Review of IFAD AND COMMUNITY DEV by shimeiyan5

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 15

									   International Working Group on Education, Rome, 12-14 June 2006
                                                                     
             Education and Training
in IFAD supported projects for rural development




               Presentation by Maria Hartl
             Technical Adviser - Gender and Social Equity
                                 IFAD
Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development



The three dimensions of IFAD’s approach:




                                                           
     Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development


IFAD supports projects in the poorest, rural regions:


                Characteristics        Methods

 Fragile environments                         Poverty analysis
 Conflict and post-conflict                   Targeting
 situation                                    Community development
 Lack of infrastructure                       and empowerment
 Low education level                          Gender mainstreaming
 Lack of health services                      Participatory approach and
 Low productivity                             sustainability
 Lack of access to markets

                                                                     
     Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development


Where do education and training feature?
      In PRA, communities rank education and training high


      Rarely a component in itself, linked to others

            Infrastructure support (social services)
            Literacy training
            Training – extension services, skills training


      Targets women and youth


                                                                     
Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development


      Five types:

       1. Support to formal education through infrastructure development

       2. Literacy and other forms of ABE

       3. Skills training for young people

       4. Promoting pro-poor higher education (grants)

       5. Using ICTs




                                                                    
      Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development


1. Support to formal education through infrastructure:

       Community schools – involvement of the community a
       prerequisite

       Use of Community Development Funds (CDFs):

             Social Funds
             Social Investment Funds
             Local Initiatives Funds




                                                                      
      Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development


2. Literacy and other forms of ABE:


                              Adult literacy training, principally
                              targeted at women

                              Women’s response to training
                              opportunities often exceeds
                              expectations

                              Functional literacy gives women both
                              useful learning and self-confidence


                                                                      
      Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development


Key principles of informal education and training
programs:


                                Productive orientation
                                Initiative-based
                                Comprehensive
                                Equity
                                Sustainability




                                                                      
      Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development


3. Skills training for young people:

     Accompany interventions on agricultural technology, NRM and
     food security

     Outreach to marginalized groups

     Direct and indirect support to infrastructure
     Linking training programs with credit

     Particular attention to rural, off-farm training



                                                                      
      Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development


4. Promoting Pro-poor higher education:

    Facilitating pro-poor innovations

    Enhancing collaborative research

    Partnerships between universities
    in North and South

    Supporting farmers’ innovations
    through suitable pedagogical
    approaches in pilot TAGs



                                                                      
      Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development


5. Using ICTs- The First Mile Project in Tanzania:


                         Post-literacy activities have to be of
                         relevance

                         Good communication is vital for market
                         information : Mobile phones, e-mail and
                         the Internet help to build fairer and more
                         efficient market relationships

                         Effective communication relies on creating


                                                                      
                         networks of people
Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development


      Lessons learnt:

            Work with partners (Ministry of Education,
            donors, NGOs)

            Most effective when activities are targeted

            Functional adult literacy and related
            empowerment training enhance the impact
            and sustainability of other project activities




                                                             
      Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development


Challenges:

       Literacy components must be truly “functional”, and the curriculum
       must be adapted to specific needs and time constraints of women
       and of men

       Gender sensitivity: Address and involve men, as their illiteracy can
       restrict women’s chances: when husbands themselves are illiterate,
       they tend to discourage their wives

       Lack of qualified teachers and trainers

       Attention to post-literacy, including publications in the local
       language, use of ICT




                                                                              
       Lack of expertise in education
      Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development


What more could be done for young people:

    Policy dialogue


    Prioritization of education to
    curb migration


    Mentoring programmes


    Counseling of youth




                                                                  
Education and Training in IFAD projects for rural development




                        Thank you

								
To top