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					National and Regional
   Approaches to
Multilingual Internet
        Names
     Asia Pacific
        Tan Tin Wee
     Perspective
      Retired Chairman
   Asia Pacific Networking Group
               (APNG)
Historical Origins of Multilingual
         Domain Names
   1998 – APNG Chairman’s Commission
   1998 – National University of Singapore research project
    – proxy/UTF5 solution
   1998 – Asia Pacific iDNS Testbed – at least five
    countries
   1998 – APNG/NUS Presentation to INET’98, Geneva.
   1998 – APNG/NUS Presentation to IFWP, Singapore.
   1999 – AP Task Force on iDNS
   1999 – iDNS IPv6 research project funded by PanAsia
    Networking, IDRC Canada
Historical Origins of Multilingual
      Domain Names – II
   2000 Formation of Multilingual Internet Names
    Consortium - MINC
   2000 CDNC - Chinese
   2000 International Forum for IT in Tamil
    (INFITT) – Tamil WG03
   2001 AINC – Arabic Internet Names
    Consortium
   2001 JDNA – Japanese Domain Name Assn
              Key Issues - I

Multilingual Support in Internet Names is imperative
 55% of content non-English

 Rapid Sustained Growth - China/HK/Taiwan, Japan,
  Korea
 Rapid growth in developing countries in the region –
  Thailand, India, Indonesia, Philippines
 Early phase – Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, etc
             Key Issues - II
Principle of Least Astonishment for Users
 Chinese Traditional/Simplified,

 Kanji/Hirigana/Katakana,

 Hanguel/Hanja

 Arabic/Farsi/Urdu/Jawi
                Key Issues - III
   Autonomy
   Self Determination
   National Security for authorities
             Key Issues - IV
Interoperability across languages - Minority
  Ethnic Groups and Multi-racial societies
 Indian Languages

 IndoChinese languages

 Large minority groups in China – Mongolian,
  Tibetan etc.
          Consequences of Delay
   Application/Vendor dependent domain names and
    keywords – already happened
   Keyword masquerade as domain names – 1 to 3
    months
   National Intranets/Extranets with national language-
    specific roots imminent in 3 to 6 months
   Namespace collisions
   User confusion, dissatisfaction, disservice
                     Solutions?
   Demythologise the sacred root of
    IAB/IANA/IETF/ICANN
   Liberalisation of the Internet - Distributed Unique Root
    or multiple but singly coordinated roots?
   Controlled Economy or Market forces?
   Mutual respect of all languages and scripts
   Competence of authority
   Speed of service
   Proactive rather than reactive
   Devolution of responsibility
                     APNG
   APNG Commission 1998 gave birth to IDN
   APNG desires for Internet Digital Divide in our
    region to be bridged quickly
   APNG desires early resolution
   APNG wishes to help and cooperate with other
    regions
   APNG has provided technical directions and
    now hopes to contribute some ideas for future
    directions in politcal, governance and
    management
                     APNG
   APNG also working on IPv6 IDNs
   APNG will help and cooperate with MINC in
    new “above” DNS solutions such as multilingual
    multiscript keywords
   APNG will encourage more AP citizens to
    participate in Technical solutions in IETF
           More Information

   Website: http://www.apng.org
   Email:     sec@apng.org
   Info: http://www.apng.org/commission/idns/
   MINC: http://www.minc.org/
   AINC: http://www.a-inc.org/
   CDNC: http://www.cdnc.org/
   JDNA : http://www.jdna.org/
   INFITT: http://www.infitt.org/

				
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posted:2/14/2010
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