Allaying Student Public Speaking Anxiety
Shared by: qau19822
Allaying Student Public Speaking Anxiety Lori Schroeder Communication, Writing and the Arts Metropolitan State University Center for Teaching and Learning Office of the Chancellor Causes of Public Speaking Anxiety Fear of evaluation Fear of unknown Lack of experience Traumatic early speaking experiences Causes of Public Speaking Anxiety Personality factors Fear of success Fear of failure Fear of looking foolish Causes of Public Speaking Anxiety Guilt complex Lack of preparation Lack of practice Fear of the emotion of anxiety Others: Instructor Strategies Be low key Try not to be intimidating Exercise a sense of humor Show that you are fallible Share your “memorable” speaking moments Instructor Strategies Before class warm-up discussions Create an atmosphere that encourages and supports student risk taking Encourage listeners to be responsive and participatory Course Design Construct oral assignments early in the semester where students can succeed Get students to speak early and often Progressively build assignment challenges throughout the term Weigh early assignments less heavily Course Design Require “non-graded” informal speeches Break class into smaller-sized groups Build audience size progressively to full class for later semester work Course Design Provide feedback from peers that requires positive comments and one suggestion Avoid oral, group public feedback Allow adequate time to do the work Consider special needs of students Assignment Format Determine your goal of assignment Clarify expectations to students --show they have done the work --demonstrate learning --teach class about a topic --practice public speaking skills Assignment Format Establish clear assignment requirements --length, research, number of sources --group format or solo --audio-visual aids --outline or paper to be submitted --grading criteria Assignment Format Create assignments that tap into students’ background and knowledge base List 25 or more topics and have students choose one to research Teach research techniques Assignment Format Describe very clearly and completely what makes an effective presentation Cite past student work—successful and non Build presentation progressively Require rough drafts and provide feedback Assignment Format Provide checklist of requirements --content and organization --delivery techniques Encourage students to prepare thoroughly Provide a question-answer session Student speaker distributes questions Building Content Confidence Require rough drafts Discuss importance of organization --Introduction attracts listener attention --Body shares information --Conclusion ends speech and triggers audience response Engaging Listeners in the Introduction Encourage students to open with snazzy opening remarks --reference to previous speaker --rhetorical question --story --striking facts Engaging Listeners in the Introduction Provide audience adaptation material Provide specific purpose statement Provide orienting material Preview main points Engaging Listeners in the Body Avoid reliance on numbers Use stories, explanations and examples Volunteer from audience Humor Audio-visual aids Engaging Listeners in the Conclusion Review material End speech with appropriate closing Avoid “thank you,” that’s it” or “any questions?” Building Delivery Confidence During Practice Encourage practicing aloud in front of a friend who can provide feedback Encourage visualization of audience/context Encourage speaking from an outline Discourage practicing with mirror Building Delivery Confidence During Presentation Let leg rest on chair Encourage using the podium Let them sit Encourage use of visuals Encourage good posture and breathing Building Delivery Confidence During Presentation Encourage speaking from an outline Encourage speakers to look at the friendly, supportive faces and to not take bizarre feedback personally Encourage movement & dynamism Encourage them to concentrate on ideas Managing the Body Bring water Lifesaver or throat lozenge Breathing and relaxation exercises Homeopathic and herbal remedies Reduce caffeine Eat bananas Building Vocal Confidence Encourage students to breathe deeply Encourage students to speak loudly Encourage students to be themselves Encourage students to be conversational Managing the Mind Worried about mind going blank? Worried about feeling self conscious? Worried about sounding “stupid”? Managing the Mind Worried about listeners being bored? Worried about past negative experiences? Worried about making a mistake? Grand Finale Your students may develop: *important skills *increased self confidence They may even: *come to enjoy public speaking * thank you!!