PANEL How to make Agricultural Research more Pro Poor Donal Brown

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PANEL How to make Agricultural Research more Pro Poor Donal Brown Powered By Docstoc
					       PANEL: How to make Agricultural Research more Pro Poor

                                 Donal Brown,
                     Rural Livelihoods Department, DFID.

Pro Poor Agric. Research - Whose priority?
   • Recipient countries often prioritise production not poverty.

Pro poor research or poverty reduction – are they the same?
   • Participation of poor farmers may not be enough to meet the MDGs
   • Rural growth or eliminating hunger?

Pro poor - Who and where are the poor?
   • Are economic definitions enough? PPAs and “contextual” poverty
      assessments – Livelihood Approaches to assets (human, social etc.)
   • Importance of vulnerability – landless, aged, women headed
      households, ethnic groups, fisher folk, refugees, pastoralists etc.
   • Feminisation of poverty – migration and access of FHH to credit,
      labour, extension etc.
   • Rural v urban poverty and inequality – changing dynamics and needs?
   • Rural poor often living in very marginal areas – productivity and
      environment.

What is pro poor agricultural research?
  • Technology development or more – the poor often prioritise issues of
      and policy above technology.
  • Low technology/adaptive research versus the role of high science?
  • Taking a livelihoods approach – placing agricultural research in
      context; livelihood diversification, credit, land tenure, gender, labour,
      health and education, social networks and access, policies and
      institutions.
  • Is it enough to be of potential relevance or should it preferentially
      advantage the poor?
  • Does increasing productivity of pro poor production systems increase
      resource capture by the rich – eg Common Property resources?
  • Priorities and governance – who defines the priorities for pro-poor
      research? How do researchers effectively engage poor households?

Can existing systems deliver?
  • Are public systems effective for knowledge management and transfer
      effective – structures, linearity and accountability (upward or
      downward)?
  • Have we got effective dissemination?
  • Incentives – What incentives are there for public or private sector
      research to focus on/prioritise the poor or for public sector to link with
      private research or service delivery?
  • What is the role of government - enabling environment or service
      provider?
•   Who are the clients – Bias to medium/larger farmers and gender
    insensitive?
•   The role of the north – priorities, co-ordination, resources capture,
    management systems.
•   The role of new paradigms – competitive funds, private-public
    partnerships, decentralisation of demand and resources.
•   Institutional effectiveness – Bilaterals, CG system, regional networks
    and NARS.
•   Transaction costs of participation
•   Balancing local immediate need with longer term and macro
    (national/transboundary) issues; climate change, GMOs, environmental
    degradation, access to resources particularly land and water.