Origen of united nations
Foundation of united nations laid on the
ashes of the league of nations.
League of nations could not stop II world war.
Name “united nations” was devised by
president Franklin D.Roosevelt.
It was first used in the declaration by “united
nations” of 1st January 1942.
Advent of UN owes its roots to Moscow
declaration of 1st November 1943.
At Moscow foreign ministers of China, Russia,
UK and united states took up a decision to
establish an international organization.
UN charter came into being and ratified by a
requisite number of states on October 24th
Objectives of the united nations
Objectives of united nations are enshrined in
the preamble to the charter.
There are four major objectives.
To save the succeeding generation from the
scourge of war.
To reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in
the work and dignity of human person and equal
rights of men, women and nations large and
To establish conditions under which justice and
respect for the obligations arising from treaties
and other sources of international law can be
Better and peaceful life
Living together in peace and harmony
Emergence of the concept of peaceful
Collective security to maintain peace and
Purposes and principles of UN
Purposes of the UN are set forth in Article 1 of
Maintenance of international peace and security
Development of friendly relations among
International co-operation in solving problems
of economic, social, cultural and humanitarian
nature, promotion and encouragement of
respect for human rights and fundamental
To act as a centre for harmonizing the actions
of nations to achieve the above end.
PRINCIPLES IN ARTICLE 2 OF UN CHARTER
Organization is based on the principle of the
sovereign equality of al its members.
Members shall fulfill in good faith.
All members shall settle their international
disputes by peaceful means.
All members shall refrain in their
international relations from the threat or use
of force against the territorial integrity or
political independence of any state.
All members shall give the UN every
assistance in any action.
The organization shall ensure that states
which are not members of the UN act in
accordance with these.
Organization shall not intervene in matters
essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of
UN charter has accorded equal
representation to the states too