How to Conduct an After Action Review (AAR) - PowerPoint by club56

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									MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review




 How to Conduct an
 After Action Review (AAR)
 MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review

   What is an AAR?
            A professional discussion of an event that
             enables soldiers to discover for themselves…
                  WHAT happened
                  WHY it happened
                  HOW to sustain strengths & improve
                   weaknesses
            An opportunity to capture lessons learned


             Improves individual and collective performance by
                       providing immediate feedback
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 MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review

   AAR: A Multipurpose Tool
   • Guide unit toward achievingcan
   Identify lessons learned so they training objectives
      be applied in subsequent training
    Increase confidence in unit
      leaders
    Increase proficiency of all
      participants




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 MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review

Critical Elements to Successful AAR




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 MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review
   Two types of AAR
                                        VS




                                                               Source: TC 25-20
                   Use the AAR that best fits your situation
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 MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review

Phase 1: PLAN


     Establish objectives
     Select & train qualified OCs
     Review materials
            Training & evaluation plan
            Army Training & Evaluation Program (ARTEP)
            Mission Training Plans (MTPs)
            Soldier Training Publications (STPs)
     Determine timing & identify participants
     Plan for stop points during exercise
     Select potential sites
     Select & prepare training aids
     Draft & review AAR plan


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 MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review

AAR Plan Worksheet
Example




                                                    Source: TC 25-20, Figure 2.1
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 MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review


Phase 2: PREPARE



       Review training objectives, orders, METL, and doctrine
       Identify key events OCs are to observe
       Observe training & take notes
       Collect observations from other OCs
       Organize observations to identify key discussion points
       Recon & prepare selected AAR site
       Conduct rehearsals


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 MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review


   AAR Observation Worksheet Example




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                                                    Source: TC 25-20, Figure 3.1
 MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review


Phase 3: CONDUCT



       Introduction and AAR rules of engagement
       Review of objectives & intent
                  Training objectives
                  Mission
                  (what was supposed to happen?)
                  Relevant doctrine, tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs)
       Summary of recent events                          (what happened?)


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 MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review

AAR Rules of Engagement
Example



                                  This is a learning event, not a
                                   critique
                                  Everyone should participate
                                  Does not measure success
                                   or failure
                                  Be ‘thick-skinned’
                                  No sleeping, eating, or
                                   smoking



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 MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review


Phase 3: CONDUCT (continued)
                            Discussion of key issues
                                  Chronological order of events
                                  Battlefield operating systems
                                  Key events/ themes/ issues
                                  Plan, prepare, and execute
                                   (technique)
                            Discussion of other issues
                                  Soldier/ Leader skills
                                  Tasks to sustain/ improve
                                  Fratricide

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 MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review

AAR Key Leader Assessment
Example




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 MSL 401 : How to Conduct and After Action Review

   Phase 4: FOLLOW-UP




         Army Knowledge Management:
        Take advantage of this wealth of
                 information

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