Active / Passive Verb Forms Examples: Examples: Active / Passive Overview Active Passive Simple Once a week, Tom cleans Once a week, the house is Present the house. cleaned by Tom. Present Right now, Sarah is writing Right now, the letter is being Continuous the letter. written by Sarah. Simple Past Sam repaired the car. The car was repaired by Sam. Past The salesman was helping The customer was being Continuous the customer when the thief helped by the salesman when came into the store. the thief came into the store. Present Many tourists have visited That castle has been visited Perfect that castle. by many tourists. Present Recently, John has been Recently, the work has been Perfect doing the work. being done by John. Continuous Past Perfect George had repaired many Many cars had been repaired cars before he received his by George before he received mechanic's license. his mechanic's license. Past Perfect Chef Jones had been The restaurant's fantastic Continuous preparing the restaurant's dinners had been being fantastic dinners for two prepared by Chef Jones for years before he moved to two years before he moved to Paris. Paris. Simple Future Someone will finish the The work will be finished by WILL work by 5:00 PM. 5:00 PM. Simple Future Sally is going to make a A beautiful dinner is going to BE GOING TO beautiful dinner tonight. be made by Sally tonight. Future At 8:00 PM tonight, John will At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes Continuous be washing the dishes. will be being washed by WILL John. Future At 8:00 PM tonight, John is At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes Continuous going to be washing the are going to be being BE GOING TO dishes. washed by John. Future Perfect They will have completed The project will have been WILL the project before the completed before the deadline. deadline. Future Perfect They are going to have The project is going to have BE GOING TO completed the project been completed before the before the deadline. deadline. Future Perfect The famous artist will have The mural will have been Continuous been painting the mural for being painted by the famous WILL over six months by the time artist for over six months by it is finished. the time it is finished. Future Perfect The famous artist is going The mural is going to have Continuous to have been painting the been being painted by the BE GOING TO mural for over six months by famous artist for over six the time it is finished. months by the time it is finished. Used to Jerry used to pay the bills. The bills used to be paid by Jerry. Would Always My mother would always The pies would always be make the pies. made by my mother. Future in the I knew John would finish I knew the work would be Past the work by 5:00 PM. finished by 5:00 PM. WOULD Future in the I thought Sally was going to I thought a beautiful dinner Past make a beautiful dinner was going to be made by WAS GOING TO tonight. Sally tonight.
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