How to improve civil society's participation in the fight against by club56

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									How to improve civil society's participation
in the fight against corruption?



     Korea Independent Commission
           Against Corruption

              Suh, Jaesik
      Contents

I.     Corruption Prevention & Citizens’
       Participation

II.    Relations between Gov’t & Civil Society

III. Ways of Civil Society’s Participation in
     the fight against Corruption

IV. Closing
I.     Corruption Prevention &
       Citizens’ Participation


1. Importance of Civil Society’s Participation
1) Efforts made by the gov’t alone are not
  enough to eradicate corruption.

2) It is the responsibility of every Bhutanese
  to act against corruption in our country.
  (Royal Kasho)
I.           Corruption Prevention &
             Citizens’ Participation

        Who will act against corruption in this country?

        All Bhutanese = public sector + private sector
                            + civil society
        Civil Society= Media
                            NGOs
                            Ordinary citizens
         II. Relations between Gov’t & Civil Society

       (1)Changes in Relations between the Government and Citizens

             <Evolutionary changes in the roles of citizens and gov’t>


        Citizens
           object of      voters        customers       partners         owners
           rule and
            control
past                                                                                     present

         Administration                                                Administration
           as a ruler
                          trustee       manager          partner       under citizens’
                                                                        supervision


        Gov’t
          Source: Vigoda, Eran. 2002. “From responsiveness to collaboration: Governance,
          citizens, and the next generation of public administration,” PAR, 62:5
      (2) Role of Gov’t & Citizens in the
    21st Century .
   Reestablishment of the status
       civil society: as consumers and partners rather than
        the object of rule and control

       Gov’t: as a manager, a partner and a supporter,
        distancing itself from a ruler
III. Ways of Civil society’s Participation
in the fight against corruption
1. Infrastructure for civil society’s participation in the
     fight against corruption
1) Education and awareness raising on anti-
     corruption
    What is corruption?
    How do they confront corruption?

2) Trust in the government
(In particular, public trust and support for ACC is very
     important)
III. Ways of Civil society’s Participation
in the fight against corruption

3) Access to Information
 Information Disclosure System

     If there are difficulties in obtaining
    information, people cannot make a clear
    judgment on gov’t activities and play
    their watchdog role over state affairs
     - USA(1966), Korea(1997)
III. Ways of Civil society’s Participation
in the fight against corruption

   Information Disclosure System
      Exceptions

         Information related to the national

          security, defense, unification,
          diplomacy and others which has
          high possibility of inflicting
          negative results on the nation if
          disclosed.
III. Ways of Civil society’s Participation
in the fight against corruption

4) Atmosphere of promoting reports on
corrupt practices

 Hot Line for a corruption report
  A short and easy number
 ex) 111, 113, 118
 System of protecting those who made
  a report on corruption.
    III. Ways of Civil society’s Participation
    in the fight against corruption

      2. Types of Civil Society Participation
     in the Fight against Corruption

(1)System allowing citizens to request
  an enactment or reform of ordinances

(2) System guaranteeing citizen’s right
  to request inspection
      III. Ways of Civil society’s Participation
      in the fight against corruption

(3) Citizen’s Recall System
   For heads of upper level local governments, a
    minimum of 10% of voters is required to seek a
    recall.


(4) Ombudsman
        Ombudsman

   Characteristics of classical ombudsman :
    ① overseeing administration and maintaining its
    political neutrality with legally guaranteed
    independence

    ② handling complaints on injustice, wrongdoings
    and irregularities concerning administrative
    bodies.

    ③ having the rights to investigate, criticize and
    disclose administrative policies but not making
    direct correction.
      Ombudsman

    Integrity ombudsman (Case of Seoul
    Metropolitan Government)
   Carrying out duties independently within its
    mandate, focusing on corruption prevention,
    supervision improvement, and fair bidding,
    contracts and enforcement.
IV. Closing
Let’s make Bhutan the(   ) through the
  Collaboration between Civil Society &
  Government
Beautiful
Honorable
Unbelievably
Transparent and
Accountable
Nation
Thank You!

								
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