PROJECT COMENIUS Introduction This school year our school OŠ Vižmarje Brod joined the project called Comenius. There are five countries in this project: Slovenia , Portugal , the Netherlands , Sweden and Germany . People in different countries are different, they have different customs and habits, languages, culture…and of course they also have different food habits. Our task for the first year (2006/ 07) was to find out about eating habits of school children and their families and compare the eating habits between countries. We concentrated on breakfast, lunch, dinner, snacks and fast food. We had to pay special attention to snacks. We first had a deeper look at our eating habits with a questionnaire and then we emailed our email friends from Portugal, Germany, Sweden and the Netherlands and asked them about snacks only. Here are our results SNACKS DURING THE SCHOOL DAY GERMANY Authors: Mojca Maček, Zala Müller, Kim Rotar, Ţan Pavlič, Rok Urbančič, Tajda Kendič, Maja Wolf, Aleksandra Hace We compared Slovenian and German food habits. We got answers from two girls and we made the following conclusion from their answers. Pupils in Germany usually eat sandwich with butter and they sometimes add jam or nutella. They often drink fizzy drinks, apple and orange juice, but water too. They don`t have candy machines but they buy snacks for lunch in their small shop. Everybody who wants to eat for the first break, has to bring snack with to school. They can buy lunch in the school cantine. Germans usually finish lessons before afternoon break so they go home for lunch, but if they have more lessons, they eat a small bar of chocolate of similar sweet. Their food is not very healthy, because they don`t have much fruit and vegetables. Pupils aren`t hungry between the lessons because they get enough food from the morning and midday break, but sometimes they eat some fruit. Picture 1: Fizzy drinks Picture 2: Fruit We think that our food is much healthier. We have fruit with almost every meal. We also don`t drink fizzy drinks but fruit juice. Our meals are smaller and we have them more often. We rarely eat crisps, pizza or ice-creams. THE NETHERLANDS Authors: Eva Bojc, Katarina Remec, Nikki Trnovec, Ţiga Verbič, Ana Vojsk, Valerija Brajkovič We were emailing the Dutch students. We asked them about their snacks during the school. We got some answers. During the first school brake at 10 am they usually eat cookies (sultana, chocolate) or bread and they drink juices. They have a candy-machine in school but they don’t eat there very often, just twice a month. They think that they don’t have enough healthy food in their school. Nobody goes to the village during the school breaks, because they are not allowed. In the first afternoon break at 2 pm they usually eat bread and they drink water. Some students prefer to eat fruit. They don’t eat between lessons. In Netherlands they eat more unhealthy things for snacks; we guess the reason is the candy-machine. We think that our food is different and healthier. For snacks we usually eat fruit or sandwiches and not so much cookies and chocolates. Our school organizes meals and that is why we don’t have candy-machines. PORTUGAL Authors: Katja Mihorko, Dafne Marko, Eva Dobnikar, Nastja Knez We exchanged our e-mails with the students from Portugal and started to learn about their habits. We asked them six questions about the snack they eat during the school day. We got answers from three students: Chico- email@example.com, Marisa- Marisa_rakel@hotmail.com and Silvia- firstname.lastname@example.org . In the first short break (at 10:00) they usually eat some cereals or sandwiches and drink different drinks like yoghurt, juice or chocolate milk. We also asked them if they buy things from the candy machine, but they don’t have it in their school. They buy food just from the school bar or from the coffeehouse. Most of them also go to the village to eat their snack, but some of them think there’s no time to do it. They have different opinion about the healthy food at their school. Some of them think it’s ok and that it could be worse and the others think it’s not well cooked and prefer eating in the village. They don’t have the afternoon break (at 14:00)-at that time they eat lunch. They eat between their lessons and they mostly eat a piece of cake, chips, bread with cheese, cookies, donuts, toast or sandwiches and they drink juice. From their answers we’ve learned that they don’t eat as healthy as we do. They eat a lot of sweet things like donuts, cake, cookies and other stuff. They never eat fruit or vegetables, they only eat sandwiches, toasts, bread with cheese etc. We also drink more water than the Portuguese students. A huge difference between our and their eating habits is that we never go to the village to buy food and that we don’t eat as many snacks as they do. We think that the reason for that is that we eat our dinner earlier than they do, so they are very hungry and they have to eat more unhealthy snacks. The only thing that we have in common is that none of us have candy machines at school so we can’t but food in that way. SWEDEN Authors: Rebeka Bernik, Rosana Sluga-Štih, Rok Milošič, Katja Jurak, Tjaša Kotnik, Margit Bergant, Tiana Lipovac We emailed 3 Swedish students, but only one of them replied. We have written our report based on the answers of one student only. We are going to compare their snacks with ours. Students in Sweden eat quite healthy food. They prove this with the fact that they never buy anything from a candy machine. This means that they eat less candies and crisps. Even though they think that there is enough healthy snack food to buy in school, they go into a village to eat there during a break. In the afternoon they eat nothing, but they snack between lessons. They usually eat fruit and sandwiches. Snacks in Sweden are quite different that the ones in Slovenia. We have a snack at 9.15, but for most pupils that’s actually breakfast and we usually eat cereals, bread whit butter and jam, fruit, sometimes even pizza! In Swedish schools they have 2 short breaks. First is at 10 am and they usually eat fresh fruit and vegetables (grapes, oranges, apples, melon, carrots, cucumbers…), cheese, cereal ... The second short break is at 2 pm and they eat fruit, cheese, crackers, cereal, small boxes of raisins… At school they don’t buy candies from candy machine. We also don’t buy food from candy machine because we don’t have one. We mustn’t leave school during the break to go eat to the village, but they can. We sometimes have a snack between lessons and usually we eat fruit. SLOVENIA Authors: Nina Habjan, Miha Strojan, Lara Zombra, Lea Avsenik, Mitja Kragelj, Cilka Toplak, Teja Willenpart, Pia Šekoranja Snack is food that we eat between meals. People in Slovenia usually eat breakfast at home, then they have snack around 11 am at work. They cook lunch when they come home from work at about 5 or 6pm and they have dinner at about 8 pm. The schoolchildren mostly eat breakfast at home, they have snack at school at about 10.30. They can have lunch at school from 12 to 13.30 and most people have school lunch. When they come home they eat together with their family another lunch and they have dinner at 8 in the evening. Our meals are small but we have them more often therefor we don't eat food between meals. A lot of pupils have afterschool activities like sports, music lessons or language lessons, so they don't have time to think about food all the time. At school we eat yoghurt, fruit, pastry, bread, sweets, and drink juice… in the first short break. We don’t have any candy machines but we have a market near the school. We can buy there snacks after the school because we are not to go out of school during the schoolday. We don’t eat snacks between lessons. Because we can’t buy any snacks in school, we eat light meals cooked there. In the afternoon break we actually have lunch. That’s why we don’t need to eat food outside school, e. g. in restaurants. In the afternoon if we are hungry, we usually eat food at home, e. g. fruit, biscuits, bread with cheese and ham… We believe that we eat healthy food at school, because we are offered a lot of fruit, dairy products and black bread. We rarely get pizza or donuts or chocolate. Instead of unhealthy snacks, we eat healthy lunch, cooked at school. Our lunch menu does not include fast food. There are vegetarians at our school, that’s why we have a possibility to eat vegetarian food. SLOVENIA Slovenia 1. We eat yoghurt, fruit, pastry, bread, tea, SWEDEN juice,... 2. We don't have a candy machine. 1. They eat fresh fruit and vegetable, 3. You can't buy anything at school, but cheese, cereal,... we can always get fruit. 2. They rarely buy food from the candy 4. We are not allow to go out of school. machine. 5. We have cooked lunch at that time in 3. Yes. the school canteen. 4. They go to the village and buy some 6. No, we don't. food there. 5. They eat nothing in the afternoon break, they have a snack between lessons. 6. They eat fruit and sandwiches. QUESTIONS 1. What do you eat in the PORTUGAL first school break? 2. How often do you buy 1. They eat some cereals or sandwiches, they drink food from the candy yoghurt, juice or chocolate milk. machine? 2. They don't have a candy machine. 3. Do you think there is 3. No, they can buy some from the school bar or from enough healthy snack their coffee house. food to buy at school? 4. Yes, they some go to the village to have a snack, 4. Do you go into the because they don't like the school food, some stay at village to eat during a school and eat there. break? 5. In the afternoon break they have lunch. 5. Why do you eat/ drink 6. Yes, they mostly eat cake, chips, bread with cheese, during afternoon cookies, donuts, toasts and they drink juice. break? 6. Do you snack between lessons? What do you have then? GERMANY 1. They eat bread and butter, sometimes THE NETHERLANDS they add jam or nutella. They drink fizzy drinks or juice. But they have to 1. They usually have cookies or bread and bring food with them from home. they drink juice. 2. They don't have a candy machine. 2. They have a candy machine, but they 3. They think they don't have enough fruit don't use it very often. and vegetable. 3. They don't think that they get enough 4. We didn't get the answer. healthy food at school. 5. They finish early so they don't have the 4. They are not allowed to go to village afternoon break. At that time they go during the break. home for lunch. 5. They eat bread and they drink water in 6. They aren't hungry between lessons the afternoon. Some students prefer because they have enough food from fruit. the morning and midday break. 6. They don't eat between lessons.