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Net neutrality: a policy perspective

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					Net neutrality is a hotly debated topic around the world, and is now high on the political and
regulatory agenda not only in the US but increasingly in many EU member states. It originated as a
result of a debate between incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs) and Internet content and
service providers (ICSPs) in the US and focused on end users’ purported rights to access content,
services and applications through the broadband networks. This report discusses the current debate
and where it is heading, analyses the different approaches regulators and policy makers are taking,
and assesses the likely impact on different industry players.

Table of Contents :

Executive summary

In a nutshell

Ovum view

Key messages

Definitions and principles of net neutrality

Born in the USA

Background

Nature of the net neutrality debate

All about preserving the status quo, whatever that is

Main actors and their positions

Broadband providers resist new regulation

ICSPs favour net neutrality, though varying in their degree of support

Consumer groups also weigh in at one end of the spectrum

Case studies

European Commission

New challenges on the horizon

Net neutrality within the November 2007 telecoms package
European Commission declaration on net neutrality

Germany

Italy

Japan

Norway

Spain

Regulator’s view on net neutrality in 2007

Stakeholders’ views on net neutrality in 2007

Current situation

UK

Broadband voluntary code of practice

US

The FCC’s 2005 policy statement

The FCC’s 2009 statement

List of Tables

Table 1: Regulatory intervention to secure a neutral net

List of Figures

Figure 1: Equal access to networks and equitable cost distribution of networks

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