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					Color

   You will:
   Identify hue, value, and intensity as the properties of
   color
   Compare and contrast the use of color and value in
   different artworks
   Demonstrate effective use of color art media in drawing,
   painting and design
   Analyze the use of color in the artworks of others to
   express meaning
Hue, Value and Intensity
    Color is an element of
     art that is derived from
     reflected light
    When light passes
     through a wedge-shaped
     glass, called a prism, the
     beam of white light is
     bent and separated into
     bands of color, called the
     color spectrum
How we see color
    The colors of the visible light spectrum always appear
     in the same order: red, orange, yellow, green, blue,
     indigo and violet. You may recall learning this as ROY
     G BIV.




    We see color because objects absorb these light
     waves and reflect others. Special color receptors in
     your eyes detect the color of the light waves.
Hue
    Hue is the name of a color in the
     spectrum, such as red, blue or yellow.
        Primary hues are red, blue and yellow
        Secondary hues are made by mixing two
         primary colors. These colors are orange,
         green and violet
        Intermediate or tertiary hues are made by
         mixing a primary color and a secondary
         color. These colors are red-orange, red-
         violet, blue-green, blue-violet, yellow-green
         and yellow-orange
    A color wheel is the spectrum bent into
     a circle
Value
           Value is the art element that
            describes the darkness or lightness of
            a color.
           Black, white, and gray are neutral
            colors. When white light shines on a
            white object, the object reflects all of
            the color waves and does not reflect
            any. As a result, you see the color of
            the light which is white.
           A light value of a color is called a tint.
           A dark value of a color is called a
            shade.
Intensity
    Intensity is the brightness or dullness of a hue
Color Schemes
    Complementary colors are colors
     that are opposite each other on the
     color wheel.
        Mixing a hue with its complement dulls the
         hue, or lowers its intensity. Also, mixing
         two complements yields a brownish hue.
    A monochromatic color scheme that
     uses only one hue and the tints and
     shades of that hue.
Color Schemes
    Analogous colors are colors that sit side by side on the
     color wheel and have a common hue.




    A split complement is the combination of one hue plus
     the hues on each side of its complement. This offers
     more variety than a straight complementary scheme
Warm and Cool Colors
    Warm colors are reds, oranges and yellows
    Cool colors are blues, greens and purples
The Nature and Uses of Color
    Paint used in art are made up
     of three basic ingredients:
     pigment, binder and solvent
    Pigments that dissolve in liquid
     are called dyes
    Optical color involves the use
     of the actual color of objects
     as they are observed
    Arbitrary color involves the
     use of expressive and
     unrealistic color in order to
     affect feelings.
Color Value and Visual Movement

    Space – the placement of warm and cool colors can
     create the illusion of depth
    Movement – When the values in a work vary greatly in
     intensity (High key to low key), a feeling of excitement
     and movement is created.




    Tonality – sometimes, an artist lets one color dominate
     a work giving the work a unifying effect.
Review
    Vocabulary                                      Reviewing Art Facts
    An element of art that is derived from          Explain how the eye sees color
     reflected light                                 What is an afterimage? How is it
    Produced when light passes through a             produced?
     wedge-shaped glass, called a prism, and         Name the three components of color
     is bent and separated into bands of color       What is value?
    The name of a color in the color spectrum.      Name four different color schemes
    A light value of a hue                          What are complementary colors? How do
    A dark value of a hue                            they effect each other?
    The brightness or dullness of a hue             What is arbitrary color?
    The colors opposite each other on the
     color wheel
    A color scheme that uses only one hue
     and the tints and shades of that hue
    Colors that sit side by side on the color
     wheel and share a common hue.
    The liquid that controls the thickness or
     thinness of the paint.

				
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posted:2/18/2010
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