GCSE Coursework, Report Writing
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GCSE Coursework, Report Writing Writing up a GCSE psychology report Essential components for your main practical report. Title. It must be; Relevant, concise and to the point. Abstract (or summary) Must give clear information on the main aims of the study, methods, results and the conclusions drawn from the investigation. NOTE: - It may be easier to write the abstract at the end, when completing the report. Because you will know exactly what is in it by then. Introduction The investigation should introduce the topic and be supported by relevant psychological background material, (2 or 3 studies) this will lead logically toward the actual study you are conducting. The main aims must be clearly stated at the end of the introduction and justifying the direction of the hypothesis. (The introduction is a bit like an essay, but in the GCSE it is not very detailed. In experimental reports we also have an: - Experimental Hypothesis This needs to be a concise and clear statement that shows what is to be tested. Eg 'Drinking alcoholic beverages will detrimentally effect driving ability'. Null Hypothesis This is a statement of no difference between conditions. E.g. Drinking alcoholic beverages will have no effect driving ability' We want to reject the null and accept the experimental hypothesis after completing the study. In other words, we want to have results which do suggest that yes our hypothesis is in fact correct (significant), thus enabling us to be able to reject the null hypothesis which states simply that any results are due merely to chance and nothing else. The Method, consists of the following 4 subsections. 1, Design All factual and structural information about the study, such as: - the experimental and control conditions, amount of groups /participants involved. The design of the study, what statistical tests we are using, the Independent Variables, Dependent Variables. 2, Participants Any relevant details of participants that may have influence over the study or information that may be needed for replication. 3, Materials Any details of equipment or materials used must be stated. 4, Procedure This is a very important section, an exact account of how the study was conducted, what you did exactly must be reported here, if standardised instructions were used, they should be mentioned here and a copy of them placed in the appendix. --------------------------------------------------------- Results What statistical technique was employed and why (because of the type of data collected, the study, method, etc). Descriptive statistics are required at GCSE, averages and percentages of group /condition scores. Graphs / diagrams if they help show clear results follow the figures in this section. Graph must have a title and the axes must be clearly labelled. Results must be presented neatly and easy to read. Discussion Explain clearly the outcome of your study in terms of your aim and hypothesis and results. Discuss the findings in relation to background material mentioned in the introduction. Mention any limitations (problems) you encountered and how it could be modified and avoided in future research. Did you find any anomalies, (strange /odd) results, mention them if you did. What are the implications of your results? What does your research suggest about the particular issue you were looking at? Suggest further research that would take the work a step further. Draw an overall conclusion about the study. References Easy to pick up marks here. References should be provided in a standard format, (look up in the back of a psychology text book to find examples). Space them out, and clearly state sources for quotes you used and where the studies used can be found. Style. Write your report in an objective / scientific style, Look up in the library at previously published or past students reports. DO NOT USE "I" or "ME" in the report, e.g. when referring to something you did you can write it as; "The researchers (or, experimenters) then asked the participants to etc, etc.". It is all right to use "we" but try to avoid it if you can. Write concisely, stick to relevant information, do not waffle on about irrelevant details. Use the above format, it is logical, organised and will guide you through the report. Good luck with your study!