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ANNEX 2_ OVERVIEW OF SPS-RELATED TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

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					                                                                          Draft 14 May 2008




Regional SPS Balance Sheet for Central America


                    ANNEX 2:
    Overview of SPS-Related Technical Assistance




Research work for the Standards and Trade Development Facility
                                  Jason Hafemeister




       This report reflects the views of the author alone and does not represent the
               views of the STDF or any of its partner agencies or donors.
                    ANNEX 2: OVERVIEW OF SPS-RELATED TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

 Member               Food Safety                      Animal Health                         Plant Health                                 General
Costa Rica   Canada: Hazard Analysis             FAO: Assistance for early         FAO: Integral management of             Canada: Import Requirements (2002);
             Critical Control Points (HACCP)     detection of avian influenza in   coffee pest (Broca) and the             SPS Workshop -Regional Central
             Audit Training (2005). EC: EU       Central America (2006-2008).      prevention of its dispersion in the     America (2002); CFIA Organization and
             food standards and import           IICA: Hemispheric workshop        Brunca region in Costa Rica and         Labeling Workshop (2003); Canadian
             requirements for fishery and        on BSE (2001); International      Panama (2001-2003). IICA:               International Development Agency
             aquaculture products (2006); EU     seminar on animal health          Workshop wood packaging                 project on SPS in Central America
             food standards and import           equivalence and risk analysis     materials used in international trade   (2004). IADB: Assistance for Small and
             requirements for fruit and          (2002); Hemispheric               (2004); IPPC workshop to review         Medium-Sized Enterprises in Central
             vegetables (2006); New Aid          conference for the surveillance   draft international standards for       America on Technical Requirements for
             Programme (2007-2013):              and prevention of avian           phytosanitary measures (2004).          gaining market access under DR-CAFTA
             strengthening social cohesion and   influenza (2006). OIRSA:          IICA/NAPPO/IPPC Workshop to             (TC-03-04-02-1-RG) (Regional: started
             supporting regional integration.    Support by services of experts    review draft international standards    in 2007): The program will benefit (i)
             FAO: Development of an              (2001-2006); Strengthening        for phytosanitary measures.             over 5,000 entrepreneurs, officials, and
             integrated system of quality        of surveillance services for      OIRSA: Four draft international         professional workers in the public and
             assurance for food analysis         prevention of foot-and-mouth      standards for phytosanitary             private sectors in El Salvador,
             laboratories in Central America     disease and BSE (2001-2006);      measures (2001-2006); Meetings          Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and
             (2004-2006); Establish internal     Program for the prevention,       for registration chiefs (2001);         Guatemala, who will obtain information
             quality standards for fishery       control, and eradication of       Establishment of med fly- free          on the opportunities opened up by DR-
             products in the region (2007-       avian diseases (2002-2006);       areas (2001-2006); FAO/OIRSA            CAFTA, as well as on market access
             2009). IICA: Training in            Strengthening regional poultry    project on phytosanitary capacity       technical requirements in each country
             HACCP for the agri-food industry    health systems (2006). US:        building (2004). US: Teach new          and related support projects
             (2002). OIRSA: Technical            Brucellosis and tuberculosis      research techniques and conduct         (1,000/country); (ii) 100 consulting
             lectures (2001-2006); Training      containment and eradication       collaborative research (2005);          service providers (20/country) trained in
             on GAP, GMP and HACCP               technical training (2006).        USDA/FAS Transfer knowledge             market access technical requirements;
             (2001-2006); International course   STDF: Support to preparation      and skills of Geographic                (iii) 100 technicians (20/country) trained
             on official certification in food   of traceability scheme for        Information Systems (GIS) (2005);       to prepare pest risk analyses for the
             safety for food services (2001);    Costa Rican livestock (2006).     Help to establish a clean stock         selected products to strengthen national
             Seminar on dairy product hygiene                                      program (2006).                         phytosanitary surveillance networks; and
             and production in Central                                                                                     (iv) 500 firms (100/country) that
             America (2001);                                                                                               overcome non-tariff technical measures
                                                                                                                           for market access, perceiving the benefits
 Member                Food Safety                  Animal Health   Plant Health                   General
Costa Rica   Workshop on certification of                                          of DR-CAFTA through services co-
             programs on toxic residues and                                        financed by the program. IICA: SPS
             aquaculture traceability (2006).                                      Initiative for the countries of America
             US: Food and Drug                                                     (2002-2007); IPPC Technical
             Administration (FDA) - Safety of                                      Consultation on phytosanitary measures
             Food Additives (2003); Training                                       (2002); Hemispheric Meeting on
             on Hazard Analysis Critical                                           International Border Control in Animal
             Control Point (HACCP) (2004);                                         and Plant Health (2005); Regional
             Conduct audit training for meat                                       workshop on the International Portal for
             inspection (2004); Conducted                                          Food Safety and Animal and Plant
             audit training and inspection                                         Health (2006); Support for the
             practice for targeted poultry                                         dissemination of information: CODEX-
             plants (2005); FDA Provide                                            SPS Opinion Forum, AGROSALUD
             technical assistance to food                                          (2006); IICA-STDF Project: Develop
             facilities (2005); Offer training on                                  institutional capabilities to consolidate
             HACCP practices and policies                                          countries' active participation in the SPS
             (2005); Fund researchers to attend                                    Committee (2007); Training program on
             symposium on Mycotoxin                                                understanding the three sisters (2007);
             Control Strategies (2005);                                            Assistance in identifying regional needs
             FDA/CFSAN sent expert to the                                          and sources of cooperation;
             Executive Leadership in Food                                          Strengthening capabilities and
             Safety Seminar (2005);                                                participation of national enquiry points;
             USDA/FAS Provide food safety                                          Studying of proposed standards notified
             and regulatory enforcement                                            by the countries to the WTO SPS
             (equivalence) training (2005);                                        Committee. ILRI: Enhancing beef
             USDA/FSIS Provide poultry food                                        productivity, quality, safety and trade in
             safety and regulatory enforcement                                     Central America (2003-2007).
             assessment (2005); Provide meat
             inspection training to meet
             international standards (2006).
 Member      Food Safety   Animal Health   Plant Health                  General
Costa Rica                                                OIRSA: Support of intraregional trade
                                                          (2001-2006); VIFINEX project (2001-
                                                          2006); Technological Masters' Degree
                                                          Program in SPS (2001-2007); OIRSA-
                                                          IADB Project in support of agricultural
                                                          trade through the harmonized
                                                          implementation of SPS in Mesoamerica
                                                          (2003); Regional seminar on the
                                                          traceability of animals and food of
                                                          animal and plant origin (2005); Support
                                                          on SPS within the context of the Central
                                                          American Customs Union (2006); Series
                                                          of symposia on Equivalence between
                                                          Northern and Southern Regions of the
                                                          Americas; Series of training and
                                                          dissemination in the area of agricultural
                                                          health and trade. Spain: Technical
                                                          Assistance Agreement in Animal and
                                                          Plant Health (2003). US: PROALCA (I)
                                                          - TRADE (2002); Train SPS regulators
                                                          on SPS regulations (2004); Train
                                                          government officials on equivalence
                                                          topics (2005); USAID Provide economic
                                                          prosperity training program (2005).
                                                          WTO: Regional training course (2005,
                                                          2006).
 Member                Food Safety                        Animal Health                        Plant Health                                 General
El Salvador   EC: EU food standards and             FAO: Assistance for early         IADB: Good Agricultural Practices      Canada: SPS Workshop -Regional
              import requirements for fishery       detection of avian influenza in   for Rational Use of Pesticides (ES-    Central America (2002). IADB:
              and aquaculture products (2006);      Central America (2006-2008).      T0074) (in execution): Producers       Retooling Agro-enterprise (ES-L0119).
              EU food standards and import          IICA: Hemispheric workshop        enabled in the use, control and        (in execution.): A National Information
              requirements for fruit and            on BSE (2001); International      suitable handling of the pesticides    System supporting Farming Sector
              vegetables (2006); New Aid            seminar on animal health          to guarantee the food safety of        (SIASA), operating since 2005;
              Programme (2007-2013): foster         equivalence and risk analysis     vegetable products. Participation of   Mechanism to control and evaluate
              social cohesion and human             (2002); Hemispheric               160 people:8 demonstrative parcels     SIASA operating by the second semester
              security, economic growth,            conference for the surveillance   with GAP and traceability              of 2005; 10 Agribusiness Centers (AC)
              regional integration and trade.       and prevention of avian           approach., 8 demonstrative parcels     and 10 Information Centers (IC)
              FAO: Development of an                influenza (2006). OIRSA:          implemented and operating by the       operating since the first semester of
              integrated system of quality          Support by services of experts    8th month. IICA: Workshop wood         2005; 36,000 AC users and 36.000 IC
              assurance for food analysis labs in   (2001-2006); Strengthening        packaging materials used in            users use, at least, one of the services
              Central America (2004-2006).          of surveillance services for      international trade (2004). OIRSA:     offered by those centers since 2006.
              IADB: Retooling Agro-enterprise       prevention of foot-and-mouth      Four draft international standards     Assistance for Small and Medium-Sized
              (ES-L0119; in execution): Two         disease and BSE (2001-2006);      for phytosanitary measures (2001-      Enterprises in Central America on
              new Departments (Food Safety          Program for the prevention,       2006); Meetings for registration       Technical Requirements for gaining
              and Traceability) inside the new      control, and eradication of       chiefs (2001); Establishment of        market access under DR-CAFTA (TC-
              Division of Food Safety,              avian diseases (2002-2006);       med fly- free areas (2001-2006);       03-04-02-1-RG) (Regional: started in
              operating since 2004; Four new        Involvement in the classical      FAO/OIRSA project on                   2007). IICA: SPS Initiative for the
              Departments inside the DGSVA          swine fever eradication plan      phytosanitary capacity building        countries of America (2002-2007); IPPC
              (Risk Analysis, Quality               (2004-2009); Strengthening        (2004). US: Teach new research         Technical Consultation on phytosanitary
              Management, Accreditation and         regional poultry health           techniques and conduct                 measures (2002); Hemispheric Meeting
              Legal Norms) operating since          systems (2006). US: Perform       collaborative research (2005).         on International Border Control in
              2004; A Health System of Quality      brucellosis and tuberculosis                                             Animal and Plant Health (2005);
              and Food Safety operating since       containment and eradication                                              Regional workshop on the International
              2005; and 100 producers of agro-      technical training (2006).                                               Portal for Food Safety and Animal and
              food recognized by DGSVA                                                                                       Plant Health (2006); Support for the
              applying Food Safety tools since                                                                               dissemination of information: CODEX-
              2007. Also, IADB is providing on                                                                               SPS Opinion Forum, AGROSALUD
              going technical assistant on                                                                                   (2006);
 Member                Food Safety                 Animal Health   Plant Health                  General
El Salvador   “Good Agricultural Practices for                                    IICA-STDF Project: Develop
              Rational Use of Pesticides” (ES-                                    institutional capabilities to consolidate
              T0074). Producers have been                                         countries' active participation in the SPS
              trained for use, control, and safe                                  Committee (2007); Training program on
              handling of pesticides. IICA:                                       understanding the three sisters (2007);
              Training in HACCP for the agri-                                     Assistance in identifying regional needs
              food industry (2002). OIRSA:                                        and sources of cooperation;
              Technical lectures (2001-2006);                                     Strengthening capabilities and
              Training on GAP, GMP and                                            participation of national enquiry points;
              HACCP (2001-2006);                                                  Studying of proposed standards notified
              International course on official                                    by the countries to the WTO SPS
              certification in food safety for                                    Committee. MCC: Compact signed to
              food services (2001); Seminar on                                    improve the lives of Salvadorans through
              dairy product hygiene and                                           strategic investment. Priorities include
              production in Central America                                       agricultural production and rural
              (2001); Seminars on the                                             business development. Projects funded
              Monitoring of dairy products and                                    include technical assistance to farmers
              Good Practices for the production                                   (2006-2011). OIRSA: Support of
              of honey (2005); Workshop on                                        intraregional trade (2001-2006);
              certification of programs on toxic                                  VIFINEX project (2001-2006);
              residues and aquaculture                                            Technological Masters' Degree Program
              traceability (2006). US: Conduct                                    in SPS (2001-2006); OIRSA-IADB
              technical training on the                                           Project in support of agricultural trade
              principles of Hazard Analysis                                       through the harmonized implementation
              Critical Control Point (HACCP)                                      of SPS in Mesoamerica (2003); Regional
              (2005); Teach new research                                          seminar on the traceability of animals
              techniques and conduct                                              and food of animal and plant origin
              collaborative research (2005);                                      (2005); Support on SPS within the
              FDA Provide technical assistance                                    context of the Central American Customs
              to cheese and dairy plants (2005);                                  Union (2006); Series of symposia on
              Sponsor US Food Safety system                                       Equivalence between Northern and
              audit by food experts from Latin                                    Southern Regions of the Americas;
              America (2006);
 Member                Food Safety               Animal Health   Plant Health                   General
El Salvador   Perform lab assessment to                                         Series of training and dissemination in
              identify training needs (2006);                                   the area of agricultural health and trade.
              Provide meat inspection training                                  US: USDA/FAS Implement Food for
              to meet international standards                                   Progress program (2005); USAID
              (2006); Provide Good Agriculture                                  Enhance SPS Capacity (2005); Train
              Practice (GAP) training (2006).                                   SPS regulators on SPS regulations
                                                                                (2004); Train government officials on
                                                                                equivalence topics (2005); USAID
                                                                                Provide economic prosperity training
                                                                                program (2005).
 Member              Food Safety                        Animal Health                         Plant Health                                 General
Guatemala   Canada: Food Safety Agency            FAO: Assistance for early         IICA: Workshop wood packaging           Canada: SPS Workshop -Regional
            Advisory Mission (2005); Food         detection of avian influenza in   materials used in international trade   Central America (2002). IADB: Food &
            Safety Agency Advisory Follow         Central America (2006-2008).      (2004). OIRSA: Four draft               Agriculture Sector Program (GU-L0070;
            Up Mission (2005). EC: EU             IICA: Hemispheric workshop        international standards for             in execution): project on Phytosanitary
            food standards and import             on BSE (2001); International      phytosanitary measures (2001-           and Food Safety Services: improvement
            requirements for fishery and          seminar on animal health          2006); Meetings for registration        of services provided by MAGA’s Unit
            aquaculture products (2006); EU       equivalence and risk analysis     chiefs (2001); Establishment of         for Norms and Regulations:
            food standards and import             (2002); Hemispheric               med fly- free areas (2001-2006);        Phytosanitary Inspection Programs
            requirements for fruit and            conference for the surveillance   FAO/OIRSA project on                    (Baseline 1998 = 1 program), 6 (by 31
            vegetables (2006); New Aid            and prevention of avian           phytosanitary capacity building         Dec 2007); Two programs for early
            Programme (2007-2013): foster         influenza (2006). OIRSA:          (2004). US: USDA/APHIS                  detection of plagues: 2 (by 31 Dec.
            social cohesion and human             Support by services of experts    Conduct port visit and training to      2007); Farming production certification
            security, economic growth and         (2001-2006); Strengthening        government officials (2006);            with GAP and good manufacturing
            trade. FAO: Development of an         of surveillance services for      USDA/FAS Transfer knowledge             practices (1998 = 0); 6 (by 31 Dec 2007);
            integrated system of quality          prevention of foot-and-mouth      and skills of Geographic                Norm proposal for unprocessed food
            assurance for food analysis labs in   disease and BSE (2001-2006);      Information Systems (GIS) (2005).       control, harmonized with CODEX
            Central America (2004-2006).          Program for the prevention,       Spain: Forestry genetic resources       Alimentarius: 8 (by 31 Dec. 2007). Also,
            IADB: Food and Agriculture            control, and eradication of       (2004); Genomics and genetic            Project on Assistance for Small and
            Sector Program (GU-L0070; in          avian diseases (2002-2006);       improvement of plant species            Medium-Sized Enterprises in Central
            execution). Project on food safety:   Strengthening regional poultry    (2004).                                 America on Technical Requirements for
            dairy farms are freed of              health systems (2006). US:                                                gaining market access under DR-CAFTA
            brucellosis and bovine                Brucellosis and tuberculosis                                              (TC-03-04-02-1-RG) (Regional: started
            tuberculosis; diagnosis and           containment and eradication                                               in 2007). IICA: SPS Initiative for the
            technical assistant about sanitary    technical training (2006).                                                countries of America (2002-2007); IPPC
            and environmental aspect of some                                                                                Technical Consultation on phytosanitary
            slaughterhouses of pork; etc.                                                                                   measures (2002); Hemispheric Meeting
            IICA: Training in HACCP in                                                                                      on International Border Control in
            alliance with the World Bank.                                                                                   Animal and Plant Health (2005);
                                                                                                                            Regional workshop on the International
                                                                                                                            Portal for Food Safety and Animal and
                                                                                                                            Plant Health (2006);
 Member              Food Safety                Animal Health   Plant Health                  General
Guatemala   OIRSA: Technical lectures                                          Support for the dissemination of
            (2001-2006); Training on GAP,                                      information: CODEX-SPS Opinion
            GMP and HACCP (2001-2006);                                         Forum, AGROSALUD (2006); IICA-
            International course on official                                   STDF Project: Develop institutional
            certification in food safety for                                   capabilities to consolidate countries'
            food services (2001); Seminar on                                   active participation in the SPS
            dairy product hygiene and                                          Committee (2007); Training program on
            production in Central America                                      understanding the three sisters (2007);
            (2001); Workshop on certification                                  Assistance in identifying regional needs
            of programs on toxic residues and                                  and sources of cooperation;
            aquaculture traceability (2006).                                   Strengthening capabilities and
            US: USDA/FSIS meat and                                             participation of national enquiry points;
            poultry inspection training                                        Studying of proposed standards notified
            seminar (2005); Conduct                                            by the countries to the WTO SPS
            technical training on the                                          Committee. ILRI: Enhancing beef
            principles of Hazard Analysis                                      productivity, quality, safety and trade in
            Critical Control Point (HACCP)                                     Central America (2003-2007). OIRSA:
            (2005); Offer training on HACCP                                    Support of intraregional trade (2001-
            practices and policies (2005);                                     2006); VIFINEX project (2001-2006);
            Provide meat inspection training                                   Technological Masters' Degree Program
            to meet international standards                                    in SPS (2001-2006); OIRSA-IADB
            (2006). Spain: Technical                                           Project in support of agricultural trade
            Assistance Programs developed                                      through the harmonized implementation
            for the Ministry of Heath and                                      of SPS in Mesoamerica (2003); Regional
            Consumption. (2002); Course on                                     seminar on the traceability of animals
            Official Control of Foodstuffs                                     and food of animal and plant origin
            (2004); International Course on                                    (2005); Support on SPS within the
            "Quality Assurance and Safety of                                   context of the Central American Customs
            Agricultural Products, Rules,                                      Union (2006); Series of symposia on
            Systems and Experience in Spain"                                   Equivalence between Northern and
            (2004). Sweden: Development                                        Southern Regions of the Americas;
            of an overall policy on the TBT                                    Series of training and dissemination in
            SPS Agreements (1998-2006).                                        the area of agricultural health and trade.
 Member     Food Safety   Animal Health   Plant Health                  General
Guatemala                                                US: PROALCA (I) - TRADE (2002);
                                                         Train SPS regulators on SPS regulations
                                                         (2004); USDA/FAS Provide a Food for
                                                         Progress program (2005); USAID
                                                         Provide economic prosperity training
                                                         program (2005). WTO: Regional
                                                         workshop (2003, 2005).
Member              Food Safety                       Animal Health                         Plant Health                                  General
Honduras   EC: EU food standards and            FAO: Assistance for early         FAO: Support for the recovery of        Canada: Dairy Imports (2001); SPS
           import requirements for fishery      detection of avian influenza in   areas affected by the coconut lethal    Workshop -Regional Central America
           and aquaculture products (2006);     Central America (2006-2008).      yellowing disease (2006-2007).          (2002). IADB: Revitalization for the
           EU food standards and import         IADB: Revitalization for the      IICA: Workshop wood packaging           Rural Economy (HO-L0144; completed):
           requirements for fruit and           Rural Economy (HO-L0144;          materials used in international trade   Strengthening of SENASA: a system to
           vegetables (2006); New Aid           completed): project on            (2004); Fruit fly Program in            update fees in accordance with real cost
           Programme (2007-2013):               sanitary surveillance and         Nicaragua and Honduras. OIRSA:          increment (SENASA financial
           strengthening social cohesion,       eradication campaigns to          Four draft international standards      sustainability); a system for accreditation
           sustainable management of            prevent diseases; quarantine      for phytosanitary measures (2001-       and certification of professional services;
           natural resources, poverty           sites; epidemiological            2006); Meetings for registration        implementation of SENASA’s internal
           alleviation in rural areas and the   surveillance, etc. IICA:          chiefs (2001); Control of the pine      communication network; update of
           development of a global public       Hemispheric workshop on           beetle in Nicaragua and Honduras        SENASA’s Website; technical personnel
           security and justice policy. FAO:    BSE (2001); International         (2001); Establishment of med fly-       trained in: HACCP, GMP, GAP, ISO
           Development of an integrated         seminar on animal health          free areas (2001-2006);                 9000, 14000 and 1727; 3 Laboratories
           system of quality assurance for      equivalence and risk analysis     FAO/OIRSA project on                    rehabilitated with infrastructure and
           food analysis labs in Central        (2002); Hemispheric               phytosanitary capacity building         equipment. Also, Project on Assistance
           America (2004-2006); Establish       conference for the surveillance   (2004). US: Train and transfer          for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
           internal quality standards for       and prevention of avian           knowledge of conducting pest risk       in Central America on Technical
           fishery products in the region       influenza (2006). OIRSA:          assessments (PRA) (2006). IADB:         Requirements for gaining market access
           (2007-2009). IADB:                   Support by services of experts    Revitalization for the Rural            under DR-CAFTA (TC-03-04-02-1-RG)
           Revitalization for the Rural         (2001-2006); Strengthening        Economy (HO-L0144).                     (Regional: started in 2007). IICA: SPS
           Economy (HO-L0144;                   of surveillance services for      (completed): Strengthening of           Initiative for the countries of America
           completed): project on               prevention of foot-and-mouth      Phytosanitary and Food Safety           (2002-2007); IPPC Technical
           strengthening of food safety         disease and BSE (2001-2006);      Services: Phytosanitary surveillance    Consultation on phytosanitary measures
           services. IICA: Training in          Program for the prevention,       system for plagues and diseases         (2002); Hemispheric Meeting on
           HACCP in alliance with the           control, and eradication of       prevention (7 control posts); 8         International Border Control in Animal
           World Bank. OIRSA: Technical         avian diseases (2002-2006);       Phytosanitary campaigns for             and Plant Health (2005); Regional
           lectures (2001-2006); Training       Strengthening regional poultry    plagues and diseases prevention.        workshop on the International Portal for
           on GAP, GMP and HACCP                health systems (2006). US:                                                Food Safety and Animal and Plant
           (2001-2006); International course    Brucellosis and tuberculosis                                              Health (2006); Support for the
           on official certification in food    containment and eradication                                               dissemination of information: CODEX-
           safety for food services (2001);     technical training (2006).                                                SPS Opinion Forum, AGROSALUD
                                                                                                                          (2006);
Member              Food Safety                 Animal Health   Plant Health                   General
Honduras   Seminar on dairy product hygiene                                    Develop the list of subject areas and
           and production in Central                                           priority activities of the SPS National
           America (2001); Workshop on                                         Committee (2006); IICA-STDF Project:
           certification of programs on toxic                                  Develop institutional capabilities to
           residues and aquaculture                                            consolidate countries' active participation
           traceability (2006). US: Cochran                                    in the SPS Committee (2007); Training
           Fellowship on Food Safety and                                       program on understanding the three
           Inspection of Fruits and                                            sisters (2007); Assistance in identifying
           Vegetables (2004); International                                    regional needs and sources of
           Train-the-trainer Good                                              cooperation; Strengthening capabilities
           Agricultural Practices (2004);                                      and participation of national enquiry
           Conduct audit training and                                          points; Studying of proposed standards
           inspection practice for targeted                                    notified by the countries to the WTO
           poultry plants (2005); Provide                                      SPS Committee. ILRI: Enhancing beef
           meat inspection training to meet                                    productivity, quality, safety and trade in
           international standards (2006);                                     Central America (2003-2007). MCC:
           Food Safety Fellows Training                                        Compact signed to reduce poverty by
           (2005); FDA Provide technical                                       alleviating impediments to economic
           assistance to dairy facilities                                      growth. Priorities include increase the
           (2005); FDA-CFSAN sent expert                                       productivity of small and medium sized
           to the Executive Leadership in                                      farmers. Projects funded include training
           Food Safety Seminar (2005);                                         in the production of high value
           Sponsor US Food Safety system                                       horticultural crops (2005-2010).
           audit by food experts from Latin                                    OIRSA: Support of intraregional trade
           America (2006).                                                     (2001-2006); VIFINEX project (2001-
                                                                               2006); Technological Masters' Degree
                                                                               Program in SPS (2001-2006); OIRSA-
                                                                               IADB Project in support of agricultural
                                                                               trade through the harmonized
                                                                               implementation of SPS in Mesoamerica
                                                                               (2003);
Member     Food Safety   Animal Health   Plant Health                  General
Honduras                                                Regional seminar on the traceability of
                                                        animals and food of animal and plant
                                                        origin (2005); Support on SPS within the
                                                        context of the Central American Customs
                                                        Union (2006); Series of symposia on
                                                        Equivalence between Northern and
                                                        Southern Regions of the Americas;
                                                        Series of training and dissemination in
                                                        the area of agricultural health and trade.
                                                        US: PROALCA (I) - TRADE (2002);
                                                        Policy & Productivity Enhancement
                                                        Project (2002); SPS Support to Non-
                                                        traditional Agricultural Producers
                                                        (2004); Train SPS regulators on SPS
                                                        regulations (2004); Train government
                                                        officials on equivalence topics (2005);
                                                        USAID Provide economic prosperity
                                                        training program (2005). WTO:
                                                        Enquiry Point meeting (2003); Regional
                                                        training course (2005).
 Member              Food Safety                        Animal Health                          Plant Health                                 General
Nicaragua   EC: EU food standards and             FAO: Assistance for early          IADB: Improvement of Plant,             Canada: SPS Workshop -Regional
            import requirements for fishery       detection of avian influenza in    Animal and Forest Health Services       Central America (2002). EC: Support
            and aquaculture products (2006);      Central America (2006-2008).       Program (NI-L0182). (in                 program for export to the EU. IADB:
            EU food standards and import          IADB: Improvement of Plant,        execution): Expansion and               Improvement of Plant, Animal and
            requirements for fruit and            Animal and Forest Health           Strengthening of Farming Services:      Forest Health Services Program (NI-
            vegetables (2006); New Aid            Services Program (NI-L0182:        Centers of plagues and/or               L0182; in execution): Strengthening of
            Programme (2007-2013):                in execution): Expansion and       controlled phytosanitary diseases.      Farming Services: Re-enhancement of
            consolidate democracy, invest in      Strengthening of Farming           581 (by 30 Nov 2007). IICA:             three places for quarantine (one by 30
            human capital, guarantee              Services: Manual for               Workshop wood packaging                 Nov 2007); New places for farming
            macroeconomic stability and           certification published by third   materials used in international trade   quarantine (one by 30 Nov 2007); Area
            integrate Nicaragua more closely      trimester of 2005. Manual for      (2004); Fruit fly Program in            under monitoring of plagues. En 2006:
            into the world economy. FAO:          hatos free of tuberculosis and     Nicaragua and Honduras. OIRSA:          1200 ha. En 2007: 2000 ha. Educational
            Development of an integral            brucellosis: 1 (by 30 Nov          Four draft international standards      Campaign on sanitary matters: Training
            system of quality assurance for       2007); Farms free of               for phytosanitary measures (2001-       for agro-industries (Average per year) 72
            food analysis labs in Central         tuberculosis and brucellosis:      2006); Meetings for registration        (by 30 Nov 2007); 270 trainings on food
            America (2004-2006); Establish        616 (by30 Nov 2007);               chiefs (2001); Control of the pine      safety and consumer’s protection for
            internal quality standards for        Poultry-raising farms under        beetle in Nicaragua and Honduras        exports and producers (average of
            fishery products in the region        monitoring systems: 455 (by        (2001); Establishment of med fly-       qualifications four years) from 2005: 80
            (2007-2009). IADB through the         30 Nov 2007); Farm shrimp          free areas (2001-2006);                 (30 by Nov 2007). Institutional Support:
            Program NI-L0182 has provided         fisher under monitoring            FAO/OIRSA project on                    Following up of strategies and national
            technical assistant on tuberculosis   program of diseases: 100 (by       phytosanitary capacity building         actions on food safety; Publication of
            and brucellosis. IICA: Training       30 Nov 2007). IICA:                (2004). US: Teach new research          legal norms (8 during 2007); Fees for
            in HACCP for the agri-food            Hemispheric workshop on            techniques and conducted                services delivered by DGPSA updated in
            industry (2002). OIRSA:               BSE (2001); International          collaborative research (2005); Fruit    according with real cost (currently there
            Technical lectures (2001-2006);       seminar on animal health           fly eradication program (2007-          is a draft report); Manual describing
            Training on GAP, GMP and              equivalence and risk analysis      2009); Citrus leprosis control          functions of positions at DGPSA.
            HACCP (2001-2006);                    (2002); Hemispheric                program (2007); National Plant          Reviewed and updated biennially (70%
            International course on official      conference for the surveillance    Health Monitoring Program               in progress). Also, Project on Assistance
            certification in food safety for      and prevention of avian            (PROVISAVE) (2007-2008).                for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
            food services (2001); Seminar on      influenza (2006).                                                          in Central America on Technical
            dairy product hygiene and                                                                                        Requirements for gaining market access
            production in Central America                                                                                    under DR-CAFTA (TC-03-04-02-1-RG)
            (2001);                                                                                                          (Regional: started in 2007).
 Member              Food Safety                      Animal Health               Plant Health                   General
Nicaragua   Workshop on certification of         OIRSA: Support by services                      IICA: SPS Initiative for the countries of
            programs on toxic residues and       of experts (2001-2006);                         America (2002-2007); IPPC Technical
            aquaculture traceability (2006).     Strengthening of surveillance                   Consultation on phytosanitary measures
            US: Conduct audit training for       services for prevention of                      (2002); Hemispheric Meeting on
            meat inspection (2004); FDA          foot-and-mouth disease and                      International Border Control in Animal
            Provide technical assistance to      BSE (2001-2006); Program                        and Plant Health (2005); Regional
            food facilities (2005); Sponsor US   for the prevention, control,                    workshop on the International Portal for
            Food Safety system audit by food     and eradication of avian                        Food Safety and Animal and Plant
            experts from Latin America           diseases (2002-2006);                           Health (2006); Support for the
            (2006); Provide meat inspection      Strengthening regional poultry                  dissemination of information: CODEX-
            training to meet international       health systems (2006). US:                      SPS Opinion Forum, AGROSALUD
            standards (2006); Conduct poultry    Classical swine fever                           (2006); IICA-STDF Project: Develop
            assessment to identify training      eradication program (2007-                      institutional capabilities to consolidate
            needs (2006); FDA Provide            2009); National Animal                          countries' active participation in the SPS
            technical assistance to dairy        Health Monitoring Program                       Committee (2007); Training program on
            facilities (2006); Training on       (PROVESA) (2007-2008)                           understanding the three sisters (2007);
            GAP and Traceability (2007-                                                          Assistance in identifying regional needs
            2009); Eradication of shrimp                                                         and sources of cooperation;
            diseases program (2007-2008).                                                        Strengthening capabilities and
            Spain: Course on "Food, Health                                                       participation of national enquiry points;
            and Consumer Rights" (2004).                                                         Studying of proposed standards notified
                                                                                                 by the countries to the WTO SPS
                                                                                                 Committee. ILRI: Enhancing beef
                                                                                                 productivity, quality, safety and trade in
                                                                                                 Central America (2003-2007). MCC:
                                                                                                 Compact signed to increase incomes of
                                                                                                 rural farmers in Leon and Chinandega.
                                                                                                 Priorities include improve access to
                                                                                                 markets. Projects funded include
                                                                                                 developing improved production
                                                                                                 techniques (Cassava and Red beans)
                                                                                                 (2005-2010).
 Member     Food Safety   Animal Health   Plant Health                  General
Nicaragua                                                OIRSA: Support of intraregional trade
                                                         (2001-2006); VIFINEX project (2001-
                                                         2006); Technological Masters' Degree
                                                         Program in SPS (2001-2006); Regional
                                                         seminar on the application of sanitary
                                                         and phytosanitary measures (2001-2006);
                                                         OIRSA-IADB Project in support of
                                                         agricultural trade through the
                                                         harmonized implementation of SPS in
                                                         Mesoamerica (2003); Regional seminar
                                                         on the traceability of animals and food of
                                                         animal and plant origin (2005); Support
                                                         on SPS within the context of the Central
                                                         American Customs Union (2006); Series
                                                         of symposia on Equivalence between
                                                         Northern and Southern Regions of the
                                                         Americas; Series of training and
                                                         dissemination in the area of agricultural
                                                         health and trade. US: PROALCA (I) -
                                                         TRADE (2002); Strengthening Private
                                                         Sector in Formulation of Agricultural
                                                         Policies (2002); Consultation on Dairy
                                                         Requirement (2004); Train SPS
                                                         regulators on SPS regulations (2004);
                                                         USAID Provide economic prosperity
                                                         training program (2005) WTO:
                                                         Regional workshop (2002, 2003, 2005,
                                                         2006).
Member            Food Safety                      Animal Health                         Plant Health                                 General
Panama   EC: EU food standards and           FAO: Assistance for early         FAO: Integral management of the         Canada: SPS Workshop -Regional
         import requirements for fruit and   detection of avian influenza in   coffee pest (Broca) and prevention      Central America (2002). FAO:
         vegetables (2006); New Aid          Central America (2006-2008).      of its dispersion in the Brunca         Modernization of the national sanitary
         Programme (2007-2013):              IADB: Competitiveness and         region of Costa Rica and Panama         and phytosanitary system (2007-2008).
         strengthening social cohesion and   Trade Development Program         (2001-2003); Modernization of the       IADB: Competitiveness and Trade
         supporting regional integration.    (PN-L1014; in execution;          phytosanitary system (2005-2006).       Development Program (PN-L1014 in
         FAO: Development of an              approved by Dec 2007):            IADB: Competitiveness and Trade         execution; approved by Dec 2007):
         integrated system of quality        Reengineering of MIDA and         Development Program (PN-L1014;          Reengineering of MIDA and MINSA to
         assurance for food analysis         MINSA to improve services         9.8 millions for Trade Development      improve services for exporters;
         laboratories in Central America     for exporters; Certification of   to be split into 5 activities, one on   Certification of laboratories; Designing
         (2004-2006). IADB:                  sanitary services; Evaluation,    SPS; in execution; approved by Dec      and implementation of tariffs and fees
         Competitiveness and Trade           mitigation and eradication of     2007): Evaluation, mitigation and       for services in accordance with costs;
         Development Program (PN-            diseases; etc. IICA:              eradication of plagues; etc. IICA:      Legislative framework in accordance
         L1014; in execution; approved by    Hemispheric workshop on           Workshop wood packaging                 with international norms; System of
         Dec 2007): Reengineering of         BSE (2001); International         materials used in international trade   quick alert, crisis management and
         MINSA; and Modernization of         seminar on animal health          (2004). OIRSA: Four draft               product recovery. IICA: SPS Initiative
         AUPSA. IICA: Training in            equivalence and risk analysis     international standards for             for the countries of America (2002-
         HACCP in alliance with the          (2002); Hemispheric               phytosanitary measures (2001-           2007); IPPC Technical Consultation on
         World Bank. OIRSA: Technical        conference for the surveillance   2006); Meetings for registration        phytosanitary measures (2002);
         lectures (2001-2006); Training      and prevention of avian           chiefs (2001); Establishment of         Hemispheric Meeting on International
         on GAP, GMP and HACCP               influenza (2006). OIRSA:          med fly- free areas (2001-2006);        Border Control in Animal and Plant
         (2001-2006). Spain:                 Support by services of experts    FAO/OIRSA project on                    Health (2005); Regional workshop on
         Cooperation and Coordination        (2001-2006); Strengthening        phytosanitary capacity building         the International Portal for Food Safety
         Agreement on Animal Health          of surveillance services for      (2004). US: Taught new research         and Animal and Plant Health (2006);
         with Panama. (2003). US:            prevention of foot-and-mouth      techniques and conducted                Support for the dissemination of
         USDA/FSIS conduct 3 week meat       disease and BSE (2001-2006);      collaborative research (2005).          information: CODEX-SPS Opinion
         and poultry inspection seminar      Program for the prevention,                                               Forum, AGROSALUD (2006); IICA-
         (2005).                             control, and eradication of                                               STDF Project: Develop institutional
                                             avian diseases (2002-2006).                                               capabilities to consolidate countries'
                                             US: Brucellosis and                                                       active participation in the SPS
                                             tuberculosis containment and                                              Committee (2007); Training program on
                                             eradication technical training                                            understanding the three sisters (2007);
                                             (2006).
Member   Food Safety   Animal Health   Plant Health                  General
Panama                                                Assistance in identifying regional needs
                                                      and sources of cooperation;
                                                      Strengthening capabilities and
                                                      participation of national enquiry points;
                                                      Studying of proposed standards notified
                                                      by the countries to the WTO SPS
                                                      Committee. OIRSA: Support of
                                                      intraregional trade (2001-2006);
                                                      VIFINEX project (2001-2006);
                                                      Technological Masters' Degree Program
                                                      in SPS (2001-2006); Regional seminar
                                                      on the application of sanitary and
                                                      phytosanitary measures (2001-2006);
                                                      OIRSA-IADB Project in support of
                                                      agricultural trade through the
                                                      harmonized implementation of SPS in
                                                      Mesoamerica (2003); Regional seminar
                                                      on the traceability of animals and food of
                                                      animal and plant origin (2005); Series of
                                                      symposia on Equivalence between
                                                      Northern and Southern Regions of the
                                                      Americas; Series of training and
                                                      dissemination in the area of agricultural
                                                      health and trade. WTO: Regional
                                                      seminar (2002, 2005).

				
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