WHERE TO GO Warsaw and the Second World War Through the TPYF Commemorative Visits Programme we provided 26 pupils with the opportunity to travel to Warsaw to participate in the commemoration of the sixtieth anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising, and to learn more about the battle’s significance within Polish history as well as the broader history of the Second World War. The trip also gave the group the opportunity to explore the Jewish experience of the conflict from the perspective of Warsaw and its central place in the events of the Holocaust. Below is the itinerary that was followed by pupils on their five-day visit. If you would like to find out more about places to visit on an educational tour of Warsaw please see the ‘Places to Visit’ section below. Warsaw Uprising Itinerary Day 1 Day 2 A walking tour of the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes, the Bunker Monument and the Umschlagplatz Monument. A visit to the Jewish cemetery at Powązki A visit to Pawiak Prison Museum A visit into town for the March of the Skauts and Youth from Plac Bankowy to Plac Powstancow Travel from UK to Warsaw, Poland Day 3 Day 4 A walking tour of the Old Town Visit to the Warsaw Uprising Museum A visit to the Historical Museum of Warsaw A walking tour of the main sites on Krakowskie Przedmiescie including the exterior of the Radziwill Palace A visit to the Warsaw Uprising Monument, Plac Kransinskich Day 5 A visit to Pilsudskiego Square for the exchange of guards at the Tomb of Unknown Soldier A walking tour including a visit to the Monument of The Little Insurgent and the Warsaw Uprising Memorial. A visit to the Gloria Victis memorial at Powązki Army Cemetery A visit to the Palace of Culture Return travel from Poland to UK Places to visit in Warsaw If you are planning a visit to learn about the history of the Warsaw Uprising, visit the following websites for further information: http://www.explorewarsaw.com/ http://www.warsawvoice.pl/ Disclaimer: All the sites listed are checked regularly. However, the changing nature of the Internet means that some sites may alter after we have visited them. Their Past Your Future is not responsible for the content of external websites. Historical Museum of Warsaw Address: Tel: Web: Rynek Starego Miasta 28/42 (00 48 22) 635 16 25 www.um.warszawa.pl/muzeum_historyczne/en/ The Old Warsaw Museum came to existence in 1936. During World War II the Museum was completely destroyed during insurrection fighting in Warsaw Uprising in 1944. After the liberation of Poland, the Museum of Warsaw was created and established in eleven tenement houses in the Old Town Market Square and Nowomiejska Street. Jewish Cemetery at Powązki Address: Tel: Web: Ul. Okopowa Warsaw (00 48 22) 838 2622 http://www.fact-index.com/p/po/powazki_cemetery.html Powązki Cemetery is the oldest and most famous cemetery in Warsaw. It has a very large military section for the graves of those who fought and died for their country in the past 200 years including the 1944 uprising against the Nazis during World War II, the Battle of Warsaw and the September Campaign. Krakowskie Przedmiecie Web: http://travel.yahoo.com/p-travelguide-2788268krakowskie_przedmiescie_warsaw-i Krakowskie Przedmiecie (the Krakow suburb) runs south from Castle Square and forms the first part of the 4km Royal Way that leads from the Royal Castle to Lazienki Palace, the royal summer residence. There are many 17th and 18th century residences and burgher houses, churches, palaces and monuments. Monument to the Ghetto Heroes Address: Web: ul. Zamenhofa http://warsawghetto.epixtech.co.uk/PomnikBG.htm Monument to the Ghetto Heroes was unveiled on 19th April 1948, the 5th anniversary of the Ghetto Uprising. The front of the monument shows ghetto fighters, mostly young people breaking away from the burning ghetto. Monument to The Little Insurgent Address: Web: ul. Podwale just outside the Old Town wall Warsaw http://travel.yahoo.com/p-travelguide-2788635the_little_insurgent_warsaw-i The Monument of the Little Insurgent commemorates the hundreds of children who were killed during the Uprising. The monument depicts Antek Rozpylacz - a boy-soldier killed nearby. The boy soldier represents the many children who gave their lives fighting for the liberation of the city. Palace of Culture Address: Tel: Web: pl. Defilad 1 656 60 00 www.pkin.pl The Warsaw Palace of Culture and Science (Pałac Kultury i Nauki) was a controversial gift from the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to the people of Warsaw in Poland. It is a huge concrete neo-gothic block adjacent to Warsaw Central Station. Initially the building was called 'Stalin's Palace' (Pałac imienia Stalina) until it was renamed in the late 1950s. It currently serves as an exhibition centre and as an office park. The terrace on the 35th floor is a well-known tourist attraction and gives an excellent view of the city. Pawiak Prison Museum Address: Tel: ul. Dzielna 24/26, Warsaw (00 48 22) 831 13 17 Pawiak Prison Museum was opened in 1965 and is located in the restored basement remains of the former Tsarist prison (built 1935). It was co-opted for use more recently as an infamous Nazi prison between 1939-1945. Pawiak Prison saw 100,000 Poles imprisoned or executed. It was razed to ground by the German forces along with the rest of Warsaw in 1944. Radziwill Palace Address: Web: Krakowskie Przedmiescie 46/48 http://www.sarnow.com/poland/TOURISM/warsaw7.htm Radziwill Palace is a Neo-classical building dating back to the seventeenth century. It is the present seat of the Polish Cabinet. In front of Radziwill Palace is the statue of Prince Jozef Poniatowski, nephew of the last king of Poland and Napoleon's marshal, who died in the battle of Leipzig in 1813. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier Web: travel.yahoo.com/p-travelguide-2788681-tomb_ of_the_unknown_soldier_warsaw-i The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is in Marshall Jozef Pilsudski Square. It is the only surviving part of the destroyed Saxon Palace that was constructed during the 17th century. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier commemorates the heroism of the Polish soldiers who fought for their freedom and ours. It is a symbol of the endurance of the Polish nation. Umschlagplatz Monument Address: Web: ul. Stawki (E-1), close to the intersection with ul. Dzika www.scrapbookpages.com/Poland/WarsawGhetto/ WarsawGhetto01.html Umschlagplatz Monument marks the spot where around 300,000 Jews were loaded on cattle wagons bound for Treblinka. The memorial is designed as an area for teaching or contemplation. Warsaw Uprising Monument Address: Web: Plac Kransinskich http://www.welcometo.home.pl/august_2001/monument.html The Warsaw uprising monument was unveiled on Krasinski Square, a site of fierce fighting, on August 1, 1989. It consists of two groups of sculptures, a commemorative wall and an insurgent centre. A commemorative plaque marks the original entrance to the canal. Warsaw Uprising Museum Address: Tel: Web: ul. Przyokopowa 28 (00 48 22) 626 95 06 www.1944.pl The Warsaw Uprising Museum opened on 1 August 2004, the sixtieth anniversary of the Uprising outbreak. The Museum provides a broad historical background of the events of August and September 1944. It is hoped the Museum will become a meeting place of the youth who fought for their ideas in 1944 with the young people of today.