RISK ASSESSMENT FOR COACH MINIBUS TRANSPORT

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					                                                                 RISK ASSESSMENT FOR COACH / MINIBUS TRANSPORT

                     MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS                                     Events / Circumstances that could increase risk                           Other appropriate risk assessments to consider
                       (NOT TO BE ALTERED)

        Supervisory ratio’s of _____:_____ (Adults : Pupils).                  Attendance of other parties of children
        Parental consent to be obtained for this activity.                     Large numbers of people at the site



                                                                                                                                                                                                 Control
                       Who may be       Risk rating before controls                                                                                              Risk rating after controls
Hazard observed                                                                                          Control Measures                                                                      measures by:
                        harmed ?        Consequence x Likelihood=                                                                                                Consequence x Likelihood=
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Initial

Injury as a result     Pupils, staff           Unacceptable                  Use of reputable coach operator.                                                           Moderate
  of road traffic       and other                                            Ensure drivers do not exceed specified driving rest periods.
     accident          adult helpers                                         All group members to sit forward facing and wearing seatbelts at all times
                                                                              except to go to the toilet – one at a time or to supervise the pupils.
                                                                             Members of staff to be positioned adjacent to emergency exit of coach (and
                                                                              minibus where appropriate).
                                                                             Pupils are not to sit on the seat behind driver or to speak to or distract the
                                                                              driver in any way.
                                                                             Driver not to use mobile phone whilst vehicle in motion.


Falls from moving      Pupils, staff            Substantial                  Strict supervision at all times                                                            Moderate
     vehicles           and other                                            Pupils to be given clear safety instructions prior to disembarkation and told
                       adult helpers                                          to stay seated until vehicle has stopped.
                                                                             Members of staff to be positioned adjacent to emergency exit of coach (and
                                                                              minibus where appropriate).
                                                                             Pupils should be broken down into smaller groups for embarkation /
                                                                              disembarkation.
                                                                             If disembarking on the road (especially if abroad), pupils should lead off
                                                                              coach in single file with adults at the front and rear of group. This should be
                                                                              done in small groups rather than one long stream.
                                                                             Staff to be seated at varied locations throughout coach to ensure effective
                                                                              supervision.
                                                                             Where travel is on a UK coach / minibus abroad, clear safety instructions to
                                                                              be given to pupils / staff by group leader prior to disembarkation relating to
                                                                              opposite flow of traffic.
                                                                             Pupils to disembark in small groups rather than one long stream.


 Falls in moving       Pupils, staff            Substantial                  Group members to stay seated with seatbelts fastened whilst vehicle is                    Acceptable
     vehicle            and other                                             moving, except to go to the toilet or to supervise the pupils on the bus.
                       adult helpers                                         Walk down the coach / vehicle holding seat tops at a slow pace.




N.B The aim of a risk assessment is to provide general information on the type of hazards employees and pupils as well as others who may be involved are exposed to.
IF FOLLOWING IMPLEMENTATION OF ALL CONTROL MEASURES THE RISK RATING IS STILL SUBSTANTIAL OR ABOVE, FURTHER ASSESSMENT & CONTROL MEASURES SHOULD BE CONSIDERED.
– For further advice contact the Health and Safety Team.
                                                                                                                                                                                         Control
                     Who may be      Risk rating before controls                                                                                          Risk rating after controls
Hazard observed                                                                                   Control Measures                                                                     measures by:
                      harmed ?       Consequence x Likelihood=                                                                                            Consequence x Likelihood=
                                                                                                                                                                                          Initial

Struck by moving     Pupils, staff          Substantial               Strict supervision at all times.                                                          Acceptable
    vehicles          and other                                       Pupils to be appropriately supervised across any car parks / roads with
                     adult helps                                       stopping points chosen to minimise the need to cross car parks and / or
                                                                       roads.
                                                                      Pupils to be made aware of safe collection points.
                                                                      Pupils to disembark in small groups rather than one long stream


 Lost / abduction       Pupils              Substantial               Ensure the bus driver is aware of route to be taken before setting off.                    Moderate
                                                                      During rest breaks Pupils to be given clearly defined areas in which to stay.
                                                                      Pupils to be in groups never on their own (minimum of three).
                                                                      Pupils should go to the toilet supervised by an adult.
                                                                      Staff to be positioned where they can see toilet entrances and to avoid
                                                                       possible abduction / absconsion. Head counts to be taken prior to escorting
                                                                       pupils back to the transport and again when seated on the coach,
                                                                      Staff to patrol areas pupils are in, especially if not under direct supervision.


Sickness / medical   Pupils, staff          Substantial               Sick bags / buckets and appropriate paper towels and disinfectants should                 Acceptable
    conditions        and other                                        be carried in case of sickness. When on long journeys, children who are
                     adult helpers                                     prone to travel sickness should avoid sitting near the wheels of the bus and
                                                                       should sit towards to the front. They should make themselves known to staff
                                                                       members.
                                                                      If medication for travel sickness is taken prior to journey, ensure teachers
                                                                       are aware of this.
                                                                      Be aware of any allergies / medical conditions that children suffer from
                                                                       before visit and ensure that proper precautions are taken.


     Vehicle         Pupils, staff          Substantial               Group Leader to assess risks and decide on course of action dependent on                  Acceptable
   Breakdown          and other                                        weather, communications, position of breakdown, age of pupils.
                     adult helps                                      If possible, choose a safe place to stop and get group out of vehicle if
                                                                       appropriate to weather, age, behaviour of pupils. Put hazard light on and
                                                                       call 999 if on roadside and cannot disembark.
                                                                      Vehicle to have current MOT, be regularly serviced and maintained. Ensure
                                                                       that vehicle breakdown cover is maintained.
                                                                      Before setting off, ensure there is enough fuel in the bus for the whole
                                                                       journey.
                                                                      Ensure group has means of summoning assistance in case of breakdown.
                                                                      If vehicle to be exited follow controls as per being stuck by moving vehicles.




N.B The aim of a risk assessment is to provide general information on the type of hazards employees and pupils as well as others who may be involved are exposed to.
IF FOLLOWING IMPLEMENTATION OF ALL CONTROL MEASURES THE RISK RATING IS STILL SUBSTANTIAL OR ABOVE, FURTHER ASSESSMENT & CONTROL MEASURES SHOULD BE CONSIDERED.
– For further advice contact the Health and Safety Team.
                                                                                RISK ASSESSMENT FOR FARM VISIT
                    MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS                                      Events / Circumstances that could increase risk                          Other appropriate risk assessments to consider
                      (NOT TO BE ALTERED)

        Supervisory ratio’s of _____:_____ (Adults : Pupils).                  Attendance of other parties of children
        Parental consent to be obtained for this activity.                     Large numbers of people at the site

                                        Risk rating before                                                                                                                Risk rating after        Control
    Hazard            Who may be             controls                                                                                                                        controls             measures
                                                                                                         Control Measures
   observed            harmed ?          Consequence x                                                                                                                    Consequence x              by:
                                           Likelihood=                                                                                                                      Likelihood=             Initial

    Hardjo,           Pupils, staff         Substantial             Ensure there is a supply of hot running water, soap and paper towels as well as toilet facilities      Acceptable
Cryptosporidiosis    and other adult                                 before visiting.
                        helpers                                     Ensure existing cuts are covered with water proof dressing and wash cuts immediately in
                                                                     running water and cover with dressing if occurs during visit.
                                                                    Control and good supervision of group is essential.
                                                                    Listen to the leaders / farmers instructions.
                                                                    Strict guidelines and instruction from leader to the whole group about children not putting
                                                                     fingers in their mouths or eating without washing hands first.
                                                                    Stress the importance of not sucking pens and putting fingers in mouth and supervise this.
                                                                    Children to be told not to eat whilst in the farm, but in designated areas only.
                                                                    Children must be reminded not to touch any animal excretions on cages or on bars whilst on
                                                                     the farm.
                                                                    Clean and change footwear before leaving (and then wash hands).
                                                                    Children must wash their hands after feeding or touching the animals.
                                                                    If available children should use anti-bacterial gel after washing their hands.
                                                                    NB – it is vital you ensure that any female helpers are not pregnant or even think they may
                                                                     be. If they are, they should not go close to any animals on the visit.


Injury from farm      Pupils, staff         Substantial             Ensure that animals are viewed from a safe distance. Children must be made aware of the                Acceptable
     animal          and other adult                                 dangers of being bitten, knocked over or trodden on.
                        helpers                                     Fingers and hands must not be put through railings or pen fending.
                                                                    They must also be aware that when standing against a pen, their feet do not stick through as
                                                                     toes can be trodden on or bitten.
                                                                    Warn the children about the dangers about walking behind an animal and supervise.
                                                                    Explain to the children they must not make any sounds or movement which may frighten the
                                                                     animals e.g shouting, clapping, banging bars etc.
                                                                    Do not allow children into areas where animals are loose unless the animals are supervised
                                                                     and controlled by site staff.

   Machinery          Pupils, staff       Unacceptable              Identify areas during pre-visit where there must be no pupil access.                                   Acceptable
                     and other adult                                Machinery should be out of the way and not being used in the area when visiting. If they are,
                         helps                                       keep children away from these areas.
                                                                    Adults to ensure children do not go near or play on any machinery unless they have been
                                                                     specifically advised they can so and then only under strict supervision. E.g stationary or
                                                                     powered off tractors.


N.B The aim of a risk assessment is to provide general information on the type of hazards employees and pupils as well as others who may be involved are exposed to.
IF FOLLOWING IMPLEMENTATION OF ALL CONTROL MEASURES THE RISK RATING IS STILL SUBSTANTIAL OR ABOVE, FURTHER ASSESSMENT & CONTROL MEASURES SHOULD BE CONSIDERED.
– For further advice contact the Health and Safety Team.
                                    Risk rating before                                                                                                             Risk rating after          Control
    Hazard        Who may be             controls                                                                                                                     controls               measures
                                                                                                  Control Measures
   observed        harmed ?          Consequence x                                                                                                                 Consequence x                by:
                                       Likelihood=                                                                                                                   Likelihood=               Initial

  Chemicals        Pupils, staff       Substantial            Identify areas during pre-visit where there must be no pupil access.                                   Acceptable
                  and other adult                             If chemical products are in use during the visit, ensure that children are kept away from them,
                      helps                                    supervision of this must be maintained throughout the visit.


   Allergies /     Pupils, staff       Substantial            Be aware of any allergies / medical conditions that the children suffer from before visit and          Acceptable
    medical       and other adult                              ensure that proper precautions are taken to deal with them before they occur on the visit E.g
   conditions         helps                                    hayfever and animal allergies


Members of the     Pupils, staff       Substantial            Good control and supervision.                                                                          Acceptable
   public         and other adult                             Clear instructions as to expectations of behaviour and responsibilities to themselves, to one
                     helpers                                   another and to members of the public.


 Play area E.g     Pupils, staff       Substantial            Adults to ensure pupils only to go on equipment suitable for their age group.                          Acceptable
 falls, bumps &   and other adult                             Good control and supervision
     bruises          helper

 Shops (where         Pupils            Moderate              Strict control and supervision.                                                                        Acceptable
  applicable)                                                 Only one group at a time with staff members in and out of the shop.
                                                              Awareness of users identity is essential.




                                                                            School / Centre Identified Risk’s:-
                                                                                                                                                                                       Control measures
                      Who may be        Risk rating before controls                                                                                    Risk rating after controls
Hazard observed                                                                                     Control Measures                                                                          by:
                       harmed ?         Consequence x Likelihood=                                                                                      Consequence x Likelihood=
                                                                                                                                                                                             Initial




N.B The aim of a risk assessment is to provide general information on the type of hazards employees and pupils as well as others who may be involved are exposed to.
IF FOLLOWING IMPLEMENTATION OF ALL CONTROL MEASURES THE RISK RATING IS STILL SUBSTANTIAL OR ABOVE, FURTHER ASSESSMENT & CONTROL MEASURES SHOULD BE CONSIDERED.
– For further advice contact the Health and Safety Team.
Please ensure the following people have been informed of the risk
assessment by the most appropriate means:                              Adults on visit    Head Teacher        Governors               Parents   Pupils   EVC


Have employees been instructed to report newly identified hazards at                                     Details of newly identified hazards.
post visit meeting?                                                    Yes               No




N.B The aim of a risk assessment is to provide general information on the type of hazards employees and pupils as well as others who may be involved are exposed to.
IF FOLLOWING IMPLEMENTATION OF ALL CONTROL MEASURES THE RISK RATING IS STILL SUBSTANTIAL OR ABOVE, FURTHER ASSESSMENT & CONTROL MEASURES SHOULD BE CONSIDERED.
– For further advice contact the Health and Safety Team.
                                                                      ST LEONARD’S FARM PARK RISK ASSESSMENT
                         Who is      Likelihood of                                                                                                              Evaluate the     Likelihood of
Hazard/ Assessing                                    Severity
                         at Risk          that                                                           Action                                                     risk        happening after   Next Review
     Activity                                         1–5
                            ?         happening                                                                                                                quantification     precautions

  Playing on straw       Children         3             3       Barn uprights padded with straw filled bags and carpet. Staff to supervise play and regulate          9               2              Ongoing,
   bales. Falling,       between                                                    numbers in barn. Parent / Guardian supervision.                                                                February half
    banging into          5 – 12                                                                                                                                                                  term, annually
someone, into sides                                                                                                                                                                                  repadded
       of barn


  Tractor & Trailer       Mainly          5             4        Trained tractor driver who supervises trailer low season. Extra member of staff on trailer          20               2           When driver
  Rides. Falling off     children.                               high season. Walkie Talkie between staff and driver on trailer. Side barriers to prevent                                           changes
trailer. Standing up,     Adults                                               falling from trailer. Parent / Guardian / Teacher supervision.                                                     occur, Easter
     hitting head.                                                                                                                                                                                  annually.

    E-Coli. Germs           All           5             4         Gates regularly cleaned and disinfected. Numerous handwashing facilities around farm               20               3            February half
  touching animals,      visitors                                  clearly signposted. Hands washed ? signs on exit. Thumbsuckers and nosepickers                                                 term annually.
        gates                                                     advised NOT to touch animals at all. Parent / Guardian / Teacher to supervise AT ALL                                                Start of
                                                                                                          TIMES                                                                                      summer
                                                                                                                                                                                                     holidays
                                                                                                                                                                                                     annually.

 Being bitten by an         All           3             2          Clear signage – ‘These Animals may bite’. Clear instructions on how to feed animals.               6               2            February half
      animal             visitors.                                                      Parent / Guardian / Teacher supervision.                                                                  term annually.
                          Mainly
                         children

  Running / Playing.     Children         3             4       Parent / Guardian / Teacher supervision. Signage ‘Running causes accidents. Slow Down’.              12               3             Ongoing
  Fall causing cuts,                                                                         Sand sprinkled in Icy conditions.
grazes,broken bones,
   bumped heads


 Catching oneself on        All           3             2           All fences / gates regularly checked for protruding nails / wood etc. Anything found              6               1            February half
 loose nails / fencing   visitors                                                                 hammered in or removed                                                                          term and start
                                                                                                                                                                                                    of summer
                                                                                                                                                                                                     holidays
                                                                                                                                                                                                     annually.

    Lost children           All           3          Distress   No children allowed through gift shop towards exit without adult. Unaccompanied children              3               3           February half
                         children                               stopped. All staff vigilant watching for lone children. Child escorted around farm by senior                                          term
                                                                    staff member to locate adults. Parent / Guardian / Teacher supervision at all times

Severity Rating: 5. Death / Permanent disability 4. Serious injury / long term illness 3. Temporary disability / Day absence. 2. Required medical attention 1. Minor injury – bruise / graze
Likelihood Rating: 5. Will most certainly happen 4.Highly likely to happen. 3. Possible 2.Occasional , less likely 1. Remote possibility.
Factor Risk Assessment (Quantification). 16-25 Unacceptable! Requires immediate action. 10-15 A high priority for action 6-9 Medium , do something a.s.a.p 3 - 5 Low priority – Examine
practicalities of change. 1-2 – Low risk – No further action required. ANY REMAINING RISK IS LOW – THAT IS TO SAY NOT NON-EXISTENT


N.B The aim of a risk assessment is to provide general information on the type of hazards employees and pupils as well as others who may be involved are exposed to.
IF FOLLOWING IMPLEMENTATION OF ALL CONTROL MEASURES THE RISK RATING IS STILL SUBSTANTIAL OR ABOVE, FURTHER ASSESSMENT & CONTROL MEASURES SHOULD BE CONSIDERED.
– For further advice contact the Health and Safety Team.