37 A Lost City

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					Module 10                                                                          SKILLS FOCUS                                                                                                                                                     Civilisation

                   37 A Lost City                                                                                                        Reading                                                         Vocabulary: Verbs of Movement
                                                                                                                                         4 Read the Strategies.                                          7 Match the verbs from the text (1–7) with the
                                                                                                                                                                                                         definitions (a–g).
 Before you start                                                                                                                        Reading Strategies: Word Gaps
                                                                                                                                                                                                         1   plunge (down)      a   cross on hands and knees
                                                                                                                                         • Read through the whole text to get an idea.
 1 Look at the photo.                                                                                                                    • Read the sentence with the gap and then the
                                                                                                                                                                                                         2   crawl (across)     b   walk in a relaxed way
 Describe the place and                                                                                                                                                                                  3   struggle (up)      c   go up (e.g. a slope)
                                                                                                                                            sentences before and after it.
 answer these questions:                                                                                                                                                                                 4   go on all fours    d   go up with difficulty
                                                                                                                                         • Try to work out what kind of word is missing
                                                                                                                                                                                                         5   stroll             e   move with hands and feet
 1 What do you know                                                                                                                         (e.g. an article, linker, adjective etc.).
                                                                                                                                                                                                         6   scramble (along)   f   go down very fast
   about Machu Picchu?                                                                                                                   • For other words, use the general meaning of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                         7   climb (up)         g   go over objects using your
   Would you like to                                                                                                                        sentence to help you work them out. (e.g. is it a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    hands to help you
   visit it?                                                                                                                                positive or negative word?).
 2 What other famous                                                                                                                     • Read the sentence again and see if it makes sense.            How would you say these words in your language?
   historical sites would                                                                                                                   More than one option may be possible.
                                                                          3  Read the introduction about the explorer,
                                                                                                                                                                                                         8 Replace the verbs in italics with the verbs from
   you like to go to
   around the world?
                                                                          Hiram Bingham. How do you think he felt when                   5 Now read the extracts (A–C) and use the                       Exercise 7 in their correct form.
                                                                          he found the lost city of Machu Picchu? Use the                Strategies to complete the gaps.
                                                                          Mini-dictionary and the Key Words to help you.                                                                                 1 In the evening, I usually walk in the park with my
 2  Your Culture What are the most important
                                                                                                                                         6  Read the extracts again. Decide which of the                   elderly dog.
 historical sites in your country? Have you been to                       KEY WORDS: Adjectives                                          sentences are true (T) and which are false (F).                 2 When I got to the pool, I immediately jumped into
 any of them? Tell the class.                                             amazed, bewildered, ecstatic, exhausted, impressed,                                                                              the deep end.
                                                                          indifferent, shocked, spellbound                               1     Arteaga was a local guide hired by the
                                                                                                                                                                                                         3 I walked up the steep hill with five or six
                                                                                                                                                                                                           shopping bags.
                                                                                                                                         2     The other members of the expedition were put
                         Hiram Bingham (1875-1956) had an extraordinary life. He was successively a Protestant pastor,                                                                                   4 The entrance to the cave was small so I went
                                                                                                                                               off by the weather.
                         a land surveyor, a museum curator, a university professor, a World War I pilot and an American                                                                                    through it on my hands and knees.
                                                                                                                                         3     The bridge looked very dangerous to Bingham.              5 Last month I went up the Eiffel Tower without
                         politician. However, he is best remembered as an explorer, archeologist and discoverer of lost                  4     They had to crawl up most of the slope.
                         cities. Here are some extracts from his book, ‘Lost City of the Incas’.                                                                                                           taking the lift.
                                                                                                                                         5     Bingham was physically very fit.

                                                                                                                                         6     Bingham knew immediately that he had found                Speaking
                                                                                                      and seemed                               the lost city.
                                                                  in cold drizzle. Arteaga shivered                                                                                                      9 Work in pairs. Student A turns to page 130,
                        ‘The morning 24 of July 1911 dawned                    1            he would show me the                         7     The two big buildings he found were Inca
                                                          red to pay him well
                      inclined to stay in his hut. I offe                                day. But when he found                                temples.                                                  Student B turns to page 131. Read the information
                                                     too hard a climb for such a wet
                 ruins. He refused and said it was                                         re the ruins were, he                         8     The buildings were made of large stones.                  about the Incas. Then take turns to ask and answer
                                                      lly agreed to go. When asked whe                                                                                                                   questions to complete the information.
      out I was    willing to pay him more, he fina                               ed that they would be particularl
                                                                                                                      y                  9     The sun played an important part in Inca
                          to the 2            of the mountain. No one suppos                                                                   religion.
      pointed straight                                                             t there would be “more                                                                                                10   What do you think were the most important
                                            go with me. The naturalist said tha
      interesting. And no one cared to                                             hes and mend them. Anyhow, it                         10    Bingham took photos of the ruins.                         things about the Incas?
                                               eon said he had to wash his clot
      but  terflies near the river!” The surg                  3           to find the Inca capital.
                                            rts of ruins and
      was my job to investigate all repo                                                            24th. After a walk
                                                                left camp at ten o’clock on July
                            d only by Sergeant Carrasco, we
          So, accompanie                                                           d down through the jungle to the
                                             aga left the main road and plunge
       of three-quarters of an hour, Arte                                     crossed the roaring rapids at its
                                                    itive bridge 4
       ban  k of the river. Here there was a prim                                               across, six inches at a
                                                          my hands and knees and crawled
       narrowest    part. I confess that I got down on                                               in a 5
                                                                 bank through dense jungle and
       time. Leaving the     stream, we now struggled up the                                                                                    The little boy persuaded them to climb up
                                                                                   twenty minutes we had a hard                                                                       another steep slope.
                                             very steep slope. For an hour and                                                                                                                                                                              C
       minutes reached the bottom of a                                                 y was great. The heat was
                                                   went on all fours … The humidit                                                                 ‘Surprise followed surprise in bew
       clim  b. A good part of the distance we                                               t. I began to 6
                                                                                                                                                                                        ildering succession. We found our
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            selves standing in 12
                                                        were no ruins of any kind in sigh                                                       of the ruins of two of the finest
       excessive;   and I was not in training! There                                                                                           beautiful white granite, the walls
                                                                                                                                                                                   and most interesting structures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      in ancient America. Made of
                                      7            right choice.’                                                                                                                   contained blocks higher 13
        my companions had made                                                                                                                 spellbound. Each building had onl                                             a man. The sight held me
                                                                                                                                                                                     y three walls and was open on one
                                                                                                                                               walls twelve feet high ... The buil                                         side. The principal temple had
                                                                                                                                     B                                            ding 14               not look as though it ever had a
         The men met some Indians who told Sergeant Carrasco that the ruins were a little further along and gave them a little boy             could be welcomed here by the prie                                                        roof so the sun
                                                                                                                                                                                      sts. I could scarcely believe my sen
         to act as their guide. 8        leaving the hut, they strolled across some open ground and went into the forest beyond.               stones and estimated that they mu                                           ses as I examined the larger
                                                                                                                                                                                     st weigh ten to fifteen tons each
                                                                                                                                                             found? Fortunately, I had a good                           . Would anyone believe what I
            ‘Suddenly, I found myself confronted with the walls of ruined houses built of the finest quality Inca                                                                                 camera and the sun was shining.
         stone work. It was 9            to see them because they were partly covered with trees and moss … We
         scrambled along through the dense undergrowth and then … without any warning, the boy showed me
         a cave, beautifully lined with the finest cut stone. Clearly, it was the work of a master artist. It all
         seemed 10              an unbelievable dream. It fairly took my breath away. What could this place
         11          ? Why had no one given us any idea of it?’
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