Process of Preparing District Human Development Reports in MP Amitabh Kumar Singh Debate Background Madhya Pradesh prepared first sub-national level Human Development in 1995 Process continued and State HDRs have been prepared with regular intervals Next two were prepared in 1998 and 2002 and fourth is under preparation Background Five districts have been selected for the preparation of Human Development Report Preparation of District HDR with active involvement of community, representatives and government officials Use the learnings of the process to improve the existing system of district planning Objectives Analyse the Status of Human Development at district and sub-district level Strengthen process of Planning at district and-sub district level Use the learnings of the process to finalise state level policy for dcentralised district planning during 11th Five year plan Methodology Collection and analysis of secondary data on each sector Training and orientation of Gram Panchayat representatives for analysing village HD status (10 percent Panchayats of all the block of selected district) Organise consultations in Municipal areas to prepare Status of Human Development in urban areas (33 percent of the total wards of all the urban bodies of district) Methodology Consultation with employees of line departments Consultation with elected representatives of local bodies Analysis of district budget and budget of local bodies Methodology - Themes Themes finalised at State Level Education Health Livelihood Natural Resources Institutions Themes Finalised at District Level Women and Human Development – Rajgarh Infrastructure and Human Develoment – Satna Service Delivery for better Human Development – Khargone Governance and Tribal Communities – Mandla Process – Consultation at district level Finalisation of Methodology after consultation with State Planning Board and department of Panchayat and Rural Development Selection of district specific themes Consultation with district level officers Consultation with elected representatives – ZP and DPC Consultation with Bankers and other institutions Process at Block Level Consultation with employees at block level Analysis of status of important sector like health, education and livelihood Analysis of planning process at block level Analysis of institutional convergence at block level Developing block specific strategy for better Human Development Village level Training of Panchayat representatives for preparing Village Development Report Village Development Report has five issues identified by State and District Discussion on each topic Importance of issue to the quality of life How this issue has affected life Changes in the sector or issue in last 5-10 years and its impact on village and households Current Status and major problem Future vision and activities to achieve this vision Village Development Reprt Discussion in Village Dominant Class Marginalised Marginalised Community 1 Community 2 Women of Women of Women of Dominant Class Marginalised Marginalised Community 1 Community 2 Discussion with Discussion with Discussion with Men of the Men of the Men of the dominant class Marginalised Marginalised Community 1 Community 2 Village Development Report Current Problem Activity Resources required to implement the activity Status of affecting Proposed issue or the life to sector overcome Total Resources Requirement Possible the Resource with from Outside source of problem Requirement village funds Discussion In Urban Areas Discussion at ward level Women SC, ST and other marginalised groups In Urban areas discussions more focused on service delivery Urban local bodies have limited responsibilities – discussion and analysis limited to powers given to local bodies Line departments have greater autonomy in Urban areas Expectations of District Administration and SPB Detailed analysis of sectoral performance and reasons of weakness in Health sector Education Sector Livelihood Sector Suggestions to bring appropriate changes for Programme implementation Making special plan for special issues Changing sectoral priority Expectation – Education Institutional issues Understanding community Girls behaviour Education vis-à-vis access Education Involving Community Dropout In Planning Utility Expectation – Health Service Delivery Community perception on Community health Awareness delivery Health Planning, Monitoring and Institutional evaluation performance Poor and Health Expectation – Livelihoods In Rural areas Problems of Production, In Urban Storage and Areas Marketing Livelihoods Dependency Status of pattern Agriculture Institutional Backward and Support and Forward Role of linkages Institutions Data and Indices Data and indices No index is calculated at block level District level indices have been taken from SHDR Range of data has been collected, presented and analysed at block level Cross verification of some data: data of BPL Census Village education Card of Government Data at block level – Education Literacy Enrolment Retention Access after class five Quality Educational status within Social Category Village education card (Government) Village education card (Community) Data at block level – Health Infant death – block wise Institutional delivery and delivery at home Nutrition Village Health Card Facility vis-à-vis norms – sub health centre, PHC, BenMoc and CenMoc centres etc. Data at block level – Livelihoods Land holdings – Social category wise Production and productivity of major crops Workers Household income – Rural (BPL Census) Number of BPL families and within BPL, AAY families Migration Status of Irrigation Sources of Livelihood Dependency pattern Village Livelihood card Guidelines for Decentralised Planning Proposed Guideline The process of preparing DHDR and learnings of two other UNDP projects have provided important inputs The proposed guideline has two important points Tier wise Time table for preparing de- centralized annual plan Time table for informing local bodies of availability of possible or potential or tentative funds. Issues covered in the guideline Resource Utilization Plan preparation Formulation of local plans Preparation of Vision Plan Training for presenting vision plan Finalization of Plan by Local Bodies Vertical integration and rationalisation of plans Integration of Plans by DPC Endorsement by district planning committee Participation in planning Sector wise village plan and town plan separately for different social groups which are SC and ST Women Children Structure of Plan Presentation Subject SC ST Women Children Old Persons Destitute Education Health Livelihood Infrastructure Sanitation and Waste Management Drainage and Water Management Clarity on Institutional Role Basic Planning at habitation level Integration and rationalisation at upper level Line departments function as support institutions Avoid duplication in planning Use existing system of planning for strengthening district planning process e.g. SSA, Village plan for NRHM Role of departments in District Planning For every sector, Annual Analytical Status Paper (AASP) be prepared and presented before local bodies through Standing Committees. The AASP should highlight sector-wise glaring social issues and problems. In AASP the progress achieved in the preceding year and last Five Year Plan should be highlighted. These AASPs will help the local bodies in formulating strategy for developing Human Development oriented plans For preparing AASP, the expertise of subject matter specialists may be availed The AASP should mention the role of local bodies in Millennium Development Goal (MDG). Sectors for District Planning Sector Concerned Department Education School Education, Higher Education, Technical Education, Non-formal Education, Vocational Education. Health & Public Health and Family Welfare, Public Health Nutrition Engineering, Woman and Child Development, Food and Civil Supplies. Livelihood Agriculture, Horticulture, Forest, Panchayat and Rural Development, Veterinary and Dairy, Village Industries, Social Justice, Water Resource, Fisheries, Handloom, Cooperation, Sericulture, Welfare of SC, ST and OBCs. Infrastructure PWD, Rural Development, Rural Engineering Service, Management Water Resource, Energy, Planning. Civil Right Land Reform, Social Justice, Women and Child Protection Development, Revenue.
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