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UNITED NATIONS

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					JAVARIA QAIS

UNITED NATIONS
Origen of united nations

  Foundation of united nations laid on the
     ashes of the league of nations.
    League of nations could not stop II world war.
    Name “united nations” was devised by
     president Franklin D.Roosevelt.
    It was first used in the declaration by “united
     nations” of 1st January 1942.
    Advent of UN owes its roots to Moscow
     declaration of 1st November 1943.
 At Moscow foreign ministers of China, Russia,
  UK and united states took up a decision to
  establish an international organization.
 UN charter came into being and ratified by a
  requisite number of states on October 24th
  1945.
 Objectives of the united nations
 Objectives of united nations are enshrined in
  the preamble to the charter.
    There are four major objectives.
 To save the succeeding generation from the
  scourge of war.
 To reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in
  the work and dignity of human person and equal
  rights of men, women and nations large and
  small.
 To establish conditions under which justice and
  respect for the obligations arising from treaties
  and other sources of international law can be
  maintained.
 Objective describes:,
 Better and peaceful life
 Practicing tolerance
 Living together in peace and harmony
 Emergence of the concept of peaceful
  co-existence
 Collective security to maintain peace and
  security
Purposes and principles of UN

 Purposes of the UN are set forth in Article 1 of
  the charter.
 Maintenance of international peace and security
 Development of friendly relations among
  nations
 International co-operation in solving problems
  of economic, social, cultural and humanitarian
  nature, promotion and encouragement of
  respect for human rights and fundamental
  freedom.
 To act as a centre for harmonizing the actions
    of nations to achieve the above end.
   PRINCIPLES IN ARTICLE 2 OF UN CHARTER
   Organization is based on the principle of the
    sovereign equality of al its members.
   Members shall fulfill in good faith.
   All members shall settle their international
    disputes by peaceful means.
 All members shall refrain in their
  international relations from the threat or use
  of force against the territorial integrity or
  political independence of any state.
 All members shall give the UN every
  assistance in any action.
 The organization shall ensure that states
  which are not members of the UN act in
  accordance with these.
 Organization shall not intervene in matters
  essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of
  any state.
 UN charter has accorded equal
  representation to the states too

				
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