October 3, 2007
Building and Operating
Submarine Fiber-Optic Cables, Landing Stations and Right of Way
Egypt’s strategic geographical position at the heart of the Arab world and at the road-
cross of the three continents Asia, Africa and Europe, provides the ideal path for
submarine cables linking East to West and North to South.
Aiming at liberalizing the international telecommunications sector and increasing the
competition by introducing new providers of international capacities, the NTRA will be
issuing licenses for building and operating submarine fiber-optic cables, landing stations,
and right of way in Egypt.
1.0 Applicants to the License Should Fulfill the Following Conditions:
1.1 The consortium shall include at least two entities holding a license in Egypt
allowing the direct connection with international cable systems.
1.2 The consortium shall include a regional or international telecom operator(s).
1.3 The consortium shall engage in building a new infrastructure capable of
competing technically and economically with the other cables currently
crossing Egypt. This infrastructure shall include laying new submarine fiber-
optic cables in the Mediterranean and the Red Sea connecting South-East-
Asia with Europe and building two submarine fiber-optic cable landing points
in Egypt and landing points in Arab countries and Europe in a way that
guaranties that these landing points directly cover a set of Arab countries
whose needs for international communications capacities (voice and data) are
at least 50% of the required capacities in the region.
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2.0 The License will Allow:
2.1 Landing and Right-of-Way
2.2 Terminating cables into Egypt
2.3 Transiting Egypt without terminations into Egypt (can be a simple
authorization that follows the rules and conditions set by the NTRA)
3.0 General Directives for Issuing a “Building And Operating Submarine Fiber-Optic
Cable Landing Stations” License:
3.1 The cable landing station shall be used to transmit voice and/or data and
3.2 The cable landing station shall not be used in any illegal activity or against
the public interest.
3.3 The cable landing station shall be built according to the information
presented to the NTRA. Any changes will be subject to a written approval
from the NTRA.
3.4 The applicant shall provide at least the following information regarding the
submarine fiber-optic cable:
3.4.1 The final detailed configuration.
3.4.2 The cable path.
3.4.3 The cable landing points along the cable path.
3.4.4 The applicant shall commit to the detailed configuration as
approved in the license and shall not change or add any paths or
landing points or partners without a written approval from the
3.4.5 The infrastructure that will be constructed and operated.
3.4.6 The brand, type and technical specifications of the cable and its
3.4.7 The technology used.
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3.4.8 The number of fiber pairs and the planned capacity.
3.4.9 The technical specifications of the network.
3.4.10 The control and operation systems.
3.4.11 The redundancy and restoration plans.
3.4.12 Detailed Business Plan and Feasibility Study.
3.4.13 Financial Capabilities of the consortium.
3.4.14 Investment Plans and vision for creating a regional telecom hub in
3.5 The NTRA will have the right to conduct unplanned visits to the landing
station to check its activities.
3.6 Any modification in the network including the building of new segments or
landing stations will be subject to approval by the NTRA.
3.7 Any changes to the type of provided services will be subject to approval by
3.8 The applicant shall comply to the conditions to protect the environment, the
national security, the safety at sea, the sea shore protection, the offshore
petroleum structures and pipelines and any other infrastructure in the
Egyptian national waters.
3.9 The applicant shall abide by the terms of the Egyptian Telecom Law
#10/2003 including the national security requirements.
3.10 The applicant shall commit to pay an appropriate financial security as
determined by the NTRA upon issuing the license.
3.11 The applicant shall commit to pay the required upfront payment as well as
the annual licensing fees, the royalty fees and the right-of-way fees to the
NTRA. In case the applicant chooses to build his own cable and rent
landing point services and beach manholes from Telecom Egypt, NTRA will
ensure that the rental costs will be in line with international pricing
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4.0 Basic Terms and Conditions to be Included in a “Building And Operating
Submarine Fiber-Optic Cable Landing Stations” License:
4.1 Regarding the cable landing, the right-of-way, building and operating the
cable and the landing infrastructure:
4.1.1 The Licensee will have the right to terminate the cable on a PoP at
the landing station.
4.1.2 The Licensee will have the right to connect the cable with other
cable systems authorized to land in Egypt after reaching
agreements with the relevant parties.
4.1.3 The Licensee will be allowed to make connectivity and exchange
international services between the Middle East, Asia and Europe.
4.1.4 The Licensee shall commit to the highest QoS as per the globally
4.1.5 The Licensee shall commit to build an operation and maintenance
center operating 365x24x7
4.1.6 The License will include the interconnection types, technology
used and the available capacity.
4.1.7 The Licensee shall provide to the NTRA the final detailed
configuration and the MoU’s with the service providers and the
4.1.8 The Licensee shall provide the detailed plans to prevent the service
4.1.9 The Licensee shall provide a detailed investment plan and abide by
4.1.10 The Licensee shall get the necessary security authorizations from
the concerned entities in Egypt and shall abide by the national
security requirements as per the law # 10/2003
4.1.11 The Licensee shall be incorporated in Egypt following the
4.1.12 The Licensee will be allowed to use the landing stations and beach
manholes of Telecom Egypt.
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4.2 Regarding the “Traffic Conveyance Services” License, besides the above
mentioned terms, this License will allow the Licensee to:
4.2.1 Connect with the authorized Call Centers in Egyptian to carry their
international calls, subject to the NTRA’s regulations.
4.2.2 Have the right to obtain a Right-of-Way following the announced
terms and conditions to lay cables transiting the Egyptian territory
without a connection with the national networks.
4.2.3 Have the right to use the existing licensed landing points or to
obtain licenses for its own landing points.
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