FOREIGN POLICY by usmanjee123



Foreign policy and determinants
of foreign policy
 Actually foreign policy is a set of decisions. it
  is the system’s series of decision which
  relates with the relations of the other
  country's treaties and agreements .
 We pursue foreign policy in different
 There are certain objectives, goals and
 All principles have no equal importance.
 There is no policy without goals and
   States have their objectives but ideal
    situation is not possible.
   Foreign policy can be defined that:,
   Foreign policy is an effort or a set of decisions
    (policy out put) for dealing with the
    environment of the political state.
   When it deals it with external environment
    then it is foreign policy.
 Policy is always a set of decisions        and
    foreign policy comes when we only talk for
    the policy of the state.
   Why study foreign policy?
   It is not possible to live in isolation.
   States want to know that what is the view of
    the other states.
   Because some other country’s F.P influence
    on us.
 I.R is state to state relationship.
 F.D.I foreign direct investment.
 There are the issues of economic globalization
 We get technology from industrial developed
  countries and for industrial development we
  need funds.
 External and internal foreign policy are linked.
 As “poverty alleviation” this program is internal
  but have external dimensions.
 There are few more internal and external
    foreign policy issues which are linked:,
   Civil wars
   Famine
   Illegal refugee problem
   Human migration
   Human rights issues
Objectives of foreign policy

 Main objectives which the foreign policy of a
  country seeks to achieve are:,
 “To protect the territorial integrity of the
  country” and “protect the interest of their
 “The maintenance of links with other
  members of international community” and
  “adoption of policy of conflict or co-operation
  towards them with a view to promote its own
 F.P of a country seeks to promote its national
  interests. The primary interest of a country is
  self-preservation, security and well being of
  its citizens.
 F.P aims at promotion of economic interests
  of the country. Most of the treaties and
  agreements designed to protect and promote
  the economic interests of these states.
 F.P aims at enhancement of the influence of
  the state either by extending by its area of
  influence or reducing the other states to the
  position of dependency.
 Determinants of foreign policy /
  factors influencing foreign policy
 We talk about the “power as an attribute” and
  the context of circumstances where foreign
  policy works
Foreign policy influences
   Global influences
   State or internal
        Policy making

         F.P decisions
 Geography
 Technology
 Economic development
 Technology
 Defense and security issues
 Domestic politics
 Quality of leadership
 Ideology
 Public mood
 Political organization
 Role of press/media
 Diplomacy
 Geographic context:, what is the
    geographical location of a country or a state.
    Nature of boundaries and geographic
   What are the options?
   How geography has the limited choices of a
   What are the natural and mineral resources?
   Sufficient food.
   Technology and economic:,
   Sustainable agriculture.
   Advanced technology.
   Strong economic system.
   Strong industry.
   Work ethics.
   Trained men-power.
   Education.
   Control on population.
 Defense and security issues:,
 Strengthen military/security
 Security and the survival of the state.
 State independence and territorial integrity.
 What are the security threats?
 Quality of leadership:,
 Ability of leadership
 Vision and foresee a problem
 Ultimate analysis
 Have power to deal in certain methods
 Individual decisions
 Their thinking and training (where institutions
  are weak, the leaders are influencing them).
 There is difference in public and personal domain
  (traditional governance, monarchy).
 In modern times there is link between public and
  personal domain.
 Ideology :, ideology influences the choices in
    decision making.
   Ideology is a set of interrelated set of human
    directions in which we want to go.
   Ideology has its own principles.
   Ideology is a sole factor of foreign policy.
   Diplomacy :, how to deal with international
    Diplomacy depends on different methods like,
    Changing patterns of diplomacy in new world.
    Mechanism of diplomacy.
    Embassy’s and ambassador's role.
    Function of diplomacy
a.    Representation
b.    Negotiation
c.    Reporting
d.    Protection of interests/object of diplomacy

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