British Embassy Harare
3 Norfolk Road
DFID’s Programmes in Zimbabwe
The aim of the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) programme in
Zimbabwe is to provide direct support to the poorest and most vulnerable people, to
contribute effectively to the national response to HIV and AIDS and to promote economic
reform and improved governance during a period of political transition.
During the 2009/10 financial year, DFID will spend £60 million. Our funds mainly go through
multilateral agencies and Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs). This is the UK’s
largest aid package ever to Zimbabwe. These funds will save lives and livelihoods and build
the foundations for future growth.
Below is brief snapshot of our programmes.
Behaviour Change Communications £22m over 5 years
DFID’s consistent support to HIV and AIDS prevention programme over the last decade has
helped contribute to the decline in the numbers of people living with AIDS. However at
13.7%, the HIV prevalence rate remains high. DFID is providing £22 million to a five year
behaviour change programme co-funded with USAID. This funding enables Population
Services International (PSI) to develop communication campaigns to address issues such as
HIV related stigma and multiple partnerships, as well as increasing HIV prevention services,
availability of socially marketed male and female condoms and a network of testing and
Expanded Support Programme for HIV and AIDS in Zimbabwe (ESP) £35m over 5 years
DFID Zimbabwe is supporting the scale up of Zimbabwe’s HIV response including increased
access to Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART). DFID is providing £35m over five years for HIV
and AIDS prevention and treatment. This is a multi-donor common funding mechanism that
supports the National Strategy for HIV and AIDS, relies on UN agencies for implementation,
and is managed by a working group made up of government, donors, UN agencies and civil
society. The ESP aims to support universal access by 2010 for all Zimbabweans in need of
ARTs. The beneficiaries of this support will be the 58,000 poor people living with HIV and
AIDS who are currently unable to access ART as well as millions more through inclusive
prevention, testing and diagnosis and safe blood services. Other donors contributing to the
ESP are Canada, Sweden, Ireland and Norway.
DFID Zimbabwe January 2010
Health Worker Retention Scheme £1.9m over 2 years in addition to $4.1m through the
This programme is delivered through Crown Agents and supports basic retention payments
for health workers. DFID initiated this programme in December 2008 in the worst cholera
affected areas with a $1m contribution that paid a US$ allowances to nurses and other
essential health workers enabling them to get back to their clinics. The scheme helped
result in the number of health workers increasing from under 10,000 in December 2008 to
over 26,000 by February 2009. DFID provided an additional £1,335m in August 2009 with
the money channelled through the ESP programme (above). Other donors (UNICEF,
UNFPA, EC, and Australia and Denmark) also contribute to the scheme that as of October
2009 was adopted by the Global Fund.
Maternal and Newborn Programme £25m over 5 years
This programme aims to protect the lives of mothers and newborns, especially those
affected by HIV and AIDS and to maintain access to family planning services, including
contraceptives and to life saving obstetric services and newborn care. DFID supports the
Ministry of Health and Child Welfare priorities by funding implementing partners to reduce
maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. The programme is built on a strong evidence
base about obstacles to sexual and reproductive care, infant feeding for HIV exposed babies
after six months, and has supported the Maternal and Perinatal mortality study in
Zimbabwe which has informed policy options. DFID spends more than £2 million annually
on the procurement of reproductive health contraceptives through Crown Agents Zimbabwe
who work with the Zimbabwe National Family Council (ZNFPC) and JSI Deliver in the
distribution of these commodities to all public sector service delivery points around the
country. Liverpool Associates in Tropical Health (LATH) has recently taken over the
management of sub-grants to NGOs, such as ZVITAMBO, EGPAF and the University of
Zimbabwe Department of Obstetric Care projects which focus on maternal and child care.
Support to Orphans and Vulnerable Children £22m over 5 years
Zimbabwe has the highest proportion of children orphaned by AIDS in the world. Over 25%
of all children have lost one or both parents. DFID together with the European Commission,
Australia, Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands and New Zealand EC will give $85 million in
support that will be managed by UNICEF to implement the National Plan of Action in
Zimbabwe. DFID’s £22 million contribution over 5 years (2006 – 2010) represents over 40%
of the total multi-donor basket. This supports orphans and vulnerable children across the
country including support to keep children in school and to provide protection from all forms
of abuse. Civil society organisations implement the programme. As of July 2009, a total of
353,400 children have benefited from the programme. The programme aims to reach 1.5
million children next year with school fees support.
Emergency Vital Medicines Support Programme £16.5m over 3 years
DFID has provided £16.5 million to UNICEF for the procurement and distribution of essential
drug supplies in Zimbabwe. This programme will ensure that all health facilities across all
districts in Zimbabwe will be stocked with the most essential medicines and supplies. The
programme will help meet national health policy goals with particular focus on the needs of
children under five years, women, and the prevention and treatment of transmissible
diseases. ECHO (EC), Canada, Ireland, Australia and the Netherlands are also contributing
to this programme.
Emergency Malaria Spraying Campaign £0.75m over 2 year
Malaria is endemic in eight rural provinces Zimbabwe and occurs in 45 districts out of 62. It
is the third leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Zimbabwe after HIV and AIDS and
tuberculosis with over two million people suffering from this preventable disease annually.
The most vulnerable are under-fives, pregnant women, the elderly and people living with HIV
and AIDS. DFID is providing £0.5m for the procurement of indoor residual sprays in 2009/10
building on last year’s contribution of £0.25m. This is a short term intervention, implemented
by Crown Agents.
DFID Zimbabwe January 2010
Education £1m over 1 year
By early 2009, the education sector in Zimbabwe was in a crisis. The sector suffered
particularly from high staff attrition and teachers’ salaries were insufficient. The number of
teachers dropped from about 120,000 to less than 60,000. On top of this, education was
severely disrupted for much of 2008 because of political violence. In the summer of 2009,
DFID Zimbabwe along with other donors agreed a new level of involvement in the education
sector. We are spending £1m in 2009/10 to provide technical advice and seed funding to a
pooled financing mechanism called the Transitional Education Fund (TEF) managed by
UNICEF. The fund’s objectives are to support procurement of education commodities
(textbooks, exercise books, classroom furniture, etc) and technical assistance and to provide
funding for a strong education technical expert based within the EC to guide, influence and
inform policy developments. DFID Zimbabwe is currently preparing a larger multi-year
Protracted Relief Programme Phase II £54.8m over 5 years
The DFID funded Protracted Relief Programme Phase II (PRPII) assists the poorest and
most vulnerable households suffering from the effects of erratic weather, economic decline
and the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Its main objectives are to improve the food security of the
poorest through production and income-generating activities, to improve access to water and
sanitation, and to provide social protection and care to the most vulnerable such as
the chronically ill. The programme is reaching over two million poor and vulnerable people.
DFID has engaged a management consultant (GRM) for the co-ordination and management
of the programme which is delivered through 27 technical and implementing partners. The
PRP has now become a multi-donor funded project, with several donors funding through
DFID or directly through GRM. These donors are Australia, Denmark, Norway, Netherlands,
the European Commission and World Bank who together will contribute at least £24 million
over the lifetime of the programme in addition to DFID’s contribution. This positive
development has expanded the capacity of the PRP partners to reach and support
vulnerable communities and increase the number of beneficiaries.
Emergency Food Aid £4m for 1 year
Food availability in 2009/10 has greatly improved from last year following a good harvest, an
end to the Grain Marketing Board monopoly on importing cereals, dollarisation of the
economy and availability of donor-funded agricultural inputs (such as through the PRPII).
Nonetheless, hundreds of thousands remain food insecure. In November 2009, DFID
Zimbabwe contributed £4 million to help the World Food Programme (WFP) feed the most
vulnerable through the leanest time of year. Our funds will help 1.6 million people through a
combination of household distributions (1.2 million) and targeted feeding of acutely
vulnerable groups including IDPs (0.4 million). Our support is also helping WFP pilot
innovative programming in places of household distribution where the ability to purchase
from the market is the obstacle, not the availability of food.
International Organisation for Migration £6.5m over 4 years
More than 1.5 million people have been displaced by the policies of the GoZ since 2000
(including the Fast Track Land Reform from 2000 to date and Operation ‘Murambatsvina’ -
drive out trash – in 2005) and post-election violence (2008). Despite the Inclusive
Government, farm invasions continue today and the risk of displacement for remaining farm-
worker families remains a concern. DFID Zimbabwe has had a programme with IOM
Zimbabwe to provide emergency assistance (food, non food items, and temporary shelter) to
IDPs along with humanitarian assistance at border crossings. IOM continues to be at the
forefront of responding to new displacements and emergencies. The IOM are now working
DFID Zimbabwe January 2010
in 29 out of 57 districts in 10 provinces and they are currently assisting 251,000 individuals.
Beitbridge Reception Centre on Zimbabwe’s border with South Africa was established in
May 2006 and by the end of May 2009, it had assisted 320,000 returned migrants. The
programme will run until March 2010 and its total value is £6.5m (with £1.5m provided in
Water and Sanitation £4.7m over 1 year
Zimbabwe’s cholera outbreak from August 2008 to July 2009 was a sharp indicator of the
state of the water and sanitation infrastructure across the country and the consequences of
its neglect over the last twenty years. In total, there were nearly 100,000 cholera cases
reported with an overall case fatality rate of 4.3%. In 2009, there was a big push by the
international humanitarian community to carry out preventive rehabilitation work on the water
systems and to get supplies in place early to minimise the worst effects of another cholera
outbreak. The UK gave £4.7 million to UNICEF in early October 2009 to help to supply safe
water and access to sanitation services for the most vulnerable population groups through:
(1) distribution of emergency Non-Food Items (oral rehydration kits, soap, jerry cans for
water, purification tablets), (2) improvement of hygiene and sanitation access and practices,
(3) rehabilitation of water and sanitation systems throughout the country in both rural and
urban areas. Cholera in the 2009/10 rainy season is a fraction of what is was during the
2008/09 season. By mid-December 2009, the total cumulative caseload stood at 146 cases
compared to 17,908 cases the year before. DFID Zimbabwe is currently working to develop
a multi-year water and sanitation programme.
Emergency Health Infrastructure Support £1m over 1 year
In the spring of 2009, the Deputy Prime Minister’s office appealed to DFID for funding for a
specific programme of work to improve referral hospital infrastructure in six key hospitals
including the larger cities of Bulawayo, Masvingo, Harare and Mutare. Health services in
these hospitals were compromised due to lack of equipment and damage to infrastructure in
theatres, laundries, boiler rooms, kitchens and mortuaries. Our short-term investment
should quickly yield visible improvements. Crown Agents is managing the project and it is
schedule to be completed in the spring of 2010.
Economic Reform and Governance
Strengthening Accountable and Capable Government
We are spending £4 million in fiscal year (2009/10) on a combination of activities to promote
economic reform and good governance. This includes;
• Providing technical assistance to the office of the Prime Minister to fulfil its
responsibilities to lead Executive policy design and implementation.
• Providing technical assistance to the Ministry of Finance to design and manage a
cash budget for 2009 and 2010.
• Supporting a payroll audit to identify ghost workers and civil servants who do not
have the requisite skills to carry out their responsibilities effectively
• Supporting civil society to defend the rights of Zimbabwe’s citizens and to enable
Zimbabwe’s citizens to engage in key decision making processes.
• We are on course to provide support the constitutional making process through a
multi-donor funded programme to be managed by UNDP.
Gender Support Programme £0.95m over 3 years
In May 2009, DFID approved a three-year gender support programme in collaboration with
the EC and UNIFEM. This is a follow-up programme to a one year gender scoping study that
developed a gender strategy and tools and mechanisms for a multi-donor funded
programme. The main objective of the programme is to promote gender equality and
women’s empowerment in Zimbabwe. The EC is also contributing £0.98m to the programme
and UNIFEM is the fund manager.
DFID Zimbabwe January 2010