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					   GCE AS and A level subject criteria for
   Welsh second language

3b55972d-6771-4793-a31c-7475a2582077.doc   1

1. Introduction                            3

2. Aims                                    3

3. Subject content                         3

4. Key Skills                              4

5. Assessment objectives                   5

6. Scheme of assessment                    5

3b55972d-6771-4793-a31c-7475a2582077.doc       2
1. Introduction
1.1    AS and A level subject criteria set out the knowledge, understanding, skills and
       assessment objectives common to all AS and A level specifications in a given
       subject. They provide the framework within which the awarding body creates the
       detail of the specification.

       Subject criteria are intended to:

        help ensure consistent and comparable standards in the same subject across
         the awarding bodies
        define the relationship between the AS and A level specifications, with the AS as
         a subset of the A level
        ensure that the rigour of A level is maintained
        help higher education institutions and employers know what has been studied
         and assessed.

       Any specification which contains significant elements of the subject Welsh second
       language must be consistent with the relevant parts of these subject criteria.

2. Aims
2.1    AS and A level specifications in Welsh second language should encourage
       students to:

        demonstrate interest, enjoyment and enthusiasm when studying Welsh
        communicate accurately and fluently both orally and in writing in a wide range of
         situations and contexts
        write creatively and factually for a variety of purposes
        analyse familiar and unfamiliar texts independently
        listen and respond to the opinions of others; whilst expressing a viewpoint
        express an independent opinion, based on the knowledge and understanding of
         a range of literary and factual texts
        respond clearly, relevantly, confidently and in a structured manner in Welsh
        take their appropriate place in a bilingual society at the beginning of the twenty
         first century.

2.2    In addition, A level specifications in Welsh second language should encourage
       candidates to make connections between the different elements of the subject and
       provide a suitable basis to allow candidates to continue with their studies of the
       language in the future.

3. Subject Content
3.1    AS and A level specifications in Welsh second language should build upon the
       knowledge, understanding and skills acquired for the GCSE higher tier
       qualifications in Welsh second language.     Nevertheless, it is possible for
       candidates to have acquired the knowledge, understanding and skills without
       achieving the qualifications.

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Knowledge and Understanding

3.2    AS and A level specifications should require candidates to demonstrate knowledge
       and understanding of:

        the structures, grammar and patterns of the oral and written language as noted
         in Appendix 1 within meaningful contexts
        language register and the appropriateness of the language and style of a range
         of factual passages associated with modern life
        the content, form and style of media literature and a range of poetry and prose
        the traditional culture of Wales.


3.3    AS and A level specifications should also require candidates, both orally and in
       writing, to:

        display accuracy when using the syntax and grammar of the language in a range
         of forms and contexts and for a variety of audiences and purposes
        use language in the appropriate register in a wide range of contexts for creative
         purposes, to discuss literature, to transfer meaning from one language to
         another and for a variety of practical ends, giving consideration to the purpose
         and the audience
        discuss, consider and respond to the viewpoints and opinions of others in order
         to come to balanced conclusions
        use dictionaries appropriately but also show ability to express meaning without
         referring to them
        analyse critically and convey a personal response to familiar texts and
         passages, using suitable terminology
        select relevantly from a text when discussing in order to explain and exemplify
         personal viewpoints
        discuss and respond to contemporary multi-media culture such as theatre,
         broadcasting, film and journalism
        discuss attitudes and values expressed in texts.

       This study will establish sound foundations for further study whilst at the same time
       developing skills suitable for the workplace.

3.4    In addition, A2 specifications should require candidates to:

        demonstrate knowledge and understanding of a wider range of poetry and prose
         with regard to form and theme
        demonstrate more detailed knowledge and understanding of the rules of
         grammar and language accuracy as noted in Appendix 1, and use a wider range
         of vocabulary and idiom
        compare passages or texts in order to understand and make comments on what
         is common and different between them, displaying the ability to analyse
         literature critically, convey an independent response and use suitable
        demonstrate broader knowledge and deeper understanding of the subject
        demonstrate skills that have been further refined and developed.

4. Key skills

3b55972d-6771-4793-a31c-7475a2582077.doc                                                  4
4.1    AS and A level specifications in Welsh second language should provide
       opportunities for developing and generating evidence for assessing the relevant key
       skills from the list below. Where appropriate, these opportunities should be directly
       cross-referenced, at specified level(s), to the criteria listed in Part B of the key skills

          Communication
          Application of number
          Information technology
          Improving own learning and performance
          Problem solving
          Working with others

5. Assessment Objectives
5.1    The assessment objectives and the associated weightings for AS and A level are
       the same, with the exception of the last bullet of assessment objective 2,
       Responding to texts.

       All candidates must be required to meet the following assessment objectives. The
       assessment objectives are to be weighted in all specifications as indicated.

 Assessment objectives                                                                      Weighting

 AO1        Using oral language                                                              20%-30%
             Speak the language correctly and confidently, showing a range of
               language resources; adopting the appropriate linguistic register
               according to the context
             Listen carefully, raise questions and develop viewpoints and ideas
               in a balanced manner
             Interact, summarise and come to balanced conclusions.
 AO2        Responding to texts                                                              25%-35%
             Demonstrate knowledge of specific texts and their background,
               interpret them and express an opinion about them whilst discussing
               and evaluating other interpretations; appreciate different genres
             Respond to films and video material, literary and factual texts, both
               orally and in writing, coherently, selecting and interpreting relevant
               material; make and justify specific references to the original text.

            In addition, A level candidates will:
              Synthesise, compare and evaluate information presented through
                various media, make cross-references between one text and
                another, summarise and come to a balanced conclusion.
 AO3        Using written language                                                           45%-55%
              Write correctly and eloquently, displaying a range of language
                resources; use knowledge of grammar effectively in a variety of
              Show an awareness of different language registers and use the
                language confidently in different situations and for different

       The assessment objectives apply to the whole specification.

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6. Scheme of Assessment
Internal assessment

6.1    All A level specifications in Welsh second language should have 6 units, 3 at AS
       and 3 at A2.

6.2    All specifications should have an internal assessment weighting of 15-20%, to
       assess a range of written responses. The focus should be on the use of written
       language in a variety of contexts and registers.

6.3    Specifications must make clear how reliability and fairness are secured, by setting
       out requirements that ensure the robustness of each stage of the internal
       assessment, i.e.:

           the specific skills to be assessed
           setting of tasks
           extent of supervision in carrying out of tasks
           conditions under which assessment takes place
           marking of the assessment and internal standardising procedures
           any moderation process.

Synoptic assessment

6.4    All A Level specifications should include synoptic assessment in the A2. Synoptic
       assessment will draw on all the assessment objectives. The definition of synoptic
       assessment in the context of Welsh second language is as follows:

       Synoptic assessment will require that candidates develop, display and apply an
       understanding of the connections between different aspects of Welsh second
       language by combining and synthesising the knowledge, understanding and skills
       developed in the subject.

       Synoptic assessment will involve:

        speaking the language correctly and confidently, adopting the appropriate
         language register, summarising and coming to a balanced conclusion
        the clear synthesis and evaluation of the different aspects gained from the study
         of a limited range of texts presented through various media
        the production of a range of written work which is well structured, expressed
         correctly and is appropriate to its purpose.

       A range of assessment techniques, including oral and written responses, must be
       deployed for synoptic assessment.

       Synoptic assessment could take place in a unit of assessment on a specific
       teaching module, by asking candidates to refer to knowledge, understanding and
       skills learnt in other modules and apply them to the content of the assessment unit
       in question.

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Quality of written communication

6.5    All AS and A level specifications should require that language accuracy and
       quality are assessed thoroughly through a range of assessment techniques that
       are suitable for the purpose. This is covered under AO3.

Resources in examinations

6.6    All AS and A level specifications should ensure that dictionaries and texts are not
       used in examinations. Dictionaries, reference books, literary texts and any other
       relevant documents may be used in the internal assessment.

6.7    All specifications should require candidates to respond in Welsh.

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                                                                                                                                                           Appendix 1

Candidates are expected to be able to make passive and active use of the following, both orally and in writing using forms appropriate to the context. The emphasis of
the AS is generally on correctness in using informal forms. A level candidates are expected to use, in formal and informal contexts, the forms listed for AS in addition
to the additional forms listed for A level. Candidates are expected to be aware of the mutations which are relevant to each of the language items noted below. The
forms in italics are included for exemplification. Candidates are expected to use forms that are more or less formal according to the context and the requirements of
the task.

                                ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY                                                               ADVANCED LEVEL

Forms of ‘Bod’                                                                    Forms of ‘Bod’
Present                                    wyf                                    Present habitual                           byddaf
Perfect                                    rwyf wedi clywed                       Unspecific perfect                         byddwn wedi mynnu
Perfect continuous                         rwyf wedi bod yn cerdded               Unspecific perfect continuous              byddwn wedi bod yn rhedeg
Imperfect                                  roeddwn                                Future perfect                             byddaf wedi paratoi
Pluperfect                                 roeddwn wedi cyrraedd                  Future perfect continuous                  byddaf wedi bod yn cystadlu
Pluperfect continuous                      roeddwn wedi bod yn tacluso
Unspecific                                 byddwn                                 The subjunctive mood in idioms and         pe bawn/pe bai/oni bai
Future                                     byddaf                                 commonly used constructions
Past                                       bûm

Other verbs – periphrastic                                                        Other verbs – personal and
personal and impersonal forms                                                     impersonal compact forms
Present                                    rwyf yn clywed                         Present                                    clywaf
Future                                     byddaf yn gobeithio                    Present habitual                           byddaf yn gobeithio
Perfect                                    rwyf wedi prynu                        Future                                     gobeithiaf
Imperfect                                  roeddwn yn cysgu                       Unspecific                                 darllenwn
Unspecific                                 byddwn yn chwerthin                    Past                                       pesychais
Unspecific perfect                         byddwn wedi prynu
Unspecific perfect continuous              byddwn wedi bod yn mynydda
Past                                       bûm yn darllen
Pluperfect                                 roeddwn wedi dihuno
Imperative (2nd sing. and 2nd pl.)         dere/tyrd/dewch

                                ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY                                                          ADVANCED LEVEL

Nouns                                                                           Nouns
Singular and plural, masculine and                                              Nouns with two meanings in the singular,   cyngor, cynghorau/cynghorion
feminine forms                                                                  but two different plural forms

Numerals: cardinals and ordinals                                                Numerals: cardinals and ordinals
Decimal form                               tri deg plentyn                      Traditional form                           deg plentyn ar hugain
Traditional form of numerals for time      pum munud ar hugain i un ar ddeg
and money (11-25 only)                     deunaw punt
The single word originals                  deuddegfed, pymthegfed, deunawfed,
Masculine and feminine forms               tri bachgen a thair merch
Numerals + ‘blwyddyn’                      dwy flynedd, dwy flwydd oed

Prepositions                                                                    Prepositions
Conjugating and using prepositions         Clywais amdani hi.                   Conjugating and using composite            er ei mwyn hi, o’m hachos i
Adjectives + prepositions                  bod yn garedig wrth.                 prepositions
Nouns + prepositions                                                            Less commonly used constructions           (see adverbial sub-clauses)
Verbs + prepositions                       talu am, siarad â, cyffwrdd â        following prepositions
Prepositions in commonly used              ar glo, ar fyr rybudd, ar goll
Commonly       used     constructions      (See adverbial sub-clauses)
following prepositions

Defective Verbs                                                                 Defective verbs
Dylwn, perthyn, piau, dyma, dacw,                                               Gorfod, geni

                                ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY                                                                   ADVANCED LEVEL

Adjectives                                                                           Adjectives
Usual position of the adjective + main     afal coch, hen ysgol                      Change of meaning with positional        dyn unig/unig ddyn
exceptions                                                                           change of adjective
Commonly used feminine and plural          stori fer, y bechgyn eraill, mwyar duon   Similar adjectives with different        oer/oeraidd, pren/prennaidd
forms                                                                                meanings                                 ffyddlon/ffyddiog
Modifying adjectives                       eithaf da, bron cystal
Comparison of adjectives – each            mor dawel, tawelach, tawelaf              Adjectives as nouns                      y tlodion
degree but only using ‘mor’ for the
equative degree                                                                      Equative forms ‘cyn’ + adjective in      cyn gynted, cyn lleied, cyhyd â, cyn
Similes                                    yn gryf fel ceffyl                        commonly used phrases including          ddued, cystal â
Adjectives as adverbs                      Cysgwch yn dawel.                         irregular forms
                                                                                     Adjectives in idioms                     wedi blino’n lân, rhoi’r gorau i, mynd o
                                                                                                                              ddrwg i waeth

Pronouns                                                                             Pronouns
Simple pronouns                            fi, ti                                    Conjunctive pronouns                     minnau
Prefixed pronouns                          fy, dy                                    Phrases including demonstrative          o ran hynny, o hyn allan
Affixed (auxiliary) pronouns               i, di                                     pronouns
Demonstrative pronouns                     hwn, hon, hyn, yma, yna, acw              Pronominals                              gilydd, naill…llall/lleill, pawb/pob, holl
Interrogative pronouns                     Pwy? Pa?                                                                           etc.
Reflexive pronouns                         fy hun, dy hun

Adverbs                                                                              Adverbs
Common adverbs of time                     ddoe, eleni, heno, weithiau               Adverbs following prepositions           o’r diwedd, i fyny, ar frys

                                ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY                                                                        ADVANCED LEVEL

Sub-clauses                                                                                Sub-clauses
Noun clauses with forms of ‘bod’            Rwy’n gwybod dy fod wedi gadael.               Nouns clauses introduced by y/yr, i, na,       Rwy’n gwybod iddo adael.
Adjectival clauses with periphrastic        Dyna’r ferch sy’n canu.                        mai
forms of the verb                                                                          Adjectival clauses with compact form of        Dyna’r ferch a ganodd.
Adverbial clauses after: pan, tra, pryd                                                    verbs
y, fel y, ag y/nag y, wrth, ar ôl, nes y,                                                  Adverbial clauses after: er pan, pe, os,
cyn, erbyn, rhag ofn, oherwydd, o                                                          oni, lle y, wedi, er mwyn, gan, am, er, ers,
achos                                                                                      oblegid, oddi ar, serch

Similar words and idioms                                                                   Similar words and idioms
Similar words and commonly used             at ei gilydd, y naill a’r lall, mae’n debyg,   Similar words and less commonly used           parod ei gymwynas, byr ei dymer,
idioms                                      ar hyn o bryd                                  idioms                                         torchi llewys


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