OLD TESTAMENT STORY LINE
CHRONOLOGY OF OLD TESTAMENT
COLOUR BOOKS STORY EXILE RECONSTRU 8TH CENTURY
or STILL SHOTS LINE CTION
LEVITICUS EXODUS Amos
DEUTERONOMY NUMBERS Obadiah
RUTH JUDGES Isaiah
PSALMS 1 SAMUEL Micah
PROVERBS 2 SAMUEL
SONG OF SOLOMON 1 KINGS 7TH CENTURY
1 & 2 CHRONICLES 2 KINGS Zephaniah
LAMENTATIONS EXILE Daniel Habakkuk
ESTHER EZRA Ezekiel HAGGAI Jeremiah
NEHEMIAH ZECHARIAH Joel
Date Written: 550 B.C.
* Two Books of Kings were
originally one in the Hebrew Bible.
The Septuagint may have
divided Samuel, Kings, and
Chronicles into two because the
Greek required a greater
amount of scroll space than did
1 Kings – Introduction (Continues...)
The story of 1 and 2 Kings is basically
one failure. The tiny nation of Israel
had gained dominance in its region
because God had blessed it. But at the
height of their affluence and influence,
the people plunged into poverty and
paralysis as they turn away from God.
Talmudic Traditions says that Kings
was written by the Prophet Jeremiah.
Both 1 and 2 Kings emphasize God’s
righteous judgment on idolatry and
immorality. The style of these books is
also similar to that found in Jeremiah.
Life Lessons from 1 Kings
God has given you the stewardship of your life – use
Obedience to God will bring blessings to you and
Wisdom is not a guarantee you won’t act foolishly.
Beware of Worldliness —it can turn your heart from
Life Lessons (Continues...)
Don’t let your personal desires distort the standards
established in God’s Word.
Unless you serve God, you become a slave to
whatever takes His place in your life.
Pray unselfishly for that which help others.
The Prophet Elijah ministers during the reign of
Ahab, an exceptionally wicked northern king.
Ahab’s wife Jezebel introduces Baal worship to
those in the wicked northern kingdom. Elijah
confronts Ahab the prophets of Baal in a
showdown on Mount Carmel, where God
miraculously sends down fire and consumes a
sacrifice well-doused with water by Elijah. Elijah
goes on to kill 450 prophets of Baal who were
present at Mount Carmel.
SURVEY OF THE 1 KINGS
CHAPTERS 1 TO 11 - Solomon
and a United Kingdom (40 Years)
CHAPTERS 12 TO 22 – The Kings
and a Divided Kingdom (90 Years)
MIRACLES PERFORMED BY ELIJAH
Multiplies a widow’s food
Raises a widow’s son to life
Calls down God’s fire on an altar and
Calls down fire on evil soldiers
Parts the Jordan River
Date Written: 550 B.C.
Setting: Divided kingdoms of Israel
Purpose of Kings
Kings were written selectively, not
exhaustively, from a prophetic
viewpoint to teach that the decline and
collapse of the two kingdoms occurred
because of failure on the part of the
rulers and people to heed the warnings
of God’s messengers.
While Elijah is a type of John the
Baptist (see Matt. 11:14; 17: 10-12;
Luke 1:17). Elisha reminds of Christ.
Elijah generally lives apart from the
people and stresses law, judgment and
repentance. Elisha lives among the
people and emphasizes grace, life and
Miracles Performed by Elisha
Parts the Jordan River
Purifies the water at Jericho
Multiplies a widow’s oil
Raises a boy from the dead
Purifies poisonous stew
Multiplies prophets food
Heals Naaman’s leprosy
Flots ax head
Blinds Syrian army.
Life lessons from 2 Kings
God is patient. He gives you many opportunities to heed
His call to repentance and Obedience.
Even when others around you are disobedient, you are
to be obedient, for you are responsible for your actions.
An idol is any idea, ability, possession, or person that you
regard more highly than God.
Pride and arrogance are sure signs you are going down
the wrong path—path that will lead to destruction.
Survey of 2 Kings
Chapters 1 -17 The Divided Kingdom
(853 – 722 BC). Israel and Judah
722BC Israel Departed to Assyria
Chapters 18 – 25 The Surviving Kingdom
(715B.C. – 560 B.C.) Judah
Judah Deported to Babylon
Theme: Israel’s Spiritual History
Date written: 450 – 425 B.C.
Setting: Israel after the captivity.
1 Chronicles - Introduction
The book of 1 and 2 Chronicles were originally one
book in the Hebrew Bible. They were divided at the
time of their translation into Greek, and that division
continues into the English translations.
First Chronicles covers the same period of Israel’s
history as the book of 2 Samuel but with one
difference. 2 Samuel gives a political history of the
Davidic dynasty, while 1 Chronicles gives the
1 Chronicles - Introduction
The books of 1 and 2 Chronicles cover the same
period of Jewish history described in 2 Samuel
through 2 Kings.
These books are no mere repetition of the same
material, but rather form a divine editorial on the
history of God’s people.
2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings – Prophetic/political
1 and 2 Chronicles - Priestly/spiritual perspective
Authorship of Chronicles
The contents points to priestly authorship because of
the emphasis on the temple, the priesthood, and the
theocratic line of David in the southern kingdom of
Judah. The narrative indicates the chronicles was
at least written by a contemporary of Ezra.
Chronicles is quite similar in style to the Book of
Ezra, and both share a priestly perspective:
genealogies, temple worship, ministry of the
priesthood, and obedience to the law of God.
The closing verses of 2 Chronicles
(36:22-23) are repeated with minor
changes as the opening verses of Ezra
(1:1-3). Thus Chronicles and Ezra
may have been one consecutive history
as were Luke and Acts.
Life Lessons from 1 Chronicles
God continues to work out His plans in
History through His People.
God will be true to His promises in spite of
your checkered past.
Your past mistakes provide valuable lessons
for your present holiness.
Realize God has a future for you, just as He
has a future for Israel.
Survey of 1 Chronicles
Chapters 1:1 to 9:44 - Royal Line of
David (covers Thousands of Years).
Genealogies covers Adam – David.
Chapters 10:1 to 29:30 – Reign of
David (C. 33 Years). (David’s rule over
the United Kingdom).
Theme: Israel’s spiritual heritage
Date Written: 450 – 425 B.C.
Setting: Israel after the exile
The book of 2 Chronicles covers much of the same
period as 1 and 2 Kings. Second Chronicles gives a
divine editorial on the spiritual nature of the Davidic
dynasty from the time of United kingdom of Solomon
to the deportation of the kingdom of Judah; then to
the decree of Cyrus, king of Persia, for the exiles to
return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple after a 70
year exile. Because this is a spiritual chronicle of
David’s lineage, the wicked kings of the northern
kingdom and their history are completely omitted.
2 Chronicles – Introduction (Continues...)
Chronicles focuses on those kings who
pattern their lives and reigns after the
life and reign of godly King David. It
gives extended treatment to such
zealous reformers as Asa,
Jehoshaphat, Joash, hezekiah, and
Reign of Solomon 1:1 - Reigns of the kings of Judah
9:31 10:1 – 36:23
Temple Constructed Temple is Destroyed.
C. 40 Years C. 393 Years
Survey of 2 Chroniciles
Chapter 1 – 9 Solomon’s Glory.
Chapters 10 – 36 Judah’s Decline and
Model of Solomon’s Temple
Life lessons from 2 Chronicles
There is always a consequence to
You can –and should—learn from failures of
Yesterdays’ revival must be renewed today.
In the same way that the temple was the
focal point of worship for Old Testament
saints, Christ is to be your focal point today.
Date Written: 457 – 444 B.C.
Model of Zerubabbel’s Temple
Model of Herod’s Temple
Herod’s Temple - Illustrated
Temple Mount – Dome of the Rock
Temple Mount Aerial View
Ezra - Introduction
Ezra, the author of 1 and 2 Chronicles, picks
up where he leaves off at the end of 2
Chronicles. He records the accounts of two
returns of a small remnant of Jews from
exile. As a Priest, Ezra continues his goal of
providing a priestly and spiritual perspective
on Judah’s historical events.
Ezra - Introduction (Continues...)
Ezra relates the story of two returns from
Babylonia—the first led by Zerubbabel to rebuild the
temple (1-6), and the second under the leadership of
Ezra to rebuild the spiritual condition of the people
**In between the two returns there is a gap of six
decades, during which Esther lives and rules as a
queen in Persia.
Survey of Ezra
Chapters 1- 6 - The Restoration of the
Chapters 7 – 10 - The Reformation of
Life Lessons from Ezra
God always keeps His promises to His people ... And to
God is at work behind the scenes to lead and direct your
Strong spiritual leadership is necessary to give people
Preparation to teach God’s People is a dedicated
Teaching God’s Word will always have a positive effect.
Date Written: 424 - 400 B.C.
Nehemiah - Introduction
First, Ezra arrives on the scene and
brings about reforms through the
teaching of God’s Word. Now 13 years
later, Nehemiah, a trusted cupbearer of
the king of Persia, arrives in Jerusalem
with a burden to rebuild the wall.
Nehemiah Introduction (Continues...)
Nehemiah was concerned about rebuilding
of the walls around Jerusalem (which were
destroyed by the Babylonians), and the
reinstructing of the Jewish people, who were
becoming pagan through intermarriage with
the Gentile unbelievers who lived all around
Life Lessons from Nehemiah
At times you may become the answer to your own
Most things you do for God’s purpose will require acts of
Don’t underestimate the importance of reading and
understanding God’s Word.
You must keep a constant vigil against attacks from the
enemy of your soul.
Survey of Nehemiah
Reconstruction of the Wall (1:1 -
Restoration of the People (8:1 -
Date: 450 – 431 B. C.
Setting: The Court of Persia
Esther - Introduction
The story of Esther’s life fits between chapters
6 and 7 of Ezra, between the first return led by
Zerubabbael and the second return led by
It provides the only biblical portrait of the vast
majority of Jews who choose to remain in
Persia rather than return to Palestine after the
Esther – Introduction (continues...)
Esther’s Hebrew name was Hadassah, ―myrtle‖
(2:7), but her Persian name Ester was derived from
the Persian word for ―star‖ (stara). The Greek title
for this book is Esther.
The Feast of Purim
The first and only non-Mosaic festival
An annual two-day holiday of rejoicing
Held in February or March
Named for the Akkadian word for ―lot‖
Life lessons from Esther
Don’t Let less-than-perfect circumstances keep you
from trusting in God.
Don’t think that a difficult life prevents you from great
service to God and His people.
God’s protective hand is always present even though
it is not always visible.
It takes courage to speak up for your beliefs and be
willing to suffer the consequences of doing so.
Each of God’s people—including you– has been
prepared by God for some purpose and strategic
Survey of Esther
The Threat to the Jews ( 1 to 4)
The Triumph of the Jews (5 – 10)