Color You will: Identify hue, value, and intensity as the properties of color Compare and contrast the use of color and value in different artworks Demonstrate effective use of color art media in drawing, painting and design Analyze the use of color in the artworks of others to express meaning Hue, Value and Intensity Color is an element of art that is derived from reflected light When light passes through a wedge-shaped glass, called a prism, the beam of white light is bent and separated into bands of color, called the color spectrum How we see color The colors of the visible light spectrum always appear in the same order: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. You may recall learning this as ROY G BIV. We see color because objects absorb these light waves and reflect others. Special color receptors in your eyes detect the color of the light waves. Hue Hue is the name of a color in the spectrum, such as red, blue or yellow. Primary hues are red, blue and yellow Secondary hues are made by mixing two primary colors. These colors are orange, green and violet Intermediate or tertiary hues are made by mixing a primary color and a secondary color. These colors are red-orange, red- violet, blue-green, blue-violet, yellow-green and yellow-orange A color wheel is the spectrum bent into a circle Value Value is the art element that describes the darkness or lightness of a color. Black, white, and gray are neutral colors. When white light shines on a white object, the object reflects all of the color waves and does not reflect any. As a result, you see the color of the light which is white. A light value of a color is called a tint. A dark value of a color is called a shade. Intensity Intensity is the brightness or dullness of a hue Color Schemes Complementary colors are colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel. Mixing a hue with its complement dulls the hue, or lowers its intensity. Also, mixing two complements yields a brownish hue. A monochromatic color scheme that uses only one hue and the tints and shades of that hue. Color Schemes Analogous colors are colors that sit side by side on the color wheel and have a common hue. A split complement is the combination of one hue plus the hues on each side of its complement. This offers more variety than a straight complementary scheme Warm and Cool Colors Warm colors are reds, oranges and yellows Cool colors are blues, greens and purples The Nature and Uses of Color Paint used in art are made up of three basic ingredients: pigment, binder and solvent Pigments that dissolve in liquid are called dyes Optical color involves the use of the actual color of objects as they are observed Arbitrary color involves the use of expressive and unrealistic color in order to affect feelings. Color Value and Visual Movement Space – the placement of warm and cool colors can create the illusion of depth Movement – When the values in a work vary greatly in intensity (High key to low key), a feeling of excitement and movement is created. Tonality – sometimes, an artist lets one color dominate a work giving the work a unifying effect. Review Vocabulary Reviewing Art Facts An element of art that is derived from Explain how the eye sees color reflected light What is an afterimage? How is it Produced when light passes through a produced? wedge-shaped glass, called a prism, and Name the three components of color is bent and separated into bands of color What is value? The name of a color in the color spectrum. Name four different color schemes A light value of a hue What are complementary colors? How do A dark value of a hue they effect each other? The brightness or dullness of a hue What is arbitrary color? The colors opposite each other on the color wheel A color scheme that uses only one hue and the tints and shades of that hue Colors that sit side by side on the color wheel and share a common hue. The liquid that controls the thickness or thinness of the paint.