2008072403012 by shimeiyan

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 61

									How many festivals do
you know both in and
out of China?
Warming-up
Can you name some Festivals?
                           May Day
           Festival of Lanterns Dragon Boat Festival
   Valentine’s Day
Spring Festival                          Mother’s Day


New Year               FESTIVALS           Children’s Day


 Christmas Day                            Father’s Day

           Mid-Autumn                Army’s Day
           Festival           Teachers’ Day
                    National Day
Festivals are meant to celebrate important
events.
Different countries have different festivals.
Here are five Chinese festivals that you
know.
Discuss when they take place, what they
celebrate and one thing that people do at
that time.
The Chinese festivals
dumpling
     Spring


       couplet


Festival
Festival of lanterns
rice glue ball
Teachers’ Day
Mid- Autumn Festival
Mooncakes
Dragon Boat Day
 Brainstorming
 Chinese public holidays

                    National Day
 Children’s Day

                                        International
 New Year’s Day
                                        Labour Day
                      Holidays

The Youth Day

                     International Women’s Day
Festivals           Date         What does it What do people
                                 celebrate?   do?
                                                      visit relatives:have a
 the Spring         the 1st day the                   big meal:get togethe
                    of the lunar coming of            and have fun with
 Festival           month        the spring           friends
                                                        eat special sweet
                     the15th day ofthe first full moon
                                                        dumplings: enjoy
                     the 1st lunar after Lunar New
Lantern Festival     month         Year
                                                        lanterns and
                                                        fireworks
                                    the hard-
 International                      working people take a week off
                     May 1st        all over the     work; visit scenic
 Labor Day                                           spots; go shopping
                                    world
                    the 5th day of
the dragon Boat     the 5th lunar In memory of Qu
                                   Yuan, a great     Dragon boat racing;
Festival            month
                                   poet              eat zongzi
                   the 15th day
Mid-Autumn         of the 8th                        admire the moon:
                                    harvest
Festival           lunar month                       mooncakes
Festivals in foreign
     countries
Talk about some important festivals in
western countries.
Happy Valentine’s Day
Thanksgiving
Day in America
is a time to
offer thanks, of
family
gatherings and
                   Thanksgiving is
holiday meals.
                   celebrated on the
A time of
                   4th Thursday of
turkeys,
                   November, which
stuffing, and
                   this year (2004) is
pumpkin pie. A
                   November 25th.
time for Indian
corn, holiday
parades and
turkey
On October     Halloween is one
31 children    of the oldest holidays
in countries   with origins going back
like the US
               thousands of years.
and Canada
celebrate
Halloween.




                       All Hallows
                       All Saints’ Day
                       November 1
Halloween Parade(游行)
Carved Pumpkin Lantern
                            Easter is the time
                            of springtime
                            festivals, a time to
                            welcome back the
                            Tulips, the
                            Crocuses and the
                            Daffodils. It’s a
                            time of new suits,
                            new dresses and
                            patent leather
                            shoes. A time for
                            Christians to
                            celebrate the life
                            and resurrection
                            of Christ. And a
Easter will be celebrated   time of chocolate
on Sunday March 27,         bunnies,
2005.                       marshmallow
                            chicks, and
                            colored eggs!
 Easter




               Easter Bunny

              In late March or early April

              Popular symbols

Easter eggs
Carnival
Christmas
 Warming Up
 Brainstorming
 festivals of foreign countries
                      Thanksgiving Day
               Easter               Christmas

                                               Father’s Day
    Carnival            festivals

Mother’s Day                                   Halloween

        Valentine’s Day
                                  Fool’s Day
1.What’s your favourite holiday
of the year?
2.What festivals or celebrations
do you enjoy in your city or town?
Do you like spending festivals
with your family or friends?
What part do you like best—the
music, the things to see,the visits
or the food?
Reading       I. Read the text , and fill in the chart
Ancient       why     the end of the cold winter;planting in spring and
Festivals             harvest in autumn
            how light fire and make music
Festivals why to honour the dead or satisfy and
of the dead     please the ancestors
                light lamps, play music, eat food in the shapes of
            how skulls and cakes with bones, go to their neighbors to
Festivals             ask for sweets,dress up
                     for their great contributions to the societyor the
to honour     why    country
people                 Dragon boat racing, eat zongzi
              how
                        Food is gathered for the winter. A season of
Harvest       why       agriculural work is over.
Festivals             decorate churches and town halls, get together
              how     to have big meals, admire the moon and eat
                      mooncakes
Spring        why    celebrate the end of winter and the coming of
Festivals            spring
              how     eat delicious food; have exciting carnivals
in celebration of = for the celebration of   为了庆祝

congratulate sb on sth
congratulations to sb on /upon sth      祝贺某人某事
•When the Chinese team won the match, many
football fans organized different activities
   B
__________the success.
A.to congratulate      B. in celebration of
C. celebrated          D. to express congratuatuons

 •On his reaching the finishing line, his classmates
 came round __________.
                 C
 A. for celebrations B. congratulated him on success
 C. to congratulate him   D. to congatulations
2. starve: suffer or die from hunger
               vt.使饿死
               vi.饿得要死
               starve to death
be starved of/ starve for: long for; be in great need of
 渴望消息                starve for news
 她很寂寞,渴望友谊。 She's lonely, and starving for
  n. starvation      companionship(friendship)


 The motherless children were starved of/ were
 starving for affection. …. s渴望母爱


                 die of    starvation
                          ____________
3.plenty: n. as much as is needed 丰富, 大量

years of peace and plenty    太平丰收年

live in peace and plenty    过太太平平的日子
There is plenty of room in my bag.
我包里还很空。
There are plenty of men out of work.
有很多人失业。
We have plenty of time to finish the job.
我们有充裕的时间完成这项工作
4. satisfy; vt.make contented; give (sb) what he
wants or needs       满足, 使满意, 说服, 使相信

这件工作我不满意。
        This work does not satisfy me.
"我不满意我们在那家旅馆受到的待遇,因此我要向旅馆老板投诉。"
"I wasn't satisfied with our treatment at that hotel, so
I shall complain to the proprietor."
satisfy the eye 悦目
satisfy the people's needs 满足人民需要
satisfy one's desire [curiosity] 满足欲望[好奇心

n. satisfaction

adj. satisfactory satisfying 令人满意的
5.feast: n.splendid meal with many good things to eat
节日,盛宴 v. give a feast to
举行宴会      to give a feast

款宴朋友 feast one’s friends
feast one's eyes on the beautiful scene
饱览美景
6. origin n. starting_ point           the origin of a word

文明的起源 the origins of civilization    词源

争吵的起因 the origin of the quarrel Origin of Species
be of noble [humble] origins 出身高贵[微贱] 物种起源
He is a German by origin. 他原籍德国
adj. original v. originate originate in /from sth
            发源,发起              originate from/ with sb
                      in / from
The film originated __________a short story.
这部电影取材于一篇短篇小说。
                              with/ from
The optic theory originated ____________Einstein.
光学理论是爱因斯坦首创的。

7. In memory of 纪念...
  have a good/bad memory
   memorize 记住, 记忆
                                     B
Do you know who wrote the article ______Norman
Bethune?
       A. memorize B. in memory of
                 memory
He has a bad ___________for dates.
                       memories
I got him to write his __________of his early days.
8. dress up (1) 穿着打扮;装饰
            (2)(孩子)穿别人的衣服闹着玩
她喜欢把自己打扮得漂漂亮亮去参加晚会。
She likes to dress up for a party.
孩子们打扮成海盗.
The children dressed (themselves) up as pirates.
Walking around, I found the city was full of people
   D
_________for the festival.
A. wearing B. dressing up C.worn D. dressed up
9. gain vt., vi.获得,得到
他很快就有经验了。He quickly gained experience.
He gained weight after his illness. 病后他的体重增加了
         This
这只钟每天快5分钟。 clock gains five minutes a day.
10. award: give
        awarded
He was _________ the first prize.
                      awarded
The gold medal was ________ to Mr Brown for his
excellent work.
11. admire: look at sth with pleasure and satisfaction
赞美, 钦佩, 羡慕
我钦佩她的勇气。 I admire her for her bravery.
人人都钦佩他那绝妙的幽默感。
Everybody admires him for his fine sense of humour.
admirer n. 赞美者, 爱慕者 ,求爱者, 求婚者; 爱人

n. admiration
12. have fun with
 for fun
 开玩笑, 不是认真的
 in fun
 开玩笑, 不是认真的
 great fun
 有趣的人[事物]
 make fun of sb.
 嘲弄; 取笑
 poke fun at
 嘲弄; 取
 What fun !
 多么有趣。
Reading                A sad love story

1. turn up: appear
2. keep one’s word/keep one’s promise
                            have words 吵嘴;争论
eat one's words 承认说错了话
                                      逐词地;原原本本地
in other words 换句话说 word for word
3. look forward to /pay attention to/ object to/ reduce
  to/
4. hold one’s breath
5. remind …of
6. drown : vt&vi die in water because unable to
breathe溺死, 淹死
他溺死了那些小猫          He drowned those kittens.


猫容易淹死吗?           Can cats drown easily?


 a drowning man

 He drowned himself in work.      他埋头工作。
It was obvious that the manager of the coffee shop
was waiting ...
READING TASK
  WINTER CARNIVAL IN QUEBEC
1. Carnival n.狂欢节, 饮宴狂欢
2. freezing adj.冰冻的, 严寒的, 冷冻用的
 adv.
 冰冻一样地
 be freezing cold
 冰冻一样地冷
 n.
 冻结, 冷冻作用, 结冰; 凝固
freeze
vt&i.                  当水凝固时就变成冰
(使)结冰, (使)冷冻, 冻结 When water freezes it becomes
froze, frozen, freezing ice.
snowboarding competitions
canoe race
make an exciting experience
ice sculptures
snowmobile races
be dressed up for
                     虚拟语气
I.条件状语从句中使用的虚拟语气
(1)表示与现在事实相反的虚拟语气
•If I ___the king, you would be my queen.
       C
   A. was B. were C. had been D. will
2. If I were there , everything would be all right.
3. If there were life on Mars, such life forms
 A
____unable to survive on earth.
   A. would be B. are C. will D. should
      从句谓语                       主句谓语
  系动词were                        should would
  行为动词 V+ed                     could might +V
  这种形式中, 把从句谓语were 提前,可省去if
2)表示与过去事实相反的假设
  (
4. The supervisors could have prevented the problem
____ it before hand.
  B
   A. if they knew      B. had they known
   C. if had they known D. Whether
5. Had the damage been worse, the insurance company
 C
_____.
    A. would pay         B. paid
    C. would have paid D. had paid
      从句谓语                       主句谓语
  系动词were                        should would
  行为动词 V+ed                     could might +V
  这种形式中, 把从句谓语were 提前,可省去if
2)表示与过去事实相反的假设
  (
4. The supervisors could have prevented the problem
____ it before hand.
  B
   A. if they knew      B. had they known
   C. if had they known D. Whether
5. Had the damage been worse, the insurance company
 C
_____.
    A. would pay         B. paid
    C. would have paid D. had paid
      从句谓语               主句谓语
    had+V+ed              should,would
                           could, might +have +V+
 ed
 这种形式中,如果把从句谓语中的had提前,可省if。
(3)表示与未来的事实相反的假设
                              A
 6.The business is risky. But ____, we would be rich.
 A. should we succeed     B. would we succeed
 C. might we succeed      D. could we succeed
    C
 7._____ today, he would get there by Friday.
 A. Would he leave       B. Was he leaving
 C. Were he to leave     D. If he leaves
     从句谓语                   主句谓语
  should                     should,would
  were to+V                             +V
                             could, might

若把从句中的should或were提前,可省去if。
1.Were I in your place, I would go.
2.Had they not helped us, our experiment would have
  failed.
3.Should he come, tell him to join them in the work.
USING WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS:
Exercise 3
1. Wang Wei admired the pop star so much that day
   and night he looked forward to meting him in
   Beijing.
2. The children didn’t have enough to eat and
   starved to death at last.
3. The energetic poet could not find out the origins
   of these words.
4. The new policy will lead to the rise of the
   agricultural output value.
5. When we met again, he apologized to me for not
having kept his word.
6. It was obvious that he was trying to hold his
breath.
7. The couple were cleaning their lovely new car
over and over.
8. The meeting that will take place next week is in
memory of their ancestor’s arrival in the village one
hundred years ago.
Grammar: Modal verbs:
Find sentences with models in the passage:
1. Other celebrations were held when hunters could catch
   animals. ability
2. They lit fires and made music because they thought these
   festivals would bring a year of plenty. possibility
3. …or satisfy and please the ancestors, who could return
   either to help or to do harm. possibility
4. In Japan the festival is called Obon, when people should
   go to clean the graves and light incense in memory of their
   ancestors. the past habit
5. On this important feast day, people might eat food in the
   shape of skulls, and cakes with “bones” on them.
6. It is now a children’s festival, when they can go to their
   neighbours’ homes and ask for sweets.
7. If they are not given anything, the children might play a
trick.
8. Some people might win awards for their animals, flowers,
fruit and vegetables,…
9. At the Spring Festival in China, people…and may give
children lucky money in red paper.
10. They might include parades, dancing in the streets day
and night.

								
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