The Implementation of International Human Rights Law in the by jpw10107

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 5

									      Liona Nanang Supriatna


      The Implementation of
International Human Rights Law
 in the Indonesian Legal System




       Johannes Herrmann Verlag
             GieBen 2008
                              Content



Acknowledgements                                                   ix
Abbreviations                                                      xi
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION                                                        1
1.1. Background                                                     1
1.2. Democratic transition in Indonesia and universal human
    rights                                                         23
1.3. The national ideology of Pancasila and universal human rights 25
1.4. Problem identification                                       28
1.5. Research objective                                           33
1.6. Research method                                              35
1.7. Structure of the study                                       36
CHAPTER II
DEFINITIONS, CONCEPTS, HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF
HUMAN RIGHTS AND THEIR IMPLEMENTATION                             37
2.1. Definition of human rights                                   37
2.2. Basic concepts of human rights                               41
   2.2.1. Natural rights theory                                .....41
   2.2.2. Positivist theory                                       43
   2.2.3. Cultural relativist theory                              44
   2.2.4. Marxist doctrine                                        46
2.3. Historical development of human            rights            47
   2.3.1. Regional approaches to human            rights          48
      2.3.1.1. European approaches: from Habeas Corpus
               through 1789 to the European Convention            48
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        2.3.1.2. Approaches in the Americas                          52
        2.3.1.3. The African approach to human          rights       55
        2.3.1.4. The Asian approach to human rights: the lack of
                a regional system                                    57
     2.3.2. Universal approaches to human rights                     60
        2.3.2.1. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948      60
        2.3.2.2. The International Civil and Political Rights
                 Covenant of 1966                                    63
        2.3.2.3. The International Covenant on Economic, Social
                 and Cultural Rights of 1966                         66
2.4. Human rights as a part of customary international law           70
2.5. National implementation of international agreements             73
2.6. The concept of human rights in the Indonesian legal system      77
2.7. Conclusion                                                      79
CHAPTER III
HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE INDONESIAN LEGAL SYSTEM                          82
3.1. Human Rights during the Pre-independence period
     1908-1945                                                       82
   3.1.1. Boedi Oetomo                                               84
     3.1.2. Islamic Association (Sarikat Islam)                      85
     3.1.3. Indische Party                                           86
3.2. Human Rights between 1945 and 1950                              87
     3.2.1. Nation-Building: Conflicts and Polemics of the
            Relationship between State and Religion                  90
     3.2.2. Human Rights debates in Indonesia                        92
     3.2.3. The Investigative Body for the Preparation of Indonesian
            Independence (Badan Penyelidik Usaha Persiapan
            Kemerdekaan Indonesia /BPUPKI)                           97
3.3. Human Rights in the 1945 Constitution                          100
3.4. Human Rights between 1950 and 1959                             101
     3.4.1. Adoption of Human Rights Provisions derived from the
            Universal Declaration of Human Rights                102
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3.5. Human Rights in the 1950 Provisional Constitution          104
3.6. Human Rights in the Period between 1959 and 1966           106
   3.6.1. The Constituent Assembly (Konstituante)               109
   3.6.2. Return to the 1945 Constitution                       110
3.7. Human Rights between 1966 and 1998                         110
   3.7.1. Human Rights during the New Order Era                 Ill
   3.7.2. New Order Idea of Rechtstaat (The Rule of Law)        116
   3.7.3. The New Order's Concept of Development and the
          Demise of Human Rights                                118
   3.7.4. National Human Rights Commission                      120
3.8. Human Rights from 1998 until the Present                   125
   3.8.1. The Reformation Era and Demands for the Trial of Past
          Human Rights Violations                               129
   3.8.2. Transitional Justice                                  134
   3.8.3. Civil Society and Human Rights                        137
   3.8.4. Human Rights Tribunal in Indonesia                    140
   3.8.5. The National Action Plan of Indonesian Human Rights.. .145
3.9. Conclusion                                                 150
CHAPTER IV
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN
RIGHTS LAW IN THE INDONESIAN LEGAL SYSTEM                       155
4.1. International Human Rights Treaties and the Indonesian
     Constitutional Framework                                   155
   4.1.1. Signature                                             161
   4.1.2. Ratification                                          162
   4.1.3. Acceptance                                            164
4.2. Implementation of Civil and Political Rights               164
   4.2.1. The Constitution of the United States of Indonesia
          of 1949                                               165
   4.2.2. Provisional Constitution 1950                         172
   4.2.3. The 1945 Constitution before the Amendment            175
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       4.2.4. The Amendment of the 1945 Constitution              177
4.3. Implementation of Human Rights in Economic, Social and
     Cultural Fields                                              182
       4.3.1. Constitution of the United States of Indonesia      183
       4.3.2. Provisional Constitution of 1950                    185
       4.3.3. 1945 Constitution Pre-amendment                     185
       4.3.4. Amendment of 1945 Constitution                      187
4.4. Conclusion                                                   188
CHAPTER V
IMPUNITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN INDONESIA:
THE CASE STUDY OF EAST TIMOR                                      191
5.1. Impunity and Human Rights                                    191
5.2. The Case Study of East Timor                                 195
       5.2.1. A Brief History of the East Timor Integration       197
       5.2.2. Referendum, conflict and the rise of violence in
              East Timor                                          202
       5.2.3. The Ad Hoc Court of Human Rights for Crimes against
              Humanity in East Timor 1999                         206
       5.2.4. The Commission of Experts                           218
       5.2.5. The Commission of Truth and Friendship              222
5.3. Conclusion                                                   225
CHAPTER VI
CONCLUSION                                                        229
Bibliography                                                      235

								
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