Process of Preparing District Human Development Reports in MP - PowerPoint by bdi90998

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									Process of Preparing District
Human Development Reports
                      in MP



             Amitabh Kumar Singh
                         Debate
Background
   Madhya Pradesh prepared first sub-national
    level Human Development in 1995
   Process continued and State HDRs have
    been prepared with regular intervals
   Next two were prepared in 1998 and 2002
    and fourth is under preparation
Background
   Five districts have been selected for the
    preparation of Human Development Report
   Preparation of District HDR with active
    involvement of community, representatives
    and government officials
   Use the learnings of the process to improve
    the existing system of district planning
Objectives
   Analyse the Status of Human Development at
    district and sub-district level
   Strengthen process of Planning at district
    and-sub district level
   Use the learnings of the process to finalise
    state level policy for dcentralised district
    planning during 11th Five year plan
Methodology
   Collection and analysis of secondary data on
    each sector
   Training and orientation of Gram Panchayat
    representatives for analysing village HD
    status (10 percent Panchayats of all the block
    of selected district)
   Organise consultations in Municipal areas to
    prepare Status of Human Development in
    urban areas (33 percent of the total wards of
    all the urban bodies of district)
Methodology
   Consultation with employees of line
    departments
   Consultation with elected representatives of
    local bodies
   Analysis of district budget and budget of local
    bodies
Methodology - Themes
   Themes finalised at State Level
           Education
           Health
           Livelihood
           Natural Resources
           Institutions
   Themes Finalised at District Level
       Women and Human Development – Rajgarh
       Infrastructure and Human Develoment – Satna
       Service Delivery for better Human Development –
        Khargone
       Governance and Tribal Communities – Mandla
Process – Consultation at
district level
   Finalisation of Methodology after consultation
    with State Planning Board and department of
    Panchayat and Rural Development
   Selection of district specific themes
   Consultation with district level officers
   Consultation with elected representatives –
    ZP and DPC
   Consultation with Bankers and other
    institutions
Process at Block Level
   Consultation with employees at block level
   Analysis of status of important sector like
    health, education and livelihood
   Analysis of planning process at block level
   Analysis of institutional convergence at block
    level
   Developing block specific strategy for better
    Human Development
Village level
   Training of Panchayat representatives for preparing
    Village Development Report
   Village Development Report has five issues
    identified by State and District
   Discussion on each topic
       Importance of issue to the quality of life
       How this issue has affected life
       Changes in the sector or issue in last 5-10 years and its
        impact on village and households
       Current Status and major problem
       Future vision and activities to achieve this vision
Village Development Reprt
                  Discussion in Village
 Dominant Class      Marginalised         Marginalised
                     Community 1          Community 2

Women            of Women          of Women          of
Dominant Class      Marginalised      Marginalised
                    Community 1       Community 2
Discussion     with Discussion   with Discussion   with
Men      of     the Men      of   the Men      of   the
dominant class      Marginalised      Marginalised
                    Community 1       Community 2
    Village Development Report
Current      Problem     Activity   Resources required to implement the activity
Status    of affecting   Proposed
issue     or the life    to
sector                   overcome
                                    Total         Resources   Requirement    Possible
                         the        Resource      with        from Outside   source     of
                         problem    Requirement   village                    funds
Discussion In Urban Areas
   Discussion at ward level
       Women
       SC, ST and other marginalised groups
   In Urban areas discussions more focused on service
    delivery
   Urban local bodies have limited responsibilities –
    discussion and analysis limited to powers given to
    local bodies
   Line departments have greater autonomy in Urban
    areas
Expectations of District
Administration and SPB
   Detailed analysis of sectoral performance
    and reasons of weakness in
       Health sector
       Education Sector
       Livelihood Sector
   Suggestions to bring appropriate changes for
       Programme implementation
       Making special plan for special issues
       Changing sectoral priority
Expectation – Education

                       Institutional
                          issues

       Understanding
        community
                                         Girls
         behaviour
                                       Education
         vis-à-vis
          access

                        Education


                                        Involving
                                       Community
         Dropout
                                            In
                                         Planning


                          Utility
Expectation – Health

                         Service
                         Delivery

          Community
         perception on              Community
            health                  Awareness
            delivery


                          Health


          Planning,
        Monitoring and              Institutional
          evaluation                performance


                         Poor and
                          Health
Expectation – Livelihoods

                              In Rural
                                areas
           Problems of
           Production,                       In Urban
           Storage and                         Areas
            Marketing



                             Livelihoods
        Dependency                                 Status of
          pattern                                  Agriculture



                  Institutional
                                    Backward and
                  Support and
                                      Forward
                     Role of
                                      linkages
                   Institutions
Data and Indices
Data and indices
   No index is calculated at block level
   District level indices have been taken from
    SHDR
   Range of data has been collected, presented
    and analysed at block level
   Cross verification of some data:
       data of BPL Census
       Village education Card of Government
Data at block level – Education
   Literacy
   Enrolment
   Retention
   Access after class five
   Quality
   Educational status within Social Category
   Village education card (Government)
   Village education card (Community)
Data at block level – Health
   Infant death – block wise
   Institutional delivery and delivery at home
   Nutrition
   Village Health Card
   Facility vis-à-vis norms – sub health centre,
    PHC, BenMoc and CenMoc centres etc.
Data at block level –
Livelihoods
   Land holdings – Social category wise
   Production and productivity of major crops
   Workers
   Household income – Rural (BPL Census)
   Number of BPL families and within BPL, AAY
    families
   Migration
   Status of Irrigation
   Sources of Livelihood
   Dependency pattern
   Village Livelihood card
Guidelines for Decentralised
Planning
Proposed Guideline
   The process of preparing DHDR and
    learnings of two other UNDP projects
    have provided important inputs
   The proposed guideline has two important
    points
       Tier wise Time table for preparing de-
        centralized annual plan
       Time table for informing local bodies of
        availability of possible or potential or
        tentative funds.
Issues covered in the
guideline
   Resource Utilization
   Plan preparation
   Formulation of local plans
     Preparation of Vision Plan
     Training for presenting vision plan
   Finalization of Plan by Local Bodies
   Vertical integration and rationalisation of
    plans
   Integration of Plans by DPC
   Endorsement by district planning committee
Participation in planning
   Sector wise village plan and town plan
    separately for different social groups which
    are
       SC and ST
       Women
       Children
Structure of Plan Presentation
Subject          SC   ST   Women Children   Old Persons Destitute
Education
Health
Livelihood
Infrastructure
Sanitation and
Waste
Management

Drainage   and
Water
Management
Clarity on Institutional Role
   Basic Planning at habitation level
   Integration and rationalisation at upper level
   Line departments function as support
    institutions
   Avoid duplication in planning
   Use existing system of planning for
    strengthening district planning process e.g.
    SSA, Village plan for NRHM
Role of departments in District
Planning
   For every sector, Annual Analytical Status Paper (AASP) be
    prepared and presented before local bodies through Standing
    Committees.
   The AASP should highlight sector-wise glaring social issues
    and problems.
   In AASP the progress achieved in the preceding year and last
    Five Year Plan should be highlighted.
   These AASPs will help the local bodies in formulating
    strategy for developing Human Development oriented plans
   For preparing AASP, the expertise of subject matter
    specialists may be availed
   The AASP should mention the role of local bodies in
    Millennium Development Goal (MDG).
Sectors for District Planning
Sector              Concerned Department
Education           School Education, Higher Education, Technical Education,
                    Non-formal Education, Vocational Education.
Health           & Public Health and Family Welfare, Public Health
Nutrition          Engineering, Woman and Child Development, Food and
                   Civil Supplies.
Livelihood          Agriculture, Horticulture, Forest, Panchayat and Rural
                    Development, Veterinary and Dairy, Village Industries,
                    Social Justice, Water Resource, Fisheries, Handloom,
                    Cooperation, Sericulture, Welfare of SC, ST and OBCs.
Infrastructure      PWD, Rural Development, Rural Engineering Service,
Management          Water Resource, Energy, Planning.
Civil      Right Land Reform, Social         Justice,   Women   and   Child
Protection       Development, Revenue.

								
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