FOREIGN POLICY

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FOREIGN POLICY Powered By Docstoc
					JAVARIA QAIS

FOREIGN POLICY
Foreign policy and determinants
of foreign policy
 Actually foreign policy is a set of decisions. it
  is the system’s series of decision which
  relates with the relations of the other
  country's treaties and agreements .
 We pursue foreign policy in different
  manners.
 There are certain objectives, goals and
  principles.
 All principles have no equal importance.
 There is no policy without goals and
    purposes.
   States have their objectives but ideal
    situation is not possible.
   Foreign policy can be defined that:,
   Foreign policy is an effort or a set of decisions
    (policy out put) for dealing with the
    environment of the political state.
   When it deals it with external environment
    then it is foreign policy.
 Policy is always a set of decisions        and
    foreign policy comes when we only talk for
    the policy of the state.
   Why study foreign policy?
   It is not possible to live in isolation.
   States want to know that what is the view of
    the other states.
   Because some other country’s F.P influence
    on us.
 I.R is state to state relationship.
 F.D.I foreign direct investment.
 There are the issues of economic globalization
 We get technology from industrial developed
  countries and for industrial development we
  need funds.
 External and internal foreign policy are linked.
 As “poverty alleviation” this program is internal
  but have external dimensions.
 There are few more internal and external
    foreign policy issues which are linked:,
   Civil wars
   Famine
   Illegal refugee problem
   Human migration
   Human rights issues
Objectives of foreign policy

 Main objectives which the foreign policy of a
  country seeks to achieve are:,
 “To protect the territorial integrity of the
  country” and “protect the interest of their
  citizens”.
 “The maintenance of links with other
  members of international community” and
  “adoption of policy of conflict or co-operation
  towards them with a view to promote its own
  interests”
 F.P of a country seeks to promote its national
  interests. The primary interest of a country is
  self-preservation, security and well being of
  its citizens.
 F.P aims at promotion of economic interests
  of the country. Most of the treaties and
  agreements designed to protect and promote
  the economic interests of these states.
 F.P aims at enhancement of the influence of
  the state either by extending by its area of
  influence or reducing the other states to the
  position of dependency.
 Determinants of foreign policy /
  factors influencing foreign policy
 We talk about the “power as an attribute” and
  the context of circumstances where foreign
  policy works
Foreign policy influences
   Global influences
   State or internal
      influences
       Individual
      influences
        Policy making
           process

         F.P decisions
 Geography
 Technology
 Economic development
 Technology
 Defense and security issues
 Domestic politics
 Quality of leadership
 Ideology
 Public mood
 Political organization
 Role of press/media
 Diplomacy
 Geographic context:, what is the
    geographical location of a country or a state.
    Nature of boundaries and geographic
    factors.
   What are the options?
   How geography has the limited choices of a
    country?
   What are the natural and mineral resources?
   Sufficient food.
   Technology and economic:,
   Sustainable agriculture.
   Advanced technology.
   Strong economic system.
   Strong industry.
   Work ethics.
   Trained men-power.
   Education.
   Control on population.
 Defense and security issues:,
 Strengthen military/security
 Security and the survival of the state.
 State independence and territorial integrity.
 What are the security threats?
 Quality of leadership:,
 Ability of leadership
 Vision and foresee a problem
 Ultimate analysis
 Have power to deal in certain methods
 Individual decisions
 Their thinking and training (where institutions
  are weak, the leaders are influencing them).
 There is difference in public and personal domain
  (traditional governance, monarchy).
 In modern times there is link between public and
  personal domain.
 Ideology :, ideology influences the choices in
    decision making.
   Ideology is a set of interrelated set of human
    directions in which we want to go.
   Ideology has its own principles.
   Ideology is a sole factor of foreign policy.
   Diplomacy :, how to deal with international
    community?
    Diplomacy depends on different methods like,
    Changing patterns of diplomacy in new world.
    Mechanism of diplomacy.
    Embassy’s and ambassador's role.
    Function of diplomacy
a.    Representation
b.    Negotiation
c.    Reporting
d.    Protection of interests/object of diplomacy