UNIT_2012 by shimeiyan


									Unit 12

Christmas Lost and Found
    Pre-reading questions
    Background information
    Structure analysis
    Comprehension questions
    Language points of Text I
    Exercises
 Text I Christmas Lost and Found

   Pre-reading questions

1. Compare Chinese spring festival and
  Christmas season.
2. What does the title of this text suggest
  to you?
Background information (1)
   The text is one of the short stories from
    Christmas in My Heart: a third treasury: further
    taste of holiday joy, a selection of 14 Christmas
    stories from 11 volumes of Christmas in My
    Heart compiled and edited by Joe Wheeler.
    Christmas in My Heart series promises to touch
    hearts and life spirits with true meaning of
    Christmas, that is , the best of Christmas is in
    our hears. The present story tells how two
    parents restore the real meaning of Christmas
    after being submerged in the sorrow of losing
    their son as well as Christmas for 17 years. Like
    all the other stories in this rich treasury of
    holiday tales, it will, like a cozy, crackling fire,
    warm our hearts and flood our soul.
    Structure analysis of the text (1)

 The text can be divided into three parts.
 Paragraphs 1-5 are the first parts, which talks
  about the joy and happiness brought by the
  coming of Christmas Boy.
 Paragraphs 6-8 form its second part, which
  gives an account of the sorrow and sadness
  caused by the sudden death of Christmas Boy.
 Paragraphs 9-24 make up its last part, which
  describes the return of the joy and happiness
  to the family.
    Part one: Paragraph 1-5

 Paragraphs 1-5
 This part introduces the writer’s dream of
  having a big family vibrating with energy,
  life and love, especially at Christmas. And
  her dream came true with the arrival of an
  adopted son, Christmas boy, as well as
  two biological children.
 Part one: Paragraph 1-5
 What did the narrator desire to have
  as many as six children?
 Because being the only child in the
  family, the author had to spend a quiet
  Christmas. So she really longed for a big
  family full of energy, life and love, which
  could be brought about only by a crowd
  of children. As a result she vowed that
  she would have as many as six children
  after she got married.
 Part one: Paragraph 1-5

 How did the author make her dream
  come true?
 She adopted a child since they were
  unable to bear a child at the beginning of
  their marriage, and named him Christmas
  Boy. Shortly after his arrival, they gave
  births to two biological children. Hence,
  the author finally got a big family vibrating
  with energy, life and love.
 Part one: Paragraph 1-5
 How does the author describe the
  importance of Christmas Boy to her
 He was the only person who had the
  expertise to select and decorate the
  Christmas tree each year. He stirred up all
  the family members with his gift list and
  Christmas carols in the Christmas season.
  And he made life colorful with his good
  cheer and bossy wit.
    Part one: Paragraph 1-5
 In what ways was Christmas Boy different
  from his foster parents?
 First, he had a music gift that his foster parents
  lacked. Second, his active,, bossy character
  contrasted with the relative passively on his
  foster parents’ part. He pressed them into
  singing carols and he stirred them up into
  animated Christmas activities. By contrast the
  parents were being dominated on that occasion.
  Another point is that the boy had irresponsible
  good cheer, a buoyant spirit that the parents
  seemed to lack.
Part one: Paragraph 1-5
   1. vow: vi/t / [C]
    – E.g. He vowed to look after his mother when
      his father died.
    – He vowed revenge on their persecutors.发誓
   2. vibrate:
    – Her heart vibrates with excitement.
    – Their hearts vibrated to the speaker's stirring
    – Adj. vibrant
 Part one: Paragraph 1-5
 3. …but we had not reckoned on the
  possibility of infertility.
 Pp.…but we had not expected that we
  would be unable to bear a child.
 Infertility: [U](of a person, animal or plant)
  inability to reproduce
 Adj. infertile=barren
Part one: Paragraph 1-5
   4. Undaunted, we applied for adoption a
    child, within a year, he arrived.
    –Pp.Not discouraged by our infertility, we
     requested to adopted a child. Within a year,
     we succeeded in adopting one.
   undaunted & not discouraged by difficulty,
    danger or disappointment
 Part one: Paragraph 1-5
 5. Then nature surprised us again.
 Pp. the arrival of their Christmas Boy
  shortly after their application surprised
  them once; now they were surprised again
  because they were able to have two
  biological children one after another.
 6. in rapid succession: quickly and
    – His words came out in rapid succession.
 Part one: Paragraph 1-5
 7. …compared with my quiet childhood,
  that made an entirely satisfactory crowd.
 Pp.... with three children, my family was
  filled with a big crowd, which, quite
  different from my quiet childhood,
  completely satisfied my dream of having a
  big family.
Part one: Paragraph 1-5
   8. As our Christmas Boy grew, he made it
    clear that only he had the expertise to
    select and decorate the Christmas tree
    each year.
    –Pp.As our Christmas Boy grew, he showed
     his special skill in selecting and decorating the
     Christmas tree and he became the only
     qualified person to do those things each year.
Part one: Paragraph 1-5
   9. rush the season: make people prepare
    for Christmas hastily long before
    Christmas really comes预赶季节(未到时令
    而先行动) 过早地做某事
 Part one: Paragraph 1-5
 10. He pressed us into singing carols,
  our froglike voices contrasting with his
  musical gift of perfect pitch.
 Pp. He forced all of us to sing carols,
  even though our voices, compared with
  his perfect voice with musical gift, were
  too harsh and husky to sing.
 Part one: Paragraph 1-5
 11. Each holiday he stirred us up, leading
  us through a round of merry chaos.
 Pp.Each holiday. He tried to excite us and
  turned the whole family into a cheerful
 merry chaos & This is an expression of
  oxymoron. “Chaos” refers to a state of
  complete and thorough disorder or
  confusion, which is, however, modified by
  an    adjective     incompatible     to  or
  contradictory with its original meaning.
Part one: Paragraph 1-5
   12. Our friends were right about adopted
    children not being the same.
    –Pp. Our friends were right in saying that
     adopting children would usually be different
     from biological children.
   13. Through his own unique heredity, his
    irrepressible good cheer, his bossy wit, our
    Christmas Boy made our life colorful.
    – Pp. With his unique ability inherited from his
      own parents, his cheerful personality, as well
      as his wit of ordering others to cooperate with
      him, he changed our life into a colorful one.
    Part one: Paragraph 1-5
   heredity: the set of characteristics transmitted
    from parent to offspring.
     – E.g. Modern medical search results have proved that
       some diseases are present by heredity.现代医学研究
 Vt. Inherit
 Irrepressible: too strong or forceful to be held
 irrepressible laughter.抑制不住的大笑
 Part two: Paragraph 6-8
 Paragraphs 6-8
 The second part (para) describes what
  kind of sorrow the death of Christmas Boy
  brought to his family.
 What happened to Christmas Boy as
  well as his family?
 Christmas Boy was killed in a car accident
  on his 26th Christmas after he decorated
  his parents’ Christmas tree as usual,
  which gave a very heavy blow to his
 Part two: Paragraph 6-8
 How can you know the parents suffered
  great sorrow at their son’s death?
 Paragraph 7 tells us that they were grief-
  stricken and they sold their home and
  moved to California, leaving behind their
  friends and church, as well as the sad
  memories of their Christmas Boy.
 Part two: Paragraph 6-8
 What kind of life did the parents live
  after their adopted son died?
 With all the joys that had been brought by
  Christmas Boy taken away, the parents
  lived in grief and pain and could not bear
  to visit their hometown even once in the
  following 17 years. And Christmas must be
  the most miserable time for all the
  members of their family and all kinds of
  Christmas activities had disappeared from
  this family.
 Part two: Paragraph 6-8
 1. stop by & make a short visit to
  (someone’s home)
 2. where memories clung to every room.
 Pp.where every room would make us
  recall the past.
 Part two: Paragraph 6-8
What is meant by “Christmas lost’?
The phrase means two things. First, it means that
  the narrator lost her Christmas Boy, who was
  killed on his 26th Christmas. Second, it means
  that the narrator no longer celebrated Christmas
  in the 17 years that followed the death of her
  Christmas Boy. It was on Christmas that they
  lost their son Christmas Boy and thus the special
  occasion became a double-edged heart-
  breaking day for her. So for 17 years she hadn’t
  had a Christmas tree and had given up
  Christmas church service. In this sense, it would
  be said that she had not had given up Christmas
  in its true sense for 17 years.
 Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 Paragraphs 9-24
 This last part tells us that 17 years later,
  the parents returned to the city, which
  brought back all kinds of memories of
  Christmas Boy. However, they gradually
  realized that they had found the joy of a
  noisy Christmas of a big family again and
  that the love harbored in everyone’s heart
  will unite people, biological connected or
  not, into a family and Christmas is just a
  chance for people to share love with each
 Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 Did     the     author    overcome        the
  heartbreaking sorrow of her son’s
  death after 17 years?
 No, the mother still could not bear to visit
  her son’s grave. The question of their
  present small, boxy house was a sharp
  contrast to the energetic atmosphere of
  their old family home. The appearance of
  their granddaughter was the reflection of
  their adopted son.
    Part three: Paragraph 9-24
   How did the author and her husband change
    after they met their granddaughter and her
    new family?
   At first, they refused to do any Christmas services,
    saying that they had not a Christmas tree for 17 years,
    and that they just couldn’t join them for church and for
    their Christmas dinner. Then, reluctantly they attended
    the Christmas party under pressure, and sat rigid in the
    front pew, fighting back tears. Later on, when they heard
    their granddaughter’s song “O Holy Night”, they recalled
    the old memories, which were no longer bitter only, but
    mixed with bitterness and sweetness. Finally, they sang
    carols happily in loud voices together caring strangers,
    and enjoyed the joyous and noisy Christmas party, which
    they had been refusing in the past 17 years.
 Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 How did the author’s biological
  children treat their adopted brother?
 They showed their love to him in their own
  ways, the artist daughter painted a heart-
  shaped rock on the headstone of her
  adopted brother’s grave, writing the words
  “To my brother, with love” on its surface;
  while the son sent a holly bright Christmas
  wreath every year.
    Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 Why, for the first time, did the author feel “a
  sense of peace, of the positive continuity of
  life, of renewed faith and hope”?
 When the author saw that her own children
  loved their adopted brother as usual, her
  granddaughter and her new family had never
  forgotten her father and never ceased to love
  him, she realized that their Christmas Boy was
  still living in all his family members’ hearts, and
  she would not torture herself any more with the
  loss of her adopted son because she had found
  him again in their hearts. That’s why she felt a
  sense of peace. With their love passed on and
  on, she harbored a new faith in and hope for a
  joyful life again.
    Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 What is the real meaning of Christmas
  implied by the author?
 The real meaning of Christmas lies in our hearts.
  Christmas is not only a time for family members
  to gather, but it is also an occasion to show our
  deep love for each other. As long as our hearts
  are together, all the family members, living or
  dead, our own flesh and blood or not, will make
  up a true and harmonious home.
 To the narrator, the true meaning of Christmas is
  peace, continuity of life, faith and hope.
 Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 1. We slid into the city on the tail of
  blizzard, through streets ablaze with lights.
 Pp.We drove into the city at night just after
  a heavy snowstorm, in order not to be
  noticed by any acquaintance.
 on the tail of: following closely behind
 blizzard:[C]a severe snowstorm with
  strong winds
Part three: Paragraph 9-24
   ablaze:adj.1) very brightly colored or
    – E.g. The house was ablaze with lights. 这屋子
   2) Being on fire
    – E.g. The house is ablaze.房子着火了
   3) adv. On fire
    – E.g. We set the logs ablaze.我们把这些木头点
 Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 2. fix one’s gaze on: gaze at
 3. We settled into a small, boxy house, so
  different from the family home where we
  had orchestrated our lives. It was quiet,
  like the house of my childhood.
    – Pp. We settled down in a small house, which
      was so different from our previous home
      where, with our Christmas Boy, we had
      changed our quiet life into a cheerful one.
      Now the small house reminded me of the
      quiet house of my childhood, which I had
      disliked so much.
Part three: Paragraph 9-24
   4. fulfill oneself: you feel happy and satisfied
    with what you are doing or with what you have
    – E.g. They don't like the idea that women can fulfill
      themselves without the assistance of a man.
Part three: Paragraph 9-24

   5. pull up: come to a stop
    – E.g. The car pulled up outside the station.
   6. peal: [C] / v. A ringing of a set of
    – E.g. a peal of applause一阵响亮的鼓掌声
    – The bells began pealing.钟声当当地响了。
Part three: Paragraph 9-24
   7. There stood our granddaughter, and in
    her gray-green eyes and impudent grin I
    saw the reflection of our Christmas Boy.
    –Pp.Our granddaughter was standing there,
     her gray-green eyes as well as her rude smile
     reminded us of her father, our Christmas Boy.
   impudent: adj. Not showing due respect
    for another person.
 Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 reflection: [U] an image that reveals
  something about a person.
 8. Behind her, lugging a large pine tree,
  came her mother, stepfather and ten-year-
  old half brother.
    –Pp.Her mother, stepfather and ten-year-old
     half brother came after her, dragging a large
     pine tree.
   9. flurry: [c]a sudden shared feeling of
    – E.g. a flurry of alarm一阵惊恐
    Part three: Paragraph 9-24
   10. gaily: adv. In a cheerful or light-hearted way.
     – E.g. Off we set, with Pam chattering gaily all the way.
 11. bough:a main branch of a tree
 12. cheeky : slightly rude or disrespectful but in a
  charming or amusing way
 13. shape up : begin to do right;
     – E.g. It is no use simply to tell adolescents to shape up
       and do something useful.
     – You’d better shape up, young man, or you will be
Part three: Paragraph 9-24
   14. in a whirl : in a confusing rush
    – E.g. His brain was in a whirl.他的头脑昏了。
   15. shove: vt. push someone or something
    – E.g. He shoved her out of the way...
   16. You sure as heck can.
    – Pp. You certainly can.
   17. solo: [C] A performance by or intended
    for a single individual.
    Part three: Paragraph 9-24
   18. We had long ago given up the poignant
    Christmas services, but now under pressure, we
    sat rigid in the front pew, fighting back tears.
     – Pp. After the death of our Christmas Boy, we had not
       expected to have any Christmas services any more.
       Now, at the demand of our granddaughter’s family,
       we sat in the front seats, but the sad memories
       stiffened our body and filled our eyes and heart with
   poignant : evoking a keen sense of sadness or
     – E.g. It is the poignant memories of my life in another
 Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 rigid : ( of a person or part of his body) stiff
  and unmoving, especially as a result of
  shock or fear; inflexible
 rigid ideas
 rigid in one's views
 rigid discipline
 pew :      the long seats in a church for
  people to sit in
 Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 19. soprano : the highest singing voice; a
  female or boy with such a voice
 20. In a rare emotional response, the
  congregation applauded in delight.
    – Pp. Greatly touched by her singing, the
      audience gave a big applause to her
   congregation: refer to the people who are
    attending a church service or who
    regularly attend a church service.
Part three: Paragraph 9-24
   21. relish : 1)vt.enjoy; be pleased with
    – E.g. She won't relish having to get up before
      dawn to catch that train.
   2) [C] +(for)
    – I have no relish for tragedy
    Part three: Paragraph 9-24

   22. We had been alerted that there would be a
    large number of people for dinner-but 35!
     – Pp. We had been warned that there would be a large
       number of people attending dinner, but we had never
       expected that there would be 35 of them.
   alert:1) vt. Warn
     – The doctor alerted me to the dangers of smoking.
   2) Vigilantly attentive; watchful
     – He is an alert boy.他是一个机警的孩子。
    Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 23. assorted relatives : various types of
 24. exuberant : ( of people and their
  behavior) overflowing with life and cheerful
    – E.g. an exuberant feeling丰富的情感
   32.bounce : jump or spring up and down
    like a ball
    – E.g. Children bounced into the room.孩子们蹦
    Part three: Paragraph 9-24
   33. sort out : separate from a mass or a group
     – Sort out the papers to be thrown away, and put the
       rest back.
   34.They took us in, enfolded us in joyous
     – Pp. They received us and treated us like old friends.
 enfold :surround; envelop
 camaraderie : mutual trust and friendly among
  people who spent a lot of time together
Part three: Paragraph 9-24
   35. We sang carols in loud, off-key voices,
    saved only by that amazing soprano.
    – Pp. We sang carols loudly, often in the wrong
      key, but every time we were led to the right
      key by our granddaughter’s perfect singing.
   36. it occurred to me that a true family is
    not always one’s own flesh and blood. It
    is a climate of the heart.
    – Pp. I suddenly realized that a family is not
      always made up by kinship and the hearts
      filled with love for others would surely make
      up a true family.
 Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 What is a climate of the heart? Why
  does the author say that a true family is
  a climate of the heart?
 A climate of the heart refers to an
  atmosphere full of love. The author
  realized through her own experience in
  that big family that a true family was one in
  which all the members were extending
  great love to each other without caring
  whether they shared any kinship or not.
 Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 37. Had it not been for our adopted son,
  we would not now be surrounded by
  caring strangers who would help us hear
  the music again.
 Pp. I felt grateful to my adopted son,
  without whom we would not have a
  chance to spend Christmas with these
  caring people and hear the Christmas
  carols again, which we had not had for so
  many years.
    Part three: Paragraph 9-24
   38. zoom : ( of a driver or vehicle ) move or
    travel quickly
     – Jack went zooming past in his new car.
 39.crest: [C] the top of something, especially a
  mountain or hill
 40.holly: adj. A widely distributed evergreen
  shrub, typically having prickly dark green leaves,
  small white flowers,and red berries.冬青树
 41.wreath: [C] an arrangement of flowers, leaves,
  or stems fastened in a ring and used for
  decoration or for laying on a grave.花圈
 Part three: Paragraph 9-24
 42. Once more that day her voice, so like
  her father’s, lifted in song, and the
  mountainside echoed the chorus of “Joy to
  the World”, on and on into infinity.
 After hearing her carols at the Christmas
  party, for a second time she sang with a
  voice similar to her father’s. Her song “Joy
  to the World” echoed among the
  mountains as if it would be passed on
  unlimited by time and space.
 mountainside山腹, 山腰
    Part three: Paragraph 9-24
   43. I felt … a sense of peace, of the positive
    continuity of life, of renewed faith and hope.
     – Pp. … I resumed a peaceful state of mind free of
       sorrow, realizing that life would be infinite with
       continuing love, and I began to hold a new faith in and
       hope for life.
   44.The real meaning of Christmas had been
    restored to us.
     – Pp. I found the real meaning of Christmas again, that
       is, hearts with love, which I had had when my family
       was filled with energy and love with all my three
       children around me, but later I had mistakenly lost
       after my adopted son’s death.
  Exercises (1)
Translation exercises
1. 我给你一周时间把你手下的人都整顿好,然后我
I’ll give you a week to sort your men out, and then I
    expect things to run smoothly.
2. 每逢我们搬迁新居,总有许多东西舍不得丢弃。
Whenever we move to a new house, we always
    cling to too many possessions.
3. 她非常健谈,一旦轮到她讲话,她就滔滔不绝。
She is such a talkative woman that whenever she
    takes her turn to start talking, her words will come
    out in rapid succession.
 Exercises (2)
 4.需要时他总会帮忙,这一点你可以相信。
 He will always help in time of need, on this
  you can reckon.
 5. 他偷偷把手枪塞进衣袋。
 He slid his pistol into his pocket.
 6.这些噪声吵得我头昏脑胀,无法清醒地
 My mind is in a whirl with all this noise, so
  I cannot think clearly.
 Exercises (3)
 7. 那位农民把迷路的旅行者接到家里过夜。
 The farmer took in the lost travelers for the
 8.他微微一笑,憧憬着一次长途旅行。
 He smiled, relishing the idea of a long
    Exercises (4)
   Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or
    phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form.

Slide into , pull up, bounce, reckon on, in
succession, press…into, stir up, cling to
 Exercises (5)
 He __________a ball against the wall.
 The newly founded regime needed there
  influential politicians to stop her sliding into
 The local bar has been pressed into
  service as a school restaurant since the
  war began.
 They knew that academic authorities
  rejected their legend, but they still clung to
  their belief.
 At the beginning of the playoffs, he was
  made redundant and now he is trying to_pull
  himself up again.
 Pete Sampras won the Championship of
  American Open for the third year_in
 They are typical of couples who plan a
  family without _reckoning on the small
  fortune it will cost.
 He said senior government officials were
  trying to stir up ethnic tensions through
  mess media.
    Comprehension questions of Text II
   1.      Why did the author enjoy his visits
    to the cemeteries when he was a child?
   He enjoyed going there because the
    cemeteries were quiet, calm places full of
    life stories. Just the same and dates of a
    person’s life were interesting enough for
    him. He would imagine whole scenarios
    about how that person lived and what
    kind of family he had had. He would
    infuse the dead of rural Indiana with all
    manner of mystery.
 Comprehension questions of Text II
 2. What made him feel dissatisfied with his
   life in the rural Indiana?
 When he was in his teen, he found the
   life in his home area too quiet and
   sheltered. What he
   needed was an escape from it and a new
   way of life.
    Comprehension questions of Text II
3.What did he learn from his tome leaving
  experience at the end of the passage?
      From this experience, he came to realize
  that what his father did all the years in the
  cemeteries, which seemed to be tedious
  and insignificant, gave the relatives of the
  dead people a lot of comfort and warmth.
  Love and care should not be confined to
  family members.
Oral activities
    Organize yourselves into groups of five or
    six and discuss the following issue.

   A proverb goes like this: thicker than
    water.” Do you think there is any
    contradiction between this proverb and the
    way the author of the text looks at human
 Oral activities
Organize yourselves into groups of five or
 six and discuss the following issue

Why Christmas is celebrated in China
 nowadays. Does it mean that Christianity
 is getting popular in China?
    Writing practice
Write a composition of about 200 words on
 the following topic:

    What children should do for their parents,
    especially when an important festival like
    Christmas or Chinese New Year is

Good bye!

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