Safety and Gantt Charts

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					Safety and Gantt Charts

       ChE 477 (UO Lab)
  Larry Baxter & Stan Harding
   Brigham Young University
• Lab safety.
   • General location of fire pulls (building exits).
   • Fire extinguisher types and locations (four in lab).
   • Safety standards organizations (ANSI, NFPA, etc.).
• Gantt charts.
   • Project management triangle.
   • Gantt charts.
   • Microsoft project.
MSDS Sheets
• Written differently by different companies but should
  have similar information.
• Generally conservative.
• Often need interpretation by qualified professionals
Origins of Safety Rules
• Desire to protect yourself and colleagues from undue
• Legal requirements.
• Threats of lawsuits.
The Origin of Safety Standards
• Congress writes laws.
• The executive (president and, in this case, department
  of labor’s occupational safety and health
  administration - OSHA) develop regulations.
• Non-government organizations develop standards.
• Courts (commonly) adjudicate differences.
OSHA Laws / Regulations
• OSHA regulations (standards - 29 CFR).
• Eye and face protection. - 1910.133.
•   (A).
•   General requirements.
•   (A)(1).
•   The employer shall ensure that each affected employee uses
    appropriate eye or face protection when exposed to eye or face
    hazards from flying particles, molten metal, liquid chemicals,
    acids or caustic liquids, chemical gases or vapors, or potentially
    injurious light radiation.
OSHA Regulations (Cont’d)
• (A)(2).
• The employer shall ensure that each affected employee uses eye
  protection that provides side protection when there is a hazard
  from flying objects. Detachable side protectors (e.G. Clip-on or
  slide-on side shields) meeting the pertinent requirements of this
  section are acceptable.
OSHA Regulations (Cont’d)
• The employer shall ensure that each affected employee who
  wears prescription lenses while engaged in operations that
  involve eye hazards wears eye protection that incorporates the
  prescription in its design, or wears eye protection that can be
  worn over the prescription lenses without disturbing the proper
  position of the prescription lenses or the protective lenses.
• (A)(4).
• Eye and face PPE shall be distinctly marked to facilitate
  identification of the manufacturer.
OSHA Regulations (Cont’d)
• (B).
• Criteria for protective eye and face devices.
• (B)(1).
• Protective eye and face devices purchased after July 5, 1994 shall
  comply with ANSI Z87.1-1989, "American national standard
  practice for occupational and educational eye and face
  protection," which is incorporated by reference as specified in
  sec. 1910.6.
• (B)(2).
• Eye and face protective devices purchased before July 5, 1994
  shall comply with the ANSI "USA standard for occupational and
  educational eye and face protection," Z87.1-1968, which is
  incorporated by reference as specified in sec. 1910.6, or shall be
  demonstrated by the employer to be equally effective.
Standards Organization
• American national standards institute (ANSI).
   • Safety glasses is standard Z87.
   • Many other safety and non-safety related standards.
• National fire protection association (NFPA).
   • Most fire-related standards.
   • National electric code (NEC).
Standards Organization (Cont’d)
• Standards organizations are generally not government
  agencies and do not write laws or regulations.
• Standards acquire regulatory importance when cited in
  contracts or regulations/laws.
Project Organization
• Objective.
  • Complete project safely, on time, within budget, and within
  • Foresee project’s future.
Project Management Triangle
• Time
• Resources
   • Budget
   • People
   • Facilities
• Specifications
   • Scope
   • Requirements
                    Time       Resources

Steps to Manage Project
• Analyze project
  • Divide task into units
  • Establish relationships between units
• Schedule units beginning as early as possible
• Adjust schedule to meet deadlines and constraints
A Typical UO Lab Gantt Chart