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					OIML




   What are the Needs in Metrology in 2010 from
            the Viewpoint of the OIML
               Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Manfred Kochsiek
                      Vice-President of the
             Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt
                    Braunschweig und Berlin
                     Acting President of the
         International Organization of Legal Metrology
OIML                          Why 2010?


    Europe of 30 countries

    MID in force for 3 years

    Progress to a global measurement system

    NMIs have to act one or two years earlier than trade, industry
     and science

    Requirements/needs (i.e. ideas, investment, education of staff
     members) have to be planned now!




                                                                      2
OIML             Objectives of Metrology



    Three major steps to a Global Measurement System

        1875    Signing of the Metre Convention

        1955    Signing of the OIML Convention

        1995    TBT Agreement by the World Trade Organisation
                 (WTO):
                 Removal of non-Tariff Barriers to Trade




                                                                 3
OIML         Global Measurement System (1)



   Basic elements:
    A uniform system of harmonized national regulations in the
     field of legal metrology
    A uniform system of harmonized standards in the field of non-
     regulated metrology
    World-wide recognition of the traceability of measurement
     results on the base of the SI
    World-wide harmonization of the requirements concerning the
     competence of test laboratories and certification bodies




                                                                     4
OIML          Global Measurement System (2)



   WTO/OIML                                               ISO/IEC
                                         Harmonized
                                           standards
     Harmonized
 legal regulations             Global
                             Measurement
                               System                  Competence of test
                                                       laboratories and
                                                       certification bodies
                     Traceability
                     to the SI         Exchange of
       CIPM                                              ILAC/IAF
                                       knowledge

                                    IMEKO

                                                                              5
OIML         Global Measurement System (3)
   Different trends of a politico-economical nature are observed in
   legal metrology
   a) In European countries the legal metrology was
    developed and supported until the early nineties;
    entrusted to private bodies and the exclusive supervision by
      state was gradually cut back during the last ten years;
   b) In former Socialist countries the development is
    characterized by adoption of the principles of market economics;
    thus leading to a system making a distinction between areas
      under legal control and areas which are not subject to legal
      control;
   c) Another trend is the regionalization of economy:
    The realization of the Single European Market since 1992 has
      set new general conditions.
    Access to the market is dependent on new politico-economical
      decisions which also effect legal metrology.
                                                                        6
OIML   Steps to a Global Measurement System

                      One-stop testing


  Harmonization                              Mutual confidence
   Physical units (SI)        Laboratory inter-comparisons 
   Legislation                                Quality system 
   Product standards         Accreditation or self-declaration 
   Calibration and test      Mutual recognition agreements 
    procedures
   Conformity assessment




            World-wide acceptance of certificates

                                                                    7
OIML    Development and Trends in Legal Metrology


    Removal of barriers to trade by adaptation of national regulations
     and standards to regional or International Regulations (OIML) and
     Standards (ISO/IEC)
    Replacement of detailed technical product requirements by general
     and essential requirements (“new approach” of EC directives, MID)
    Mutual recognition of test results, test reports or certificates
     (OIML-MAA)
    More responsibility on manufacturers, including participation in
     conformity assessment procedures depending on the quality
     management system
           because of decreasing innovation time for developing new
             products and
           the need for quick access of new products to the global
             market
    Transfer of formerly governmental tasks to private institutes
                                                                          8
OIML




            From OIML Certificate System
       to OIML Mutual Acceptance Arrangement




                                               9
OIML            OIML Certificate System (1)


      Started in 1991

      Based on complete OIML Recommendations (all 3 parts)

      Member States may designate an Issuing Authority

      Certificates of conformity attest the conformity of a sample of the
       model of measuring instrument

      OIML Certificates are associated with a Test Report

      OIML Certificates are registered by the BIML (fee based)

      Voluntary recognition




                                                                             10
OIML            OIML Certificate System (2)


    There are currently 38 measuring instrument categories
     applicable in the OIML Certificate System

    28 Issuing Authorities participate in this System

    More than 300 applicants/manufacturers have OIML Certificates

    165 OIML Certificates were registered in 2003

    The total number of OIML Certificates is now over 1200




                                                                     11
OIML            OIML Certificate System (3)

    Number of OIML Certificates by main categories (2004-04-07):




                   Non automatic weighing instruments         562
                   Load cells                                 382
                   Automatic catchweighing instruments         98
                   Automatic gravimetric filling instruments   50
                   Fuel dispensers                             45
                   Diaphragm gas meters                        21
                   Automatic level gauges                      17
                   Continuous totalizing weighing instruments 10
                   Others                                      18

                                                                    12
OIML      OIML Mutual Acceptance Arrangement (1)


    Framework document adopted at the 38th CIML meeting in 2003

    Each category in the OIML Certificate System may be the object of a
     Declaration of Mutual Confidence (DoMC)

    Participants in a DoMC may be:
       OIML Issuing Authorities
       National Type Approval Authorities

    Participants accept to utilize OIML Test Reports issued by
     participating OIML Issuing Authorities, and additional test reports
     related to certain specific national additional requirements.



                                                                           13
OIML      OIML Mutual Acceptance Arrangement (2)


    Participants who issue test reports under a DoMC shall declare
     their test capabilities and their compliance with ISO 17025,
     using checklists.

    Confidence is established:
       either by accreditation (by a signatory of ILAC´s MRA)
       or by peer assessment

    Accreditation and peer assessment will be based on ISO 17025

    For each DoMC, a Committee on Participation Review (CPR) will
     be established, review the accreditations and monitor the peer
     assessments, and report to participants.


                                                                      14
OIML             Market Surveillance (EU)
    Purpose
       Aquivalent level of protection in the EU
       Only products in compliance with the directives are placed
         on the market and put into service
       Market surveillance takes place after the product has been
         placed on the market
       Conformity assessment takes place before the product is
         placed on the market
       Market surveillance relates to the responsibility of the
         manufacturer
    Activities
       Product checks (CE-marking, documentation, conformity)
       Corrective actions of the manufacturer or withdrawing the
         products from the market
       Cross-border co-operation of the Member States
       Safeguard clause procedure for systematic non-compliance
                                                                     15
OIML Related Activities to Market Surveillance


     Field surveillance or inspection
        Relates also to the responsibility of the user
        Supervision of instruments in use (proper use,
          manipulation)
        Checking the instruments or parts of them

     Periodical verification
        Checking the correctness of the instruments
        Mandatory subsequent verification
        Verification after repair




                                                          16
OIML Modernisation of Verification in Germany


    Political guidelines
     To entrust private bodies with technically orientated tasks
     Implementation of MID
     Globalisation (MAA of the OIML)

    Necessary steps
     Market surveillance in Europe
     New technologies
      i.e. assessment procedures for measuring systems
     New measuring devices
      i.e. in deregulated fields: gas, electricity
     Sampling test procedures


                                                                    17
OIML         How to recognize challenges (1)

   A   Varied contacts of staff members with industry, society and
       science (bottom-up)

   B   Political guidelines

   C   Expert’s report
       i.e. evaluation of PTB 2002-2004

   D   Participation in strategic seminars/studies
       i.e. BIPM - Kaarls Report
            OIML - Birch Study
                       legal metrology 2020
            MERA - Project EC-Co-operation in Metrology


                                                                     18
OIML         How to recognize challenges (2)
   E   Advice
       i.e. board of trustees
            advisory council

   F   Co-operation with
       i.e. universities
            research institutes
            industry

   G   Participation in technical seminars, meetings and conferences
            (regional, national, international)

   H Studies; evaluation and co-operation
     i.e. Nanotechnology
          Delphi study Weighing Technology
                                                                       19
OIML         Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt


                                               Braunschweig




                                                     Berlin
                                                       




 „We measure - what is measurable,
    and we make measurable -
  what cannot be measured yet.”
       based on Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)
                                                               20
OIML




       Thank you very much
         for your attention.




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