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Equality and equity

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					Equality and Equity 1
Equality and equity

Co-operative values # 5-6



   Bringing co-operative values to education
  Equality & Equity

What is the difference between
         the two words?




        Bringing co-operative values to education
      What is the difference ?
• Equality = all                    • Equity = the
  humans having the                   application of the
  same rights and                     principle of fairness in
  status in theory                    practice

         I believe                                  I am going to
        everyone                                     make sure I
        should be                                  treat everyone
           equal                                       the same


              Bringing co-operative values to education
     Equality criteria–
    what do we mean ?
                                                  Race
 Can you                        Sexuality
                                                          Sex
                                                         gender
 think of
any more?                Country
                         or region
                                                                   Age
                                              Equality


                                                               Ability -
                            Religion
                                                               disability
                                        Class/       Wealth
                                        Social       Poverty
                                        group


      Bringing co-operative values to education
                Inequality
• Sexism           What do these
• Racism             mean ?
• Ageism




           Bringing co-operative values to education
Equality – an impossible dream ?
        We are part of nature                             You can’t stop
           and in nature its                              people thinking
        ‘survival of the fittest’                          that they are
         so we can never all                             better than others
               be equal

                                                       God obviously likes some
  Humans are all different so                          people more than others
    you will never get real
           equality
                                          Some people will always
                                         be cleverer, richer, stronger
  ‘Might is right’ –                     so what’s the point of trying
 that’s what I think                           to get equality ?



                   Bringing co-operative values to education
   Inequality – how does it happen?
              Majority group                                        Minority

Stereotyping – generalisation – seeing everyone in a group the same way

Prejudice – prejudging someone before you meet them ( in your mind )


Discrimination – treating people from a group differently or unequally


Separation or concentration – forcing a group to live apart eg. apartheid


Extermination or Genocide – trying to kill a whole group of people

                        Is there any way to stop this?


                        Bringing co-operative values to education
                        School
• Is there any inequality
  in school ?




               Bringing co-operative values to education
            Local community
• Is there any inequality in the local area?
• Is there any inequality in your closest large
  town?
• Is there any inequality in the UK?
• Is there any inequality in the world?




               Bringing co-operative values to education
             Race / ethnicity
• What do we mean by
  race ?
• Are all races equal ?
• Are all races treated
  equally ?




              Bringing co-operative values to education
     Ethnic minorities in the UK
•   White 92%
•   White 1.2%
•   Indian 1.8
•   Pakistani 1.3
•   Bangladeshi 0.5
                                     Total Ethnic minorities = 8%
•   Other Asian 0.4 %
•   Black Caribbean 1%
•   Black African 0.8%
•   Black other 0.2 %
•   Chinese 0.4 %
•   Other 0.4

               Bringing co-operative values to education
               Anti racism
• How can we ensure that different races
  and ethnicities are treated equally?
• How can we stop or reduce racism?




            Bringing co-operative values to education
            Sex / gender
• What do we mean by sex / gender?
• Are men and women equal?
• Are they treated equally?




            Bringing co-operative values to education
Can both men women do these jobs?
•   Rugby player                       •    Car mechanic
•   Doctor                             •    Wrestler / boxer
•   Nurse                              •    Prime minister
•   Nursery school                     •    Entrepreneur
    teacher                            •    Cleaner
•   Soldier                            •    Chef
•   Pilot                                  Can you think of any that
                                            men or women can not
•   Football player                                  do ?
•   Football referee

                 Bringing co-operative values to education
                    Religion
• Are all religions equal?
• Is one religion better than another?
• Are all religions treated equally?




             Bringing co-operative values to education
          Religions In Britain
Christian 72%
Hindu 1%
Buddhist 0.3 %
Jewish 0.5%
Muslim 2.7%
Sikh 0.6%
Other religions 0.3
No religion 15.5%
Not stated 7.3 %

The UK population: by religion, April 2001 Census

               Bringing co-operative values to education
    Atheism ( or agnosticism )
• What do these mean ?
• Should they be treated the same as
  religious believers?
• Should they be allowed to publish their
  views ?
• Should they be allowed to argue against
  religion ?
• Should they be allowed to make fun of
  God ?
            Bringing co-operative values to education
        Social Group / class
                                                          D you think this
What is the                   Upper                          is true ?
 difference                   class
  between                                                  Is this how we
each group                Middle class                    are all grouped?
      ?



                         Working class



       Which class are you in?

              Bringing co-operative values to education
                           Age
• Are all ages treated equally?
• Should all ages be treated equally?
• When should children be treated as
  adults? What age?
• Should old people be treated any
  differently to younger people?


             Bringing co-operative values to education
                   Disability
• Should disabled people be treated the
  same as able bodied people?
• Are they treated equally?




             Bringing co-operative values to education
Solutions – how can we achieve
      equality and equity?

             What do you think is the
                   answer ?

        Is there one answer or many ?

        What stops us achieving real
                 equality?




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        Possible solutions ????
•   Equal opportunities monitoring
                                     What do these
•   Anti discrimination legislation    all mean ?
•   Equal pay laws                   Can you think
•   Outlawing racist groups          of any more ?

•   Mixed Schools
•   Learning from History
•   Celebrating diversity and multi-culturalism
•   Positive discrimination
•   Quotas of ethnic minorities in public positions

                 Bringing co-operative values to education
         Things to do
Can you design an anti racism logo?

              Research
      Hitler & Nazi Germany
      South Africa & Apartheid
       Civil Rights in America
 Suffragettes / suffragists in Britain



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