Handbook of Epidemiology Outline Infectious Disease Epidemiology by ves88494

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									Handbook of Epidemiology

Outline
Infectious Disease Epidemiology (chapter 4.1)

Susanne Straif-Bourgeois and Raoult Ratard


Introduction
The global burden of infectious diseases
The importance of infectious disease epidemiology for prevention
The changing picture of infectious disease epidemiology
       Changes in populations at risk
       Changes in knowledge about transmission of disease agents
       Bioterrorism adds a new dimension
New approaches in infectious disease epidemiology
       Improved laboratory methods
       Mapping as an epidemiological tool
       Computer reporting and software progress
What is the question we want to answer?
Surveillance issues
       Classical surveillance methods: Passive and active case detection
       New approaches in surveillance methods: Microbial strains, animals and the
       environment
       Case definition
       Case register
       Individual cases or aggregate data?
       Which stage of disease should be collected? The morbidity iceberg
       Indicators, Maintenance and Amplifier
       Rationale of selecting diseases for surveillance purposes
Outbreak investigations
       Basic steps in outbreak investigations
       Types of outbreak investigations
               The “traditional” foodborne outbreak
               New types of outbreaks
Surveys
       Community surveys
Program Evaluation
Summary
References




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