Inside this issue
Introduction from the Dean Of
A Word from the Director ……. 1
The Goals of Research and
INTRODUCTION FROM THE DEAN of PRINCE SULTAN Development Unit ………………….. 3
UNIVERSITY, COLLEGE FOR WOMEN Faculty Lectures Series and
Workshops ………………….…….. 3
This is the first edition of the Research and Development Unit Bulletin, Prince Sultan Publications..……………..………. 4
University, College for Women which will be used as a venue to describe the research
Meeting of the Minds
activities of the Research and Development Unit, in the PSU College for Women. Workshops……………………. 5—15
The College has entered a new era, marked with rapid progress that reflects the Publications……………………… 16—
combined efforts and vision of all of its members. The College's strategic plan prioritizes 22
growth in research activity in the College. As part of this development, we offer a Books……………………………….. 22
range of research initiatives across all Departments. It is in this spirit that I hope our RD
Bulletin will draw the scientific community within the realms of our expanding scientific
horizon for sharing research interests, expertise and thoughts in broadening the sphere
of our Research & Development activities.
Dr. Fadia Al-Saleh
Dean of Prince Sultan University, College for Women.
A WORD FROM THE DIRECTOR, RD UNIT
The main role of this unit is to initiate and follow up research projects of all types. The follow up process includes refereeing,
publication, development and marketing of research outcomes. Under the leadership and guidance of the Vice Dean,
Academic Affairs and Research, Dr. Amal Shaman, and the pioneering supervision and directorship of Dr. Amany Al-Shawi,
the Research and Development Unit achieved major milestones in 2008/2009 which will be discussed in the First RD Bulletin
Meeting of the Minds Workshops.
PSRTC Research Booklet
Young Researcher Competition (YRC).
Student Research club.
RD unit logo.
RD unit website
Publications and documentation:
• E-Newsletter in English and in Arabic.
• RD unit booklet in English and in Arabic. Director, RD Unit,
Bulletin board. Ms. Alawiya Alwy
Volume 1, Issue 1 ● December, 2009
This office aims to achieve excellence in research and become one of the best university research
centers at the regional and international levels in terms of services, resources, performance and
This Office is responsible for coordination of diverse research procedures, analysis, and related activities
across concerned Research Development unit in the PSU College for Women. The office oversees
organization of gatherings, seminars and meetings through interactive communication, and coordinates
research-related dealings with faculties, staff and outside institutions, as necessary. The office also
follows-up faculty and student poster day activities, prepares faculty visits schedules in close
coordination with concerned faculties, organizes workshops and conferences.
The Research Unit aims at accomplishing the following research imperatives:
• Supporting programs that advance faculty research, and applying technologies in response to
the society’s/national needs.
• Nurturing innovation, and steering faculties' potential and creative powers as a strategy in
resolving scientific enigmas, confronting challenges, and addressing outstanding national,
regional and global concerns.
• Developing institutional R & D activities, promoting multidisciplinary research, building bridges
between PSU-University College for Women and External Institutions, and developing cross-
country alliances for joint research ventures.
• Developing feasible strategies for knowledge generation that advances institutional scientific
abilities through challenging research pursuits, and spreading the notion of high quality
endeavors that lead to scientific excellence.
• Optimizing research performance, building areas of research strengths as a critical step towards
centers of research excellence, disseminating research results, targeting global recognition and
visibility, and elevating PSU-CW research standing worldwide.
• Providing a researcher-friendly environment that simulates research interests, develops new
ideas, and brings together scientific potentials and expertise to innovate, discover and invent
scientific potentials and expertise to innovate, discover and invent.
The goals of the Research and Development unit RD Unit Committee Members
•Advancing faculty research in humanities, and basic / applied sciences
through grant support and associated procedures. DR. AMANY ALSHAWI,
• Addressing priorities through collaborative/multidisciplinary research. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
• Developing/strengthening infrastructure, resources and facilities for UNIT DIRECTOR
scientific precision, advanced experimentation and high quality research.
• Building alliances with external institutions, public/private sector and ENGLISH: DR. HALA EMARA.
industry to enhance research collaboration, develop partnerships, raise FINANCE AND
capital and invest research outputs generated through applied research. MANAGEMENT: DR. FATIMATA
• Overseeing technology transfer, safeguarding intellectual property rights, LY.
patents registration, forming consortia and provide consultations.
• Enhancing research quality and impact, inducing transparency, and IDE: DR. SALMA I. DWIDARM.
promoting and rewarding excellence to improve worldwide ranking of PSU.
CIS: MS. MANAL FARRAG.
• Elevating institutional scientific strengths; achieving recognition, distinction
and visibility through landmark research, conference presentations, GENERAL COURSES: MS.
generation of publications, publicity and awareness raising. ALLWIYA ALLAWI.
• Acquiring e-capability, web-presence and technology competence.
LAW: MS. NABILA NACIB.
MS. LAMA AL-LUHAIDAN,
Faculty Lectures series and workshops
Workshops for the first semester:
• RD Unit Orientation, by Dr. Amany AlShawi
• Plagiarism in Academic Research, by Dr. Hala Emara.
• Student Poster Preparation Session, by Ms. Khawla Al Wehaibi.
• Professionalism, by Mrs. Latifah Al-Sudairy.
• Interior Landscape, by Ms. Nermine Mansour.
• Pervasive Computing: Oxygen of the Future, by Dr. Wegdan
Workshops for the second semester:
• Meeting of the Minds Workshops, By PSU-CW Faculty and guest
• Uses of Free Software and Open Content in Academia – Part 1and Part
2 (in English), by Ms. Allwiya Allawy.
• Uses of Free Software and Open Content in Academia – Part 1 and Part
2 (in Arabic), by Ms. Amal Al-Darraj and Ms. Sara Eddiweesh.
• Critical Thinking and Teaching, by Dr. Fatimata Ly.
• Research Booklet for PSU Faculty Members
issued by Prince Salman Research and
• RD Unit website: www.pscw.net/rd
• Monthly e-newsletter in English and in
• Bulletin board.
• RD Unit Booklet
Young Researcher Competition (YRC)
The RD Unit organized the “Young Researcher Competition” for students with
the participation of all college departments. This competition aimed to raise the
level of awareness of the importance of scientific research for students and
encourage them to discover new important subjects in their academic field.
Winners are chosen according to internal and external review results of
professors from Saudi and International Universities.
· Ibtisam Bakhsh
· Wojoud Al- Sobah, YRC winner, 5000 SR
· Kholoud Al-Mahry.
· Sarah Al- Shaikh.
· Kholoud Rahman, YRC winner, 5000 SR
· Rawad Gendalji, YRC winner, 5000 SR
· Haifa Al –Rasheed and Deemah Al-Eyoni.
· Seema Al-Khaldi.
Dr. Fadia Saud AlSaleh, Dean of PSU-CW awarded prizes and appreciation
certificates to the winners during the opening of Meeting of the Minds
Workshops on Saturday Feb 28th, 2009.
Meeting of the Minds Workshops
28 February—4 March 2009
Developing centralized research activities will help change the culture of a
university and lead to greater faculty and student involvement in research in all
disciplines. This involvement will actually support and enrich the educational mission
of the institution in addition to providing the faculty with initiatives for conducting
Therefore, the RD Unit organized Meeting of the Minds Workshops, an annual,
university wide event. The event is a venue for presentation of research and creative
projects of scholars and students to enhance the vision and value of research
activities and further reinforces the culture of research in the college.
Meeting of the Minds Workshops are planned to encourage communication and
joint activities between female scholars and researchers in the areas of Computer &
Information Sciences, Interior Design, Law, English, and General Research Methods.
Dr. Amal AlShaman, Vice Dean for Academic Affaires, PSU-CW
Dr. Amany AlShawi, Research and Development Unit Director, PSU-CW
Ms. Amena Shahed, Director.
Ms. Sarah Al-shawi, coordinator
• To be or not to be Accredited? Accreditation Standards for Research in Higher Education
Institutions, by Ms. Tahira Haqe
• Creating Minds, an Analytical Study of Using Brain Based Learning in Visual Arts and Design
Education by Dr. Hala El Wakil
• Residential Compounds in Saudi Arabia by Eng. Latifah Al-Sudairy
• Motivation in the Workplace by Dr. Eulalee Nderu-Boddington
• Technology Enhanced Learning: Seeking to Realize the Potential of this Research Discipline
by Dr. Hend Al-Kahlifa
• Internet Usage by Faculty in Saudi Higher Education by Dr. Amany Al-Shawi
• Health Informatics by Ms. Lamya Al-Omair
• Persuasive Computing: Oxygen for the Future by Dr. Wegdan Abdolsalam
• Natural Language Processing by Dr. Seham El Kareh
• Best Practices for Conducting Research in the Field of Language Teaching by Dr. Connie
• Translation and Translation Studies: Fields Widely Open for Researchers and
Professionals by Dr. Saadia Elamin
• My Journey through Computational Linguistics by Dr. Radhika Mamidi
• Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) by Dr. Nehad Farook
• The Effects of Saudi Arabia’s Membership in the World Trade Organization by Dr. Emna
Shikawi and Ms. Nabila Nacib
• Purposes of Punishment in Islamic Jurisprudence and Law by Dr. Thana Al-Sha’rawi
• Freedom of Information Legislation by Ms. Mesbah Saboohi
• Eye Movement Analysis and the Eye Tracking Software by Dr. Areej Al-Wabil
• Using Your Computer as a Research Tool by Ms. Allwia Allawi
• Common Research Mistakes by Dr. Ramola B. Joseph
• Good horses do not compensate for bad carriages by Dr. Amira Al-Zahrani
• Developing a Causal Analysis to Assess the CAC/DAX Performance by Dr. Fatimata Ly
Interior design MEETING OF THE
Creating Minds, an Analytical Study of Using Brain
Based Learning in Visual Arts and Design Education by 1. To be or not to
Dr. Hala El-Wakeel, KSU be
The speaker started with a deep cross-disciplinary survey of the Accredited?
brain creative capabilities and a discussion of useful teaching Accreditation
strategies that make use of the instructional brain-based learning Standards for
frameworks. Students’ responses and products were the Research in
guidepost for the speaker to come up with a new integrated
view of brain- based learning for visual arts and design.
2. Creating Minds,
Study of Using
Residential compound in Saudi Arabia by eng. Latifa Brain Based
el sudairy , pSU Learning in
Visual Arts and
Saudi Arabia is a place where the extended family, traditional
value system, and a religion based culture are all important and
need to be taken into consideration in Interior Design. The Dr. Hala El Wakil
suggested residential compound will have a large clubhouse, 3. Residential
restaurant, housekeeping services, large kitchen, daycare, after
school classrooms, arts and ceramic studios, enclosed sport area, Compounds in
and outdoors sport fields. The purpose of this compound is to Saudi Arabia by
change some aspects of Saudi culture and to help families to Eng. Latifah Al-
have better, safer and easier life. Sudairy
4. Motivation in the
Motivation in the workplace by dr. Eulalee Boddington, Boddington
Motivation refers to the wants, needs, and beliefs that drive an
individual’s, energies, and directs and sustains work behavior.
Motivation drives an individual to achieve and helps to maintain a
satisfied workplace that is built around obtaining growth and self-
actualization. Motivation theories such as, Maslow Hierarchy,
Fredrick Herzberg’s; Hygiene theory and Douglas McGregor’s XY
theory were analyzed as they pertains to motivation in the
Computer and information sciences
Technology Enhanced Learning: Seeking to Realize the Potential of
this Research Discipline by Dr. Hend Al-Khalifa, KSU
With the shift towards the vision of knowledge society due to the high-speed
evolution of information and communication technologies, the demand for
learning that is tailored to serve one’s needs has increased substantially.
Technology Enhanced Learning research focuses on improving learning by the use
of technology. The pace of research in this area made it an attractive discipline to
investigate. This talk addressed TEL as a renewed research discipline and its future
directions by shedding some light on its theories, technologies, applications and
Internet Usage by Faculty in Saudi Higher
Education by Dr. Amany Al-Shawi, PSU
In this study, the speaker examined the level of Internet utilization
by faculty members from disciplines in four Saudi higher
education institutions: King Saud University, Imam Muhammad Bin
Saud University, Prince Sultan University, and Al- Yamamah
College. Results indicated that utilizing Internet technologies by
faculty was primarily for teaching purposes, followed by
communications, and then research. Moreover, Faculty’s
computer skills were found to be a strong predictor of their
Internet use. Barriers that inhibit efficient utilization of the internet
were identified. Implications for technology integration planning
and faculty development programs were discussed.
Meeting of the
MEETING OF THE MINDS
Health Informatics by Ms. Lamya Al-Omair, National
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has become CIS WORKSHOPS
an important resource in health organizations and an essential
force in business success. ICT in healthcare, in recent years, has
been widely used to help doctors, nurses and other practitioners 1. TECHNOLOGY ENHANCED
to give better care to patients across country’s healthcare LEARNING: SEEKING TO
landscape, in both administrative and medical fields. In this REALIZE THE POTENTIAL OF
presentation the speaker discussed the following issues: How ICT THIS RESEARCH DISCIPLINE
is being introduced into healthcare systems, and the need of
research in health informatics. 2. INTERNET USAGE BY FACULTY
IN SAUDI HIGHER
3. HEALTH INFORMATICS
4. PERSUASIVE COMPUTING:
OXYGEN FOR THE FUTURE.
Persuasive Computing: Oxygen for the Future by Dr.
Wegdan Abdolsalam, PSU
In this talk, the speaker showed how Pervasive Computing as a
new field can envision the future of the computing devices as
freely available and easily accessible as oxygen is today.
Best Practices for
Conducting Research in
the Field of Language
Teaching by Dr. Alia Natural Language Processing by Dr. Seham El Kareh,
Mitchell , PSU KSU
This presentation discussed This paper focused on fields that were considered “pure
different ways of collecting imagination” and are now dealt with as a reality for languages,
data and the methods such as English and French but Arabic yet. The speaker discussed
appear to work the best with Machine Translation and the different fields that are involved in
regards to the field of producing “good” software in order to see where contributions
language teaching. In are most needed. The speaker discussed Natural Language
addition, the presenter gave Processing or NLP from three different axes.
ideas on how to write up the The first axis concentrated on Machine translation and its
data collected either for a different problematic fields.
journal or for a presentation. The second axis gave a brief survey on the different areas of NLP.
The third axis exposed the progress that have been undertaken
and those that should be carried out in order to create such
Translation and Translation Studies: Fields Widely
MEETING OF THE MINDS
Open for Researchers and Professionals by Dr. Saadia
Elamin, KSU English Workshops
With the increase of contacts between nations and the diversity
of exchanges in more and more specialized fields, the demand
on translation as a means of multilingual communication is 1. NATURAL LANGUAGE
growing steadily. Due to the multidisciplinary nature of PROCESSING BY DR. SEHAM EL
translation itself, a number of fields and sub-fields have opened KAREH
up for investigation and reflection, including terminology,
methodology of teaching, principles of translation, theories of 2. BEST PRACTICES FOR
translation, foreign languages and translation, different types of CONDUCTING RESEARCH IN THE
translation, methods and techniques, etc. Translation research FIELD OF LANGUAGE TEACHING
now offers uncountable opportunities for translation researchers.
BY DR. CONNIE MICHEL
3. TRANSLATION AND
TRANSLATION STUDIES: FIELDS
WIDELY OPEN FOR RESEARCHERS
AND PROFESSIONALS BY DR.
My Journey through Computational Linguistics by
Dr. Radhika Mamidi PSU 4. MY JOURNEY THROUGH
The speaker addressed different issues in relation to COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS
Computational Linguistics through reflections on her research BY DR. RADHIKA MAMIDI
experience in this amazing field. Among these questions are:
(1) How is Computational Linguistics related to Natural
Language Processing and Artificial Intelligence?, (2) What
are the challenging areas in Computational Linguistics?, Why
is still an unknown field in Saudi Arabia while it is in demand in
the rest of the world?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA), by Dr. Nehad Farook
DNA is considered the strongest evidence in facing any criminal. The DNA, defined as (the
substance that has genetic factors and genes in creatures) can be extracted from human,
animal or plant sources. It may also be found in skin, hair, blood and other body parts where of
unique DNA that differs from one person to another can be traced, except in identical twins.
A - Explain the legal benefits for the use of DNA tests in criminal cases.
B - Participate in creating a new view to criminal justice in crime scene examination.
C - Search the legitimacy of the DNA and consolidate its legal position.
D - Try to build on the work of previous researchers.
The Effects of Saudi Arabia joining the World Trade Organization by Dr.
Emna Shikawi and Ms. Nabila Nacib, PSU
The first part of this presentation a brief overview of the World Trade Organization, its role and
objectives in setting the framework for goods trade and services between countries, as well as
rules and procedures that control the international trade, and help trade flow smoothly, freely,
and solve conflicts related to trade. The second part of the presentation discussed the
structural implications for the Saudi membership in the World Trade Organization regarding the
economic and legal aspects and highlighted the need to adjust the legislative system with the
main system of the Organization. The presenter provided examples with reference to
the most important agreements the Kingdom signed with the organization in various trade-
related areas of intellectual property rights, import licensing, health measures and plant health.
Purposes of Punishment in Islamic Jurisprudence and Law by Dr. Thana
This research discussed the purposes of penalty in Islamic jurisprudence and in the ordinances
since their early introduction by comparing between Islam and laws, to emphasize the fact
that the Sharia achieved the legitimate purposes of punishment. Sharia did not limit its focus to
just one goal and did not forget addressing any aspect of the human personality to achieve
the purpose of penalty. The Islamic jurisprudence is known from the beginning as an integrated
criminal system which aims to eliminate crime and achieve a society of justice and security.
MEETING OF THE MINDS
Sun-shine laws by Ms. Mesbah Saboohi , PSU
1. DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID (DNA) BY
Freedom is a value of 21st century: is it unbridled or does it have DR. NEHAD FAROOK
some limitations? The public generally has developed an urge to
get information about matters that concern them. This paper was 2. THE EFFECTS SAUDI ARABIA’S
written as part of national consultation on FOI legislation comparing MEMBERSHIP IN THE WORLD TRADE
Indian and USA sun shine laws. It also discussed the following issues: ORGANIZATION BY DR. EMNA
1. Types of information. 2. Right to information SHIKAWI AND MS. NABILA NACIB
3. Privacy. 4. Secrecy. 5. Accessibility
3. PURPOSES OF PUNISHMENT IN
AND LAW BY DR. THANA AL-
4. FREEDOM OF INFORMATION
LEGISLATION BY MS. MESBAH
General Research Methods
Recent Advances in Eye Tracking Methodology and technologies by
Dr. Areej Al-Wabil
Eye tracking research plays a key role in understanding how individuals view and
perceive the world around them. The most prominent fields of commercial eye
tracking research are web usability, advertising, and automotive engineering. In
this presentation, recent advances in eye tracking tools and technologies were
examined and innovative methods of applying eye movement analysis in scientific
research were discussed.
Meeting of the Minds Workshops
28 February—4 March 2009
Using Your Computer as a Research
Tool by Ms. Alawiya Alwy, PSU
Becoming aware of the computer tools
available for researchers and their benefits at
the beginning of the research process can
save an enormous amount of time and energy,
as a large amount of time is spent handling
text, data, and information. This session
introduced the participants to a number of
tools that support the research process.
Activities such as writing, literature searching,
information management, idea management
and data analysis will be explored, and one or
two pieces of useful software which are readily
available were identified. A handout was
provided with these tools listed along with
online resources that enables the participants
to evaluate the need for these tools for
MEETING OF THE MINDS
Good horses do not compensate for bad carriages by Dr.
Amira Al-Zahrani, PSU Wednesday:
Scientific Research in the Arab World is facing a serious dilemma. 1. EYE MOVEMENT ANALYSIS AND THE
Evaluation of literary, artistic and research work focuses on certain EYE TRACKING SOFTWARE BY DR.
technological and methodical issues at the expense of examining
the real quality of the product. More attention should be paid to AREEJ AL-WABIL
scientific research methods and critical methodologies.
2. USING YOUR COMPUTER AS A
RESEARCH TOOL BY MS. ALLWIA
3. COMMON RESEARCH MISTAKES BY
DR. RAMOLA B. JOSEPH
Developing a Causal Analysis to Assess the CAC/DAX
4. GOOD HORSES DO NOT MAKE UP
Performance by Dr. Fatimata Ly, PSU
FOR BAD CARRIAGES BY DR.
This paper investigated the financial question related to
market dynamism and performance. Dealing with the 5. DEVELOPING A CAUSAL ANALYSIS
European stock markets, Frankfurt and Paris are among the TO ASSESS THE CAC/DAX
most active places. The paper investigated the reasons behind PERFORMANCE BY DR. FATIMATA
the loss of performance of Paris Stock market index compared
to Frankfurt’s financial market. LY
Common Research Mistakes by Dr. Ramola B. Joseph, PSU
Everyone makes mistakes – its part of being human. But it’s those who
learn from others’ mistakes who are able to make their way to the top
and earn a high grade. No matter how much research and
preparation you do, you will make mistakes. This talk will address some
of the Common Research Mistakes committed by students at: a) the
beginning of Research; b) while carrying out the Research; c) when
writing the Research paper. A research should provide an important
insight into how and why people do what they do. The outcome of this
presentation was to provide an awareness and understanding of the
“errors” to be avoided while indulging in research.
♦ English department
• Theory in the Classroom
By Dr. Connie Mitchell
Journal Benefit Writing Classes in a L2 Environment, 2007
Abstract: Writing is a difficult task for most second language learners to master (Nunan, 1999). Native
speakers and non-native speakers alike face the struggle of being able to write well because it is
something that is passed on to the next generation via the education that is received. The influences
of the learner’s culture and differences between a formal or informal setting also affect the
education received by the learner (Myles, 2002). Writing in the academic arena requires students to
practice their skills of composing well-written papers. Second language learners as students have an
even bigger challenge in that they might have problems communicating their ideas effectively in
the second language. Most forms of writing in a second language environment involve marking for
errors in grammar, spelling, etc. so that the students can recognize their errors and correct them.
• BEST PRACTICES FOR MONITORING GRADE INFLATION
By Dr. Connie Mitchell and Ms. Tahira Hoke
Oman National Quality Conference 28-29 October 2008
“Quality Management & Enhancement in Higher Education
Abstract: Although the recent story of Gaza students being rejected from Fulbright Scholarships to
American Universities made CNN’s top news, alleged grade inflation could make it challenging for
them to even get into university programs in the Middle East. For example, a student graduated
from a high school in Saudi Arabia with the highest marks and applied to a university in the Middle
East. As a commonly known practice, the university instantly decreased the marks and rejected the
student's application for a higher education. Why? Are academic institutions in Saudi Arabia
inflating their grades? From extra credit assignments to challenges with grade distributions, multiple
factors are considered to be suspects of skewing student achievement results at educational
institutions around the world. Higher education institutions experiencing problems can utilize a
research-based survey (included in this article) and other resources (e.g., internationally
accreditation procedures) to address curriculum challenges. Recommendations are provided to
monitor grade inflation (on program and course levels) and to stimulate future research
contributions from the Middle East in international journals.
• Verbalization and Visualization Process: Its Applicability in EFL
By Orchida Fayez and Ghada Hor.
International Journal of the Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 8, pp.33-42. Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.135MB).
Abstract: Many educators involved in teaching English as a second language believe that
teaching reading comprehension in English classrooms involves a conscious understanding of
vocabulary and grammar. They believe so on the assumption that this will enable students to grasp
the main ideas and make inferences. However, when students fail to do so, teachers attribute it to
lack of knowledge about the English language. This is not always the case. One explanation of
such comprehension problems could be the students’ inability to relate words to images. Bell
(1991) introduced the process of Verbalization and Visualization which focuses on how to teach
students to use mental images to achieve a better understanding of written texts, and on
language comprehension disorder among native speakers of English. As such, this study aims to
investigate the applicability of Bell’s process of Verbalization and Visualization in the context of
learning English as a second language. As such, this study utilizes and employs Bell’s process on
learners of English as a second language, specifically those students in the Preparatory Year
Program experiencing difficulties in reading comprehension. Results are reported and the
significance of the findings are discussed.
• Learning Styles: A case of Female College Students in Saudi Arabia
Ms. Ghada Hor & Dr. Orchida Fayez
Submitted for publication for the TESOL Arabia Quarterly (Conference presentation in February
Abstract: Higher education is fairly new in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with limited research that
directly relates to Saudi students at the university level, and specifically, research pertaining to
students’ learning styles. According to Kolb (1982), learning styles is the assumption that people
have individual preferences of learning. Extensive research confirms that learning style is one of
the factors that can contribute to the success or failure of learners’ second language acquisition.
This study attempts to investigate the different learning styles of Saudi females in a private university
in the Kingdom based on Richard M. Felder ad Barbra A. Soloman (1991) Index of learning Styles
evaluation. The questionnaire is completed by 84 students enrolled in the Preparatory Year
Program (foundation year of extensive instruction in English). The results, not surprisingly, indicate
that the learning styles of female students vary and overlap. The paper reports the results and
provides recommendations for further research.
• A Spark in Her Eyes"
By Dr. Lamya Ramadan,
Published June 2009 USA
Quiet Mountain Essays
The Anniversary issue available June1, 2009
Abstract: What are those eyes staring at? What’s on the mind of an Arab woman? Her eyes tell a lot.
The spark in her eyes tells one how happy or sad she is. In many Arab women’s eyes, this spark is not
there. An Arab woman is born with the guilt of a crime she did not commit. She is born to fight for
her survival. Girls grow up to be aware of the presence of the fox…men-- like little red riding hood. If
she can’t look out for him, he’ll reach her and eat her up. Yes, and many women have given up this
war and relented to the prevalent rules of society.. Which stipulate that she is ‘aura’ or sacred,
therefore has to cover herself up from the evil eyes.. Whose? She can only go out three times in her
life.. First she moves out from her mother’s womb, then out from her father’s to her husband’s house
to be married and finally out from her home to her grave!
• Inter-Word Connections in the Second Language Mental Lexicon
By: Hassan Taman, Qatar University & Dina El-Dakhs, Prince Sultan University
Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Applied Linguistics & Language Teaching,
Department of Applied Foreign Languages, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology,
Abstract: The present study investigates the nature of inter-word connections in the second
language (L2) mental lexicon. The two main questions addressed in the study are; (1) How are L2
words inter-connected; phonologically, morphologically or semantically?, and (2) what effect does
L2 proficiency have on L2 inter-word connections? These questions also serve to test the predictions
of the Revised Hierarchical Model (RHM), which assumes that the connections between L2 words
and their concepts strengthen as a result of increasing L2 proficiency. The model thus postulates that
less proficient bilinguals are more affected by form-related variables than highly proficient bilinguals
whose behavior is much more dominated by semantico-pragmatic associations. To answer the
study questions, 58 Arabic-speaking late bilinguals, half of whom are less proficient and the other
half more proficient, were asked to complete a word-association task where they ranked the order
of 3 words in a set according to how close they associate with the headword. The 3 options
consisted of 1 phonological association and 2 semantic associations, one of which is mono-
morphemic and the other multi-morphemic. The statistical analyses of the participants' responses
showed that highly proficient bilinguals are more influenced by semantic variables, followed by
morphological and then phonological variables. Low proficient bilinguals, in contrast,
demonstrated a different behavior. They were more affected by phonological, morphological and
then semantic features. The results prove consistent with the predictions of the Revised Hierarchical
Model and supports an independent place for morphology in the organization of the bilingual
¨ Interior Design
• Sick Buildings Syndromes and its Allergic Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
By:Dr Salma Dwidar
Al Azhar University Engineering Journal October 2009
Abstract: The focus of this study is on the ٍ ick Buildings Syndromes and its allergic symptoms,
diagnosis and treatment. From previous medical and environmental studies it can be concluded
that having an airtight, synthetic and obsessed hygienic building is diagnosed as the main
contributing factors for having a sick building. If the building has high biological contaminants, high
chemical contaminants and inadequate ventilation, then it suffers from the three sick building
Hoping to achieve an allergy-free buildings guide, this study demonstrated two guidelines: the first
takes place before and during design and construction and it aims to prevent the allergy symptoms
by choosing the healthy alternatives of materials and equipments, and the second takes place after
occupancy and it aims to treat and reduce any allergic symptoms by adding some design elements
or portable equipments that help to win the battle against indoor allergens.
• Classification for Heritage in houses in Alexandria
By:Dr Salma Dwidar
Al Azhar University Engineering Journal October2009
Abstract: the present paper aims at classifying the Ottoman residential buildings in Alexandria which
and restructuring them on architectural and urban principles and criteria. This classification is
different than that of the buildings of the Ottoman era in Cairo because of the differences of
climate between the two cities. The paper also tries to encourage documenting the heritage
residential buildings as part of the overall development of the ancient city as a whole. The paper
highlights the importance of keeping the residential character of the ancient city and using it as an
element of tourist attractions.
• A Digital Incorporation of Ergonomics into Architectural Design
By: Buthayna H.Eilouti, 2009, International Journal of Architectural Computing, Multi-Science, UK,
Vol 7, No.2, pp. 235-253
Abstract: A project that is particularly designed for digital studio settings is described. Facilitated by
multiple computer modeling and animation software, the project incorporates concepts and
applications of ergonomics and kinetics as two ingredients and concept generators with problem-
based learning techniques into architectural designing. Reflections about the project and its
outcomes are reported and discussed. The results indicate that considerations of ergonomics,
flexibility, mobility and responsiveness in dynamic structures and their interactions with users can
enrich and optimize generated designs. Similarly, the application of problem-based designing
approach seems to foster critical thinking of participants and improve their involvement in
collaborative design processing.
• ERIC,COGNITIVE PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN
By: Dr Eulalee N. Boddington
Abstract: In this article we explored the theories of Arnold Gesell, Erik Erickson and Jean Piaget
about human beings development. In this component we will analyze the cognitive processes of
how children perceive and develop, in particular children from a cross-cultural background, how
learning takes place, and how the influences of culture, and environment play a role in the
cognitive process of children’s development. This paper deals with a more mathematical theory of
development. It is a timely article to read for the 21st century.
• Knowledge Modeling and Processing in Architectural Design
By: Buthayna H.Eilouti, 2009, The 3rd International Conference on Knowledge Generation,
Communication and Management: KGCM 2009 , Orlando, Florida, USA
Abstract: Knowledge is essential to most design activities and during most designing phases.
However, in most cases it exists in implicit and inaccessible representations. This is especially the
case in the architectural design universe of discourse where most knowledge is tacit, unstructured
and multi-layered. Moreover, storage and retrieval tasks that are usually associated with design
knowledge management are redundantly repeated for each design assignment. This paper
introduces a set of structured prototypes that help model raw design knowledge embedded in
documented precedent designs in more explicit and accessible constructs. It also explores
methods of design knowledge recycling and processing. Knowledge modeling is illustrated by
examples of model implementation in real design studio settings.
• Design knowledge recycling using precedent-based analysis and synthesis
By: Buthayna H.Eilouti, 2009, The 3rd International Conference on Knowledge Generation,
Communication and Management: KGCM 2009 , Orlando, Florida, USA
Abstract: New models of abstracted typological classes that encode forms, functions, Processes,
concepts, scenarios, principles and components of previous design Products are introduced. They
are presented as seven precedent-based Knowledge management constructs that depart from
the dissection of existing Design compositions into simple explicit forms in order to facilitate
classifying, analyzing and reusing their information to derive new designs. They aim to formulate
reference prototypes that may help guide pre-design reasoning, inspire design processing, and
direct post-design evaluation. The research design consists of theoretical, action and survey
researches. These are applied to devise the models, involve participants in improving their
designing techniques, and test participants’ feedback, respectively. Examples and results of the
action and survey researches are illustrated and discussed.
• The Low-Income Housing Market in Jordan
Al-Homoud, M.; Al-Oun, S.; and Al-Hindawi, M. (2009). International Journal of Housing Markets and
Analysis, Vol.2, No.3, pp233-252.
Abstract: The housing sector in Jordan suffers from a lack of balance between supply and
demand, in general, and from the inability to meet the demands of low-income households, in
specific. The purpose of this paper is to explore the potentials and obstacles facing low-income
housing supply. It is shown that there is undersupply in low-income housing.
• Exploring Sales Advertising in the Housing Market in Jordan
Al-Homoud, M.; Al-Oun, S.; Smadi, A.; and Al-Hindawi, M. (2009). International Journal of Housing
Markets and Analysis, Vol.2, No.1, pp39-56.
Abstract: In the housing sector in Jordan, sales advertisings are rarely used, though they,
potentially, increase profits and sales and expand development geographically. The purpose of
this paper is to investigate the use of sales advertising in the emerging housing market in the city of
Irbid, Jordan. The aim is to reveal the effect of the use of advertising on sales and production of
housing, and the obstacles that developers may face when advertising.
• Title of Book: Academic Achievement, Perceptions and the Arts
By: Dr Eulalee Maria Nderu-Boddimgton
Over the past few years, student perceptions about their experiences in arts education and their
impact on their academic achievement and goals have become important constructs to examine in
a global education system. The demands on education have changed, and the relationship of arts
education to academic achievement has been given increased attention. These changes have
increased the need to understand the way arts education may or may not contribute to academic
achievement. This book, therefore provides educators and policymakers with a new source of
information relevant to educational planning—the voice of the student.
Understanding how arts education affects academic development in students (at least from the
students' perspective) should assist educators and policymakers to advocate for and implement
effective, educational strategies. Policymakers are beginning to understand the benefits and
importance of arts education and arts education experiences. This can be realized when arts
education is drawn into the essential school curriculum as a distinct discipline.
Title of Book: Made In Italy Files : La Cipolla