issues

NEETs         37.3 % (15-24 years as % of population in same age group)

Early school-leavers                            Benchmark: 10 %
                       2000: 17.6 % 2007: 15.2 %
Educational attainment Benchmark: 85 % of 22 year olds
                       Women: 13.2 % Men: 17.2%
                       2000: 76.6 % 2008: 78.5 %
Temporary employment Women: 81.4
                      40 %                                                        Men: 75.7

Registration with disabilities
Mental health problems
    Transition from school into inactivity
      Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?           Brussels
      Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                       23.11.2009
                                                                                      Young people
Integrated guidelines
Introduction: intergenerational approach
  Guideline 17
   Increase employment rates
   Improve labour market situation
   Reduce youth unemployment
 Guideline 18
   Build employment pathways
   Reduce youth unemployment
  Guideline 22:
   Educational attainment levels
   Key competences
   Early school-leavers

      Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?           Brussels
      Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                       23.11.2009
                                                                                    Young people
    Post-2010 EES

Inclusion in integrated target group approach

Effective integration into employment

Stable employment

Key competences and skills



    Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?           Brussels
    Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                       23.11.2009
Migrants




           19
                                                                                      Migrants

 Main source of population growth

European migration policy


Integrate                                          Attract
 Residing migrants                                      Global competition
 Employment potential                                   Labour and skill shortages
 Qualification potential                                      Identify
                                                              Meet


      Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?        Brussels
      Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                    23.11.2009
                                                                                       Migrants
               Post-2010 EES
Integrated guidelines:
• GL 18: Need to integrate migrants
• GL 19: Additional labour supply from immigration
• GL 20: ‘Appropriate management of economic migration’


Complexity of migration

   Inclusion in integrated target group
   approach
   Monitoring and adequate data

       Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?        Brussels
       Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                    23.11.2009
Women




        22
                                                                                                                     Women

                                Gender employment gap
40,0



35,0



30,0



25,0



20,0



15,0



10,0



 5,0



 0,0




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                                                           Gap   Gap in fulltime equivalent


                           Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?                    Brussels
                           Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                                23.11.2009
                                                                                    Women
       Gender equality

Positive impact  Increased economic growth

Main resource for employment growth


           Gender-perspective:
           high priority in the post-2010 EES



    Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?      Brussels
    Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                  23.11.2009
                                                                                       Women
Strategic post-2010 concepts
  Desegregation policies
   Segregation hampers efficient allocation of labour supply
   Mixed employment areas: less skills and labour shortages

  Shifts in employment: Sectors and occupations

  Closing gender gaps in employment




       Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?      Brussels
       Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                  23.11.2009
                                                                                    Women
     Gender pay gap
Persistence
Stagnating – widening
Integrated Guideline 18:
‘resolute action …to reduce gender gaps in … pay’
   No benchmark set
   Misplaced
   Broader policy framework required
Integrated Guideline 22
Comprehensive approach – pay structures and pay
determination

    Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?      Brussels
    Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                  23.11.2009
      Integrated target group approach
                                                               Occupational needs, key
                                                               competences
Increase labour supply                          GL 24
                               GL 17                             GL 23 Human capital


‘Collecting basin’ GL 18                         EES                    GL 22


                               GL 19                             GL 21                      Integration
                                                GL 20                                       Balance
                                                            Anticipation skill needs
                                                            Labour shortages, bottlenecks
            Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?           Brussels
            Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                       23.11.2009
Integrated target group approach
Comprehensive general policy approach
Coherent policy mix
Well-informed strategic policy
management across all target groups
Identification of skills needs / labour
shortages (countries, sectors,
occupations)
Volume and composition of domestic and
migrant workforce

   Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?     Brussels
   Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                 23.11.2009
Monitoring of post-2010 Strategy

Cross-cutting perspective
Indicators: referring to all target groups
Development of integrated approach




   Anni Weiler: The need for a target group approach in the post Lisbon context?     Brussels
   Mutual Learning Programme - Autumn 2009 Seminar                                 23.11.2009
Thank you for your attention!




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