Youth Rates by Age Group in the United States_ 2005

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Youth Rates by Age Group in the United States_ 2005 Powered By Docstoc
					      Heads Together 2007: A New
Hampshire Conference on Improving
 Graduation Rates and Preparing our
            Youth for the Workforce

                     Dr. Paul E Harrington
          Center for Labor Market Studies
                  Northeastern University
                   Boston, Massachusetts

                          January 2007
        Occupation Staffing Patterns by Major
       Industry in the New England, 2000-2005

                                            Major Industries
                                            Retail              Prof.
                                   Manuf.   Trade    FIRE      Services
Major Occupations
2000
College Labor Market Occupations   36.2%    15.2%    64.5%     65.5%
Other Occupations                  63.8%    84.8%    35.5%     34.5%

2005
College Labor Market Occupations   39.9%    12.5%    69.0%     65.7%
Other Occupations                  60.1%    87.5%    31.0%     34.3%

Absolute Change
College Labor Market Occupations   3.7%     -2.8%    4.5%      0.2%
Other Occupations                  -3.7%    2.8%     -4.5%     -0.2%
         Occupation Staffing Patterns by Major
        Industry in New Hampshire, 2000-2005

                                            Major Industries
                                            Retail              Prof.
                                   Manuf.   Trade    FIRE      Services
Major Occupations
2000
College Labor Market Occupations   37.6%    13.9%    58.5%     62.7%
Other Occupations                  62.4%    86.1%    41.5%     37.3%

2005
College Labor Market Occupations   38.4%    14.5%    66.4%     68.6%
Other Occupations                  61.6%    85.5%    33.6%     31.4%

Absolute Change
College Labor Market Occupations   0.8%     0.7%     7.8%      5.9%
Other Occupations                  -0.8%    -0.7%    -7.8%     -5.9%
   Distribution of Employed 22-64 Year Old
 Persons in Major Industries by Educational
Attainment in the New England, 2000 & 2005
                                       Educational Attainment
                                   H.S.     H.S.    Some    College
                         Total   Dropout Graduate College Graduate
Major Industries
2000
Manufacturing           100.0%   13.9%    33.4%    26.7%    26.0%
Retail Sale             100.0%   9.2%     35.6%    31.7%    23.5%
FIRE                    100.0%   2.7%     19.4%    29.8%    48.0%
Professional Services   100.0%   5.3%     15.1%    24.3%    55.3%

2005
Manufacturing           100.0%   10.7%    33.4%    25.2%    30.7%
Retail Sale             100.0%   7.4%     36.4%    30.9%    25.3%
FIRE                    100.0%   2.1%     17.2%    28.5%    52.2%
Professional Services   100.0%   5.3%     17.3%    22.1%    55.3%

Absolute Change
Manufacturing             NA     -3.2%    0.0%     -1.5%    4.7%
Retail Sale               NA     -1.8%    0.8%     -0.8%    1.8%
FIRE                      NA     -0.6%    -2.2%    -1.4%    4.2%
Professional Services     NA      0.0%    2.2%     -2.2%    0.0%
  Distribution of Employed 22-64 Year Old
 Persons in Major Industries by Educational
Attainment in New Hampshire, 2000 & 2005
                                         Educational Attainment
                                   H.S.      H.S.      Some     College
                         Total    Dropout Graduate College Graduate
 Major Industries
 2000
 Manufacturing           100.0%   10.5%     35.3%     30.1%     24.0%
 Retail Sale             100.0%   8.2%      37.4%     33.5%     20.9%
 FIRE                    100.0%   2.5%      25.6%     33.5%     38.4%
 Professional Services   100.0%   4.8%      16.8%     31.8%     46.6%

 2005
 Manufacturing           100.0%    7.3%     35.2%     27.5%     30.0%
 Retail Sale             100.0%    7.1%     35.1%     30.9%     26.9%
 FIRE                    100.0%    2.0%     18.8%     38.9%     40.3%
 Professional Services   100.0%    3.3%     19.4%     24.8%     52.4%

 Absolute Change
 Manufacturing            NA      -3.2%      -0.1%    -2.5%     5.9%
 Retail Sale              NA      -1.1%      -2.3%    -2.6%     6.0%
 FIRE                     NA      -0.5%      -6.8%    5.5%      1.9%
 Professional Services    NA      -1.5%      2.6%     -7.0%     5.9%
             Distribution of Employed 22-64 Year Old
          Persons in Major Occupations by Educational
          Attainment in the New England, 2000 & 2005

                                                   Educational Attainment
                                              H.S.      H.S.     Some   College
                                    Total   Dropout Graduate College Graduate
Major Occupations
2000
College Labor Market Occupations   100.0%   1.2%      8.2%     24.0%    66.6%
Other Occupations                  100.0%   13.7%     40.3%    31.9%    14.0%

2005
College Labor Market Occupations   100.0%   0.9%      9.0%     22.4%    67.8%
Other Occupations                  100.0%   11.6%     41.9%    30.9%    15.6%

Absolute Change
College Labor Market Occupations     NA     -0.3%     0.8%     -1.6%    1.2%
Other Occupations                    NA     -2.1%     1.5%     -1.0%    1.5%
           Distribution of Employed 22-64 Year Old
         Persons in Major Occupations by Educational
         Attainment in New Hampshire, 2000 & 2005

                                                   Educational Attainment
                                              H.S.      H.S.     Some   College
                                    Total   Dropout Graduate College Graduate
Major Occupations
2000
College Labor Market Occupations   100.0%   1.2%      9.9%     28.6%    60.3%
Other Occupations                  100.0%   11.9%     41.6%    33.9%    12.6%

2005
College Labor Market Occupations   100.0%   0.7%      10.6%    27.5%    61.2%
Other Occupations                  100.0%   10.3%     42.4%    32.8%    14.6%

Absolute Change
College Labor Market Occupations     NA     -0.5%     0.8%     -1.1%    0.9%
Other Occupations                    NA     -1.6%     0.8%     -1.2%    2.0%
          Change in the Number of 22-64 Year
          Old Employed Persons by Occupation
           in the New England, 2000 & 2005

                                                           Absolute   Relative
Major Occupation                     2000        2005      Change     Change

All Occupations                    6,112,691   6,240,960   128,269      2%

College Labor Market Occupations   2,684,372   2,811,196   126,824      5%
Other Occupations                  3,428,319   3,429,764    1,445       0%
Percentage Distribution

Total                               100%        100%         NA         NA

College Labor Market Occupations    43.9%       45.0%        1.1      20.2%
Other Occupations                   56.1%       55.0%        -1.1     -7.9%
           Change in the Number of 22-64 Year
           Old Employed Persons by Occupation
             in New Hampshire, 2000 & 2005

                                                       Absolute   Relative
Major Occupation                    2000      2005     Change     Change

All Occupations                    576,801   599,441   22,640       4%

College Labor Market Occupations   235,872   258,563   22,691      10%
Other Occupations                  340,929   340,878    -51         0%
Percentage Distribution

Total                              100%      100%        NA         NA

College Labor Market Occupations   40.9%     43.1%       2.2      19.5%
Other Occupations                  59.1%     56.9%       -2.2     -4.0%
   Change in the Number of 22-64 Year Old
 Employed Persons by Educational Attainment in
        the New England, 2000 & 2005

                                                        Absolute   Relative
Major Occupation                  2000        2005      Change     Change

All employed, 22-64 years old   6,112,691   6,240,960   128,269     2.1%

High School Dropouts             503,061     423,538    -79,523    -15.8%
High School Graduates           1,602,517   1,688,988    86,471     5.4%
Some College                    1,737,990   1,689,942   -48,048     -2.8%
College Graduates               2,269,123   2,438,492   169,369     7.5%
Percentage Distribution
Total                            100%        100%         NA         NA

High School Dropouts              8.2%        6.8%        -1.4     -17.5%
High School Graduates            26.2%       27.1%        0.8       3.2%
Some College                     28.4%       27.1%        -1.4      -4.8%
College Graduates                37.1%       39.1%        2.0       5.3%
    Change in the Number of 22-64 Year Old
   Employed Persons by Educational Attainment
        in New Hampshire, 2000 & 2005

                                                    Absolute   Relative
Major Occupation                 2000      2005     Change     Change

All employed, 22-64 years old   576,801   599,441   22,640      3.9%

High School Dropouts            43,278    36,924    -6,354     -14.7%
High School Graduates           165,235   172,079   6,844       4.1%
Some College                    183,099   182,649    -450       -0.2%
College Graduates               185,189   207,789   22,600     12.2%
Percentage Distribution
Total                           100%      100%        NA         NA

High School Dropouts             7.5%      6.2%       -1.3     -17.9%
High School Graduates           28.6%     28.7%       0.1       0.2%
Some College                    31.7%     30.5%       -1.3      -4.0%
College Graduates               32.1%     34.7%       2.6       8.0%
    E/P ratios of 16-64 Year Old
Non-Enrolled High School Dropouts in
        New England, 2005

    Age Group   Total   Male    Female
    16-19       43.8%   43.2%   44.9%
    20-24       62.3%   71.1%   49.1%
    25-29       66.0%   78.7%   49.1%
    30-34       61.7%   74.4%   40.8%
    35-44       62.4%   68.9%   53.7%
    45-54       59.4%   65.3%   51.9%
    55-64       42.9%   49.8%   36.7%
    E/P ratios of 16-64 Year Old
Non-Enrolled High School Graduates in
         New England, 2005

    Age Group   Total   Male    Female
    16-19       68.2%   73.3%   60.7%
    20-24       76.1%   79.5%   71.2%
    25-29       78.4%   85.1%   68.7%
    30-34       77.4%   82.6%   70.7%
    35-44       77.9%   84.0%   70.5%
    45-54       77.4%   82.2%   72.3%
    55-64       61.0%   64.4%   58.3%
     E/P ratios of 16-64 Year Old Non-
   Enrolled by Educational Attainment in
            New England, 2005

                            Total   Male    Female
High School Dropout         56.7%   64.7%   46.7%
High School Graduate        74.3%   79.8%   68.0%
Some College                77.8%   83.3%   72.7%
Associates Degree           81.8%   87.4%   78.1%
Bachelor's Degree           82.5%   89.0%   76.6%
Master's Degree and above   85.1%   89.7%   80.8%
        Mean Annual Earnings of 18-64 Year
         Olds by Educational Attainment by
           Gender in New England, 2005

                             Total         Male         Female
High School Dropout         $ 24,723   $   28,625   $    18,326
High School Graduate        $ 30,605   $   36,409   $    23,133
Some College                $ 33,065   $   40,667   $    25,632
Associates Degree           $ 38,681   $   47,368   $    32,421
Bachelor's Degree           $ 57,139   $   72,716   $    41,695
Master's Degree and above   $ 80,500   $ 102,206    $    59,248
    E/P ratios of 16-64 Year Old
Non-Enrolled High School Dropouts in
       New Hampshire, 2005
  Age Group   Total   Male    Female
  16-19       43.5%   54.0%   27.7%
  20-24       68.2%   70.4%   64.0%
  25-29       56.6%   76.7%   32.5%
  30-34       73.5%   85.5%   54.7%
  35-44       78.4%   76.8%   80.7%
  45-54       59.1%   59.0%   59.3%
  55-64       38.8%   40.5%   37.6%
E/P ratios of 16-64 Year Old Non-
Enrolled High School Graduates in
      New Hampshire, 2005
 Age Group   Total   Male    Female
 16-19       72.7%   76.9%   66.9%
 20-24       81.4%   86.8%   72.1%
 25-29       81.9%   90.5%   71.4%
 30-34       83.4%   86.0%   80.2%
 35-44       81.2%   87.8%   73.4%
 45-54       77.9%   84.2%   71.1%
 55-64       65.7%   69.1%   62.9%
     E/P ratios of 16-64 Year Old Non-
   Enrolled by Educational Attainment in
           New Hampshire, 2005

                            Total   Male    Female
High School Dropout         58.7%   64.2%   51.7%
High School Graduate        77.5%   83.6%   70.7%
Some College                81.4%   88.5%   74.5%
Associates Degree           82.7%   89.9%   77.4%
Bachelor's Degree           83.0%   89.5%   76.9%
Master's Degree and above   85.6%   90.7%   80.0%
    Mean Annual earnings of 18-64 Year
     Olds by Educational Attainment by
      Gender in New Hampshire, 2005

                             Total      Male      Female
High School Dropout         $ 27,275   $ 33,708   $ 17,634
High School Graduate        $ 31,172   $ 38,064   $ 22,421
Some College                $ 33,235   $ 41,580   $ 25,015
Associates Degree           $ 37,601   $ 47,475   $ 30,311
Bachelor's Degree           $ 51,871   $ 65,686   $ 37,698
Master's Degree and above   $ 68,310   $ 84,784   $ 49,391
       Lifetime Earnings in New England, 1990-
       2005 (2004 dollars)
NE                             1990          2000        2005
High School Dropout         $ 878,612    $ 817,806 $ 787,959
High School Graduate        $1,209,220   $ 1,183,932 $ 1,182,800
Some College                $1,513,855   $ 1,474,249 $ 1,446,682
Associate's Degree          $1,588,262   $ 1,529,130 $ 1,515,381
Bachelor's Degree           $2,209,013   $ 2,284,956 $ 2,227,248
Master's Degree or Higher   $2,950,662   $ 3,013,752 $ 2,963,746
Total                       $1,564,298   $ 1,682,787 $ 1,715,640

HSG/HSDO                       1.38         1.45        1.50
AA/HSDO                        1.81         1.87        1.92
BA/HSDO                        2.51         2.79        2.83
MA+/HSDO                       3.36         3.69        3.76
       Lifetime Earnings in New Hampshire,
       1990-2005 (2004 dollars)
NH                             1990          2000          2005
High School Dropout         $ 965,924    $ 1,005,584   $ 965,058
High School Graduate        $1,171,339   $ 1,225,571   $ 1,229,710
Some College                $1,426,528   $ 1,440,332   $ 1,435,427
Associate's Degree          $1,472,919   $ 1,583,065   $ 1,536,490
Bachelor's Degree           $2,015,162   $ 2,021,479   $ 2,005,078
Master's Degree or Higher   $2,524,806   $ 2,530,364   $ 2,378,861
Total                       $1,452,033   $ 1,591,535   $ 1,583,070

HSG/HSDO                       1.21         1.22          1.27
AA/HSDO                        1.52         1.57          1.59
BA/HSDO                        2.09         2.01          2.08
MA+/HSDO                       2.61         2.52          2.46
              Youth Rates by Age Group in
                the United States, 2005

                  Labor Force                                      Youth
                  Participation Employment to      Unemployment   Idleness
                      Rate      Population Ratio       Rate         Rate

16-19 Years Old     47.1%           36.5%             22.5%        8.4%

20-24 Years Old     72.1%           60.7%             15.8%       17.6%
                  Youth Rates by Age Group in
                      New England, 2005

                   Labor Force                                        Youth
                   Participation    Employment to     Unemployment   Idleness
                       Rate        Population Ratio       Rate         Rate

16-19 Years Old       52.1%            41.6%             20.2%        5.8%

20-24 Years Old       72.7%            62.8%             13.7%       11.8%
                  Youth Rates by Age Group in
                     New Hampshire 2005

                   Labor Force                                        Youth
                   Participation    Employment to     Unemployment   Idleness
                       Rate        Population Ratio       Rate         Rate

16-19 Years Old       63.5%            54.4%             14.5%        6.5%

20-24 Years Old       80.1%            69.5%             13.3%       15.8%
                        Out of Work and Out of
                      School Youth 16-24 Year old
                         in New England, 2005
                                        Total

                                      1,489,197


           Enrolled                                                 Not Enrolled
           899,745                                                   589,452
            60.4%                                                     39.6%

Employed               Not Employed               Employed                              Not Employed
 425,371                 474,374                   441,314                                148,138
  28.6%                    31.9%                    29.6%                                   9.9%


                                       HS Grad               Not HS Grad      HS Grad              Not HS Grad
                                       378,682                 62,632          99,478                48,660
                                        85.8%                   14.2%          67.2%                  32.8%
                     Out of Work and Out of
                  School Males 16-24 Year old
                    in New Hampshire, 2005

                                      Total

                                     143,579


           Enrolled                                               Not Enrolled
           83,612                                                   59,967
            58.2%                                                   41.8%

Employed              Not Employed              Employed                              Not Employed
 49,259                  34,353                  45,847                                  14,120
 34.3%                    23.9%                  31.9%                                    9.8%


                                      HS Grad              Not HS Grad      HS Grad              Not HS Grad
                                       37,760                 8,087          8,690                  5,430
                                       82.4%                  17.6%          61.5%                  38.5%
         Immigration Status of the 16-64 Year
         Old Population in the United States by
           Gender and Race-Ethnicity, 2005
                                                 Foreign Born,   Foreign Born,
                                                    Recent        Established    Puerto
                                   Native Born    Immigrant       Immigrant      Ricans
Total                              7,705,346       305,572         977,950       152,228
Median Age                             41             30              41           41
Gender
Male                               3,774,774       160,009         488,108       68,717
Female                             3,930,572       145,563         489,842       83,511
Race-Ethnicity
White, Non-Hispanic                7,021,157       110,621         384,177        3,042
Black, Non-Hispanic                 308,462         29,663         120,809          48
American Indian or Alaska Native     23,904           88             652            0
Asian or Pacific Islander            59,665         68,129         213,236          0
Hispanic                            214,236         80,734         226,586       148,794
Other or Multiracial                 77,922         16,337          32,490         344
        Immigration Status of the 16-64 Year
        Old Population in the United States by
            Educational Attainment, 2005

                                          Foreign Born,   Foreign Born,
                                             Recent        Established    Puerto
                            Native Born    Immigrant       Immigrant      Ricans
Total                       7,705,346       305,572         977,950       152,228
Median Age                      41             30              41           41
Educational Attainment
High School Students         408,860         15,888          23,700        5,440
High School Dropout          480,272         61,255         194,922       56,685
High School Graduate        2,133,102        81,563         254,826       50,564
Some College                1,496,743        38,123         138,523       19,411
Associates Degree            631,359          9,118          62,376        7,285
Bachelor's Degree           1,584,731        49,985         159,244        8,065
Master's Degree and above    970,279         49,640         144,359        4,778
        Immigration Status of the 16-64 Year
        Old Population in the United States by
              Labor Force Status, 2005

                                               Foreign Born,   Foreign Born,
                                                  Recent        Established    Puerto
                                 Native Born    Immigrant       Immigrant      Ricans
Total                            7,705,346       305,572         977,950       152,228
Median Age                           41             30              41           41
Labor Force Participation Rate     79.2%          71.6%           79.0%        61.0%
Employment to Population Ratio     74.5%          65.9%           73.7%        53.5%
Unemployment Rate                   5.8%           7.9%            6.7%        12.4%
        Immigration Status of the 16-64 Year
        Old Population in New Hampshire by
          Gender and Race-Ethnicity, 2005
                                                 Foreign Born,   Foreign Born,
                                                    Recent        Established    Puerto
                                   Native Born    Immigrant       Immigrant      Ricans
Total                               797,790         15,883          44,920       2,654
Median Age                             42             31              41          28
Gender
Male                                399,357         7,727           19,143       1,391
Female                              398,433         8,156           25,777       1,263
Race-Ethnicity
White, Non-Hispanic                 778,636         7,920           21,764         0
Black, Non-Hispanic                  2,520          1,730           3,362          0
American Indian or Alaska Native     2,527            0                0           0
Asian or Pacific Islander            3,524          3,586           14,027         0
Hispanic                             5,738          1,480           5,026        2,654
Other or Multiracial                 4,845          1,167            741           0
        Immigration Status of the 16-64 Year
        Old Population in New Hampshire by
           Educational Attainment, 2005
                                          Foreign Born,   Foreign Born,
                                             Recent        Established    Puerto
                            Native Born    Immigrant       Immigrant      Ricans
Total                        797,790         15,883          44,920       2,654
Median Age                      42             31              41          28
Educational Attainment
High School Students         42,778           773            2,236          0
High School Dropout          61,341           948            6,241        1,458
High School Graduate         233,888         3,928           7,979          0
Some College                 166,985         3,369           6,735          0
Associates Degree            69,824           199            2,573         128
Bachelor's Degree            147,509         3,640           10,759       1,068
Master's Degree and above    75,465          3,026           8,397          0
        Immigration Status of the 16-64 Year
        Old Population in New Hampshire by
             Labor Force Status, 2005

                                               Foreign Born,   Foreign Born,
                                                  Recent        Established    Puerto
                                 Native Born    Immigrant       Immigrant      Ricans
Total                             797,790         15,883          44,920       2,654
Median Age                           42             31              41           28
Labor Force Participation Rate     81.4%          63.1%           76.7%        49.4%
Employment to Population Ratio     77.9%          54.8%           71.0%        49.4%
Unemployment Rate                   4.4%          13.2%           7.5%          0.0%
              Change in Employment by Citizen
              Status in New England, 2000-2005

                                                            Absolute   Relative
                                        2000      2005      Change     Change
Native Born                           5,862,333 5,726,689 -135,644     -2.3%
Foreign Born, Recent Immigrant        153,042    201,506    48,464     31.7%
Foreign Born, Established Immigrant   574,891    720,340    145,449    25.3%
Puerto Ricans                          79,098    81,382      2,284      2.9%
Total                                 6,669,364 6,729,917   60,553      0.9%
Percent Employed New Immigrants                  332.8%
            Change in Employment by Citizen
          Status in New Hampshire, 2000-2005

                                                          Absolute   Relative
                                       2000      2005     Change     Change
Native Born                           601,427   618,879   17,452      2.9%
Foreign Born, Recent Immigrant         6,083     8,697     2,614     43.0%
Foreign Born, Established Immigrant   22,927    31,875     8,948     39.0%
Puerto Ricans                          1,617     1,311     -306      -18.9%
Total                                 632,054   660,762   28,708      4.5%
Percent Employed New Immigrants                 30.3%

				
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