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English I Ms. K. Williams LAP 2- Character, Narrator and Voice Reading Objectives: Analyze character traits by what the characters say about themselves Make inferences Analyze the methods a writer uses to reveal character Understand and analyze character motivation Analyze and elaborate on ideas presented in primary and secondary sources Evaluate whether a secondary source is an accurate reflection of an original text Writing Objectives: Revise and edit Autobiographical narrative for publication (Narrative) Prewrite and write/draft a persuasive essay (Persuasive) Vocabulary Objectives: Synonyms Map unfamiliar words Grammar Objectives: Verb tenses Writing Complete Sentences Parts of Speech: Modifers PA Standards: 1.3 B Analyze the uses and effectiveness of literary elements 1.3 C Analyze the effect of various literary devices 1.1 E Reinforce reading vocabulary by identifying and grouping related words 1.5E Revise writing after rethinking logic of organization and rechecking central idea, content, paragraph development, level of detail, style, tone, and word choice 1.5F Edit writing using the conventions of language Resources Holt’s Elements of Literature Level 3 1. “Thank You, M’am” pp.86-91 2. “Marigolds” pp. 118-127 3. “Teaching Chess; Community Service; Feeding Frenzy” pp. 96-103 4. “The Interlopers” pp. 150-157 5. “The Necklace” pp. 159-170 6. “The Cask of Amontillado” pp. 172-181 7. “Four Readings About Poe’s Death” pp. 183-190 8. The House on Mango Street (novel) 9. Writing Workshop: Persuasive Essay Assessments In order to earn a credit for this LAP, you must complete the following: 1. All journal entries and classwork 2. All homework assignments 3. An original “street narrative” for The House on Mango Street 4. Completed persuasive essay 5. Tests/quizzes with questions for all stories Activities To earn a credit for LAP 2 pick one activity for each of the three stories. You many hand them in one at a time or all together. “Thank You M’am” Language Analysis 1. Idioms-Don’t Take Them Literally When it’s raining cats and dogs, you don’t expect creatures to be falling from the sky. Every language has idioms like that one, phrases and expressions that mean something different from their literal meaning How would you explain the following idioms, used in the story to someone who has just started to learn English? -take off full blast -have a bite to eat -make a dash for it -latch on to my pocketbook With a partner, write five entries for a classroom dictionary of English idioms. Use each idiom in a sentence, and then write a definition of it. Creative Writing 2. Character Up Close You may not realize it, but the people around you are very interesting. Select a person you know whom you can use as the subject of a character sketch. Think of that person’s spirit—how does he or she cope with joy and sorrow, trouble and success? Describe what the person looks like, how he or she acts under stress, how other people respond to him or her. Describe the person’s setting. You may want to tell an anecdote, or a little story, about the person. Choose your details carefully. Hughes needed only a few details to bring Mrs. Jones to life. Creative Writing 3. Found Poetry Sometimes poetry is found embedded in prose paragraphs. Sometimes it’s found in news articles, even in weather forecasts or recipes. Find the paragraph from “Thank You, M’am” that begins “In another corner of the room” and reformat it so that it looks like a poem. Break the sentences into lines that seem right to you. Use very short lines for dramatic effect. Change any words you wish to. It will be up to you to decide where to end your poem. “Marigolds” Writing a Letter 1. A Personal Response Collier recalls that the first agency she sent her story to returned it with a note saying the story had no hope of publication. Write a response to that agency in the form of a letter. You might talk about one or all of these issues: -how you felt about the story in general -how you connected with the text -how you felt about certain passages Conflict Resolution 2. Resolving Conflicts An important part of solving problems is understanding the results, or effects, of certain troublesome actions. Using a chart like the one below, focus on Lizabeth’s actions and their effects on other people and on herself. Then, focus on a conflict in your school or community. Prepare another chart citing actions or events and the ways they affect other people. Art 3. Imitating Bearden A collage is a collection of images taken from various sources (magazines, newspaper, photographs, even the artist’s own drawings). Collages can also include pieces of cloth, words, or even objects like stones or shells or dried flowers. Create a collage of your own showing Miss Lottie’s house and her flowers. For your collage be sure to add some words from the story. “The Interlopers” Comparing Characters 1. Two “Monsters”? In a brief essay, compare Ulrich with Zaroff in “The Most Dangerous Game.” How are the two men alike? How are they different? Remember that when you compare two things, you show how they are alike and, perhaps, how they are different as well. Evaluating a Story 2. You, the Reviewer Suppose you are a member of a team of readers deciding whether Saki’s story should be included in a textbook. Write a brief statement about the story in which you (a) tell why you think the story will (or will not) appeal to high school students, (b) give at least two reasons for your opinion, and (c) tell how the story compares in appeal with two other stories you have read (mention the titles and the authors of the other stories). As part of your statement, you might add a rating scale for “The Interlopers.” Zero is the lowest rating, and Five is the highest. Creative Writing 3. Making a Storyboard Filmmakers use storyboards to plan their camera shots. Imagine that you are the director of a thirty-minute film of “The Interlopers,” create a storyboard showing each scene as you will shoot. You may, if you wish, create new scenes that take place before and after events in the story. First, sketch the major story events on cards, one camera shot per card. Then, arrange the cards in sequence on a sheet of cardboard, and discuss the shots. How do you want to arrange the events? Will they be in chronological order, or will you add flashbacks? Will you have to add or cut scenes? “The Necklace” Creative Writing 1. Extending the Story Write a paragraph telling what might happen after Mme. Forestier reveals that the necklace was a fake. Does she return the difference in value between the original necklace and the one she received as a replacement? Do the Loisels now begin to lead a different kind of life? Is it too late for Mathilde to recapture the past-her beauty and social triumph? Has she learned something during those ten years that makes her unwilling to try? Analyzing Points of View 2. Another Point of View Think about this story’s point of view as if you were Maupassant trying to decide how to tell your story. Write a paragraph telling how the story would change if it were told in first person by: a. Mathilde’s husband b. Mathilde herself Be specific. Cite at least two ways in which the story or its effect would differ if a different person told it. Music 3. Mood Music Suppose you were to make a short film of “The Necklace” and wanted to add songs to the soundtrack as a way of expressing Mathilde’s feelings. Select the songs you would use at these three moments: Mathilde at home before learning of the invitation; Mathilde at the party; Mathilde on the Champs Elysees ten years later. Play recordings of the songs you choose, or read the lyrics to the class. “The Cask of Amontillado” Explaining a Theory 1. Finding a Motive Suppose a detective assigned to the case at the time it happened wrote a report with this theory about the disappearance of Fortunato: “Montresor is the last member of an aristocratic Catholic family that lost its money. Fortunato was businessman who had recently become wealthy and wasn’t above cheating to make money. Fortunato also was member of the Masons, a secret Protestant organization that Catholics cannot join. These facts explain Montresor’s hatred of Fortunato They also supply him with a motive for murder.” Now you are another detective assigned to the still unsolved case a few years later. In a report to your supervisor, explain exactly what you think of this theory. If you agree or disagree, tell why and find reasons in the story to support your case. Drawing 2. Designing a Stage Set Suppose Poe’s story is to be dramatized for TV and you are in charge of set design. Before you present your design to your director, decide on an exact time period for the story. Persuasive Essay 1. Write a five paragraph persuasive essay on an issue (arguing a point). For example, you could write about how one book or movie was better than another. You would need to include supporting facts and/or details. “The House on Mango Street” Your project is a “street narrative” that parallels the themes and ideas in “House on Mango Street.” 1. Street Narrative A street narrative is the story of street. When writing about this street, ask yourself, as the author, the following questions: -What is this street’s name? -Who lives on this street? -What happens here? Your street narrative will be a finished and professional quality piece that details fictional or non-fictional experiences that show life..real life. Although Cisneros’ piece is fiction, she draws strongly from her real life and the real lives of others. You must also draw from real experience. Whether you choose to write fiction or non-fiction pieces, your goals are the same. You must: -Create a Voice -Provide Sensory Detail -Show don’t tell -Create a Sense of Place We will use House on Mango Street as a model, a guide through the caverns of fictional narrative writing. You will turn in a NEAT, illustrated book (binded colorful construction paper as pages) of your narrative writing. 1. 10 pages long-THE FIRST PAGE IS YOUR COVER 2. Must have table of contents 3. Must include at least 3 illustrations and 7 pages of writing 4. No blank or slightly filled pages 5. Creativity and presentation are important to your success!