Books or bombs Seminar IPBIPS by eqf10435

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									   Science and Technology

                Books or bombs?
                      Seminar IPB/IPS
                        Reiner Braun
                 Project Coordinator INES
          International Network of Engineers and
            Scientists For Global Responsibility


11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
• Science and engineering is a part of the
  problems of the society as they can be
  a part of the solution
• Scientific and technological development
  today is a part of the neoliberalistic
  capitalistic development (mainstream
  science)
• Science could be a part of an alternative
  social and ecological path: sustainable
  science for another world is possible

11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
        Challenges for science:
•   Climate change and global warming
•   Health care or pharmaceutics profit
•   Working places or shareholder value
•   Genetic engineering of local ecological
    agriculture

General: for human being of for profit
For war or for peace

11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
                  Changes in “Science”
• New fields of research, renewable energy
• New priorities of spending money for
  research
• Democratic structures, independence from
  industry and politics
• Participation, freedom of thinking
• Interdisciplinary
• Basic research on fields of sustainability

11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
Science and engineering for war

  Every war in the history was based on
  scientific and/or engineering discoveries

  From Greek till to the nuclear bomb




11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
  Military research and development
                Or
      Militarization of science

                  Privatization

                 2007:
50% of all engineers and 40% of all
  scientists in the USA work for military
  purposes

11/12 November 2007    Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
      Military R&D: global context

• Government R&D spending in industrialised
  countries (2004)
   – Military: $85 billion
   – Health & environment: $50 billion
   – Renewable energy: <$1 billion




11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
                  The role of the USA

• US percentage of world government R&D
    – Military: 83%
    – Health & environment: 66%
    – Renewable energy: 26%
• High level of US military R&D spending
  encourages others to increase spending –
  even allies


11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
      Military v Health & Environment
         Government R&D in 2004
                              80


                              70


                              60
       $ billion (PPP) 2004




                              50

                                                                                                         Health & Env R&D
                              40
                                                                                                         Military R&D

                              30


                              20


                              10


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11/12 November 2007                                         Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
                                                                                                            Source: AAAS, 2006
        Main areas of Military R&D

•   General munitions and explosives
•   Cross-cutting technologies, e.g. sensors
•   Command systems, e.g. computing
•   Close combat support
•   Counter terrorism
•   Robotic/fixed wing aircraft and helicopters
•   Maritime weapons and vessels
•   Complex weapons
•   Emerging technologies, e.g. nanotechnologies
•   Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN)


11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
        Dual Use technologies
Civilian and military use:
• Knife
• Nuclear materials for energy or nuclear weapons


How to deal with the problem:
• Public awareness and democracy
• Openness against military secret
• Control system, international cooperation



11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
                Military corporations

• Majority of military R&D (including government-
  funded R&D) takes place within industry
    – Represents a large subsidy
• some major military corporations
    – Boeing, Northdrop ,Lockhheed etc
    – Krauss-Maffey Germany, Siemens
    – BAE
    – European: EADS
    (see Dhanapala: lecture at the conference)

11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
              Military & universities

• Numerous paths for military funding of R&D in
  universities – many unquantified
  (US,GB, Russia)
• Government schemes
    – Through military labs, civilian Research Councils etc
• Corporate schemes
    – Large programmes run by Rolls Royce, QinetiQ
• Joint government-industry schemes
    – Defence Technology Centres
    – Towers of Excellence
    – Defence & Aerospace Research Partnerships

11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
         Military science education

• Military corporations are especially
  involved in sci/tech education
• Schools
    – provide sci/tech curriculum materials
• Colleges
    – Apprenticeships, especially engineering
• Universities
    – R&D funding influences on teaching
11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
                  Science for Peace
Peace Research and research for peaceful conflict
  solution and prevention
Bigger support, new training programs and
  scientific careers
Part of the education and the research at
 universities
• Ethical codes
• 5 minutes for responsibility and peace
• New proposal: Boycott

11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
         Scientists and Engineers for Peace
• Albert Einstein, Joseph Rotblat……
Engagement against weapons and war:
Russell- Einstein Manifesto

•        Refuse to take part,
         Whistleblowing

 Scientifique peace organizations:
• Pugwash
• INES

    11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
We appeal, as human beings. Remember
your humanity and forget the rest: If you
can do so, the way lies open for a new
paradise, if you cannot, there lies before
you the risk of universal death. (Russell- Einstein
  Manifesto, April 1955)




Thank you


11/12 November 2007        Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo
11/12 November 2007   Reiner Braun IPB workshop Cairo

								
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