RD Bulletin

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					                                        RD Bulletin
1




                                                                                                Inside this issue


                                                                                                Introduction from the Dean Of
                                                                                                PSU-CW……………...…………….…1
                                                                                                A Word from the Director ……. 1
                                                                                                Vision………………………………… 2
                                                                                                Mission………………………………. 2
                                                                                                Objectives…………………………… 2
                                                                                                The Goals of Research and
INTRODUCTION FROM THE DEAN of PRINCE SULTAN                                                     Development Unit ………………….. 3
UNIVERSITY, COLLEGE FOR WOMEN                                                                   Faculty Lectures Series and
                                                                                                Workshops ………………….…….. 3
Greetings Everyone:
This is the first edition of the Research and Development Unit Bulletin, Prince Sultan          Publications..……………..………. 4
                                                                                                YRC…………………………...………. 4
University, College for Women which will be used as a venue to describe the research
                                                                                                Meeting of the Minds
activities of the Research and Development Unit, in the PSU College for Women.                  Workshops……………………. 5—15
The College has entered a new era, marked with rapid progress that reflects the                 Publications……………………… 16—
combined efforts and vision of all of its members. The College's strategic plan prioritizes     22
growth in research activity in the College. As part of this development, we offer a             Books……………………………….. 22
range of research initiatives across all Departments. It is in this spirit that I hope our RD
Bulletin will draw the scientific community within the realms of our expanding scientific
horizon for sharing research interests, expertise and thoughts in broadening the sphere
of our Research & Development activities.

Dr. Fadia Al-Saleh
Dean of Prince Sultan University, College for Women.

A WORD FROM THE DIRECTOR, RD UNIT
The main role of this unit is to initiate and follow up research projects of all types. The follow up process includes refereeing,
publication, development and marketing of research outcomes. Under the leadership and guidance of the Vice Dean,
Academic Affairs and Research, Dr. Amal Shaman, and the pioneering supervision and directorship of Dr. Amany Al-Shawi,
the Research and Development Unit achieved major milestones in 2008/2009 which will be discussed in the First RD Bulletin
and include:
             Meeting of the Minds Workshops.
             PSRTC Research Booklet
             Young Researcher Competition (YRC).
               Student Research club.
             RD unit logo.
             RD unit website
             Publications and documentation:
        •    E-Newsletter in English and in Arabic.
        •    RD unit booklet in English and in Arabic.                                                 Director, RD Unit,
             Bulletin board.                                                                           Ms. Alawiya Alwy

                                                                                          Volume 1, Issue 1 ● December, 2009
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    Vision

    This office aims to achieve excellence in research and become one of the best university research
    centers at the regional and international levels in terms of services, resources, performance and
    outcome.




    Mission
    This Office is responsible for coordination of diverse research procedures, analysis, and related activities
    across concerned Research Development unit in the PSU College for Women. The office oversees
    organization of gatherings, seminars and meetings through interactive communication, and coordinates
    research-related dealings with faculties, staff and outside institutions, as necessary. The office also
    follows-up faculty and student poster day activities, prepares faculty visits schedules in close
    coordination with concerned faculties, organizes workshops and conferences.



    Objectives
    The Research Unit aims at accomplishing the following research imperatives:

       •   Supporting programs that advance faculty research, and applying technologies in response to
           the society’s/national needs.
       •   Nurturing innovation, and steering faculties' potential and creative powers as a strategy in
           resolving scientific enigmas, confronting challenges, and addressing outstanding national,
           regional and global concerns.
       •   Developing institutional R & D activities, promoting multidisciplinary research, building bridges
           between PSU-University College for Women and External Institutions, and developing cross-
           country alliances for joint research ventures.
       •   Developing feasible strategies for knowledge generation that advances institutional scientific
           abilities through challenging research pursuits, and spreading the notion of high quality
           endeavors that lead to scientific excellence.
       •   Optimizing research performance, building areas of research strengths as a critical step towards
           centers of research excellence, disseminating research results, targeting global recognition and
           visibility, and elevating PSU-CW research standing worldwide.
       •   Providing a researcher-friendly environment that simulates research interests, develops new
           ideas, and brings together scientific potentials and expertise to innovate, discover and invent
           scientific potentials and expertise to innovate, discover and invent.
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     The goals of the Research and Development unit                                        RD Unit Committee Members


    •Advancing faculty research in humanities, and basic / applied sciences
    through grant support and associated procedures.                                      DR. AMANY ALSHAWI,
     • Addressing priorities through collaborative/multidisciplinary research.            RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
     • Developing/strengthening infrastructure, resources and facilities for              UNIT DIRECTOR
    scientific precision, advanced experimentation and high quality research.
     • Building alliances with external institutions, public/private sector and           ENGLISH: DR. HALA EMARA.
    industry to enhance research collaboration, develop partnerships, raise               FINANCE AND
    capital and invest research outputs generated through applied research.               MANAGEMENT: DR. FATIMATA
     • Overseeing technology transfer, safeguarding intellectual property rights,         LY.
    patents registration, forming consortia and provide consultations.
     • Enhancing research quality and impact, inducing transparency, and                  IDE: DR. SALMA I. DWIDARM.
    promoting and rewarding excellence to improve worldwide ranking of PSU.
                                                                                          CIS: MS. MANAL FARRAG.
     • Elevating institutional scientific strengths; achieving recognition, distinction
    and visibility through landmark research, conference presentations,                   GENERAL COURSES: MS.
    generation of publications, publicity and awareness raising.                          ALLWIYA ALLAWI.
     • Acquiring e-capability, web-presence and technology competence.
                                                                                          LAW: MS. NABILA NACIB.

                                                                                          MS. LAMA AL-LUHAIDAN,
                                                                                          RESEARCH ASSISTANT.




     Faculty Lectures series and workshops


    Workshops for the first semester:
      • RD Unit Orientation, by Dr. Amany AlShawi
      • Plagiarism in Academic Research, by Dr. Hala Emara.
      • Student Poster Preparation Session, by Ms. Khawla Al Wehaibi.
      • Professionalism, by Mrs. Latifah Al-Sudairy.
      • Interior Landscape, by Ms. Nermine Mansour.
      • Pervasive Computing: Oxygen of the Future, by Dr. Wegdan
            Abdelsalam.
    Workshops for the second semester:
     • Meeting of the Minds Workshops, By PSU-CW Faculty and guest
            speakers.
        •   Uses of Free Software and Open Content in Academia – Part 1and Part
            2 (in English), by Ms. Allwiya Allawy.
        •   Uses of Free Software and Open Content in Academia – Part 1 and Part
            2 (in Arabic), by Ms. Amal Al-Darraj and Ms. Sara Eddiweesh.
        •   Critical Thinking and Teaching, by Dr. Fatimata Ly.
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                                        Publications

                                            •   Research Booklet for PSU Faculty Members
                                                issued by Prince Salman Research and
                                                Translation Center.
                                            •   RD Unit website: www.pscw.net/rd
                                            •   Monthly e-newsletter in English and in
                                                Arabic.
                                            •   Bulletin board.
                                            •   RD Unit Booklet




    Young Researcher Competition (YRC)
The RD Unit organized the “Young Researcher Competition” for students with
     •
the participation of all college departments. This competition aimed to raise the
level of awareness of the importance of scientific research for students and
     •
encourage them to discover new important subjects in their academic field.
     •
Winners are chosen according to internal and external review results of
professors from Saudi and International Universities.
     •
Participations:
CIS:
     •
· Ibtisam Bakhsh
Law: •
· Wojoud Al- Sobah, YRC winner, 5000 SR
     •
· Kholoud Al-Mahry.
· Sarah Al- Shaikh.
     •
ID:
     •
· Kholoud Rahman, YRC winner, 5000 SR
General Courses:
     •
· Rawad Gendalji, YRC winner, 5000 SR
· Haifa Al –Rasheed and Deemah Al-Eyoni.
     •
· Seema Al-Khaldi.

Dr. Fadia Saud AlSaleh, Dean of PSU-CW awarded prizes and appreciation
certificates to the winners during the opening of Meeting of the Minds
Workshops on Saturday Feb 28th, 2009.
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                            Meeting of the Minds Workshops
                             28 February—4 March 2009




    Developing centralized research activities will help change the culture of a
    university and lead to greater faculty and student involvement in research in all
    disciplines. This involvement will actually support and enrich the educational mission
    of the institution in addition to providing the faculty with initiatives for conducting
    research.
    Therefore, the RD Unit organized Meeting of the Minds Workshops, an annual,
    university wide event. The event is a venue for presentation of research and creative
    projects of scholars and students to enhance the vision and value of research
    activities and further reinforces the culture of research in the college.
    Meeting of the Minds Workshops are planned to encourage communication and
    joint activities between female scholars and researchers in the areas of Computer &
    Information Sciences, Interior Design, Law, English, and General Research Methods.


    Organizers
    Dr. Amal AlShaman, Vice Dean for Academic Affaires, PSU-CW
    Dr. Amany AlShawi, Research and Development Unit Director, PSU-CW

    COMMUNITY SERVICE

    Ms. Amena Shahed, Director.
    Ms. Sarah Al-shawi, coordinator
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    •
     Agenda:
    Saturday:
       •   To be or not to be Accredited? Accreditation Standards for Research in Higher Education
            Institutions, by Ms. Tahira Haqe

       •   Creating Minds, an Analytical Study of Using Brain Based Learning in Visual Arts and Design
            Education by Dr. Hala El Wakil

       •   Residential Compounds in Saudi Arabia by Eng. Latifah Al-Sudairy

       •   Motivation in the Workplace by Dr. Eulalee Nderu-Boddington
    Sunday:
       •   Technology Enhanced Learning: Seeking to Realize the Potential of this Research Discipline
            by Dr. Hend Al-Kahlifa

       •   Internet Usage by Faculty in Saudi Higher Education by Dr. Amany Al-Shawi

       •   Health Informatics by Ms. Lamya Al-Omair

       •   Persuasive Computing: Oxygen for the Future by Dr. Wegdan Abdolsalam
     Monday:
       •   Natural Language Processing by Dr. Seham El Kareh

       •   Best Practices for Conducting Research in the Field of Language Teaching by Dr. Connie
            Michel

       •   Translation and Translation Studies: Fields Widely Open for Researchers and
            Professionals by Dr. Saadia Elamin

       •   My Journey through Computational Linguistics by Dr. Radhika Mamidi
    Tuesday:
       •   Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) by Dr. Nehad Farook

       •   The Effects of Saudi Arabia’s Membership in the World Trade Organization by Dr. Emna
            Shikawi and Ms. Nabila Nacib

       •   Purposes of Punishment in Islamic Jurisprudence and Law by Dr. Thana Al-Sha’rawi

       •   Freedom of Information Legislation by Ms. Mesbah Saboohi
    Wednesday:
       •   Eye Movement Analysis and the Eye Tracking Software by Dr. Areej Al-Wabil

       •   Using Your Computer as a Research Tool by Ms. Allwia Allawi

       •   Common Research Mistakes by Dr. Ramola B. Joseph

       •   Good horses do not compensate for bad carriages by Dr. Amira Al-Zahrani

       •   Developing a Causal Analysis to Assess the CAC/DAX Performance by Dr. Fatimata Ly
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    Interior design                                                          MEETING OF THE
                                                                                 MINDS


                                                                           Saturday:
    Creating Minds, an Analytical Study of Using Brain
    Based Learning in Visual Arts and Design Education by                  1. To be or not to
    Dr. Hala El-Wakeel, KSU                                                    be
    The speaker started with a deep cross-disciplinary survey of the           Accredited?
    brain creative capabilities and a discussion of useful teaching             Accreditation
    strategies that make use of the instructional brain-based learning         Standards for
    frameworks. Students’ responses and products were the                      Research in
    guidepost for the speaker to come up with a new integrated
                                                                               Higher
    view of brain- based learning for visual arts and design.
                                                                               Education
                                                                               Institutions, Ms.
                                                                               Tahira Haqe
                                                                           2. Creating Minds,
                                                                              an Analytical
                                                                              Study of Using
    Residential compound in Saudi Arabia by eng. Latifa                       Brain Based
    el sudairy , pSU                                                          Learning in
                                                                              Visual Arts and
                                                                              Design
    Saudi Arabia is a place where the extended family, traditional
    value system, and a religion based culture are all important and
                                                                              Education by
    need to be taken into consideration in Interior Design. The               Dr. Hala El Wakil
    suggested residential compound will have a large clubhouse,            3. Residential
    restaurant, housekeeping services, large kitchen, daycare, after
    school classrooms, arts and ceramic studios, enclosed sport area,          Compounds in
    and outdoors sport fields. The purpose of this compound is to              Saudi Arabia by
    change some aspects of Saudi culture and to help families to               Eng. Latifah Al-
    have better, safer and easier life.                                        Sudairy
                                                                           4. Motivation in the
                                                                              Workplace by
                                                                              Dr. Eulalee
                                                                              Nderu-
    Motivation in the workplace by dr. Eulalee Boddington,                    Boddington
    PSU

     Motivation refers to the wants, needs, and beliefs that drive an
     individual’s, energies, and directs and sustains work behavior.
     Motivation drives an individual to achieve and helps to maintain a
     satisfied workplace that is built around obtaining growth and self-
     actualization. Motivation theories such as, Maslow Hierarchy,
     Fredrick Herzberg’s; Hygiene theory and Douglas McGregor’s XY
     theory were analyzed as they pertains to motivation in the
     workplace.
8




    Computer and information sciences


    Technology Enhanced Learning: Seeking to Realize the Potential of
    this Research Discipline by Dr. Hend Al-Khalifa, KSU
    With the shift towards the vision of knowledge society due to the high-speed
    evolution of information and communication technologies, the demand for
    learning that is tailored to serve one’s needs has increased substantially.
    Technology Enhanced Learning research focuses on improving learning by the use
    of technology. The pace of research in this area made it an attractive discipline to
    investigate. This talk addressed TEL as a renewed research discipline and its future
    directions by shedding some light on its theories, technologies, applications and
    practices.




                                     Internet Usage by Faculty in Saudi Higher
                                     Education by Dr. Amany Al-Shawi, PSU
                                     In this study, the speaker examined the level of Internet utilization
                                     by faculty members from disciplines in four Saudi higher
                                     education institutions: King Saud University, Imam Muhammad Bin
                                     Saud University, Prince Sultan University, and Al- Yamamah
                                     College. Results indicated that utilizing Internet technologies by
                                     faculty was primarily for teaching purposes, followed by
                                     communications, and then research. Moreover, Faculty’s
                                     computer skills were found to be a strong predictor of their
                                     Internet use. Barriers that inhibit efficient utilization of the internet
                                     were identified. Implications for technology integration planning
                                     and faculty development programs were discussed.



      Meeting of the
      Minds Booklet
9




                                                                            MEETING OF THE MINDS
    Health Informatics by Ms. Lamya Al-Omair, National
    Guard Hospital
    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has become            CIS WORKSHOPS
    an important resource in health organizations and an essential
    force in business success. ICT in healthcare, in recent years, has
    been widely used to help doctors, nurses and other practitioners      1. TECHNOLOGY ENHANCED
    to give better care to patients across country’s healthcare              LEARNING: SEEKING TO
    landscape, in both administrative and medical fields. In this            REALIZE THE POTENTIAL OF
    presentation the speaker discussed the following issues: How ICT         THIS RESEARCH DISCIPLINE
    is being introduced into healthcare systems, and the need of
    research in health informatics.                                       2. INTERNET USAGE BY FACULTY
                                                                             IN SAUDI HIGHER
                                                                             EDUCATIONN

                                                                          3. HEALTH INFORMATICS

                                                                          4. PERSUASIVE COMPUTING:
                                                                             OXYGEN FOR THE FUTURE.




    Persuasive Computing: Oxygen for the Future by Dr.
    Wegdan Abdolsalam, PSU
    In this talk, the speaker showed how Pervasive Computing as a
    new field can envision the future of the computing devices as
    freely available and easily accessible as oxygen is today.
10




                                      English Department
     Best Practices for
 Conducting Research in
  the Field of Language
   Teaching by Dr. Alia               Natural Language Processing by Dr. Seham El Kareh,
      Mitchell , PSU                  KSU
     This presentation discussed      This paper focused on fields that were considered “pure
     different ways of collecting     imagination” and are now dealt with as a reality for languages,
     data and the methods             such as English and French but Arabic yet. The speaker discussed
     appear to work the best with     Machine Translation and the different fields that are involved in
     regards to the field of          producing “good” software in order to see where contributions
     language teaching. In            are most needed. The speaker discussed Natural Language
     addition, the presenter gave     Processing or NLP from three different axes.
     ideas on how to write up the     The first axis concentrated on Machine translation and its
     data collected either for a      different problematic fields.
     journal or for a presentation.   The second axis gave a brief survey on the different areas of NLP.
                                      The third axis exposed the progress that have been undertaken
                                      and those that should be carried out in order to create such
                                      software.
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         Translation and Translation Studies: Fields Widely
                                                                                  MEETING OF THE MINDS
         Open for Researchers and Professionals by Dr. Saadia
         Elamin, KSU                                                          English Workshops
         With the increase of contacts between nations and the diversity
         of exchanges in more and more specialized fields, the demand
         on translation as a means of multilingual communication is            1. NATURAL LANGUAGE
         growing steadily. Due to the multidisciplinary nature of              PROCESSING BY DR. SEHAM EL
         translation itself, a number of fields and sub-fields have opened     KAREH
         up for investigation and reflection, including terminology,
         methodology of teaching, principles of translation, theories of       2. BEST PRACTICES FOR
         translation, foreign languages and translation, different types of    CONDUCTING RESEARCH IN THE
         translation, methods and techniques, etc. Translation research        FIELD OF LANGUAGE TEACHING
         now offers uncountable opportunities for translation researchers.
                                                                               BY DR. CONNIE MICHEL
                                                                               3. TRANSLATION AND
                                                                               TRANSLATION STUDIES: FIELDS
                                                                               WIDELY OPEN FOR RESEARCHERS
                                                                               AND PROFESSIONALS BY DR.
                                                                               SAADIA ELAMIN
         My Journey through Computational Linguistics by
         Dr. Radhika Mamidi PSU                                                4. MY JOURNEY THROUGH
         The speaker addressed different issues in relation to                 COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS
         Computational Linguistics through reflections on her research         BY DR. RADHIKA MAMIDI
         experience in this amazing field. Among these questions are:
         (1) How is Computational Linguistics related to Natural
         Language Processing and Artificial Intelligence?, (2) What
         are the challenging areas in Computational Linguistics?, Why
         is still an unknown field in Saudi Arabia while it is in demand in
         the rest of the world?




Page 2
12



       Law Department



     Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA), by Dr. Nehad Farook
     DNA is considered the strongest evidence in facing any criminal. The DNA, defined as (the
     substance that has genetic factors and genes in creatures) can be extracted from human,
     animal or plant sources. It may also be found in skin, hair, blood and other body parts where of
     unique DNA that differs from one person to another can be traced, except in identical twins.

     Research objectives:
     A - Explain the legal benefits for the use of DNA tests in criminal cases.
     B - Participate in creating a new view to criminal justice in crime scene examination.
     C - Search the legitimacy of the DNA and consolidate its legal position.
     D - Try to build on the work of previous researchers.



     The Effects of Saudi Arabia joining the World Trade Organization by Dr.
     Emna Shikawi and Ms. Nabila Nacib, PSU

     The first part of this presentation a brief overview of the World Trade Organization, its role and
     objectives in setting the framework for goods trade and services between countries, as well as
     rules and procedures that control the international trade, and help trade flow smoothly, freely,
     and solve conflicts related to trade. The second part of the presentation discussed the
     structural implications for the Saudi membership in the World Trade Organization regarding the
     economic and legal aspects and highlighted the need to adjust the legislative system with the
     main system of the Organization. The presenter provided examples with reference to
      the most important agreements the Kingdom signed with the organization in various trade-
     related areas of intellectual property rights, import licensing, health measures and plant health.




     Purposes of Punishment in Islamic Jurisprudence and Law by Dr. Thana
     Al-Sha’rawi, PSU


     This research discussed the purposes of penalty in Islamic jurisprudence and in the ordinances
     since their early introduction by comparing between Islam and laws, to emphasize the fact
     that the Sharia achieved the legitimate purposes of punishment. Sharia did not limit its focus to
     just one goal and did not forget addressing any aspect of the human personality to achieve
     the purpose of penalty. The Islamic jurisprudence is known from the beginning as an integrated
     criminal system which aims to eliminate crime and achieve a society of justice and security.
13




                                                                                    MEETING OF THE MINDS
     Sun-shine laws by Ms. Mesbah Saboohi , PSU
                                                                              LAW WORKSHOPS

                                                                              1. DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID (DNA) BY
     Freedom is a value of 21st century: is it unbridled or does it have      DR. NEHAD FAROOK
     some limitations? The public generally has developed an urge to
     get information about matters that concern them. This paper was          2. THE EFFECTS SAUDI ARABIA’S
     written as part of national consultation on FOI legislation comparing    MEMBERSHIP IN THE WORLD TRADE
     Indian and USA sun shine laws. It also discussed the following issues:   ORGANIZATION BY DR. EMNA
     1. Types of information.     2. Right to information                     SHIKAWI AND MS. NABILA NACIB
     3. Privacy.             4. Secrecy.             5. Accessibility
                                                                              3. PURPOSES OF   PUNISHMENT IN
                                                                              ISLAMIC           JURISPRUDENCE
                                                                              AND LAW BY DR. THANA AL-
                                                                              SHA’RAWI

                                                                              4. FREEDOM OF INFORMATION
                                                                              LEGISLATION BY MS. MESBAH
                                                                              SABOOHI




                               Poster Exhibition
14




         General Research Methods


     Recent Advances in Eye Tracking Methodology and technologies by
     Dr. Areej Al-Wabil
     Eye tracking research plays a key role in understanding how individuals view and
     perceive the world around them. The most prominent fields of commercial eye
     tracking research are web usability, advertising, and automotive engineering. In
     this presentation, recent advances in eye tracking tools and technologies were
     examined and innovative methods of applying eye movement analysis in scientific
     research were discussed.




      Meeting of the Minds Workshops
       28 February—4 March 2009


                                Using Your Computer as a Research
                                Tool by Ms. Alawiya Alwy, PSU
                                Becoming aware of the computer tools
                                available for researchers and their benefits at
                                the beginning of the research process can
                                save an enormous amount of time and energy,
                                as a large amount of time is spent handling
                                text, data, and information. This session
                                introduced the participants to a number of
                                tools that support the research process.
                                Activities such as writing, literature searching,
                                information management, idea management
                                and data analysis will be explored, and one or
                                two pieces of useful software which are readily
                                available were identified. A handout was
                                provided with these tools listed along with
                                online resources that enables the participants
                                to evaluate the need for these tools for
                                themselves.
15




                                                                                       MEETING OF THE MINDS
       Good horses do not compensate for bad carriages by Dr.
       Amira Al-Zahrani, PSU                                  Wednesday:
       Scientific Research in the Arab World is facing a serious dilemma.      1. EYE MOVEMENT ANALYSIS AND THE
       Evaluation of literary, artistic and research work focuses on certain      EYE TRACKING SOFTWARE BY DR.
       technological and methodical issues at the expense of examining
       the real quality of the product. More attention should be paid to          AREEJ AL-WABIL
       scientific research methods and critical methodologies.
                                                                               2. USING YOUR COMPUTER AS A
                                                                                  RESEARCH TOOL BY MS. ALLWIA
                                                                                  ALLAWI

                                                                               3. COMMON RESEARCH MISTAKES BY
                                                                                  DR. RAMOLA B. JOSEPH
      Developing a Causal Analysis to Assess the CAC/DAX
                                                                               4. GOOD HORSES DO NOT MAKE UP
      Performance by Dr. Fatimata Ly, PSU
                                                                                  FOR BAD CARRIAGES BY DR.
                                                                                  AMIRA AL-ZAHRANI
       This paper investigated the financial question related to
       market dynamism and performance. Dealing with the                       5. DEVELOPING A CAUSAL ANALYSIS
       European stock markets, Frankfurt and Paris are among the                  TO ASSESS THE CAC/DAX
       most active places. The paper investigated the reasons behind              PERFORMANCE BY DR. FATIMATA
       the loss of performance of Paris Stock market index compared
       to Frankfurt’s financial market.                                           LY




      Common Research Mistakes by Dr. Ramola B. Joseph, PSU


     Everyone makes mistakes – its part of being human. But it’s those who
     learn from others’ mistakes who are able to make their way to the top
     and earn a high grade. No matter how much research and
     preparation you do, you will make mistakes. This talk will address some
     of the Common Research Mistakes committed by students at: a) the
     beginning of Research; b) while carrying out the Research; c) when
     writing the Research paper. A research should provide an important
     insight into how and why people do what they do. The outcome of this
     presentation was to provide an awareness and understanding of the
     “errors” to be avoided while indulging in research.
16



     • Publications


     ♦   English department

     • Theory in the Classroom
     By Dr. Connie Mitchell
     Journal Benefit Writing Classes in a L2 Environment, 2007

     Abstract: Writing is a difficult task for most second language learners to master (Nunan, 1999). Native
     speakers and non-native speakers alike face the struggle of being able to write well because it is
     something that is passed on to the next generation via the education that is received. The influences
     of the learner’s culture and differences between a formal or informal setting also affect the
     education received by the learner (Myles, 2002). Writing in the academic arena requires students to
     practice their skills of composing well-written papers. Second language learners as students have an
     even bigger challenge in that they might have problems communicating their ideas effectively in
     the second language. Most forms of writing in a second language environment involve marking for
     errors in grammar, spelling, etc. so that the students can recognize their errors and correct them.



     • BEST PRACTICES FOR MONITORING GRADE INFLATION
     By Dr. Connie Mitchell and Ms. Tahira Hoke
     Oman National Quality Conference 28-29 October 2008
     “Quality Management & Enhancement in Higher Education

     Abstract: Although the recent story of Gaza students being rejected from Fulbright Scholarships to
     American Universities made CNN’s top news, alleged grade inflation could make it challenging for
     them to even get into university programs in the Middle East. For example, a student graduated
     from a high school in Saudi Arabia with the highest marks and applied to a university in the Middle
     East. As a commonly known practice, the university instantly decreased the marks and rejected the
     student's application for a higher education. Why? Are academic institutions in Saudi Arabia
     inflating their grades? From extra credit assignments to challenges with grade distributions, multiple
     factors are considered to be suspects of skewing student achievement results at educational
     institutions around the world. Higher education institutions experiencing problems can utilize a
     research-based survey (included in this article) and other resources (e.g., internationally
     accreditation procedures) to address curriculum challenges. Recommendations are provided to
     monitor grade inflation (on program and course levels) and to stimulate future research
     contributions from the Middle East in international journals.
17


     • Verbalization and Visualization Process: Its Applicability in EFL
     By Orchida Fayez and Ghada Hor.
     International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 8, pp.33-42. Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
     Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.135MB).

     Abstract: Many educators involved in teaching English as a second language believe that
     teaching reading comprehension in English classrooms involves a conscious understanding of
     vocabulary and grammar. They believe so on the assumption that this will enable students to grasp
     the main ideas and make inferences. However, when students fail to do so, teachers attribute it to
     lack of knowledge about the English language. This is not always the case. One explanation of
     such comprehension problems could be the students’ inability to relate words to images. Bell
     (1991) introduced the process of Verbalization and Visualization which focuses on how to teach
     students to use mental images to achieve a better understanding of written texts, and on
     language comprehension disorder among native speakers of English. As such, this study aims to
     investigate the applicability of Bell’s process of Verbalization and Visualization in the context of
     learning English as a second language. As such, this study utilizes and employs Bell’s process on
     learners of English as a second language, specifically those students in the Preparatory Year
     Program experiencing difficulties in reading comprehension. Results are reported and the
     significance of the findings are discussed.


     • Learning Styles: A case of Female College Students in Saudi Arabia
     Ms. Ghada Hor & Dr. Orchida Fayez
     Submitted for publication for the TESOL Arabia Quarterly (Conference presentation in February
     2008)

     Abstract: Higher education is fairly new in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with limited research that
     directly relates to Saudi students at the university level, and specifically, research pertaining to
     students’ learning styles. According to Kolb (1982), learning styles is the assumption that people
     have individual preferences of learning. Extensive research confirms that learning style is one of
     the factors that can contribute to the success or failure of learners’ second language acquisition.
     This study attempts to investigate the different learning styles of Saudi females in a private university
     in the Kingdom based on Richard M. Felder ad Barbra A. Soloman (1991) Index of learning Styles
     evaluation. The questionnaire is completed by 84 students enrolled in the Preparatory Year
     Program (foundation year of extensive instruction in English). The results, not surprisingly, indicate
     that the learning styles of female students vary and overlap. The paper reports the results and
     provides recommendations for further research.
18


     • A Spark in Her Eyes"
      By Dr. Lamya Ramadan,
     Published June 2009 USA
      Quiet Mountain Essays
     The Anniversary issue available June1, 2009

     Abstract: What are those eyes staring at? What’s on the mind of an Arab woman? Her eyes tell a lot.
     The spark in her eyes tells one how happy or sad she is. In many Arab women’s eyes, this spark is not
     there. An Arab woman is born with the guilt of a crime she did not commit. She is born to fight for
     her survival. Girls grow up to be aware of the presence of the fox…men-- like little red riding hood. If
     she can’t look out for him, he’ll reach her and eat her up. Yes, and many women have given up this
     war and relented to the prevalent rules of society.. Which stipulate that she is ‘aura’ or sacred,
     therefore has to cover herself up from the evil eyes.. Whose? She can only go out three times in her
     life.. First she moves out from her mother’s womb, then out from her father’s to her husband’s house
     to be married and finally out from her home to her grave!



     • Inter-Word Connections in the Second Language Mental Lexicon
      By: Hassan Taman, Qatar University & Dina El-Dakhs, Prince Sultan University
     Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Applied Linguistics & Language Teaching,
     Department of Applied Foreign Languages, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology,
     Taiwan.

     Abstract: The present study investigates the nature of inter-word connections in the second
     language (L2) mental lexicon. The two main questions addressed in the study are; (1) How are L2
     words inter-connected; phonologically, morphologically or semantically?, and (2) what effect does
     L2 proficiency have on L2 inter-word connections? These questions also serve to test the predictions
     of the Revised Hierarchical Model (RHM), which assumes that the connections between L2 words
     and their concepts strengthen as a result of increasing L2 proficiency. The model thus postulates that
     less proficient bilinguals are more affected by form-related variables than highly proficient bilinguals
     whose behavior is much more dominated by semantico-pragmatic associations. To answer the
     study questions, 58 Arabic-speaking late bilinguals, half of whom are less proficient and the other
     half more proficient, were asked to complete a word-association task where they ranked the order
     of 3 words in a set according to how close they associate with the headword. The 3 options
     consisted of 1 phonological association and 2 semantic associations, one of which is mono-
     morphemic and the other multi-morphemic. The statistical analyses of the participants' responses
     showed that highly proficient bilinguals are more influenced by semantic variables, followed by
     morphological and then phonological variables. Low proficient bilinguals, in contrast,
     demonstrated a different behavior. They were more affected by phonological, morphological and
     then semantic features. The results prove consistent with the predictions of the Revised Hierarchical
     Model and supports an independent place for morphology in the organization of the bilingual
     lexicon.
19

      Publications


     ¨ Interior Design

     • Sick Buildings Syndromes and its Allergic Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
     By:Dr Salma Dwidar
     Al Azhar University Engineering Journal October 2009

                                                 S
     Abstract: The focus of this study is on the ٍ ick Buildings Syndromes and its allergic symptoms,
     diagnosis and treatment. From previous medical and environmental studies it can be concluded
     that having an airtight, synthetic and obsessed hygienic building is diagnosed as the main
     contributing factors for having a sick building. If the building has high biological contaminants, high
     chemical contaminants and inadequate ventilation, then it suffers from the three sick building
     syndromes.
     Hoping to achieve an allergy-free buildings guide, this study demonstrated two guidelines: the first
     takes place before and during design and construction and it aims to prevent the allergy symptoms
     by choosing the healthy alternatives of materials and equipments, and the second takes place after
     occupancy and it aims to treat and reduce any allergic symptoms by adding some design elements
     or portable equipments that help to win the battle against indoor allergens.

     • Classification for Heritage in houses in Alexandria
     By:Dr Salma Dwidar
     Al Azhar University Engineering Journal October2009
     Abstract: the present paper aims at classifying the Ottoman residential buildings in Alexandria which
     and restructuring them on architectural and urban principles and criteria. This classification is
     different than that of the buildings of the Ottoman era in Cairo because of the differences of
     climate between the two cities. The paper also tries to encourage documenting the heritage
     residential buildings as part of the overall development of the ancient city as a whole. The paper
     highlights the importance of keeping the residential character of the ancient city and using it as an
     element of tourist attractions.


     • A Digital Incorporation of Ergonomics into Architectural Design
     By: Buthayna H.Eilouti, 2009, International Journal of Architectural Computing, Multi-Science, UK,
     Vol 7, No.2, pp. 235-253

     Abstract: A project that is particularly designed for digital studio settings is described. Facilitated by
     multiple computer modeling and animation software, the project incorporates concepts and
     applications of ergonomics and kinetics as two ingredients and concept generators with problem-
     based learning techniques into architectural designing. Reflections about the project and its
     outcomes are reported and discussed. The results indicate that considerations of ergonomics,
     flexibility, mobility and responsiveness in dynamic structures and their interactions with users can
     enrich and optimize generated designs. Similarly, the application of problem-based designing
     approach seems to foster critical thinking of participants and improve their involvement in
     collaborative design processing.
20


     •   ERIC,COGNITIVE PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN

     By: Dr Eulalee N. Boddington

     Abstract: In this article we explored the theories of Arnold Gesell, Erik Erickson and Jean Piaget
     about human beings development. In this component we will analyze the cognitive processes of
     how children perceive and develop, in particular children from a cross-cultural background, how
     learning takes place, and how the influences of culture, and environment play a role in the
     cognitive process of children’s development. This paper deals with a more mathematical theory of
     development. It is a timely article to read for the 21st century.

         • Knowledge Modeling and Processing in Architectural Design
     By: Buthayna H.Eilouti, 2009, The 3rd International Conference on Knowledge Generation,
     Communication and Management: KGCM 2009 , Orlando, Florida, USA

     Abstract: Knowledge is essential to most design activities and during most designing phases.
     However, in most cases it exists in implicit and inaccessible representations. This is especially the
     case in the architectural design universe of discourse where most knowledge is tacit, unstructured
     and multi-layered. Moreover, storage and retrieval tasks that are usually associated with design
     knowledge management are redundantly repeated for each design assignment. This paper
     introduces a set of structured prototypes that help model raw design knowledge embedded in
     documented precedent designs in more explicit and accessible constructs. It also explores
     methods of design knowledge recycling and processing. Knowledge modeling is illustrated by
     examples of model implementation in real design studio settings.

          • Design knowledge recycling using precedent-based analysis and synthesis
             models
     By: Buthayna H.Eilouti, 2009, The 3rd International Conference on Knowledge Generation,
     Communication and Management: KGCM 2009 , Orlando, Florida, USA

     Abstract: New models of abstracted typological classes that encode forms, functions, Processes,
     concepts, scenarios, principles and components of previous design Products are introduced. They
     are presented as seven precedent-based Knowledge management constructs that depart from
     the dissection of existing Design compositions into simple explicit forms in order to facilitate
     classifying, analyzing and reusing their information to derive new designs. They aim to formulate
     reference prototypes that may help guide pre-design reasoning, inspire design processing, and
     direct post-design evaluation. The research design consists of theoretical, action and survey
     researches. These are applied to devise the models, involve participants in improving their
     designing techniques, and test participants’ feedback, respectively. Examples and results of the
     action and survey researches are illustrated and discussed.
21




     •   The Low-Income Housing Market in Jordan
     Al-Homoud, M.; Al-Oun, S.; and Al-Hindawi, M. (2009). International Journal of Housing Markets and
     Analysis, Vol.2, No.3, pp233-252.

     Abstract: The housing sector in Jordan suffers from a lack of balance between supply and
     demand, in general, and from the inability to meet the demands of low-income households, in
     specific. The purpose of this paper is to explore the potentials and obstacles facing low-income
     housing supply. It is shown that there is undersupply in low-income housing.




     • Exploring Sales Advertising in the Housing Market in Jordan
     Al-Homoud, M.; Al-Oun, S.; Smadi, A.; and Al-Hindawi, M. (2009). International Journal of Housing
     Markets and Analysis, Vol.2, No.1, pp39-56.

     Abstract: In the housing sector in Jordan, sales advertisings are rarely used, though they,
     potentially, increase profits and sales and expand development geographically. The purpose of
     this paper is to investigate the use of sales advertising in the emerging housing market in the city of
     Irbid, Jordan. The aim is to reveal the effect of the use of advertising on sales and production of
     housing, and the obstacles that developers may face when advertising.
22
         Books

     • Title of Book: Academic Achievement, Perceptions and the Arts
     By: Dr Eulalee Maria Nderu-Boddimgton
     Over the past few years, student perceptions about their experiences in arts education and their
     impact on their academic achievement and goals have become important constructs to examine in
     a global education system. The demands on education have changed, and the relationship of arts
     education to academic achievement has been given increased attention. These changes have
     increased the need to understand the way arts education may or may not contribute to academic
     achievement. This book, therefore provides educators and policymakers with a new source of
     information relevant to educational planning—the voice of the student.

     Understanding how arts education affects academic development in students (at least from the
     students' perspective) should assist educators and policymakers to advocate for and implement
     effective, educational strategies. Policymakers are beginning to understand the benefits and
     importance of arts education and arts education experiences. This can be realized when arts
     education is drawn into the essential school curriculum as a distinct discipline.




Title of Book: Made In Italy Files : La Cipolla
Italina Project