How many festivals do you know both in and out of China? Warming-up Can you name some Festivals? May Day Festival of Lanterns Dragon Boat Festival Valentine’s Day Spring Festival Mother’s Day New Year FESTIVALS Children’s Day Christmas Day Father’s Day Mid-Autumn Army’s Day Festival Teachers’ Day National Day Festivals are meant to celebrate important events. Different countries have different festivals. Here are five Chinese festivals that you know. Discuss when they take place, what they celebrate and one thing that people do at that time. The Chinese festivals dumpling Spring couplet Festival Festival of lanterns rice glue ball Teachers’ Day Mid- Autumn Festival Mooncakes Dragon Boat Day Brainstorming Chinese public holidays National Day Children’s Day International New Year’s Day Labour Day Holidays The Youth Day International Women’s Day Festivals Date What does it What do people celebrate? do? visit relatives:have a the Spring the 1st day the big meal:get togethe of the lunar coming of and have fun with Festival month the spring friends eat special sweet the15th day ofthe first full moon dumplings: enjoy the 1st lunar after Lunar New Lantern Festival month Year lanterns and fireworks the hard- International working people take a week off May 1st all over the work; visit scenic Labor Day spots; go shopping world the 5th day of the dragon Boat the 5th lunar In memory of Qu Yuan, a great Dragon boat racing; Festival month poet eat zongzi the 15th day Mid-Autumn of the 8th admire the moon: harvest Festival lunar month mooncakes Festivals in foreign countries Talk about some important festivals in western countries. Happy Valentine’s Day Thanksgiving Day in America is a time to offer thanks, of family gatherings and Thanksgiving is holiday meals. celebrated on the A time of 4th Thursday of turkeys, November, which stuffing, and this year (2004) is pumpkin pie. A November 25th. time for Indian corn, holiday parades and turkey On October Halloween is one 31 children of the oldest holidays in countries with origins going back like the US thousands of years. and Canada celebrate Halloween. All Hallows All Saints’ Day November 1 Halloween Parade(游行） Carved Pumpkin Lantern Easter is the time of springtime festivals, a time to welcome back the Tulips, the Crocuses and the Daffodils. It’s a time of new suits, new dresses and patent leather shoes. A time for Christians to celebrate the life and resurrection of Christ. And a Easter will be celebrated time of chocolate on Sunday March 27, bunnies, 2005. marshmallow chicks, and colored eggs! Easter Easter Bunny In late March or early April Popular symbols Easter eggs Carnival Christmas Warming Up Brainstorming festivals of foreign countries Thanksgiving Day Easter Christmas Father’s Day Carnival festivals Mother’s Day Halloween Valentine’s Day Fool’s Day 1.What’s your favourite holiday of the year? 2.What festivals or celebrations do you enjoy in your city or town? Do you like spending festivals with your family or friends? What part do you like best—the music, the things to see,the visits or the food? Reading I. Read the text , and fill in the chart Ancient why the end of the cold winter;planting in spring and Festivals harvest in autumn how light fire and make music Festivals why to honour the dead or satisfy and of the dead please the ancestors light lamps, play music, eat food in the shapes of how skulls and cakes with bones, go to their neighbors to Festivals ask for sweets,dress up for their great contributions to the societyor the to honour why country people Dragon boat racing, eat zongzi how Food is gathered for the winter. A season of Harvest why agriculural work is over. Festivals decorate churches and town halls, get together how to have big meals, admire the moon and eat mooncakes Spring why celebrate the end of winter and the coming of Festivals spring how eat delicious food; have exciting carnivals in celebration of = for the celebration of 为了庆祝 congratulate sb on sth congratulations to sb on /upon sth 祝贺某人某事 •When the Chinese team won the match, many football fans organized different activities B __________the success. A.to congratulate B. in celebration of C. celebrated D. to express congratuatuons •On his reaching the finishing line, his classmates came round __________. C A. for celebrations B. congratulated him on success C. to congratulate him D. to congatulations 2. starve: suffer or die from hunger vt.使饿死 vi.饿得要死 starve to death be starved of/ starve for: long for; be in great need of 渴望消息 starve for news 她很寂寞,渴望友谊。 She's lonely, and starving for n. starvation companionship(friendship) The motherless children were starved of/ were starving for affection. …. s渴望母爱 die of starvation ____________ 3.plenty: n. as much as is needed 丰富, 大量 years of peace and plenty 太平丰收年 live in peace and plenty 过太太平平的日子 There is plenty of room in my bag. 我包里还很空。 There are plenty of men out of work. 有很多人失业。 We have plenty of time to finish the job. 我们有充裕的时间完成这项工作 4. satisfy; vt.make contented; give (sb) what he wants or needs 满足, 使满意, 说服, 使相信 这件工作我不满意。 This work does not satisfy me. "我不满意我们在那家旅馆受到的待遇,因此我要向旅馆老板投诉。" "I wasn't satisfied with our treatment at that hotel, so I shall complain to the proprietor." satisfy the eye 悦目 satisfy the people's needs 满足人民需要 satisfy one's desire [curiosity] 满足欲望[好奇心 n. satisfaction adj. satisfactory satisfying 令人满意的 5.feast: n.splendid meal with many good things to eat 节日,盛宴 v. give a feast to 举行宴会 to give a feast 款宴朋友 feast one’s friends feast one's eyes on the beautiful scene 饱览美景 6. origin n. starting_ point the origin of a word 文明的起源 the origins of civilization 词源 争吵的起因 the origin of the quarrel Origin of Species be of noble [humble] origins 出身高贵[微贱] 物种起源 He is a German by origin. 他原籍德国 adj. original v. originate originate in /from sth 发源,发起 originate from/ with sb in / from The film originated __________a short story. 这部电影取材于一篇短篇小说。 with/ from The optic theory originated ____________Einstein. 光学理论是爱因斯坦首创的。 7. In memory of 纪念... have a good/bad memory memorize 记住, 记忆 B Do you know who wrote the article ______Norman Bethune? A. memorize B. in memory of memory He has a bad ___________for dates. memories I got him to write his __________of his early days. 8. dress up (1) 穿着打扮；装饰 (2)（孩子）穿别人的衣服闹着玩 她喜欢把自己打扮得漂漂亮亮去参加晚会。 She likes to dress up for a party. 孩子们打扮成海盗. The children dressed (themselves) up as pirates. Walking around, I found the city was full of people D _________for the festival. A. wearing B. dressing up C.worn D. dressed up 9. gain vt., vi.获得，得到 他很快就有经验了。He quickly gained experience. He gained weight after his illness. 病后他的体重增加了 This 这只钟每天快5分钟。 clock gains five minutes a day. 10. award: give awarded He was _________ the first prize. awarded The gold medal was ________ to Mr Brown for his excellent work. 11. admire: look at sth with pleasure and satisfaction 赞美, 钦佩, 羡慕 我钦佩她的勇气。 I admire her for her bravery. 人人都钦佩他那绝妙的幽默感。 Everybody admires him for his fine sense of humour. admirer n. 赞美者, 爱慕者 ,求爱者, 求婚者; 爱人 n. admiration 12. have fun with for fun 开玩笑, 不是认真的 in fun 开玩笑, 不是认真的 great fun 有趣的人[事物] make fun of sb. 嘲弄; 取笑 poke fun at 嘲弄; 取 What fun ! 多么有趣。 Reading A sad love story 1. turn up: appear 2. keep one’s word/keep one’s promise have words 吵嘴；争论 eat one's words 承认说错了话 逐词地；原原本本地 in other words 换句话说 word for word 3. look forward to /pay attention to/ object to/ reduce to/ 4. hold one’s breath 5. remind …of 6. drown : vt&vi die in water because unable to breathe溺死, 淹死 他溺死了那些小猫 He drowned those kittens. 猫容易淹死吗? Can cats drown easily? a drowning man He drowned himself in work. 他埋头工作。 It was obvious that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting ... READING TASK WINTER CARNIVAL IN QUEBEC 1. Carnival n.狂欢节, 饮宴狂欢 2. freezing adj.冰冻的, 严寒的, 冷冻用的 adv. 冰冻一样地 be freezing cold 冰冻一样地冷 n. 冻结, 冷冻作用, 结冰; 凝固 freeze vt&i. 当水凝固时就变成冰 (使)结冰, (使)冷冻, 冻结 When water freezes it becomes froze, frozen, freezing ice. snowboarding competitions canoe race make an exciting experience ice sculptures snowmobile races be dressed up for 虚拟语气 I.条件状语从句中使用的虚拟语气 （1）表示与现在事实相反的虚拟语气 •If I ___the king, you would be my queen. C A. was B. were C. had been D. will 2. If I were there , everything would be all right. 3. If there were life on Mars, such life forms A ____unable to survive on earth. A. would be B. are C. will D. should 从句谓语 主句谓语 系动词were should would 行为动词 V＋ed could might ＋V 这种形式中， 把从句谓语were 提前，可省去if 2）表示与过去事实相反的假设 （ 4. The supervisors could have prevented the problem ____ it before hand. B A. if they knew B. had they known C. if had they known D. Whether 5. Had the damage been worse, the insurance company C _____. A. would pay B. paid C. would have paid D. had paid 从句谓语 主句谓语 系动词were should would 行为动词 V＋ed could might ＋V 这种形式中， 把从句谓语were 提前，可省去if 2）表示与过去事实相反的假设 （ 4. The supervisors could have prevented the problem ____ it before hand. B A. if they knew B. had they known C. if had they known D. Whether 5. Had the damage been worse, the insurance company C _____. A. would pay B. paid C. would have paid D. had paid 从句谓语 主句谓语 had＋V＋ed should，would could， might ＋have ＋V＋ ed 这种形式中，如果把从句谓语中的had提前，可省if。 （3）表示与未来的事实相反的假设 A 6.The business is risky. But ____, we would be rich. A. should we succeed B. would we succeed C. might we succeed D. could we succeed C 7._____ today, he would get there by Friday. A. Would he leave B. Was he leaving C. Were he to leave D. If he leaves 从句谓语 主句谓语 should should,would were to＋V ＋V could， might 若把从句中的should或were提前，可省去if。 1.Were I in your place, I would go. 2.Had they not helped us, our experiment would have failed. 3.Should he come, tell him to join them in the work. USING WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS: Exercise 3 1. Wang Wei admired the pop star so much that day and night he looked forward to meting him in Beijing. 2. The children didn’t have enough to eat and starved to death at last. 3. The energetic poet could not find out the origins of these words. 4. The new policy will lead to the rise of the agricultural output value. 5. When we met again, he apologized to me for not having kept his word. 6. It was obvious that he was trying to hold his breath. 7. The couple were cleaning their lovely new car over and over. 8. The meeting that will take place next week is in memory of their ancestor’s arrival in the village one hundred years ago. Grammar: Modal verbs: Find sentences with models in the passage: 1. Other celebrations were held when hunters could catch animals. ability 2. They lit fires and made music because they thought these festivals would bring a year of plenty. possibility 3. …or satisfy and please the ancestors, who could return either to help or to do harm. possibility 4. In Japan the festival is called Obon, when people should go to clean the graves and light incense in memory of their ancestors. the past habit 5. On this important feast day, people might eat food in the shape of skulls, and cakes with “bones” on them. 6. It is now a children’s festival, when they can go to their neighbours’ homes and ask for sweets. 7. If they are not given anything, the children might play a trick. 8. Some people might win awards for their animals, flowers, fruit and vegetables,… 9. At the Spring Festival in China, people…and may give children lucky money in red paper. 10. They might include parades, dancing in the streets day and night.
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