Foreign policy and determinants
of foreign policy
Actually foreign policy is a set of decisions. it
is the system’s series of decision which
relates with the relations of the other
country's treaties and agreements .
We pursue foreign policy in different
There are certain objectives, goals and
All principles have no equal importance.
There is no policy without goals and
States have their objectives but ideal
situation is not possible.
Foreign policy can be defined that:,
Foreign policy is an effort or a set of decisions
(policy out put) for dealing with the
environment of the political state.
When it deals it with external environment
then it is foreign policy.
Policy is always a set of decisions and
foreign policy comes when we only talk for
the policy of the state.
Why study foreign policy?
It is not possible to live in isolation.
States want to know that what is the view of
the other states.
Because some other country’s F.P influence
I.R is state to state relationship.
F.D.I foreign direct investment.
There are the issues of economic globalization
We get technology from industrial developed
countries and for industrial development we
External and internal foreign policy are linked.
As “poverty alleviation” this program is internal
but have external dimensions.
There are few more internal and external
foreign policy issues which are linked:,
Illegal refugee problem
Human rights issues
Objectives of foreign policy
Main objectives which the foreign policy of a
country seeks to achieve are:,
“To protect the territorial integrity of the
country” and “protect the interest of their
“The maintenance of links with other
members of international community” and
“adoption of policy of conflict or co-operation
towards them with a view to promote its own
F.P of a country seeks to promote its national
interests. The primary interest of a country is
self-preservation, security and well being of
F.P aims at promotion of economic interests
of the country. Most of the treaties and
agreements designed to protect and promote
the economic interests of these states.
F.P aims at enhancement of the influence of
the state either by extending by its area of
influence or reducing the other states to the
position of dependency.
Determinants of foreign policy /
factors influencing foreign policy
We talk about the “power as an attribute” and
the context of circumstances where foreign
Foreign policy influences
State or internal
Defense and security issues
Quality of leadership
Role of press/media
Geographic context:, what is the
geographical location of a country or a state.
Nature of boundaries and geographic
What are the options?
How geography has the limited choices of a
What are the natural and mineral resources?
Technology and economic:,
Strong economic system.
Control on population.
Defense and security issues:,
Security and the survival of the state.
State independence and territorial integrity.
What are the security threats?
Quality of leadership:,
Ability of leadership
Vision and foresee a problem
Have power to deal in certain methods
Their thinking and training (where institutions
are weak, the leaders are influencing them).
There is difference in public and personal domain
(traditional governance, monarchy).
In modern times there is link between public and
Ideology :, ideology influences the choices in
Ideology is a set of interrelated set of human
directions in which we want to go.
Ideology has its own principles.
Ideology is a sole factor of foreign policy.
Diplomacy :, how to deal with international
Diplomacy depends on different methods like,
Changing patterns of diplomacy in new world.
Mechanism of diplomacy.
Embassy’s and ambassador's role.
Function of diplomacy
d. Protection of interests/object of diplomacy