Education for Rural People 6 Yea by liaoxiuli


									Education for Rural People
                            A Global Partnership
                             to promote equity
                             progress towards
     Lavinia Gasperini Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO )
                          David Acker – IOWA State University
                                  March 2009 - BONN
A message to the Oslo EFA High
        Level Meeting
Fight today’s main global inequity,
address the Rural- Urban gap,
and invest in
Education for
    What is EFA main challenge ?

   EFA to reach the un reached

   Reach the un rich
   Reach the poor
   Reach the rural ….promote an urgent
    What is EFA main challenge ?

   EFA to promote an urgent “innovation“ to
    stop reproducing inequity:
    prioritize investments in education for
    developing the capacities of rural:
     Children (4 out of 5 of out of school children
      are rural)
     ->Youth and Adults (4 out of 5 of out of
      illiterates are rural)
             ERP Objectives
   Promoting equity, sustainable development and

   Increasing investments to promote access to
    quality basic education for rural people

   Enhancing governance and national capacity to
    plan and implement education programs to
    address learning needs of rural people

   The majority of the poor, food insecure, illiterate
    adults, out of school children, refugees,
    displaced, nomads, people in remote settings
    and affected by HIV/AIDS live in rural areas.
   Addressing the educational needs of this
    "neglected majority" is key to achieving the
    Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and
    Sustainable Development
   A strategic partnership to promote ESD
       (Dr. Jacques Diouf, Director-General of FAO)
        ERP Inter sectoral History

   2002: ERP launched at the World Summit for
    Sustainable Development, Johannesburg

   2000 World Education Forum, Dakar, (Senegal) &
    1990 World Summit on Education for All Jomtien

   1948 UN Declaration of Human Rights
    Key ERP policy achievements

   EFA HLM Beijing 2005: ERP key policy

   Senior government representatives from MOE
    and MAG of 11 African countries reiterated the
    need to address the gross inequalities that
    marginalize rural people (Addis Ababa 2005;
    Rome 2007)
         ERP and the food crisis
   World Food Summit (WFS) 1996 = 800 billion
    undernourished . Target: Reduce hunger by 50% by 2015
    (->Year 2000 MDG 1 )

WFS Plan of Action, Commitment 2
" promoting access for all, especially the poor and
 members of vulnerable and disadvantaged groups to
 basic education" …"strengthen their capacity for self-
 reliance"..."promote access and support for complete
 primary education" of "children in rural areas and to
           ERP and the food crisis
   Millennium Development Goals 1 : eradicate extreme
    poverty and reduce hunger by 50% by 2015

   High-Level Conference on Food Security: the Challenges
    of Climate Change and Bioenergy 3-5 June 2008 :
    world food production must rise 50 % by 2030. This will require
    investments exceeding $ 15 billion to $ 20 billion a year in the
    farm economies of poor countries , including research into robust,
    high-yielding crops suited to poor regions like sub-Saharan

   -> develop rural people capacity to utilize such
    investments and increase food production

   Famine does not happen in democracies
    because educated people have the
    resilience to cope and adapt to changes,
    crises and shocks and in doing so they
    feed themselves, produce food for the
    market and income for themselves.
   Investments in ERP and food security
    have a direct relation
    ERP Contributes to MDGs:
   ERP plays an important supporting role in the
    achievement of all MDGs
   ERP is critical to the achievement of:
      MDG 1: Eradicating extreme poverty & hunger

      MDG 2: Achieving universal primary education

      MDG 3: Promoting gender equity, empowering
       MDG 7: Ensuring environmental sustainability
Food and Agriculture Organization
      of the United Nations


Ministries             Ministries
    of                     of
Agriculture            Education


Ministries             Ministries
    of                     of
Agriculture            Education

ADEA and                 Civil
 other I.O.             Society


               8 Challenges

               8 Challenges

                8 Lessons

               8 Challenges

                8 Lessons

               8 Examples
Challenge # 1         Access to Education

   Fees and other costs
   Distance to schools and lack of boarding
   Availability of adult education and skills
Lesson # 1            Access to Education

   School attendance in rural areas has
    improved primarily due to:
     Removal or reduction of school fees
     Free access to learning materials
     School construction

   But the percentage of rural people in
    secondary and higher education and skills
    training is still irrelevant.
Example # 1          Access to Education

   Colombia Rural Education Programme,

    Adressing holistically all levels of the
     Education system, including teacher
Challenge # 2             Quality of Education

    Quality depends on positive discrimination and
     extra investments for rural people
        Infrastructures and facilities
        teaching materials
        teachers training
        evaluation
        curriculum relevance
        links to community
Lesson # 2              Quality of Education

   Quality and relevance are vital to increase the
    access, retention and effectiveness of education
    for rural people.

   Contextualized learning
    allows learners to study and
    solve real-life problems and
    to acquire life skills
Example # 2           Quality of Education

    School gardening programs contribute to
    relevance and quality and to school
    feeding programs
   Community participation in determining
    combination of national and local curricular
    has proven successful
Challenge # 3

Gender Responsive Environments
   Accommodations must be made to attract and
    retain school-aged girls and adult women
     Lesson # 3
   Flexible timetables to
    accommodate peak labor
    demand for girls and adult
   Well-supervised boarding
    facilities to safeguard girls
   Take-home rations for girls to
    compensate for labor lost
    when they attend school
Example # 3

Gender Responsive Environments
   Half-day long farmer training short courses
    geared toward women that have
    responsibilities at home

                            Photo: Wikipedia
Challenge # 4          Governance Efficiency

   No single institution can provide all
    educational services for rural people
Example # 4               Governance Efficiency

   Rural-based extension officers are a
    valuable resource :
     presentations of their subject at schools
     conducting adult education and skills training

     organizing farmer field schools
Lesson # 6

Skills Training for Rural People
   Skills for a more secure livelihood and
    greater resiliency during times of stress
     Life skills
     Food production skills

     Self-employment skills

        FAO/UNESCO/IIEP, 2006
    Lesson # 7
Redefining Agricultural Education
   Agricultural education must reflect changes taking
    place in rural areas:
        technology changes
        global supply chains
        natural resource challenges
        on- and off-farm employment
        global environmental changes
        entrepreneurship and small enterprise development

                Crowder, Lindley, Bruening and Doron (1999)
    Lesson # 8

Effective Pro-rural Policies
    National policies and financing strategies that
    effectively address ERP:
   recognize the diversity of needs of rural people
        ecological and geographic differences
        socio-economic and cultural differences
          FAO/UNESCO/IIEP, 2006

   Produce data and disaggregate EMIS to enable
    governments and the International community
    to monitor ERP progress
    What Will Success Look Like?
   Increased proportion of central budget
    devoted to ERP
   Expanded access and improved quality for
    all rural people
   Rural people:
     engaged in knowledge-based economies
     prepared to learn to adapt and cope with
      globalization and market forces, climate change,
      food crises and other shocks
ERP Action at the National Level
    Strategies are in place that are: people-
     centered , rights-based , justice-oriented,
     sustainable, diversified according agro
     ecological, socio economic and cultural needs

    ERP baseline and benchmarks are established

    ERP complements programs in food security,
     poverty alleviation and sustainable natural
     resources management
    Action at the International Level

   ERP, a commitment of all: One UN, PRSPs,
    SWAPS, EFA, bilateral donors, NGOs,
    private sector and others
         Action: Role of Donors
   Support from regional and international
    granting and lending organizations for
    those countries committed to elevating the
    education of their rural citizens
   UNESCO and the Fast Track Initiative
    providing technical assistance to ensure
    ERP becomes an integral part of EFA (ERP
    Ministerial Meeting Recommendations 2005-7)
      ERP: Visit A Rich Resource
   33 books and conference proceedings
   57 virtual publications
   7 published articles
   8 newsletters
   3 theses
   93 featured activities
   ERP Toolkits

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