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IEEE _introduction_

VIEWS: 148 PAGES: 59

  Brief Introduction to IEEE
• Type    Professional Organization
• Founded      January 1st, 1963
• Origins American Institute of Electrical
  Engineers merged with Institute of Radio
• Key People Michael R.Lightner (current
• Area served Worldwide
• Focus Electricity related technology
• Method Industry standards,
  Conferences, Publications
• Members      360,000+
           Exploring IEEE
• IEEE is an international non-profit,
  professional organization for the
  advancements of technology related to
• IEEE has the most members of any
  technical professional organization in the
  world, with more than 360,000 members
  in around 175 countries
  Defining Purposes and Goals
• IEEE‘s Constitution defines the purposes
  of the organization as ―scientific and
  educational, directed toward the
  advancements of the theory and practice
  of electrical, electronics,
  communications and computer
  engineering, as well as computer
  science, the allied branches of
  engineering and related arts and
      IEEE Vision & Mission
• To advance global prosperity by fostering
  technological innovation, enabling
  members‘ carriers and promoting
  community worldwide
• The IEEE promotes the engineering
  process of creating, developing,
  integrating, sharing and applying
  knowledge about electro and information
  technologies and sciences for the benefit
  of humanity and profession
• IEEE is incorporated in State of New
  York, United States.
• Formed in 1963 by the merger of the
  Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE,
  founded 1912) and the American Institute
  of Electrical Engineers (AIEE, founded
• It has a dual complementary regional and
  technical structure – with organizational
  units based on geography and technical
  focus (e.g., Computer Society)
• It manages a separate organizational
  unit (IEEE-USA) which recommends
  policies and implements programs
  specifically intended to benefit the
  members, the profession and the
  public in the United States
IEEE Geographic Regional Map
• This is divided into 10 regions
        The 10 Regions Are…
• Northeastern U.S      • Western U.S (Region 6)
  (Region 1)            • Canada (Region 7)
• Eastern U.S (Region   • Europe, Middle East &
  2)                      Africa (Region 8)
• Southeastern U.S      • Latin America (Region
  (Region 3)              9)
• Central U.S (Region   • Asia and Pacific
  4)                      (Region 10)
• Southwestern U.S
  (Region 5)
Standards Developing Process

• The IEEE Standards Association is in
  charge of the standardization activities
  of the IEEE
• There are seven steps to its standard
  setting process, which typically takes
  18 months to complete
1.   Securing Sponsorship
2.   Requesting Project Authorization
3.   Assembling a Working Group
4.   Drafting a Standard
5.   Balloting (75% approval required)
6.   Review committee
7.   Final Vote
1. Securing Sponsorship: An IEEE-approved
   organization must sponsor a standard. A
   sponsoring organization is in charge of
   coordinating and supervising the standard
   development from inception to
   completion. The professional societies
   within IEEE serve as the natural sponsor
   for many standards

2. Requesting Project Authorization: To gain
   authorization for the standard a Project
   Authorization Request (PAR) is submitted
   to the IEEE-SA Standards Board. The new
   Standards Committee (NesCom) of the
   IEEE-SA Standards Board reviews the
   PAR and makes a recommendation to the
3. Assembling a Working Group: After the
   PAR is approved, a “Working group” of
   individuals affected by, or interested in, the
   standard is organized to develop the
   standard. IEEE-SA rules ensure that all
   Working Group meetings are open and that
   anyone has the right to attend and contribute
   to the meetings

4. Drafting the Standard: The Working
   Group prepares a draft of the proposed
   standard. Generally, the draft follows the
   IEEE Standards Style Manual that sets
   “guidelines” for the clauses and format of the
   standard document.
5. Balloting: Once a draft of the standard is
    finalized in the Working Group, the draft is
    submitted for Balloting approval. The IEEE
    Standards Department sends an invitation-to-
    ballot to any individual who has expressed an
    interest in the subject matter of the standard

•   The IEEE requires that a proposed draft of the
    standard receive a response rate of 75%(i-e.,
    at least 75% of potential ballots are returned)
    and that, of the responding ballots, at least
    75% approve the proposed draft of the
    standard. This will recommend it to review
•   If the standard is not approved, the
    process returns to the drafting of the
    standard step in order to modify the
    standard document to gain approval of the
    balloting group.

6. Review Committee: After getting 75%
    approval, the draft standard, along with
    the balloting comments, are submitted to
    the IEEE-SA Standards Board Bylaws and
    the stipulations set forth in the IEEE–SA
    Standards Board Operations Manual. The
    RevCom then makes a recommendation
    about whether to approve the submitted
    draft of the standard document
7. Final Vote: Each member of the IEEE-SA
   Standards Board places a final vote on the
   submitted standard document. It takes a
   majority vote (about 75%) of Standards
   Board to gain final approval of standard. In
   general, if the RevCom recommends
   approval, the Standards Board will vote to
   approve the standard
           Organizing IEEE
The IEEE is organized into:
• 311 local sections in 10 geographic
• About 1,570 chapters comprised of local
  members with similar technical interests
• 39 societies and 5 technical councils that
  compose 10 technical divisions
• More than 1,430 student branches at
  colleges and universities in 80 countries
• 356 student branch chapters
          IEEE Executives
The President of IEEE serves in 3 ways:
• First as:   President-elect
• Then as:    President and CEO
• Finally as: Past President
  IEEE presidents also serve on the three
 top-tier IEEE governing bodies:
• IEEE Board of Directors
• IEEE Executive Committee
• IEEE Assembly

NOTE:    Annual Elections are held for top
 IEEE officers
Six subordinate boards govern major areas
  of IEEE interest:
• Educational Activities
• Publication services and products Board
• Regional Activities
• Standards
• Technical Activities

NOTE: Each has an elected volunteer
•   Members
•   Student Member
•   Senior Member Grade
•   Fellow Grade
• Affiliate
• Associate

• Member Grade is limited to those who
  have satisfied IEEE-specified educational
  requirements and/or who have
  demonstrated professional competence
  in IEEE-designated fields interest. For
  admission or transfer to the grade of
  Member, a candidate shall be either:
1. An individual who shall have received
   a three-to-five year university-level (i)
   from an accredited institution or
   program and (ii) in an IEEE
   designated field

2. an individual who shall have received
   a three-to-five year university level or
   higher degree from an accredited
   institution or program and who has at
   least three years of of professional
   work experience engaged in
   teaching, creating, developing,
   practicing or managing in IEEE-
   designated fields; or
3. An individual who, through at least six
   years of professional work
   experience, has demonstrated
   competence in teaching, creating,
   developing. Practicing or managing
   within IEEE-designated fields.
           Student Member
• Special pricing is available for students
  seeking association with the IEEE
• You must be a full time student
• Studying one of the IEEE disciplines at an
  accredited school, to qualify
       Senior Member Grade
• The grade of Senior Member is the
  highest for which application may be
  made and shall require experience
  reflecting professional maturity
• For admission or transfer to the grade of
  Senior Member, a candidate shall be an
  engineer, scientist, educator, technical
  executive, or originator in IEEE-
  designated fields for a total of 10 years
             Fellow Grade
• The grade of Fellow recognizes unusual
  distinction in the profession and shall be
  conferred only by invitation of the Board
  of Directors upon a person of outstanding
  and extraordinary qualifications and
  experience in IEEE-designated fields, and
  who has made important individual
  contributions to one or more of these
• An IEEE Fellow may use distinction

• Society Affiliates are a vital part of the
  IEEE community; however they are not
  IEEE members and are not entitled to
  any IEEE benefits or services that are
  reserved solely for IEEE members
• Society Affiliates are encouraged to
  elevate their status to full IEEE
  membership in order to take
  advantage of the array of benefits

• The transition from Associate to
  Member grade grants several
• Members are permitted to vote in
  general IEEE elections, while
  Associates are not eligible to vote
• Members holding Member grade or
  higher are permitted to hold volunteer
  office positions, while Associates are
  not eligible for office positions
• Member grade implies that a member
  has demonstrated that he/she is
  regularly employed in IEEE-designated
  fields with a combination of education
  and work experience for at least six
• Technical Executive: He is a special
  candidate (Monitoring) who is selected by
  IEEE board members
• Board members: They are selected by
  their performances or directly by Board
  of Directors. They choose the places
  where the conferences are to be held
• Board of Directors: They are chosen for 3
  years on basis of 2 things 1st their
  performance must be magical 2nd they
  should have 12 years‘ working
  experience as board members
• Finally: The President of IEEE must
  have been very much expert person
  and must have also done something
  special that can never be forgotten
• 1st President was Elihu Thomsan (AIEE
  1889-1890), then Alexander Graham
  Bell (AIRE 1891-1892)
• The current President is Michael R
  Lightner (elected in 2006)
            IEEE STAFF
• Approximately 900 employees,
  supporting various IEEE activities
• The Executive Director is the full-time
  chief operating officer
• The Executive Director serves on the
  IEEE Board of Directors
            More About IEEE
• IEEE produces 30 percent of the world‘s
  literature in the electrical and electronics
  engineering as well as in computer science

• IEEE has developed more than 900 active
  industry standards
• IEEE also sponsors more than 300
  international technical conferences each year

• The IEEE consists of 39 societies (dealing
  technical fields) with more than 300 local
  organizations (holds regular meetings)
• IEEE is a major international standards body
  (nearly 900 active standards with 700 under
      About IEEE Members
• Most IEEE members are electrical
  engineers, computer engineers, and
  computer scientists;
• The organization‘s wide scope of
  interest has attracted engineers in
  other disciplines e.g.,
• Mechanical, civil, biologists,
  physicists, and mathematician
          IEEE Offers …
Educational opportunities such as;
• Expert Now IEEE
• The Education Partners program
• Standards in Education and
• Continuing Education Units (CEUs)
Expert Now IEEE
        • It is a collection of
          online educational
          courses designed for
          self – paced learning
            Offers Continued …

• Education Partners, exclusive for IEEE members, offers
  on-line degree programs, certifications and courses at a
  10% discount

• The standards in Education website explains what
  standards are and the importance of developing and using
  them and more…
Continuing Education
         • Currently, twenty nine
           states require
           Development Hour (PDH)
           encouraging engineers to
           seek Continuing
           Education Units (CEUs)
           for their participation in
           continuing education
         • CEUs readily translate
           into Professional
           Development Hours
           (PDHs) (1 CEU is
           equivalent to 10 PDHs)

• IEEE and IBM‘s
  combined efforts
   Educational Activities Board
  IEEE Educational Activities Board (EAB)
 Policies on educational matters
 Implements programs esp. intended to serve
  the educational pursuits of
 IEEE members
 the engineering and scientific communities
 the general public
• Spectrum Magazine – an award winning
  monthly magazine, sent to IEEE members
• Society Publications:
• Each IEEE society publishes different
  types of publications
• They include monthly magazine and
  technical peer-reviewed papers
• The major interests of the AIEE were wire
  communications (telegraph and telephony) and light and
  power systems

• The IRE concerned mostly radio engineering, and was
  formed from two smaller organizations, the Society of
  Wireless and Telegraph Engineers and wireless Institute

• With the rise of electronics in the 1930s, electronics
  engineers usually became members of the IRE, but the
  applications of electron tube technology became so
  extensive that the technical boundaries differentiating
  the IRE and AIEE became difficult to distinguish
• After World War II, the two organizations
  became increasingly competitive
• Finally in 1961, the leadership of both the
  IRE and AIEE resolved to consolidate the
  two organizations
• The two organizations formally merged on
  January 1, 1963, which is now known as
  Institute of Electrical and Electronics
  Engineers or ―IEEE‖
Access to and participation in standards

• Market growth for new and emerging
• Reduced development time and cost
• Sound engineering practices
• Decreased trading costs and lowered trade
• Increased product quality and safety
• Reduced market risks
   Notable IEEE Committees and
• IEEE 488 — Standard Digital Interface for
  programmable Instrumentation,
  IEEE – 488 – 1978(Now 488.1)
• IEEE 754 — floating point arithmetic
  specifications (CPU)
• IEEE 896 — Futurebus
• IEEE 1003 — POSIX – ―Unix‖ compatibility
  programming standard
• IEEE 1076 — VHDL – VHSIC Hardware
  Description Language
• IEEE 1149.1 — JTAG
• IEEE 1275 — Open Firmware
• IEEE 1284 — Parallel port
• IEEE P1363 — Public key cryptography
• IEEE 1394 — Serial Bus — FireWire‖, ―i-link‖
• IEEE p1901 — Broadband over Power Line
• IEEE 1541 — Prefixes for Binary Multiples
• IEEE 12207 — Information Technology
• IEEE Switchgear Committee C37 series of
  standards for Low and High voltage equipment
    IEEE 802 - LAN/MAN Standards
• IEEE 802.1 Higher Layer LAN protocols
• IEEE 802.2 Logical Link Control
• IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Standard for (CSMA/CD)
• IEEE 802.4 Token Passing Bus (disbanded)
• IEEE 802.5 Token Ring
• IEEE 802.6 Metropolitan Area N/Ws (disbanded)
• IEEE 802.7 Broadband LAN using Coaxial Cable
• IEEE 802.8 Fiber Optic TAG (disbanded)
• IEEE 802.9 Integrated services LAN (disbanded)
• IEEE 802.10 Interoperable LAN Security
• IEEE 802.11 Wireless N/Wkng — WiFi
• IEEE 802.12 Standard for demand priority
• IEEE 802.14 Cable TV and Broadband
• IEEE 802.15.1 Bluetooth
• IEEE 802.15.4 Wireless Sensor/Control N/Ws —
• IEEE 802.16 Wireless N/Wkng — ―WiMax‖
• IEEE 802.16e (Mobile) Wireless Broadband Access
• IEEE 802.17 Resilient Packet Ring
• IEEE 802.18 Radio Regulatory TAG
• IEEE 802.19 Coexistence TAG
• IEEE 802.20 Mobile Broadband Wireless Access
• IEEE 802.21 Media Independent Handoff
• IEEE 802.22 Wireless Regional Area Network
      IEEE Awards and Honors
• IEEE Medal of Honor
  Biggest Award for an unforgettable work for IEEE,
  $5000, 9 persons awarded
• IEEE Edison Medal
  For Telecommunications Best performance $2000
• IEEE Nikola Tesla Award
  For Best Science performance, $2000
• IEEE SA International Award
  IEEE Standards Association Award for Holding best IEEE
  conference around the world, $2000
• IEEE Jon Von Neumann Award
  For Electrical, $2000
• IEEE Charles Proteus Steinmetz Award
  For Electronics, $2000
• IEEE Internet Award
  For Computer (Internetworking, Hardware, Software),
                 Why 802 ?
    The basic history behind this point is :
•   802 represents two things one is ‗80‘
    and other is ‗2‘:
•   ‗80‘ represents the year 1980
•   ‗2‘ represents 2nd of February
•   So this ‗802‘ shows that these
    standards were started to be
    developed from 2nd Feb 1980
IEEE Logo Description…
***~THE END~***

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