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122a2677-0d00-43c2-a490-db4a5814f116.doc SPORTS VOCABULARY competition /kmpi’tin/ verseny to be involved in regular sports activities /invlvd regjul sp:t rendszeresen sportolni k’tivti/ Physical Education /fizikl edju:’kein/ testnevelés muscle /msl/ izom tracks /trks/ futópálya outdoor /autd:/ szabadtéri warming-up exercises /w:mi p ekssaiz/ bemelegítés track and field events /trk nd fild i:vnts/ ugró-, dobó-, futószá. javelin throwing /dvlin r:i/ gerelyhajítás slalom racing /sl:lm reici/ műlesiklás hop-skip-and-jump /hp skip nd dmp/ hármasugrás bob-sleighing /bb slejin/ bob rink /rink/ korcsolyapálya to snowball /snoub:l/ hógolyózni aquatics /’kwtiks/ vízi sportok high-diving /hai daivi/ toronyugrás diving /daivi/ búvárkodás breaststroke /breststr:k/ mellúszás rowing /roui/ evezés backstroke /bkstr:k/ hátúszás butterfly /btflai/ pillangó fencing /fensi/ vívás crawl, free style /cr:l, fri: style/ gyorsúszás pentathlon /pen’tln/ öttusa show jumping /ou jmpi/ díjugratás final /fainl/ döntő harness horse racing /h:nis h:s reici/ fogathajtás world championship /w:ld tmpjnhip/ világbajnokság semi-final /semi fainl/ elődöntő soccer /sk/ futball darts /d:ts/ célbadobó játék motor racing /mout/ autóversenyzés fan /fn/ drukker to support a team /s’p:t tI:m/ szurkolni Hungarian League /hn’gerin li:g/ nemzeti bajnokság First Division /f:st di’vin/ első osztály selected team /si’lektid ti:m/ válogatott coach /kout/ edző rival/ opponent /raivl, ’pounnt ellenfél to break a record /breik rek:d/ rekordot felállítani replay /ri:plei/ visszajátszás action /kn/ helyzet to pull a muscle izomláza van hooliganism /hu:lignizm/ huliganizmus to preserve /pri’z:v/ megőrizni will-power /wil pau/ akaraterő 1 122a2677-0d00-43c2-a490-db4a5814f116.doc podium /poudim/ dobogó uplifting /plifti/ felemelő national anthem /nnl nm/ himnnusz bowling alley /bouli li/ tekepálya to serve the ball /s:v :l/ szervál victory ceremonies /viktri serimni/ díjkiosztó ünnepség team-mate /ti:m meit/ csapattárs to feed the ball to sy /fi:d/ továbbítja a labdá vlkinek sport event sport esemény to do exercises tornázni volleyball /vlib:l/ röplabda handball /hndb:l/ kézilabda basketball /b:skitb:l/ kosárlabda badminton bdmintn/ tollaslabda half-time score /h:f taim sk:/ félidei eredmény result /ri’zlt/ eredmény final result /fainl/ végeredmény to shoot shot shot /u:t, t/ lőni tennis court /tenis k:t/ teniszpálya to hit hit hit /hit/ ütni table tennis /teibl tenis/ asztali tenisz weight-lifting /weit lifti/ súlyemelés discus throwing /disks r:i/ diszkoszvetés shot-putting /t puti/ súlylökés boxing /bksi/ box cycling /saikli/ kerékpáros wrestling /resli/ bírkózás to win won won /win, wn/ nyerni to lose lost lost /lu:z, lst/ veszíteni winner /win/ győztes loser /lu:z/ vesztes I swim butterfly - pillangón úszni championship - bajnokság Olympic Games /’limpik geims/ olimpiai játékok champion /tmpjn/ bajnok to set set set a record /set/ rekordot állít fel bronze medal /brnz medl/ bronzérem cup /kp/ kupa training /treini/ edzés gold medal /gould/ aranyérem silver medal /silv/ ezüst érem Exercises 1. Can you put the opposites or pairs together? a sportsman a) to lose b. indoor games b) an amateur c) to win c)the visiting team d) to take up a sport a backhand drive e) a professional e) give up a sport f) to play doubles f)an outside right 2 122a2677-0d00-43c2-a490-db4a5814f116.doc g) a forehand drive g) outdoor games h) a hard court h) the final score breaststroke i) to play singles jj the half time score j) a sportswoman k) the home team k) backstroke l) an inside left l) a grass court 2.. * Which of the nouns given in A and B have the same or similar meanings? Make up pairs. 1. a contest a) Rugby Football 2. a coach b) Association Football 3. to defeat c) the score 4. rugger d) sailing 5. soccer e) a trainer 6. yachting f) to beat 7. mountain climbing g) a competition 8. the result h) to go in for a sport 9. to take up a sport i) mountaineering 3. Give definitions of the following or put them into sentences to show their meanings. a) a sports club b) a champion c) a supporter d) a record e) a sports ground g) a draw h) a football fan i) a championship j) a record holder k) a gold medallist l) a coach m) a gymnasium n) a Cup Final o) a qualifying heat 4. What's the difference between the following. a) a championship, a competition, a tournament b) a set, a game, a match c) rowing and sailing d) boxing and wrestling e) basketball and baseball f) ice-skating and roller skating g) a playground and a sportsground? 5. Put the following sports in the right column! Athletics Aquatics Winter sports Ball games READING SOME SPORT RECORDS THE OLDEST Archery dates back a long way. Even 8000 years B.C. it was used for hunting. Homer's Iliad tells us that archery had become a proper sport, with precise rules and organised competitions by the l2th century B.C. However, running and wrestling are the oldest sporting activities that resemble our present-day sports: the first competitions took place between 2750-2600 B.C. THE FASTEST 3 122a2677-0d00-43c2-a490-db4a5814f116.doc Try to guess in which sport man reaches the highest speed (naturally, without using motors or other mechanised means). It's parachuting: you can reach a speed of 1,005 km per hour in free fall. Do you know in which sport the ball travels fastest? It's called pelota. In this game the ball can travel up to 300 km per hour. With electronic measuring a golf ball has been seen to reach a speed of 273 km per hour. THE HIGHEST WAVE The waves in Waimea Bay, Hawaii, are often 9-10 metres high. It is virtually impossible to surf if the waves are any higher. On 3rd April 1968 a 15 m wave (the highest ever) hit Minole (Hawaii). A young man called Holua was on his board when he saw the wave coming. He only had one possibility if he wanted to save his life: he had to get on his surf-board and ride the giant wave. He got back to the beach safely, setting a record that will probably never be broken. THE SHORTEST PIT STOP On 30th May 1976, on the tenth lap of the Indianapolis 500 Miles the American car driven by Robert W. Unser ran out of petrol. He stopped at the pits, filled up the tank and was off again in only 4 seconds! It's the shortest pit stop in the history of motor-racing. Exercises 1. Fill in the blanks! Record Sport Sportsman When? Where? parachuting in 1976 Rode a 15m high wave archery 2. Collect three other sport records and make a chart then write a sentence about each record! Record Sport Sportsman When? Where? ARE YOU SPORTY? 1. It's a nice sunny day, what do you do? 2. In sport, the important thing is: a/ go out for a walk a/ to join in b/ go for a bicycle ride b/ not to sweat c/ watch television c) not get dirty 3. How often do you watch sports programmes on telly? 4. Do you do a sport? a/ as often as you can a/ yes . b/ sometimes b/ occasionally c/ never c/ no 4 122a2677-0d00-43c2-a490-db4a5814f116.doc 6. You spend a lot of time..: 5. Which games do you prefer? a/ with your friends a/ football and volleyball b/ watching sport on TV b/ fencing. and table tennis c/ reading books c/ monopoly 7. Your favourite type of holiday is: 8. What do you do when you're angry? a/ in a tent a/ go for a walk b/ in a caravan b/ sit outside and think c/ in a hotel c/ eat a slice of cake 9: What do you usually do at weekends? 10. Have you ever cheated to win? a/ get up early and do some sport a/ no b/ go out with your friends b/ only occasionally c/ organize parties c/ yes YOUR SCORE Give yourself 5 points for each answer A Give yourself 3 points for each answer B Give yourself 1 point for each answer C (Answers: More than 42 points: You're sporty and always very active. You enjoy races and competitions, and you like winning, but deep down you know that the important thing is to join in. - From 25-to 42 points: You quite like sports. Above all ,you enjoy outdoor activities, because you know that the important thing is to enjoy yourself. Less than 25 points: You feel sporty because you sometimes watch sports programmes on the telly. But, sport is all about taking part. ) GUIDED COMPOSITION 1. SPORTS Which sport are you interested in? What's a sport that you don't like? Why don't you like it? What sport do you think is the most dangerous? What sport do you think is the most expensive? What do you think is the most popular sport in the world? What is the most expensive sport? What is the most popular sport in your country? What is your favourite summer sport? What is your favourite team sport? What is your favourite winter sport? What new sports would you like to try? What sport do you follow? Can you swim? When did you start ___? (playing tennis, swimming, learning to snowboard, ...) How often do you ___? (play tennis, swim, go surfing, ...) Where do you usually ___? (play tennis, swim, ...) How many P.E. lessons do you have a lesson? Do you have a gymnasium? What do you do in the P.E lesson? (indoor, outdoor activities) Are you on any sports teams in high school? 5 122a2677-0d00-43c2-a490-db4a5814f116.doc What do athletics include? What are the most popular aquatic sport? What are the most popular winter sport? What sports are the Hungarian good at? (sports, sportsmen, results) What are the most typical English and American sports? Why is sport useful? 2. Write a composition about THE LAST OLYMPIC GAMES 3. A Letter to the Editor (U.S.) SPORTS SHOULD BE FUN DEAR ANN LANDERS, I am a senior in high school who has always enjoyed participating in athletic events. Three coaches in our school act as if high-school sports were a business. If the team doesn't win, they get furious with the players and make us feel as if we have let everyone down. If a person is in sports for a living, I can see why winning might be important, but why should high-school competition be so important? I enjoy sports, but I consider it healthy exercise, good competition and fun. I hate all the unbearable pressure put on the players to win. Please, Ann, tell the athletic directors that many guys like myself have been turned off by their attitude. I have participated in competitions and games outside school and I had never felt the terrific pressure to win until I played on a high-school team. Just sign me: A. N. Y. GRIPER DEAR GRIPER, Imagine that you are the editor and write a letter! SITUATION WHAT SHALL WE DO? A: What shall we do this afternoon? B: How about going for a drive in the country? What about playing table tennis? playing chess? A : Well, I don't really feel like it today. I'm not overkeen, actually. I'm really not in the mood today. Frankly, I'd like to do something different. B: Why don't we go bowling, then? play tennis, instead? play golf, A: Good idea. Oh, but are the tennis courts open today? is the bowling alley 6 122a2677-0d00-43c2-a490-db4a5814f116.doc golf links B: Oh no! How stupid of me, it's the Junior Championships, today. I completely forgot, their closing day. What a pity, A: Shall we go swimming then? Do you fancy skating skating Would you like to go Why don't we go B: Fine. All right. That would be very nice. Good. I'd love to. That sounds like a good idea. A: Let's meet outside the swimming pool, let's say at about. four Meet me at skating rink, around five B: No. I'll pick you up at a quarter to. I'll be calling for you I'll call round for you I could pick you up I'll come and fetch you Exercises l. Ask your neighbour a) if he goes in for any sports, b) what sports and games he likes, c) what games he played at school, d) if he thinks there should be more sports at school, e) what his favourite game is, f) what sort of racing he likes best, g) what sort of racing is popular in Hungary, h) if he approves of carracing. 2. A friend invites you to go for a drive in the country. You're not in the mood and suggest playing tennis instead. Your friend reminds you that the tennis courts are closed today. Agree on some other outdoor activity, (e.g. playing golf/table tennis/ swimming, etc.) and decide when and where to meet. 3. You'd like to join the local tennis club. Inquire about fees, time of training, etc. Find out what sports wear you'll have to buy. 7 122a2677-0d00-43c2-a490-db4a5814f116.doc 4. You meet a friend in the street. A (You) B (Friend) I) Greet B. Say he's looking fit. 2) Say it's because you've just taken up tennis and you enjoy it very much. 3) Say you think it's a good idea. Ask B where 4) Reply. (Local tennis club) he plays tennis. 5) Ask B if he thinks you could join the club. 6) Say you think he could. Recommend it. Ask A if he has ever played tennis. 7) . . . at school. . . used to be quite good at it. . . 8) Tell A he needn't buy any tennis racket if he given it up. hasn't got one. He can borrow one from the club. 9) Say you'd like to join. You'd like to lose 10) Reply. (Every afternoon 3-5) Persuade A to weight - you swim regularly, but you think come along with you straight away. tennis is more fun. Ask when you can enrol. 5. A: You are a reporter interviewing Francis Blow, a famous 50-year-old actor. Find out: how he manages to keep so young, what sports he likes, how much time and money he spends on sports. B:You're Francis Blow, a 50-year-old famous actor. You are being interviewed on the radio by a reporter on the occasion of your fiftieth birthday. You lead a very healthy life. (Cold shower, morning exercise every day!)You used to fence when you were younger. Now you're too busy. You occasionally do some winter and summer sports. (Skiing, yachting, tennis, swimming.) When you go skiing, you always stay at first-class hotels. JOKE A football manager died and went to heaven, where he was given charge of a truly immortal eleven. The only drawback was that there was no opposition. Then he got a telephone call from the devil. "How about fixing up a game with my team?" asked old Nick. "By all means," replied the manager. "But I think it's only fair to warn yon that I have the greatest players of all on my side." "Perhaps," agreed old Nick, "but I have all the referees!" GAME 1. Find the words below, hidden in the wordsearch and discover the famous statement Pierre de Coubertin made about the Olympics. archery athlete basketball bicycle climb climbing frames compete fencing fight forward roll gymnastics high jump lose marathon mat men motor racing parachuting parallel bars pedal pelota race . run running swim tennis tournament throw tracksuit umpire volleyball net weights win whistle wrestling _ __ _________ _____ __ ___ __ ___ ___ __ ___________ 8 122a2677-0d00-43c2-a490-db4a5814f116.doc B T C L I M B I N G F R A M E S T A H H H E I W M L Y F I G H T F P S I P R O R R T O M C L I M B O V K G A E O N E W S N T T H P I R O E H N G D W S E E A I S N A O W L T J R U N A T I U S K C A R T A L B U A W I N L G G T A B T A T R E A M O T W I I H N I R I F L W D Y L P N B O U N T I C C C E L H R B L S W I M L G S N S H Y N E I O A E R I P M U E T N T E T C L S L L A T H L E T E P U M R L I B T L L O E T E P M O C R A Y E N A L E N M A R A T H O N P T A R G R E C E T T G N I C A R R O T O M S C A T 2. Find the names of the twelve sports hidden in the wordsearch! A K V O L L E Y B A L L S M F H O R S E J U M P I N G N P O T A B L E T E N N I S O I H O S C L B A S E B A L L C V R T C A S R Q B Z V X H E S T P B O G H R A L Z F S S I L B K A O S U S N R E H K S Z V A O L Y N K K L N U A N R O F G I L N E N L C R T R B E N U K L I T X A I D I G S K I I N G N B S B N L N H T S S P Z C G A O Y G I G T E N N I S I O L S K E N S B A Z R M I S T L P R I G 9
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